Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #310--October 27, 2005


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:


A. "2004 HRS Core (Early Release, Version 1.0): Additions to the data file H04PR_R," (October 20, 2005).

"The variables JZ211 (PAST TWO WAVES NOT WORKING) and JZ219(R REPORTED PW HEALTH CONDITION THAT LIMITS WORK) were left out of the data set H04PR_R. They have now been added to the data and documentation."

B. "HRS 2004 Core Imputation (Early, Version 1.0)," (October 24, 2005). The HRS 2004 Core Imputation Early Release (Version 1.0) is now available.

Covering nineteen sections of the core interviews, the HRS 2004 Core Imputation Early Release contains data for 20,139 respondents and 13,651 households. The data collection period for the 2004 interview was February 2004 through March 2005.

C. "2002 HRS Core Imputations (Final Release, Version 1.0): Additions to the data file H02I_NR," (October 25, 2005).

One set of imputation variables, HN147X (# TIMES SEEN DR- PREV IW/2 YRS), HN147C (# TIMES SEEN DR- PREV IW/2 YRS:IMP CONTR), HN147T(# TIMES SEEN DR- PREV IW/2 YRS:IMP TYPE), HN147MIN (# TIMES SEEN DR- PREV IW/2 YRS: MIN), and HN147MAX (# TIMES SEEN DR- PREV IW/2 YRS: MAX) were left out of the data set H02I_NR. They have now been added to the data and documentation.


II. Reports and articles:

2. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Social Security Reform: Other Countries' Experiences Provide Lessons for the U.S.," (GAO-06-126, October 2005, .pdf format, 64p.).

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

3. SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, OFFICE OF POLICY REPORT: "OASDI Beneficiaries by State and ZIP Code, 2004," (October 2005, HTML, Microsoft Excel, and .pdf formats). Note: "This annual publication focuses on the Social Security beneficiary population at the ZIP Code level. It presents basic program data on the number and type of beneficiaries and the amount of benefits paid in each state, Social Security Administration field office, and ZIP Code. It also shows the number of beneficiaries aged 65 or older."

4. DHHS OIG REPORT: "Carrier Medical Review Progressive Corrective Action," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General, OEI-02-03-00300, October 2005, .pdf format, 28p.).


The objective of this inspection was to determine whether Medicare carriers have implemented medical review progressive corrective action strategies for physicians in accordance with guidance issued by CMS. It also determines whether progressive corrective action is achieving desired results, which are to reduce physician error rates and to modify the behavior of physicians. In fiscal year 2000, CMS revised its Program Integrity policy to include a new process for conducting medical review. In general, this revised strategy uses progressive corrective action approaches such as data analysis, probe medical reviews, and the calculation of billing error rates to correct billing problems through targeted education and training. Progressive corrective action strategies have taken on increased significance under the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA). Section 921 of the MMA highlights the importance of providing effective education and training to Medicare participating providers, and has increased funding to improve the accuracy of billing and coding claims data and the timeliness of contractor responses.

OIG found that carriers are generally implementing progressive corrective action strategies consistent with CMS guidance. However, OIG also found that carriers are not following all tracking requirements. They are most commonly missing the results of quarterly reassessments of providers identified for corrective action and information on contacts made to correct identified problems. Additionally, OIG found that little information exists to determine whether corrective action strategies are achieving desired results. Specifically, carriers have limited data on physician error rates, and CMS relies on compliance-based oversight that does not address progressive corrective action outcomes. Based on the evidence gathered in this inspection, OIG recommends that CMS institute outcome-based program measures to better determine whether progressive corrective action strategies reduce individual physician error rates and/or modify the behavior of physicians. OIG also recommends that CMS conduct reviews of carrier tracking systems to ensure that carriers are complying with requirements.

5. DHHS OASPE REPORT: "The Effect of Cash and Counseling on Medicaid and Medicare Costs: Findings for Adults in Three States," by Stacy Dale and Randall Brown (US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, May 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 65p.).

6. NORTH DAKOTA STATE DATA CENTER ARTICLE: "Census shows N.D. getting grayer," by Patrick Springer (October 15, 2005).

7. HONG KONG CENSUS AND STATISTICS DEPARTMENT NEWS RELEASE: "Thematic Household Survey Report No. 21 Published". " The Thematic Household Survey Report No. 21 is published by the Census and Statistics Department (C&SD) today (October 21).This report contains the findings of the Thematic Household Survey conducted during June to August 2004, which collected information relating to the pattern of study in higher education as well as the socio-demographic profile, health status and long-term care needs of older persons."

