Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #309--October 20, 2005


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, OFFICE OF POLICY: "Benefits and Earnings Public-Use File, 2004," (October 2005, .zip compressed ASCII text and SAS data format, with documentation in .pdf format). "The Benefits and Earnings Public-Use File, 2004, consists of two separate but linkable subfiles-one with benefit information and the other with longitudinal earnings information. Sample beneficiary records drawn from the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program can be linked to their corresponding earnings histories. Information about beneficiaries needed to administer the OASDI program resides on SSA's Master Beneficiary Record (MBR) file, which in December 2004 contained records for approximately 47 million individuals who were entitled to receive a Social Security (OASDI) benefit for that month. Data in the benefit subfile are an extract from the MBR, consisting of a 1 percent random, representative sample of approximately 470,000 records. These records are representative of OASDI beneficiaries who were entitled to receive an OASDI benefit payment for December 2004...Descriptions of data fields are provided in the Data Dictionary for this file. The descriptions cover the content of each field, the method of presentation, and the disclosure avoidance steps taken to provide confidentiality. Because information on the internal MBR file is used to administer the OASDI program, these data are validated and kept current. As a result, the quality of the data in this public-use file is extremely high. Note that benefits payable for December 2004 are computed using earnings through the year 2003."

2. NATIONAL LONGITUDINAL SURVEYS: The Center for Human Resource Research at the Ohio State University has recently released the National Longitudinal Surveys CD-Rom, All Cohorts, October 2005 (DNLS-10/2005). Note: This data is available for a fee only on CD-ROM at this time.

Scroll to or "find in page" "DNLS-10/2005" (without the quotes).

3. INTER-UNIVERSITY CONSORTIUM FOR POLITICAL AND SOCIAL RESEARCH: ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following dataset, which may be of interest to researchers in aging. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

ACTIVE (Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly), 1999-2001 [United States] (#4248)

4. INTERNATIONAL AGENCY FOR RESEARCH ON CANCER/CENTRE INTTERNATIONAL DE RECHERCHE SUR LE CANCER INTERACTIVE DATABASE: "Cancer Incidence in Five Continents Volumes I to VIII" (September 2005, .zip compressed data extraction system). "The CD-Rom includes four databases containing data from the eight volumes of Cancer Incidence in Five Continents (CI5). The data are recorded as text files in Comma Separated Value (CSV) format, and can be incorporated easily into statistical packages for further analysis. Two Windows based software programs, with basic tabulation and graphic capabilities, are also provided. The CD-Rom files have been compressed in .Zip format for ease of distribution. CI5 Vol. I to VIII requires about 27 megabytes of disk space for the .Zip file, and about 75 megabytes of disk space for the publication once it's unzipped."


II. Reports and articles:

5. US GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE COMPENDIUM: _US Government Manual: 2005-2006_ (October 2005, ASCII text and .pdf format, 693p.) "As the official handbook of the Federal Government, the United States Government Manual provides comprehensive information on the agencies of the legislative, judicial, and executive branches. It also includes information on quasi-official agencies; international organizations in which the United States participates; and boards, commissions, and committees." The _Manual_ is browsable and searchable.

6. US CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE LETTER: "Letter to the Honorable Michael B. Enzi regarding the Administration's pension reform proposal and H.R. 2830, the Pension Protection Act of 2005" (Oct. 17, 2005, .pdf format, 2p.).

Click on the "PDF" tab on the top right corner of the page.

7. US AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE RESEARCH AND QUALITY, MEDICAL EXPENDITURE PANEL SURVEY STATISTICAL BRIEF: "Prescription Drugs: Out-of-Pocket Expenses and Unmet Need Relative to Family Income, 2002," by Beth Levin Crimmel, and Marie N. Stagnitti (Statistical Brief No. 102, October 2005, .pdf format, 5p.).


