Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #316--December 8, 2005


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

Note: For those of you who may be interested, we also produce a general demographic current awareness report: CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

Back issues:

I. Data:

1. INTER-UNIVERSITY CONSORTIUM FOR POLITICAL AND SOCIAL RESEARCH: ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Danish 1905 Cohort Study, 1998 (#3960). Note: This study is available only on CD-ROM at this time. A data use agreement must be filled out before this study can be acquired.

For a complete list of ICPSR new and updated studies in the last 90 days see:

Click on "list". New studies are marked *new*.

2. UK DATA ARCHIVE (ESSEX UNIVERSITY, COLCHESTER, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following dataset to its holdings. Note: There may be charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

SN 5231 Grandparents and Teen Grandchildren: Exploring Intergenerational Relationships, 2003-2004

3. STATISTICS CANADA/STATISTIQUE CANADA: "General Social Survey, Cycle 16: Aging and Social Support (2002): Public Use Microdata File and Documentation, 2002." Note: This is a fee based product. More information, including pricing information can be found at:

"User's Guide to the Public Use Microdata File, 2002:"

4. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS NEWSLETTER: "NLS (National Longitudinal Surveys) News," (No. 05-122, 2005, .pdf format, 5p.).

5. MEDICAL EXPENDITURE PANEL SURVEY: "MEPS HC-079: 2003 Full Year Consolidated Data File" (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, November 2005, data in .zip and .exe self-decompressing ASCII and SAS transport format, SAS and SPSS programming statements, documentation in HTML, .pdf or ASP codebook format). Note: "This file consists of MEPS survey data obtained in Rounds 3, 4, and 5 of Panel 7 and Rounds 1, 2, and 3 of Panel 8 (i.e., the rounds for the MEPS panels covering calendar year 2003) and consolidates all of the final 2003 person-level variables onto one file. This file contains the following variables previously released on HC-073: survey administration, language of interview variable, demographics, parent identifiers, health status, disability days variables, access to care, employment, quality of care, patient satisfaction, health insurance and use variables. The HC-079 file also includes these variables: income variables and expenditure variables."


II. Reports and articles:

6. U.S. CENSUS BUREAU REPORT: "Hispanic Population of the United States: March 2003 and 2004" (December 2005, ASCII text, HTML, .pdf and comma separated value [.csv] format). "An update on the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the nation's Hispanics, with national summary data from the Current Population Survey.Characteristics include, for example, sex, age, citizenship, nativity,educational attainment, occupation, and income and poverty status."


A. "Early Release of Selected Estimates Based on Data From the January-June 2005 National Health Interview Survey" (December 2005, .pdf format, 107p.). "In this release, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) updates estimates for 15 selected health measures based on data from the January-June 2005 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and presents estimates from 1997 through 2004 for comparison. The 15 Early Release measures are being published prior to final data editing and final weighting to provide access to the most recent information from the NHIS. The estimates will be updated on a quarterly basis as each new quarter of the NHIS data becomes available."

B. _Health, United States, 2005_ with _Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans with Special Feature on Adults 55-64 Years_ (December 2005, .pdf format, 535p.). "Health, United States is an annual report on trends in health statistics. The report consists of two main sections: A chartbook containing text and figures that illustrates major trends in the health of Americans; and a trend tables section that contains 156 detailed data tables. The two main components are supplemented by an executive summary, a highlights section, an extensive appendix and reference section, and an index." Note: The trend and chartbook tables (Microsoft Excel format), and chartbook figures (Microsoft PowerPoint format), are available at the site.

8. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Older Workers: Labor Can Help Employers and Employees Plan Better for the Future" (GAO-06-80, December 2005, .pdf format, 54p.).

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

9. U.S. NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NEWS RELEASE: "Help for Hispanic Families Caring for a Loved One with Alzheimer's Disease" (National Institute on Aging, Dec. 7, 2005).


A. "International Update: Recent Developments in Foreign Public and Private Pensions," (November 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).