At the bottom of the news release there is a link to "broad survey findings". Click on this link and then scroll to the three summaries under "June - August 2004 (Detailed findings in Thematic Household Survey Report No. 21)". They are: "Pattern of study in higher education," "Socio-demographic profile, health status and long-term care needs of older persons residing in domestic households," and "Socio-demographic profile, health status and long-term care needs of older persons residing in institutions" (each is .pdf format, 2p., in Chinese and English. Ordering information for full reports is linked to from the news release.

8. STATISTICS CANADA ARTICLE: "Registered retirement savings plan contributions, 2004," (October 26, 2005).

9. _DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH_ ARTICLE: Note: _DR_ is "a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [Rostock, Germany]. "Decomposing the change in labour force indicators over time," by Alexia Prskawetz, Barbara Zagaglia, Thomas Fent, and Vegard Skirbekk (Vol. 13, No. 7, 2005, .pdf format, p. 163-188).


In this paper we study changes in the size and the composition of the labour force in five OECD countries from 1983 through 2000. We apply a recent decomposition method to quantify the components of the change over time in the crude labour force rate and the mean age of the labour force. Our results show that the change in the crude labour force rate was dominated by the change in age-specific labour force participation rates. For the mean age of the labour force we find that for males the change in the age composition of the population predominately explains the overall change while the results for females are less clear-cut.

Click "Enter".


A. "'We Shall Travel On': Quality of Care, Economic Development, and the International Migration of Long-Term Care Workers," by Donald L. Redfoot and Ari N. Houser (October 2005, .pdf format, 77p.).

Press Release:

B. "Putting Aging Workforce on Employment Planning Radar: Results from an AARP Florida/Florida Trend Survey," by Rachelle Cummins (October 2005, .pdf format, 4p.).

C. "Health Care in Vermont: Support for Universal Coverage," by Katherine Bridges (October 2005, .pdf format, 27p.).

D. "Moments of Truth: The Challenges of Co-ordinating Care For Older Persons," by Berd Marin, Kai Leichsenring, and Manfred Huber (October 2005).


A. "Spatial Demography Special Feature: Population distribution and redistribution of the baby-boom cohort in the United States: Recent trends and implications," by Peter A. Rogerson and Daejong Kim (Vol. 102, No. 43, October 25, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 15319-15324).

B. "Structure and properties of {alpha}-synuclein and other amyloids determined at the amino acid level," by Charyl Del Mar, Eric A. Greenbaum, Leland Mayne, S. Walter Englander, and Virgil L. Woods, Jr. (Vol. 102, No. 43, October 25, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 15477-15482).

C. "Reprogramming of tau alternative splicing by spliceosome-mediated RNA trans-splicing: Implications for tauopathies," by Teresa Rodriguez-Martin, Mariano A. Garcia-Blanco, S. Gary Mansfield, Andrew C. Grover, Michael Hutton, Qingming Yu, Jianhua Zhou, Brian H. Anderton, and Jean-Marc Gallo (Vol. 102, No. 43, October 25, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 15659-15664).

D. "Early age-related cognitive impairment in mice lacking cannabinoid CB1 receptors," by A. Bilkei-Gorzo, I. Racz, O. Valverde, M. Otto, K. Michel, M. Sarstre, and A. Zimmer (Vol. 102, No. 43, October 25, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 15670-15675).

12. _JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Changing Epidemiology of Invasive Pneumococcal Disease Among Older Adults in the Era of Pediatric Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine," by Catherine A. Lexau, Ruth Lynfield, Richard Danila, Tamara Pilishvili, Richard Facklam, Monica M. Farley, Lee H. Harrison, William Schaffner, Arthur Reingold, Nancy M. Bennett, James Hadler, Paul R. Cieslak, and Cynthia G. Whitney for the Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Team (Vol. 294, No. 16, October 26, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2043-2051).


A. "{beta}-blockers for elective surgery in elderly patients: population based, retrospective cohort study," by Donald Redelmeier, Damon Scales, and Alexander Kopp (Vol. 331, No. 7522, October 22, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 932-934).

