Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #322--January 26, 2006


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:


A. "The HRS 2004 Exit Early Release (Version 1.0) is now available." For more information about the data file, go to:

B. "Metadata Summary for HRS 2004 Exit," (January 26, 2006).

2. INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE: "Estate Tax Returns Filed in 2001, 2002, and 2003," (January 2006, Excel format).





II. Reports and articles:


A. "Medicare Payments for Ambulance Transports," (OEI-05-02-00590, January 2006, .pdf format, 35p.).


Medicare covers and pays for emergency and nonemergency ambulance transports when a beneficiary's medical condition, at the time of transport, is such that other means of transportation, such as taxi, private car, wheelchair van, or other type of vehicle, would jeopardize the beneficiary's health. We found that 25 percent of ambulance transports in calendar year 2002 did not meet Medicare program requirements, resulting in an estimated $402 million in improper payments. Despite previous OIG inspections indicating that transports for dialysis treatment and other nonemergency transports were particularly vulnerable to abuse, the error rates for these kinds of transports continue to be high. We found that 27 percent of dialysis transports and 20 percent of other nonemergency transports did not meet Medicare's coverage requirements. In contrast, only seven percent of emergency transports were found not to meet requirements. We also determined that contractor safeguards are insufficient to identify and prevent improper payments for ambulance transports. Contractors use few ambulance-specific prepayment edits consistently and fewer than half of the contractors conducted postpayment reviews of ambulance claims. When reviews are conducted, there is no uniform requirement regarding the documentation that should be reviewed. While almost two-thirds of the coverage errors involved a transport from a dialysis facility, hospital, or other third-party provider, these providers received little education regarding Medicare's coverage requirements for ambulance transports.

OIG recommends that CMS implement program integrity activities designed to reduce improper payments for ambulance transports at greatest risk for error, such as dialysis and other nonemergency transports. Included in these activities should be: (1) instructing all Medicare contractors to implement prepayment edits that target dialysis and nonemergency ambulance transport claims; (2) instructing all Medicare contractors, when conducting postpayment medical reviews, to obtain documentation from ambulance suppliers and third-party providers to determine that ambulance transports meet program requirements; and (3) directing all Medicare contractors to educate third-party providers responsible for initiating ambulance order noncovered ambulance transports. If third-party providers are still problematic, CMS may want to examine other administrative actions that can be taken and any potentially fraudulent or abusive providers should be referred to OIG.

B. "Dual Eligibles' Transition: Part D Formularies' Inclusion of Commonly Used Drugs," (OEI-05-06-00090, January 2006, .pdf format, 55p.).


This study determined the extent to which Medicare prescription drug plan (PDP) formularies include the drugs that the dual eligible population (i.e., beneficiaries of both Medicare and Medicaid) commonly used under Medicaid. On January 1, 2006, outpatient prescription drug coverage for dual eligibles was transferred from Medicaid to Medicare. Differences in coverage of commonly used drugs may present challenges during this transition. We identified 200 drugs highly utilized by the dual eligible population in 2005. Of these, 178 drugs are eligible for Part D coverage, and 22 fall into categories that are statutorily excluded from Part D, but which States may opt to cover through their Medicaid programs.

This study found that PDP formularies include between 76 and 100 percent of the 178 eligible commonly used drugs in our review. On average, formularies included 92 percent of the 178 eligible drugs we reviewed. Approximately half of these 178 common drugs are covered by all formularies. For the 22 drugs in our review that are excluded from Part D, dual eligibles' access under Medicaid will not change in 45 of the 47 States we interviewed. Two States plan to cut Medicaid coverage of some categories of excluded drugs.

Given the variation we found in PDP formularies' inclusion of 178 common drugs, as well as the medical and resource challenges faced by this population, dual eligibles may need targeted assistance to navigate the transition from Medicaid to Medicare coverage. A dual eligible who takes a drug that is not on his or her PDP's formulary has several options to ensure he or she can access appropriate drug therapy. CMS and States have undertaken efforts to educate and assist dual eligibles and to incorporate safeguards into the program to ensure access to needed drugs. However, taking advantage of any of the options requires knowledge and proactive effort by beneficiaries and may require additional assistance from CMS and States to ensure a smooth transition.


A. "OASDI (Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance) Monthly Statistics, December 2005," (January 2006, .pdf and HTML format).

B. "SSI (Supplementary Security Income) Monthly Statistics, December 2005," (January 2006, .pdf and HTML format).

5. US DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, FIRE ADMINISTRATION REPORT: "Fire and the Older Adult," (FA 300, January 2006, .pdf format, 53p.).