Using data from the Household Component of the 2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC), this Statistical Brief discusses out-of-pocket expenses and unmet need related to obtaining prescription drugs for the U.S. civilian non-institutionalized (community) population in 2002. The analysis examines these topics relative to family income for families with out-of-pocket expenses less than or equal to 5 percent of income and for those with expenses greater than 5 percent of income. Results are provided separately for families with an elderly member (a person age 65 or older) and for families without an elderly member.

Link to full text is at the bottom of the abstract.

8. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NEWS RELEASE: "National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP) Strengthens Campaign Empowering Older Adults to Manage Their Diabetes: Revitalized campaign shows older adults that the power to control is in their hands" (Oct. 20, 2005).

9. _MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT_ ARTICLE: "Influenza Vaccination Levels Among Persons Aged >65 Years and Among Persons Aged 18--64 Years with High-Risk Conditions --- United States, 2003," (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 54, No. 41, Oct. 21, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1045-1049).




A. "Improving management of pain in aged care facilities" (JB154/05, Oct. 18, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).

B. "Internet university launched for older Australians" (JB156/05, Oct. 19, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).

C. "New national organisation for over 50's launched" (JB148/05, Oct. 12, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).

11. STATE OF WISCONSIN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND FAMILY SERVICES COMPENDIUM: _Wisconsin Nursing Homes and Residents, 2004_ (October 2005, .pdf format, 74p.).

12. _DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH_ ARTICLE: Note: _DR_ is "a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [Rostock, Germany]. "On stochastic comparisons of population age structures and life expectancies," by Maxim S. Finkelstein (Vol. 13, Article 6, October 19, 2005, .pdf format, p. 143-162).


Cohort measures, describing a lifetime random variable are easily and unambiguously obtained using standard tools. On the contrary, the lifetime random variable, and therefore life expectancy, for the period setting cannot be unambiguously defined without additional simplifying assumptions. For non-stationary populations the corresponding conventional period measures should be justified in some way. Our paper is based on Bongaarts and Feeney (2002). We consider different measures of life expectancy and compare them for specific populations using stochastic ordering of the corresponding random variables. This gives possibility to look at the problem in a more general way.

Click on "Enter".

13. SOCIETY OF ACTUARIES REPORT: "Living to 100 and Beyond: Search for Predictors of Exceptional Human Longevity," by Natalia Gavrilova and Leonid Gavrilov (October 2005, .pdf fomat, 78p.). "Centenarians represent one of the fastest growing age groups in the U. S. Yet, factors indicating longevity and its time trends remain to be fully understood. Natalia Gavrilova and Leonid Gavrilov conducted this research, which explores possible predictors of exceptional human longevity such as familial factors, early-life living conditions, month-of-birth, and birth order. The Committee on Life Insurance Research and the Committee on Knowledge Extension Research are pleased to make available the results of this research project."

Click on "Full Paper" for link to full text.

More information on Society of Actuaries:


A. "Legislating Mobility Options: A Survey of State Laws Promoting Public Transit, Walking, and Bicycling," by Michelle Ernst and Barbara McCann (AARP Surface Transportation Policy Project, October 2005, .pdf format, 18p.). "This comprehensive assessment of state laws promoting mobility options reviews 525 relevant state laws and assigns them to eight broad categories representing different governmental approaches to mobility options: funding, enabling, system design, goal setting, safety enhancement, coordination, integrated planning, and (the negative case of) legislative barriers."

B. "Transition Provisions in Large Converted Cash Balance Pension Plans," by Daniel J. Beller (October 2005, .pdf format, 22p.).


Traditional defined benefit (DB) plans typically provide benefits based on a percentage of final pay times years of service. Cash balance plans are a newer type of DB plan that provide each participant with a hypothetical account that is generally credited by the employer with a dollar amount based on a percentage of earnings and a rate of return on the accumulated contributions. Over one-fourth of all single employer DB plan participants are now in plans with cash balance formulas. The vast majority of cash balance plans have been converted from traditional DB plans, with sponsors of large plans in the forefront of the movement toward conversion to cash balance. Unlike traditional final pay plans where benefit accruals are highest in the years immediately preceding retirement, benefits in cash balance plans are based on career earnings and provide for more uniform benefit accruals. The transfer of participants from a final pay to a cash balance formula may result in lower than anticipated retirement benefits for those participants who remain with their company until retirement. To completely or partially offset the gap between the benefits older employees would receive at retirement under the cash balance formula as compared to the prior final pay benefit formula, sponsors of converted cash balance plans may add transition provisions providing special treatment to some or all former participants in the converted plans.