B. "Appropriateness of use of medicines in elderly inpatients: qualitative study," by Anne Spinewine, Christian Swine, Soraya Dhillon, Bryony Dean Franklin, Paul M. Tulkens, Léon Wilmotte, and Vincent Lorant (Vol. 331, No. 7522, October 22, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 935-937).

14. _TIME_ ARTICLE: "Where Pensions Are Golden," by Donald L. Barlett and James B. Steele (_Time_, Vol. 166, No. 18, October 31, 2005).,9171,1122010-1,00.html

15. ILCUSA REPORT: "ILC Policy Report" (International Longevity Center, USA, October 2005, .pdf format, 7p.). The ILC Policy Report is "a monthly compilation of longevity news and trends in the U.S. and abroad."


III. Working Papers:

16. POPULATION STUDIES CENTER [UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN]: "Marital Sexual Behavior and Aging in Vietnam in Comparative Perspective," by John Knodel, Vu Tuan Huy, Vu Manh Loi, and Sharon Ghuman (PSC Research Report No. 05-583, October 2005, .pdf format, 23p.).


Combined data from two parallel regional surveys of married persons provide the first quantitative assessment of marital sex in Vietnam. Measures include the percent having intercourse during the prior month, monthly coital frequency among those who had sex, and the percent who have been inactive during the past year. Analysis focuses on the relation of sexual activity and age with particular attention to activity among older persons. Results for Vietnam are compared with those for Thailand and the United States. In addition, we examine the association between marital well-being and sexual activity in Vietnam. As in other populations, marital sexual activity declines with age and at older ages substantial proportions of married Vietnamese are sexually inactive. Levels of sexual activity among older persons are remarkably similar between Vietnam and Thailand but substantially lower that in the US. In addition, contrary to many US studies, the frequency of sexual activity shows little relationship to marital satisfaction and harmony in Vietnam. Possible explanations of lower levels of marital intercourse at older ages in Vietnam and Thailand than in the US are discussed in terms of possible biases in the data, differences in health and living arrangements, and the societal, cultural and normative contexts regarding the importance of sex in general and within marriage in particular.

17. WHARTON SCHOOL [UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA] PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL: "Turning Workers into Savers? Incentives, Liquidity, and Choice in 401(k) Plan Design," by Olivia S. Mitchell, Stephen P. Utkus, and Tongxuan (Stella) Yang (PRC WP 2005-18, 2005, .pdf format, 39p.).


We develop a comprehensive model of 401(k) pension design that reflects the complex tax, savings, liquidity and investment incentives of such plans. Using a new dataset on some 500 plans covering over more than 740,000 workers, we show that employer matching contributions have only a modest impact on eliciting additional retirement saving. In the typical 401(k) plan, only 10 percent of non-highly-compensated workers are induced to save more by match incentives; and 30 percent fail to join their plan at all, despite the fact that the company-proffered match would grant them a real return premium of 1-5% above market rates if they contributed. Such indifference to retirement saving incentives cannot be attributed to liquidity or investment constraints. These results underscore the need for alternative approaches beyond matching contributions, if retirement saving is to become broader-based.

18. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: Note: NBER papers are available by individual or institutional subscription only. Check your organization's library for more information.

"Moral Hazard in Nursing Home Use," by David C. Grabowski and Jonathan Gruber (Working Paper No. w11723, October 2005, .pdf format, 29p.).


Nursing home expenditures are a rapidly growing share of national health care spending with the government functioning as the dominant payer of services. Public insurance for nursing home care is tightly targeted on income and assets, which imposes a major tax on savings; moreover, low state reimbursement for Medicaid patients has been shown to lower treatment quality, and bed supply constraints may deny access to needy individuals. However, expanding eligibility, increasing Medicaid reimbursement, or allowing more nursing home bed slots has the potential to induce more nursing home use, increasing the social costs of long term care. A problem in evaluating this tradeoff is that we know remarkably little about the effects of government policy on nursing home utilization. We attempt to address this shortcoming using multiple waves of the National Long-Term Care Survey, matched to changing state Medicaid rules for nursing home care. We find consistent evidence of no effect of Medicaid policies on nursing home utilization, suggesting that demand for nursing home care is relatively inelastic. From a policy perspective, this finding indicates that changes in overall Medicaid generosity will not have large effects on utilization.