Press Release:

6. CENSUS BUREAU PRESS RELEASE: "Census Bureau Survey Gauges Informal Caregiving," (January 24, 2006).

7. CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES FACT SHEET: "State Reimbursement for Medicare Part D Transition," (January 24, 2006).

8. CENTER FOR ECONOMIC AND POLICY RESEARCH REPORT: "The Savings from an Efficient Medicare Prescription Drug Plan," by Dean Baker (January 2006, .pdf format, 16p.).

Press Release:

9. CENTER ON BUDGET AND POLICY PRIORITIES REPORT: "African-Americans and Social Security: The Implications of Reform Proposals," by William Spriggs and Jason Furman (January 2006, .pdf and HTML format, 14p.).

Press Release:


A. "Medicare Drug Benefit Enrollment Update," (January 2006, .pdf format, 2p.).

B. "Forum on Medicare Drug Benefit's Early Progress," (January 2006, RealPlayer and Windows Media Player format).

C. "Financing Long-Term Care," (January 2006).

11. _DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH_ ARTICLES: Note: _DR_ is "a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research" [Rostock, Germany]:

A. "Tempo effects in mortality: An appraisal," by Michel Guillot (Vol. 14, No. 1, January 2006, p. 1-26).

B. "Increments to life and mortality tempo," by Griffith Feeney (Vol. 14, No. 2, January 2006, p. 27-46).

C. "Two proofs of a recent formula by Griffith Feeney," by Jutta Gampe and Anatoli I. Yashin (Vol. 14, No. 3, January 2006, p. 47-50). Note: This article provides two proofs for equations that appear in the Feeney article above.


A. "Property Tax in Pennsylvania: Findings from a Study of AARP Members," by Katherine Bridges (January 2006, .pdf format, 24p.).

B. "Let Us Choose: A Survey of Floridians Age 35+ on Long-Term Care Choices," by Rachelle Cummins and Joanne Binette (January 2006, .pdf format, 36p.).

C. The following AARP _Prime Time Radio_ show is now available (RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required, audio transcripts run between 24 and 30 minutes).

A New Age of Consumer Fraud


A. "Phased Retirement: Who Opts for It and Toward What End?" by Yung-Ping Chen and John C. Scott (2006-01, January 2006, .pdf format, 48p.).

B. "Staying the Course: Trends in Family Caregiving," by Brenda C. Spillman and Kirsten J. Black (2005-17, November 2005, .pdf format, 30p.).

C. "An Update on the Experimental Consumer Price Index (CPI-E) for Older Americans," by Satyendra Verma DD132, December 2005, .pdf format, 4p.).

14. AUSTRALIAN BUREAU OF STATISTICS YEARBOOK ARTICLE: "Ageing Australians" (from _2006 Yearbook Australia_).!OpenDocument


A. "Australian Government Directory of Services and Programs for Older People," (January 23, 2006).

B. "Older Victorians get $23.7m support boost," (January 25, 2006).

16. UK OFFICE OF NATIONAL STATISTICS REPORT: "Focus on Health," by Madhavi Bajekal, Paul Bebbington, Claudia Breakwell, Anita Brock, Claudia Cooper, Nicola Cooper, Melissa Coulthard, David Dix, Peter Goldblatt, Clare Griffiths, Velda Osborne, Mike Quinn, Steve Rowan, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Susan Westlake, Levin Wheller, Helen Wood and Mohammed Yar (January 2006, .pdf format, 192p, with data in .zip compressed Microsoft Excel format).

17. _PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Reproductive protein protects functionally sterile honey bee workers from oxidative stress," by Siri-Christine Seehuus, Kari Norberg, Ulrike Gimsa, Trygve Krekling, and Gro V. Amdam (Vol. 103, No. 4, January 24, 2006, p. 962-967).

18. _BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Secondary prevention of coronary heart disease in older patients after the national service framework: population based study," by Sheena E Ramsay, Peter H. Whincup, Debbie A. Lawlor, Olia Papacosta, Lucy T. Lennon, Mary C. Thomas, Shah Ebrahim, and Richard W. Morris (Vol. 332, No. 7534, January 21, 2006, p. 144-145).

19. _NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Long-Term Outcome of Renal Transplantation from Older Donors," by Giuseppe Remuzzi, Paolo Cravedi, Annalisa Perna, Borislav D. Dimitrov, Marta Turturro, Giuseppe Locatelli, Paolo Rigotti, Nicola Baldan, Marco Beatini, Umberto Valente, Mario Scalamogna, and Piero Ruggenenti (Vol. 354, No. 4, January 26, 2006, p. 343-352).