C. _AARP Bulletin_ (October 2005). Selected articles from the latest _Bulletin_ are available at the site. Selected articles from earlier issues are available by clicking on the drop-down menu that says "Other Issues."

15. RAND CORPORATION HEALTH RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS: "Future Health and Medical Care Spending of the Elderly: Implications for Medicare"(RB-9146-1-CMS, October 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 6p.).

16. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION ISSUE BRIEF: "The Policy Implications of Medicare's New Measure of Financial Health," by Marilyn Moon (October 2005, .pdf format, 17p.). "This report examines a new measure of Medicare's financial health established by the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA). The report, authored by Marilyn Moon, who was a public trustee for the Social Security and Medicare trust funds and is now of the American Institute for Research, takes an in-depth look at the program's new solvency test which measures general revenues as a share of total Medicare spending."

17. AMERICAN CONSUMER INSTITUTE REPORT: "An Analysis of Cable TV Services: Are Older Consumers Losing Out?," (October 17, 2005, .pdf format, 12p.).

More information on ACI:

18. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH ISSUE IN BRIEF: "How Much Are Workers Saving?" by Alicia H. Munnell, Francesca Golub-Sass, and Andrew Varani (IB #34, October 2005, .pdf format, 9p.).

Click on "click here" for link to full text.

19. _NATURE_ NEWS EXTRACT: "'Ethical' routes to stem cells highlight political divide," by Carina Dennis and Erika Check (Vol. 437, NO. 7062, Oct. 20, 2005, p. 1076).


A. "Early Mortality Among Medicare Beneficiaries Undergoing Bariatric Surgical Procedures," by David R. Flum, Leon Salem, Jo Ann Broeckel Elrod, Patchen Dellinger, Allen Cheadle, and Leighton Chan (Vol. 294, No. 15, Oct. 19, 2005, p. 1903-1908).

B. "Risk of Death With Atypical Antipsychotic Drug Treatment for Dementia," by Lon S. Schneider, Karen S. Dagerman, and Philip Insel (Review, Vol. 294, No. 15, Oct. 19, 2005, p. 1934-1943).

C. "Antipsychotic Drugs in Dementia: What Should Be Made of the Risks?" by Peter V. Rabins, and Constantine G. Lyketsos (Editorial, Vol. 294, NO. 15, Oct. 19, 2005, p. 1963-1965).

D. "Genetic Flaws Found in Aging Stem Cell Lines," by Bridget M. Kuehn (News & Perspectives, Vol. 294, No. 15, Oct. 19, 2005, p. 1883-1884).


A. "An Offshore Haven for Human Embryonic Stem-Cell Research?" by Susan Okie (Vol. 353, No. 16, Oct. 20, 2005, p. 1645-1649).

B. "A Tetraploid Twist on the Embryonic Stem Cell," by Elizabeth G. Phimister (Vol. 353, No. 16, Oct. 20, 2005, p. 1646-1647).

22. _BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL_ NEWS EXTRACT: "Joffe will amend role for doctors in new bill on assisted dying," by Adrian O'Dowd (Vol. 331, No. 7521, Oct. 15, 2005, p. 863).

23. _NEWSWEEK_ ARTICLE: "Time to Cram for Medicare: Who are they kidding? Even if you're a sharp and healthy 65-year-old, or a younger person helping out a parent, your eyes will cross," by Jane Bryant Quinn (_Newsweek_, Oct. 24, 2005).


III. Working Papers:


A. "Work-Family Conflict and Retirement Preferences," by James M. Raymo and Megan M. Sweeney (CCPR-035-05, June 2005, .pdf format, 29p.).