19. ECONOMIC WORKING PAPER ARCHIVE [WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY AT ST. LOUIS]: " Demographic Developments, Funded Pension Provision and Financial Stability," by Stefan W. Schmitz (October 2005, .pdf format, 17p.).


The following study analyzes the impact of demographic developments in Austria on the long-term average real interest rate, funded pension provision and the implications of demographic developments for the stability of the financial system. The key results of this study are twofold: (1) Households' net supply of savings and the demand for capital by the corporate sector both need to be integrated into the empirical and theoretical analysis of the impact of demographic developments on financial markets. (2) In addition, funded pension provision is exposed to demographic risks.


A. "Assessing the Maintenance of Savings Sufficiency Over the First Decade of Retirement," by Robert Haveman, Karen Holden, Barbara Wolfe, and Andrei Romanov (CESifo Working Paper No. 1567, October 2005, .pdf format, 37p.).


The adequacy of retirement savings is central to the U.S. debate over the effects of Social Security reform and pension changes that would place greater responsibility on individuals for accumulation of retirement resources. We contribute to this discussion by examining the extent to which individuals maintain initial levels of resources over the first decade of retirement. We compare annuitized wealth, including Social Security and pension wealth, to two consumption standards - a household's preretirement earnings and the poverty threshold. We analyze the relationship of individual characteristics to changes in this ratio over time, including the effects of widowhood and post-retirement work.

B. "Risk Sharing and Efficiency Implications of Progressive Pension Arrangements," by Hans Fehr and Christian Habermann (CESifo Working Paper No. 1568, October 2005, .pdf format, 30p.).


The present paper aims to quantify the welfare effects of progressive pension arrangements in Germany. Starting from a purely contribution-related benefit system, we introduce basic allowances for contributions and a flat benefit fraction. Since our overlapping-generations model takes into account variable labor supply, borrowing constraints as well as stochastic income risk, we can compare the labor supply, the liquidity, and the insurance effects of the policy reform. Our simulations indicate that for a realistic parameter combination an increase in pension progressivity would yield an aggregate efficiency gain of more than 2 percent of resources. However, such a reform\ would not be implemented because it would not find political support of the currently living generations.

C. "Pension Design when Fertility Fluctuates: The Role of Capital Mobility and Education Financing," by Jovan Zamac (CESifo Working Paper No. 1569, October 2005, .pdf format, 29p.).


This study compares alternative designs of an unfunded pension system. Convex combinations between a fixed contribution rate and a fixed benefit rate are considered. The objective is to maximize the expected ex-ante welfare under stochastic fertility. The model is a three-period CGE framework where the design of the education system and effects on factor prices are accounted for. The effects on factor prices depend on the degree of capital mobility. For low degrees of capital mobility it is optimal to have a fixed benefit rate in the pension system. But for the small open economy, a fixed contribution rate is optimal if the education system has a fixed benefit rate. This design of education and pension systems assures that individuals in the small open economy are unaffected by fertility fluctuations.

D. "Early Retirement and Social Security: A Long Term Perspective," by J. Ignacio Conde-Ruiz, Vincenzo Galasso, and Paola Profeta (CESifo Working Paper No. 1571, October 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).


We provide a long-term perspective on the individual retirement behaviour and on the future of retirement. In a Markovian political economic theoretical framework, in which incentives to retire early are embedded, we derive a political equilibrium with positive social security contribution rates and early retirement. Aging has two opposite effects: it leads to lower taxes and fewer (early) retirees, while a poorer median voter will push for higher contributions. The model highlights the existence of crucial income effects: a decrease of the income of young people will induce them to postpone retirement and to vote for less social security.

21. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Age Structure of the Workforce and Firm Performance," by Christian Grund and Niels Westergård-Nielsen (Discussion Paper No. 1816, October 2005, .pdf format, 17p.).


In this contribution, we examine the interrelation between corporate age structures and firm performance. In particular, we address the issues, whether firms with young rather than older employees are successful and whether firms with homogeneous or heterogeneous workforces are doing well. Several theoretical approaches are discussed with respect to these questions and divergent hypotheses are derived. Using Danish linked employer-employee data, we find that both mean age and dispersion of age in firms are inversely u-shaped related to firm performance.

22. CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH ON JAPANESE ECONOMY [UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO]: "Public Debt and Economic Growth in an Aging Japan," by Toshihiro Ihori, Ryuta Ray Kato, Masumi Kawade, and Shun-ichiro Bessho (CIRJE-F-372, September 2005, .pdf format, 34p.).