B. "OASDI (Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance) Monthly Statistics, November 2005," (Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, December 2005, .pdf and HTML format).

C. "SSI (Supplementary Security Income) Monthly Statistics, November 2005," (Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, December 2005, .pdf and HTML format).

11. US BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS PERIODICAL ARTICLE: "Labor force projections to 2014: retiring boomers," by Mitra Toossi (_Monthly Labor Review_, Vol. 128, No. 11, November 2005, p. 25-44).

12. U.S. ADMINISTRATION ON AGING NEWSLETTER: _eNews_ (Nov. 25, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 11p.).

13. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING NEWS RELEASE: "Government guarantee for aged care bonds" (JB187/05, Dec. 8, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

14. STATISTICS CANADA/STATISTIQUE CANADA RESEARCH PAPER: "Mandatory Retirement Rules and Retirement Decisions of University Professors in Canada," by Christopher Warwick (Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper No. 271, December 2005, .pdf format, 29p.).


The age distributions of professors at Canadian universities without mandatory retirement and those at universities with mandatory retirement at age 65 have diverged over time with a higher fraction of professors over the age of 65 being at universities without mandatory retirement. An analysis of a discrete time hazard model indicates that faculty members at universities with mandatory retirement at age 65 have exit rates at age 65 that are 30 to 35 percentage points higher than those of their counterparts at universities without mandatory retirement. Similar results are found for both men and women; however, the magnitude of this effect is somewhat smaller for women. This does not support the view that mandatory retirement is a more severe constraint on the behaviour of female academics.

Click on "View" then the link to full text.

15. STATISTICS NORWAY NEWS RELEASE: "Municipal health and care statistics, final figures, 2004: Continued increase in number of younger service recipients" (Dec. 2, 2005). The news release links to 16 relevant tables.

16. STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA REPORT: "Stages in the life cycle of South Africans," (December 2005, .pdf format, 182p.).


This report contains descriptions of the people counted in South Africa during Census 2001, grouped according to the various stages in the life cycle. The analysis therefore presents census data from a different perspective than in earlier census publications. An understanding of the numbers and characteristics of people in each life stage and the circumstances in which they are living is important for understanding the role that both government and the broader society can play to give support to people as they grow and develop, stabilise and then decline, and to help them to live productive lives. Each stage of the life cycle influences the next stage.

17. UK DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH REPORT: "UK Stem Cell Initiative: Report& Recommendations" (November 2005, .pdf format, 118p.).

18. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH ISSUE BRIEF: "Could Tax Reform Kill 401(k) Plans?" by Alicia H. Munnell (IB #38, November 2005, .pdf format, 8p.).

19. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION REPORT: "Prospects for Retiree Health Benefits as Medicare Drug Coverage Begins Findings from the Kaiser/Hewitt 2005 Survey on Retiree Health Benefits" (December 2005, report (.pdf format, 52p.), chartpack (.pdf format, 31p.). "The 2005 Kaiser/Hewitt survey of large businesses that provide retiree health benefits to their workers assesses their responses to the new Medicare drug benefit in 2006, their plans for the future, and the way these changes affect retirees. It also looks at the rising costs and changing benefits of retiree health coverage overall in 2005."


A. "Five-City Panel Study on Walking: Waves One through Four," by Teresa Keenan and Laura Skufca (2005, .pdf format).

B. "Keep the Heat On: An AARP Member Survey of Utility Rights," by Erica Dinger and Katherine Bridges (December 2005, .pdf format, 16p.).

C. _AARP Bulletin_ (December 2005). Selected articles from the latest _Bulletin_ are available:

Note: This is a temporary address. Selected articles back to 2004 are available by using the drop-down menu on the right side of the page.

21. _NATURE_ LETTER ABSTRACT: "The importance of sequence diversity in the aggregation and evolution of proteins," by Caroline F. Wright, Sarah A. Teichmann, Jane Clarke and Christopher M. Dobson (Vol. 438, No.7069, December 8, 2005, p. 878-881).