20. _TIME_ ARTICLE: "Take Two Aspirin and Read This Now," by Jyoti Thottam (Vol. 167, NO. 5, January 30, 2006).,9171,1151806,00.html

21. _FORBES_ ARTICLE: "Is a Roth 401(k) Right for You?" by Janet Novak (January 31, 2006).


III. Working Papers:


A. "Did Medicare Induce Pharmaceutical Innovation?" by Daron Acemoglu, David Cutler, Amy Finkelstein, and Joshua Linn (Working Paper No. w11949, January 2006, .pdf format, 9p.).


The introduction of Medicare in 1965 was the single largest change in health insurance coverage in U.S. history. Many economists and commentators have conjectured that the introduction of Medicare may have also been an important impetus for the development of new drugs that are now commonly used by the elderly and have substantially extended their life expectancy. In this paper, we investigate whether Medicare induced pharmaceutical innovations directed towards the elderly. Medicare could have played such a role only if two conditions were met. First, Medicare would have to increase drug spending by the elderly. Second, the pharmaceutical companies would have to respond to the change in market size for drugs caused by Medicare by changing the direction of their research. Our empirical work finds no evidence of a "first-stage" effect of Medicare on prescription drug expenditure by the elderly. Correspondingly, we also find no evidence of a shift in pharmaceutical innovation towards therapeutic categories most used by the elderly. On the whole, therefore, our evidence does not provide support for the hypothesis that Medicare had a major effect on the direction of pharmaceutical innovation.

B. "Health Insurance Take-up by the Near Elderly," by Thomas C. Buchmueller and Sabina Ohri (Working Paper No. w11951, January 2006, .pdf format, 18p.).


This study examines the effect of price on the demand for health insurance by early retirees between the ages of 55 and 64. The analysis is based on administrative data from a medium sized employer and takes advantage of a natural experiment created by the firm's health insurance contribution policy. The amount the firm contributes toward retiree health insurance coverage depends on when a person retired and her years of service at that date. As a result of this policy, there is considerable variation in out-of-pocket premiums faced by individuals in the data, but this variation is independent of the non-price attributes of the health insurance plans offered, and plausibly exogenous to individual characteristics that are likely to affect the demand for insurance. We find that price has a statistically significant but small effect on the decision to take up coverage. The implied elasticities are very similar to results found in previous studies using very different data.

C. "The Determinants of Mortality," by David M. Cutler, Angus S. Deaton, and Adriana Lleras-Muney (Working Paper No. w11963, January 2006, .pdf format, 44p.).


Mortality rates have fallen dramatically over time, starting in a few countries in the 18th century, and continuing to fall today. In just the past century, life expectancy has increased by over 30 years. At the same time, mortality rates remain much higher in poor countries, with a difference in life expectancy between rich and poor countries of also about 30 years. This difference persists despite the remarkable progress in health improvement in the last half century, at least until the HIV/AIDS pandemic. In both the time-series and the cross-section data, there is a strong correlation between income per capita and mortality rates, a correlation that also exists within countries, where richer, better-educated people live longer. We review the determinants of these patterns: over history, over countries, and across groups within countries. While there is no consensus about the causal mechanisms, we tentatively identify the application of scientific advance and technical progress (some of which is induced by income and facilitated by education) as the ultimate determinant of health. Such an explanation allows a consistent interpretation of the historical, cross-country, and within-country evidence. We downplay direct causal mechanisms running from income to health.

D. "Household Ownership of Variable Annuities," by Jeffrey Brown and James Poterba (Working Paper w11964, January 2006, .pdf format, 33p.).


Variable annuities have been one of the most rapidly growing financial products of the last two decades. Between 1996 and 2004, nominal sales of variable annuities in the U.S. more than doubled, from $51 billion to $130 billion. Variable annuities now account for approximately nearly two thirds of annuity sales. The investment returns associated with variable annuities resemble those from mutual funds, and variable annuity buyers can select among a range of asset allocation options. Variable annuities are considered insurance products under the tax law, so buyers are not taxed on their investment returns until they make withdrawals from their variable annuity accounts. This paper describes the tax treatment of variable annuities, presents summary information on their ownership patterns, and explores the importance of several distinct motives for household purchase of variable annuities. The discussion of tax treatment examines the impact of the 2001 and 2003 tax bills on the relative tax treatment of variable annuities and other financial products. Household data from the 1998 and 2001 Survey of Consumer Finances shows that variable annuity ownership is highly concentrated among high income and high net wealth sub-groups of the population. Variable annuity ownership is less concentrated, however, than ownership of several other types of financial assets. Evidence on the role of tax incentives in encouraging ownership of variable annuities is mixed. The probability of owning a variable annuity rises with the marginal tax rate throughout most of the income distribution, but it is lower for households in the top tax bracket than for those with slightly lower tax rates.