This paper examines the effects of the demographic change and the government debt policy in Japan on economic growth and economic welfare, particularly by taking into account the existing public pension scheme as well as national medical expenditure through the existing public health insurance, where a computational overlapping generations model is used within a general equilibrium context. One of the main results of this paper is that the tax burden (GDP) ratio will increase up to about 36%, and the social security burden (GDP) ratio will increase up to 23.3% in 2050, even though the government tries to have a positive primary balance by 2010. The ratio of public health insurance benefits to GDP is expected to increase at 1% every 10 years, and the ratio will be around 9.6% in 2050. The 2004 public pension reform will successfully result in a 13 point decrease in the contribution rate from 36.44% to 23.53%, and reduce the social security burden (GDP) ratio by about 8 points from 23.27% to 15.02% in 2050, compared with the benchmark case.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

23. Family and Consumer Sciences Research (Vol. 34, No. 2, December 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

24. Journal of Health Economics (Vol. 24, No. 6, November 2005).

25. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 111, No. 1, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Demography (Vol. 42, No. 3, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

International Psychogeriatrics (Vol. 17, No. 3, 2005).

26. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of October 26, 2005:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of October 26, 2005:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of October 26, 2005:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of October 26, 2005:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of October 26, 2005:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of October 26, 2005:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:

27. NIH:

A. "Technological Enhancements and Archiving for Surveys of the Elderly: SBIR (R43/44) Initiative," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, RFA-AG-06-004, October 21, 2005).

B. "Small Business Technology Transfer to Improve The Chemistry and Targeted Delivery of RNAi Molecules (STTR [R41/R42])," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-004, October 18, 2005).

C. "Small Business Innovation Research Program Parent Announcement (SBIR [R43/R44]): Electronic Submission of Grant Applications through," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-006, October 17, 2005).

D. "Small Business Technology Transfer Program Parent Announcement (STTR [R41/R42]): Electronic Submission of Grant Applications through," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-007, October 17, 2005).

E. "Bioengineering Nanotechnology Initiative (STTR [R41/R42])," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-008, October 18, 2005).

F. "Bioengineering Nanotechnology Initiative - SBIR (R43/R44)," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-009, October 18, 2005).

G. "Manufacturing Processes of Medical, Dental, and Biological Technologies (STTR [R41/R42])," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-013, October 20, 2005).

H. "Development of PET and SPECT Ligands for Brain Imaging (SBIR [R43/R44])," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-017, October 17, 2005).

I. "Development of PET and SPECT Ligands for Brain Imaging (STTR [R41/R42])," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-018, October 17, 2005).

J. "Probes for Microimaging The Nervous System (SBIR [R43/R44])," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-021, October 20, 2005).

K. "Probes for Microimaging The Nervous System (STTR [R41/R42])," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-022, October 20, 2005).

28. RAND FELLOWS IN POPULATION STUDIES AND THE STUDY OF AGING: "The RAND Fellows in Population Studies and the Study of Aging program enables outstanding junior scholars in demographic and aging research to sharpen their analytic skills, learn to communicate research results effectively, and advance their research agendae. Housed within the Labor and Population Program, the program blends formal and informal training and extensive collaboration with distinguished researchers in a variety of disciplines. In a typical year, the program will accept one fellow per year in Population Studies and one fellow per year in the Study of Aging. Fellowships are for one year, renewable for a second. Each fellow receives a yearly stipend of 46,000 to 61,000 dollars, depending on post-doctoral experience. For more information see:


VI. Conferences:

29. FAMILY CAREGIVER ALLIANCE: "Salute to Family Caregivers!" a free conference to be held November 5, 2005 (Los Angeles, CA). "Conference co-sponsors include AARP, the Los Angeles Department of Aging, and SCAN Health Plan." For more information about the conference:


VII. Legislation Information Updates:

30. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON HEALTH, EDUCATION, LABOR, AND PENSIONS HEARING REPORT: "PBGC Reform: Mending the Pension Safety Net, on Examining Proposals to Reform the Pension Funding Rules and Premiums Payable to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation," a hearing held April 26, 2005 (S.Hrg. 109-122, .pdf and ASCII text format, 68p.).

Search "Senate Hearings" for "109-122" (WITH the quotes).




Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
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