22. _NATURE MEDICINE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Regression of abdominal aortic aneurysm by inhibition of c-Jun N-terminal kinase," by Koichi Yoshimura, Hiroki Aoki, Yasuhiro Ikeda, Kozo Fujii, Norio Akiyama, Akira Furutani, Yoshinobu Hoshii, Nobuyuki Tanaka, Romeo Ricci, Tokuhiro Ishihara, Kensuke Esato, Kimikazu Hamano and Masunori Matsuzaki (Vol. 11, No. 12, December 2005, p.1330-1338).


A. "Trends in Hospitalizations for Pneumonia Among Persons Aged 65 Years or Older in the United States, 1988-2002," by Alicia M. Fry, David K. Shay, Robert C. Holman, Aaron T. Curns, and Larry J. Anderson (article, Vol. 294, No. 21, Dec. 7, 2005, p. 2712-2719).

B. "Deceased-Donor Characteristics and the Survival Benefit of Kidney Transplantation," by Robert M. Merion, Valarie B. Ashby,Robert A. Wolfe, Dale A. Distant, Tempie E. Hulbert-Shearon, Robert A. Metzger, and Akinlolu O. Ojo (article, Vol. 294, No. 21, Dec. 7, 2005, p. 2726-2733).

C. Pneumonia in Older Adults: Reversing the Trend," by Thomas M. File Jr. and James S. Tan (editorial, Vol. 294, No. 21, Dec. 7, 2005, p. 2760-2763.).


A. "End of life decisions," by Ash Samanta and Jo Samanta (editorial, Vol. 331, No. 7528, Dec. 3, 2005, p. 1284-1285).

B. "Epilepsy in elderly people," by Martin J. Brodie and Patrick Kwan (clinical review, Vol. 331, No. 7528, Dec. 3, 2005, p. 1317-1322).

25. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles. "Body Mass Index Is Inversely Related to Mortality in Older People After Adjustment for Waist Circumference," by Ian Janssen, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, and Robert Ross (_Journal of the American Geriatrics Society_ (Vol. 53, No. 12, 2005, p. 2112-2118 via Medscape).


III. Working Papers:

26. POPULATION COUNCIL: "The quantum and tempo of life-cycle events," by John Bongaarts and Griffith Feeney (Policy Research Division Working Paper no. 207, 2005, .pdf format, 47p.).


This study develops and applies a general framework for the analysis of the period quantum and tempo of life-cycle events, extending methods developed previously by the authors. The existence of tempo distortions is demonstrated in selected period quantum measures such as the total fertility rate and in period tempo measures such as life expectancy. A tempo distortion is defined as an undesirable inflation or deflation of a period quantum or tempo indicator of a life-cycle event, such as birth, marriage, or death, that results from a rise or fall in the mean age at which the event occurs. Period measures derived from life tables are also found to be subject to distortion. Methods to remove these tempo distortions are then developed and applied.


A. "Searching for Better Prospects: Endogenizing Failing Job Tenure and Private Pension Coverage," by Leora Friedberg, Michael T. Owyang, and Tara M. Sinclair (w11808, December 2005, .pdf format, 33p.).


Recent declines in job tenure have coincided with a shift away from traditional defined benefit (DB) pensions, which reward long tenure. Recent evidence also points to an increase in job-to-job movements by workers, and we document gains in relative wages of job-to-job movers over a similar period. We develop a search model in which firms may offer tenure-based contracts like DB pensions to reduce the incidence of costly on-the-job search by workers. Reduced search costs can, under fairly general conditions, lower the value of deterring search and the use of DB pensions.

B. "Aching to Retire? The Rise in the Full Retirement Age and its Impact on the Disability Rolls," by Mark Duggan, Perry Singleton, and Jae Song (w11811, December 2005, .pdf format, 45p.).


