Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #338--May 18, 2006


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Reports and articles:

1. CENSUS BUREAU REPORT: "Americans With Disabilities: 2002," by Erika Steinmetz (P70-107, May 2006, .pdf format, 32p.).

2. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL, REPORT: "Nursing Home Enforcement: Application of Mandatory Remedies,"(OEI-06-03-00410, May 2006, .pdf format, 26p.).


We found in this report that CMS did not apply all remedies against noncompliant nursing homes as required by statute. Of the 55 cases requiring mandatory termination during 2000-2002, CMS did not apply the remedy in 30 cases. All of the facilities that were not terminated had new cases of noncompliance in subsequent surveys serious enough to again require referral to CMS for enforcement action. Additionally, in 42 percent of the 706 cases requiring mandatory denial of payment in 2002, CMS did not apply the remedy or applied it late, largely due to late referral of cases by States. OIG recommends that CMS ensure that facilities facing termination either reach compliance or are terminated within required timeframes, including further prioritizing termination cases. OIG also recommends that CMS address States' late referral of enforcement cases to ensure that mandatory remedies are imposed as required. These recommendations include issuing a written directive to States to reinforce referral requirements, increased monitoring of State referral timeliness, and promoting stronger adherence to State Performance Review standards regarding case referral. CMS did not fully concur with our recommendations.


A. "Decision Memorandum for Intestinal/Multivisceral Transplants," (May 11, 2006).

B. "CMS Proposes Payment, Policy Changes for Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities in Fiscal Year 2007," (May 8, 2006).

4. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICE, OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PLANNING AND EVALUATION, REPORT: "Study of Negotiated Risk Agreements in Assisted Living: Final Report," by Robert Jenkens, Janet O'Keeffe, Paula Carder, and Keren Brown (2006, .pdf and HTML format, 104p.).

5. METLIFE FOUNDATION REPORT: "MetLife Foundation Alzheimer's Survey: What America Thinks," (May 2006, .pdf format).,4132,P12046,00.html


A. "Premiums and Cost Sharing Features in Medicare's New Prescription Drug Program, 2006," by Marsha Gold (May 2006, .pdf format, 28p.).

Scroll down to "Issue Brief".

B. "Forum to Assess Medicare Drug Benefit Implementation for Low-Income and Dual Eligible Beneficiaries," to be held May 18, 2006 (RealPlayer and Windows Media Player).


A. "Personal Health Records: an Overview of What Is Available To the Public," by Carol Cronin (2006-11, April 2006, .pdf format, 18p.).

B. "We Can Do Better: Lessons Learned for Protecting Older Persons in Disasters," by Mary Jo Gibson and Michele Hayunga (May 2006, .pdf format, 84p.).

C. "State Handbook of Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Indicators 2006," by David Baer (April 2006, .pdf format, 451p.).

D. Prime Time Radio Webcasts (RealPlayer format, running times, between 24 and 30 minutes).

Medicare Drug Plan, An Update

How To Retire Happy

The Denial of Aging


A. "Medicare prescription drug coverage: Consumer information and preferences," by Joachim Winter, Rowilma Balza, Frank Caro, Florian Heiss, Byung-hill Jun, Rosa Matzkin, and Daniel McFadden (Vol. 103, No. 20, May 16, 2006, p. 7929-7934).

B. "Elimination of damaged proteins during differentiation of embryonic stem cells," by Malin Hernebring, Gabriella Brolén, Hugo Aguilaniu, Henrik Semb, and Thomas Nyström (Vol. 103, No. 20, May 16, 2006, p. 7700-7705).

C. "Progression of prostate cancer by synergy of AKT with genotropic and nongenotropic actions of the androgen receptor," by Li Xin, Michael A. Teitell, Devon A. Lawson, Andrew Kwon, Ingo K. Mellinghoff, and Owen N. Witte (Vol. 103, No. 20, May 16, 2006, p. 7789-7794).

D. "The molecular mechanism of nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates as antiosteoporosis drugs," by Kathryn L. Kavanagh, Kunde Guo, James E. Dunford, Xiaoqiu Wu, Stefan Knapp, Frank H. Ebetino, Michael J. Rogers, R. Graham G. Russell, and Udo Oppermann (Vol. 103, No. 20, May 16, 2006, p. 7829-7834).

E. "Targeted disruption of growth hormone receptor interferes with the beneficial actions of calorie restriction," by Michael S. Bonkowski, Juliana S. Rocha, Michal M. Masternak, Khalid A. Al Regaiey, and Andrzej Bartke (Vol. 103, No. 20, May 16, 2006, p. 7901-7905).

9. _SCIENCE_ REPORT ABSTRACT: "Lamin A-Dependent Nuclear Defects in Human Aging," by Paola Scaffidi and Tom Misteli (Vol. 312, No. 5776, May 19, 2006, p. 1059-1063).


A. "Cerebral emboli as a potential cause of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia: case-control study," by Nitin Purandare, Alistair Burns, Kevin J. Daly, Jayne Hardicre, Julie Morris, Gary Macfarlane, and Charles McCollum (Vol. 332, No. 7550, May 13, 2006, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1119-1124).

B. "Cerebral embolism and Alzheimer's disease," by Miia Kivipelto and Alina Solomon (Vol. 332, No. 7550, May 13, 2006, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1104-1105).

11. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles. "Stopping Colon Cancer Chemotherapy Early No Better Than No Therapy at All," (_Journal of Clinical Oncology_, Vol. 24, 2006, via Medscape).