E. "Lifecycle Asset Allocation Strategies and the Distribution of 401(k) Retirement Wealth," by James Poterba, Joshua Rauh, Steven Venti, and David Wise (Working Paper No. w11974, January 2006, .pdf format, 39p.).


This paper examines how different asset allocation strategies over the course of a worker's career affect the distribution of retirement wealth and the expected utility of wealth at retirement. It considers both rules that allocate a constant portfolio fraction to various assets at all ages, as well as " lifecycle" rules that vary the mix of portfolio assets as the worker ages. The analysis simulates retirement wealth using asset returns that are drawn from the historical return distribution. The results suggest that the distribution of retirement wealth associated with typical lifecycle investment strategies is similar to that from age-invariant asset allocation strategies that set the equity share of the portfolio equal to the average equity share in the lifecycle strategies. There is substantial variation across workers with different characteristics in the expected utility from following different asset allocation strategies. The expected utility associated with different 401(k) asset allocation strategies, and the ranking of these strategies, is very sensitive to three parameters: the expected return on corporate stock, the worker's relative risk aversion, and the amount of non-401(k) wealth that the worker will have available at retirement. At modest levels of risk aversion, or in the presence of substantial non-401(k) wealth at retirement, the historical pattern of stock and bond returns implies that the expected utility of an all-stock investment allocation rule is greater than that from any of the more conservative strategies. Higher risk aversion or lower expected returns on stocks raise the expected utility of following lifecycle strategies or other strategies that reduce equity exposure throughout the lifetime.

F. "Reducing the Complexity Costs of 401(k) Participation Through Quick Enrollment(TM)," by James Choi, David Laibson, and Brigitte Madrian (Working Paper No. w11979, January 2006, .pdf format, 36p.).


The complexity of the retirement savings decision may overwhelm employees, encouraging procrastination and reducing 401(k) enrollment rates. We study a low-cost manipulation designed to simplify the 401(k) enrollment process. Employees are given the option to make a Quick Enrollment(TM) election to enroll in their 401(k) plan at a pre-selected contribution rate and asset allocation. By decoupling the participation decision from the savings rate and asset allocation decisions, the Quick Enrollment(TM) mechanism simplifies the savings plan decision process. We find that at one company, Quick Enrollment(TM) tripled 401(k) participation rates among new employees three months after hire. When Quick Enrollment(TM) was offered to previously hired non-participating employees at two firms, participation increased by 10 to 20 percentage points among those employees affected.

G. "The U.S. Health Care System and Labor Markets," by Brigitte Madrian (Working Paper No. w11980, January 2006, .pdf format, 34p.).


This paper provides a broad and general overview of the relationship between the U.S. health care system and the labor market. The paper first describes some of the salient features of and facts about the system of health insurance coverage in the U.S., particularly the role of employers. It then summarizes the empirical evidence on how health insurance impacts labor market outcomes such as wages, labor supply (including retirement, female labor supply, part-time vs. full-time work, and formal vs. informal sector work), labor demand (including hours worked and the composition of employment across full-time, part-time and temporary workers), and job turnover. It then discusses the implications of having a fragmented system of health insurance delivery--in which employers play a central role--on the health care system and health care outcomes.

H. "Life-Cycle Variation in the Association between Current and Lifetime Earnings," by Steven Haider and Gary Solon (Working Paper No. w11943, January 2006, .pdf format, 38p.).


Researchers in a variety of important economic literatures have assumed that current income variables as proxies for lifetime income variables follow the textbook errors-in-variables model. In an analysis of Social Security records containing nearly career-long earnings histories for the Health and Retirement Study sample, we find that the relationship between current and lifetime earnings departs substantially from the textbook model in ways that vary systematically over the life cycle. Our results can enable more appropriate analysis of and correction for errors-in-variables bias in a wide range of research that uses current earnings to proxy for lifetime earnings.

23. FUNDACION DE ESTUDIOS DE ECONOMICA APLICADA (FEDEA) [MADRID SPAIN]: "New European Member States and the dependent elderly," by Corinne Mette (Documento de Trabajo 2005-28, December 2005, .pdf format, 34p.).