In 1983 the federal government passed legislation that gradually increases the age at which individuals can receive full social security retirement benefits from 65 to 67 and reduces the generosity of benefits available at the early retirement age of 62. No corresponding changes were made to social security disability insurance (DI) benefits. This increase in the full retirement age will substantially increase individuals' financial incentives to apply for DI benefits. In this paper we use administrative data from the Social Security Administration to estimate the effect of this change on DI enrollment. Our findings indicate that the policy has contributed to the recent growth in the disability rolls with the effect concentrated among 63 and 64 year old men. When the policy is fully implemented, our estimates suggest that DI enrollment for this group of near elderly men will increase by 1.6 percentage points (13 percent). The overall effect would be modest, however, as it would account for just 1.3 percent of total DI enrollment and offset less than 4 percent of the estimated budgetary savings that will result from increasing the full retirement age.

C. "Medical Expenditure Risk and Household Portfolio Choice," by Dana Goldman and Nicole Maestas (w11818, December 2005, .pdf format, 46p.).


As health care costs continue to rise, medical expenses have become an increasingly important contributor to financial risk. Economic theory suggests that when background risk rises, individuals will reduce their exposure to other risks. This paper presents a test of this theory by examining the effect of medical expenditure risk on the willingness of elderly Medicare beneficiaries to hold risky assets. We measure exposure to medical expenditure risk by whether an individual is covered by supplemental insurance through Medigap, an employer, or a Medicare HMO. We account for the endogeneity of insurance choice by using county variation in Medigap prices and non-Medicare HMO market penetration. We find that having Medigap or an employer policy increases risky asset holding by 6 percentage points relative to those enrolled in only Medicare Parts A and B. HMO participation increases risky asset holding by 12 percentage points. Given that just 50 percent of our sample holds risky assets, these are economically sizable effects. It also suggests an important link between the availability and pricing of health insurance and the financial behavior of the elderly.

28. FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CHICAGO: "Differential Mortality, Uncertain Medical Expenses, and the Saving of Elderly Singles," by Mariacristina De Nardi, Eric French, and John Bailey Jones (WP-2005-13, December 2005, .pdf format, 38p.).


People have heterogenous life expectancies: women live longer than men, rich people live longer than poor people, and healthy people live longer than sick people. People are also subject to heterogenous out-of-pocket medical expense risk. We show that all of these dimensions of heterogeneity are large for the elderly. Can these factors explain their lack of asset decumulation even at very advanced ages and the high saving rate of the income-rich elderly? We answer this question in two steps. We first estimate the uncertainty about mortality and out-of- pocket medical expenditures as functions of sex, health, permanent income, and age. We then formalize a rich structural model of saving behavior for retired single households, and we estimate it by using the method of simulated moments.

29. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Analysis of Health and Longevity in Oldest-Old Population: A Health Capital Approach," by Zhong Zhao (Discussion Paper No. 1877, December 2005, .pdf format, 39p.).


Using 2002 cross-sectional data and 1998, 2000, 2002 three waves of panel data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, we study health in oldest old population. We measure health using the Katz Index of Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and in term of mortality. Our results suggest that besides aging, there are other important factors contributing to bad health both in term of the Index of ADL and mortality. Effects of gender on the Index of ADL and on mortality are different. Female tends to be more dependent in daily living, but has higher probability to survive. Oldest-olds living in urban area are also more dependent, but are less likely to die. Socioeconomic status such as financial resources, education level of the oldest-old and of his/her spouse and etc. plays insignificant role in the health of oldest-old. Oldest-olds still in marriage are more independent in daily living and are more likely to survive. There exists reverse causality between health and risky behaviors. After controlled for simultaneity bias by instrumental variable method, the coefficients of risk behaviors are consistent with theory and common wisdom.

30. CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF RATIONALITY [HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM]: "Longevity and Aggregate Savings," by Eytan Sheshinski (Discussion Paper 403, Sept. 2005, .pdf format, 15p.).