III. Working Papers:


A. "Neighborhoods and the Health of the Elderly: Challenges in Using National Survey Data," by Jeannette A. Rogowski, Vicki A. Freedman, Robert F. Schoeni (PSC Research Report No. 06-600, May 2006, .pdf format, 17p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text are at:

B. "Future Characteristics of the Elderly in Developing Countries and Their Implications for Policy," by Albert Hermalin, Mary Beth Ofstedal, and Rebecca Tesfai (Elderly in Asia Report No. 06-62, May 2006, .pdf format, 39p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text are at:

Click on the "PDF" icon to access the full-text.

13. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN RETIREMENT RESEARCH CENTER: "Social Security Replacement Rates for Alternative Earnings Benchmarks," by Olivia S. Mitchell and John W. R. Phillips (WP 2006-116, May 2006, .pdf format, 19p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text are at:

14. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "Early Retirement and Public Disability Insurance Applications: Exploring the Impact of Depression," by Rena M. Conti, Ernst R. Berndt, and Richard G. Frank (Working Paper No. w12237, May 2006, .pdf format, 34p.).


This paper investigates the impact of depression on labor force participation among older workers. Empirically, we use two analytic strategies and rely on a sample drawn from the Health and Retirement Survey. Depression directly and indirectly increases individuals' probability of retiring early and applying for DI benefits, after accounting for other predictors of labor force exit. Accounting for the independent effects of depression, disability associated with physical illness may be smaller than the official statistics suggest. There may be great economic gains in increasing depression treatment awareness and access to treatment for individuals, employers and society.

15. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DIMENSIONS OF AN AGING POPULATION [MCMASTER UNIVERSITY]: "Home Cooking, Food Consumption and Food Production among the Unemployed and Retired Households," by Matthew Brzozowski and Yuqian Lu (SEDAP Research Paper No. 151, May 2006, .pdf format, 38p.).


Utilizing the 1996 Canadian Food Expenditure survey matched with Canadian Nutrient File, we separate actual food consumption from observed expenditure and test the Permanent Income/Life Cycle Hypothesis on the true consumption data. We find that the lower food expenditure during periods of unemployment or retirement (previously reported in the literature), does not translate into poorer nutrition. Household calorie intake and major nutrient intake seem to be unaffected by changes in employment status. We find evidence that unemployed or retired households substitute food purchased from restaurants for food purchased for at home consumption. Further, with the 1998 Time Use Survey we find that individuals who are not employed devote more time for food preparation. Finally we present limited evidence that unemployed and retired households substitute precooked meals for meals made from primary ingredients.


A. "Macroeconomic Effects and Policy Challenges of Population Aging," by Natalia T. Tamirisa and Hamid Faruqee (Working Paper No. 06/95, April 2006, .pdf format, 23p.). Access to the abstract and full-text can be found:

B. "Why are Women Working So Much More in Canada? An International Perspective," by Evridiki Tsounta (Working Paper No. 06/92, April 2006, .pdf format, 37p.). Access to the abstract and full-text can be found:


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

17. European Journal of Palliative Care (Vol. 13, No. 3, 2006).

18. Medical Care (Vol. 44, No. 6, June 2006).

19. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of May 17, 2006:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of May 17, 2006:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of May 17, 2006:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of May 17, 2006:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of May 17, 2006:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of May 17, 2006:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:


A. "Directed Stem Cell Differentiation for Cell-Based Therapies for Heart, Lung, and Blood, and Aging Diseases (R21)," (National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-407, May 11, 2006).

B. "Exploratory/Developmental Bioengineering Research Grants(EBRG) [R21]," (National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-418, May 17, 2006).

C. "Exploratory/Developmental Bioengineering Research Grants(EBRG) [R01]," (National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-419, May 17, 2006).

D. "Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan (R21)," (National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PAR-06-420, May 17, 2006).


VI. Legislation Information Updates:


A. "Hearing on Social Security Service Delivery Challenges," a hearing held May 11, 2006.

Hearing Testimony:

B. "Seventh in a Series of Subcommittee Hearings on Protecting and Strengthening Social Security," a hearing held June 21, 2005 (Serial No. 109-26, .pdf and ASCII format, 101p.). Note: Search for House Hearing "109-26".

C. "Second in a Series of Subcommittee Hearings on Protecting and Strengthening Social Security," a hearing held May 24, 2005 (Serial no. 109-9, .pdf and ASCII text format, 59p.). Note: Scroll down to or "find in page" "109-9" (without the quotes).

D. "Third in a Series of Subcommittee Hearings on Protecting and Strengthening Social Security," a hearing held May 26, 2005 (Serial No. 109-19, .pdf and ASCII text format, 89p.). Note: Scroll down to "Printed Hearing" to access the full-text.


A. "Caring for Seniors in a National Emergency: Can We Do Better?" a hearing held May 18, 2006.

Hearing Testimony (.pdf format):

B. "Preparing Early, Acting Quickly: Meeting the Needs of Older Americans During a Disaster," a hearing held October 5, 2005 (S.Hrg. 109-339, .pdf and ASCII text format, 161p.).

Scroll down to or "find in page" "109-339" (without the quotes).

23. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH, HEARING PUBLICATION: "The Medicare Value-Based Purchasing for Physicians Act," a hearing held September 29, 2005 (Serial No. 109-42, .pdf format, 85p.).


VII. Websites of Interest:

24. PBS FRONTLINE: On May 16, 2006, Frontline will air "Can You Afford to Retire?" The complete program is available in RealPlayer and Windows Media Player format.

25. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION UPDATE: Kaiser has recently updated this website. Items listed from Apr. 21 - May 12, 2006 have been updated. Data of interest to aging researchers include:

- Medicare Beneficiaries with Creditable Prescription Drug Coverage by Type, as of May 7, 2006
- Medicare Drug Benefit Low-Income Subsidy Applications, as of 4/28/06




Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400