The ten new Member States who joined the European Union in May 2004 have increased the population of EU-15 by 20% and they together account for almost 16.4% of the total EU-25 population. The current ageing of the population of EU-15 has highlighted other challenges besides the well-known problems of financing pension and health systems. It has also highlighted the risk of dependency. Given the emergence of this new risk, one may wonder about the situation of the aforementioned new members. The present study shows that they do not appear to face the problem of elderly dependency on the same scale as the countries of EU-15, although in the coming decades it is likely they will have to contend with it to a much greater degree. The study also indicates that provision for dependent elderly care in the ten countries does not seem to be fully established as yet. However, Malta and Slovenia, countries which will have a considerable proportion of oldest people among their populations in the near future, are distinguishable from the others in that they appear better prepared in terms of dependent elderly care. Although Poland is considered to be far from prosperous as regards economic and social development, in terms of ageing - particularly provision for the dependent elderly- it appears better placed than most of the other new Member States, who appear to be less generous as regards assistance provided to the dependent elderly. The three Baltic states are distinguishable from the others in that the share of GDP allocated to this category is lowest, even though they are expected to have the oldest population in the coming decades.

24. INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND: "The Global Impact of Demographic Change," by Nicoletta Batini, Time Callen, and Warwick J. McKibbin (WP 36, January 2006, .pdf format, 34p.).

Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

25. MAGYAR NEMZETI BANK (The Central Bank of Hungary) [BUDAPEST]: "The sustainability of the Hungarian pension system: a reassessment," by Gábor Orbán and Dániel Palotai (Occasional Paper 2005/40, December 2005, .pdf format, 46p.).

Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

26. Aging and Mental Health (Vol. 10, No. 1, January 2006).

27. American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 96, No. 2, February 2006). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

28. American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 111, No. 3, November 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

29. Dementia (Vol. 5, No. 1, January 2006).

30. Experimental Aging Research (Vol. 32, No. 1, October-December 2005). Note: Note: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the EbscoHost database. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

31. Journal of the American Geriatric Society (Vol. 54, No. 1, January 2006).

32. Medical Care (Vol. 44, No. 2, February 2006).

33. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Canadian Journal on Aging (Vol. 24, No. 3, 2005).

International Psychogeriatrics (Vol. 17, No. 4, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of Gerontological Social Work (Vol. 46, No. 1, 2005).

Omega (Vol. 51, No. 3, 2005).


34. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of January 25, 2006:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of January 25, 2006:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of January 25, 2006:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of January 25, 2006:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of January 25, 2006:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of January 25, 2006:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:

35. NIH:

A. "Structural Biology of Membrane Proteins (R01)," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-119, January 20, 2006).

B. "PHS 2006-02 Omnibus Solicitation of the NIH, CDC, and FDA for Small Business Innovation Research Grant Applications (Parent SBIR [R43/R44])," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-120, January 20, 2006).

C. "PHS 2006-2 Omnibus Solicitation of the NIH for Small Business Technology Transfer Grant Applications (Parent STTR [R41/R42])," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-121, January 20, 2006).

D. "Directed Stem Cell Differentiation for Cell Based Therapies for Heart, Lung, Blood, and Aging Diseases (SBIR [R43/R44])," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-124, January 20, 2006).

E. "Directed Stem Cell Differentiation for Cell Based Therapies for Heart, Lung, Blood, and Aging Diseases (STTR [R41/R42])," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-125, January 20, 2006).

F. "Applications of Imaging and Sensor Technologies for Clinical Aging Research (SBIR [R43/R44])," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, PAS-06-130, January 25, 2006).

G. "Applications of Imaging and Sensor Technologies for Clinical Aging Research (STTR [R41/R42])," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, PAS-06-131, January 25, 2006).

36. US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY: "Classifying Older Adults Based on Critical Lifestyle Factors that may Affect Their Environmental Exposures," (EPA-ORD-06-25951, December 2005). Note: The deadline for applications is February 21, 2006.


VI. Legislation Information Updates:

37. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND THE WORKFORCE HEARING PUBLICATION: "An Examination of the Older Americans Act," a hearing held May 24, 2005 (Serial NO. 109-19, ASCII and .pdf format, 27p.).

Scroll to bottom and search for "109-19" (without the quotes).

38. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING PUBLICATION: "Keeping the Power on: Examining the Impact of Soaring Energy Costs on the Elderly," a hearing held June 15, 2005 (S.Hrg. 109-192, ASCII and .pdf format, 63p.).

Scroll to bottom and search for "109-9" (without the quotes).


VII. Websites of Interest:

39. Kaiser Family Foundation Update: Kaiser has updated the State Health Facts database to include the most data on Medicare Part D enrollment.




Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400