For the last fifty years, countries in Asia and elsewhere witnessed a surge in aggregate savings per capita. Many empirical studies attribute this trend to the highly significant increases in life longevity of the populations of these countries. Some argue that the rise in savings is short-run, to be eventually dissipated by the dissaving of the elderly, whose proportion in the population rises along with longevity. This paper examines whether these conclusions are supported by economic theory. A model of life cycle decisions with uncertain survival is used to derive individuals--savings and chosen retirement age response to changes in longevity. Conditions on the age-profile of improvements in survival probabilities are shown to be necessary in order to predict the direction of this response (the uneven history of age specific improvements in longevity is recorded by Cutler (2004)). Population theory (e.g. Coale (1952)) is used to derive the dependence of the steady-state population age density on longevity. This, in turn, enables the explicit aggregation of individual response functions and a comparative steady-state analysis. Sufficient conditions for a sustainable positive effect of increased longevity on aggregate savings per capita are then derived. The importance of the availability of insurance markets is briefly discussed.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

31. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 162, No. 12, Dec. 15, 2005).

32. The Gerontologist (Vol. 45, No. 6, December 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

33. Journal of Gerontology (A): Biological and Medical Sciences (Vols. 60, Nos. 11, November 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

34. Journal of Health Economics, Policy, and Law (Vol. 1, No. 1, January 2006). Note: full electronic text of the first issue is freely available, courtesy of Cambridge Journals Online:

35. Journal of Marriage and the Family (Vol. 61, No. 5, December 2005) Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

36. Medical Care Research and Review (Vol. 62, No. 6, December 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

37. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Educational Gerontology (Vol. 32, No. 1, January 2006). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

International Journal of Ageing and Human Development (Vol. 61, No. 4, 2005).

Omega--Journal of Death and Dying (Vol. 51, No. 2, 2005).

38. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Dec. 7, 2005:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Dec. 7, 2005:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Dec. 7, 2005:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Dec. 7, 2005:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Dec. 7, 2005:

F. Ophthalmology Research: Literature for the week of Dec. 7, 2005:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:


A. "Research on Social Work Practice and Concepts in Health (R21)" (National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, PA-06-083, Dec. 1, 2005). For more information see:

B. "Research on Social Work Practice and Concepts in Health (R03)" (National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, Dec. 1, 2005). For more information see:

C. "Research on Social Work Practice and Concepts in Health (R01) (National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, Dec. 1, 2005). For more information see:

D. "Mentored Quantitative Research Development Award" (K25) (National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, Dec. 2, 2005). For more information see:


VI. Conferences:

40. UNIVERSITY OF HAWAI'I AT MANOA CENTER ON AGING: "Active Aging in Asia Pacific: Best Practices," a conference to be held in Honolulu Hawai'i, Feb. 26-28, 2005). For more information see:

VII. Legislation Information Updates:

41. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE HEARING PUBLICATION: "The 'Public Servant Retirement Protection Act'," a hearing held Jul. 20, 2004 (House Serial Publication 108-65, ASCII text and .pdf format, 113p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "108-65" (without the quotes).

42. US HOUSE COMMERCE AND ENERGY COMMITTEE HEARING PUBLICATION: "Long-Term Care and Medicaid: Spiraling Costs and the Need for Reform," a hearing held Apr. 27, 2005 (House Serial Publication 109-24, ASCII text and .pdf format, 174p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "109-24" (without the quotes).

43. US HOUSE FINANCIAL SERVICES COMMITTEE HEARING PUBLICATION: " Generations Working Together: Financial Literacy and Social Security Reform," a hearing held Apr. 20, 2005 (House Serial Publication 109-19, ASCII text and .pdf format, 129p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "109-19" (without the quotes).

44. US SENATE FINANCE COMMITTEE HEARING PUBLICATION: "Financial Status of Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation and the Administration's Defined Benefit Plan Funding Proposal," a hearing held Mar. 1, 2005 (Senate Hearing No. 109-125, .pdf format, 185p.).

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706