Objectives: This study investigates relationships between perceived levels of work-family conflict and retirement preferences.

Methods: Using the large sample of 52-54 year-old respondents to the 1992 Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, we estimate multinomial logistic regression models of preferences for partial and full retirement within the next ten years. We examine the association between preferences for retirement and perceived work-family conflict, evaluate the extent to which work-family conflict is a mediating mechanism between stressful work and family circumstances and preferences for retirement, and explore potential gender differences in the association between work-family conflict and retirement preferences.

Results: Work-family conflict is positively related to preferences for both full and partial retirement. Yet work-family conflict does not appear to mediate relationships between stressful work and family environments and retirement preferences, nor do significant gender differences emerge in this association.

Discussion: Our analyses provide the first direct evidence of the role played by work-family conflict in the early stages of the retirement process, although we are not able to identify the sources of conflict underlying this relationship. Identifying the sources of this conflict and the psychological mechanisms linking work-family conflict to retirement preferences is an important task for subsequent research.

Click on "Full Text" at the bottom of the page for link to full text.

B. "Intragenerational Job mobility in a Period of Rapidly Rising Inequality: The Case of Mid-Career Men in the Czech Republic in the 1990s," by Dana Hamplova and Martin Kreidl (CCPR-036-05, October 2005, .pdf format, 42p.).


Former socialist countries experienced dramatic changes in the organization and structure of their economies and labor markets in the 1990s. While the impact of those changes on the distribution of income and earnings has been thoroughly studied already, less is known about their consequences for patterns of occupational and labor market mobility. In this text we examine how the incorporation of the Czech Republic into the global economy and changes in employment and labor market policies impacted the frequency and patterns of job-to-job, job-to-unemployment, and unemployment-to-job mobility of Czech mid-career men between 1989 and 1998. Using single and competing risks survival models we show the growing dispersion of labor market risks--most notably the risk of unemployment- across social strata after 1995, when the period of relative social stability ended. Contrary to expectations, however, those changes were quite modest and we assume that other economic actors- e.g. younger and older male employees and women of all ages - might have been exposed to higher levels of risk resulting from the restructuring of the economy.

Click on "Full Text" at the bottom of the page for link to full text.


A. "Top Ten Myths of Social Security Reform," by Jeffrey Brown, Kevin Hassett, and Kent Smetters (WP 2005-11, October 2005, .pdf format, 33p.).


This paper critically examines ten leading myths that have gained currency in the debate about reforming the U.S. Social Security system, including myths that have been propagated by both proponents and opponents of including personal accounts as part of any reform package.

B. "How Much Is the Working-Age Population Saving?" by Alicia H. Munnell, Francesca Golub-Sass, and Andrew Varani (WP 2005-12, October 2005, .pdf format, 24p.).


This paper addresses how much individuals are saving for retirement. The standard measure, the personal saving rate reported in the official U.S. National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA), has fallen dramatically and in 2004 stood at a dismal 1.8 percent of disposable personal income. But is this indicator an accurate measure of saving behavior? NIPA combines the saving of the working-age population with the dis-saving of retirees. This study attempts to separate the saving of these two groups. Three conclusions emerge from the analysis. First, adjusting the NIPA personal saving rate shows that personal saving by the working-age population is significantly higher than the reported national rate. Moreover, allocating a portion of business saving to working-age households further raises their saving rate. Second, commentators should be careful not to double count saving through employer-sponsored plans by referring to pension saving and personal saving as if they were different components. In fact, for most of the time between 1980 and 2003, pension saving accounted for all of personal saving. Finally, the analysis (inadvertently) helps explain the puzzle surrounding the collapse of the total NIPA personal saving rate beginning in the early 1980s. While capital gains were part of the story in the1990s, most of the downward trend can be explained by changes in the saving rate of those 65 and over.

26. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN RETIREMENT RESEARCH CENTER: "Why Not Retire? The Time and Timing Costs of Market Work," by Daniel S. Hamermesh (WP2005-104, September 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).


Retirement ages among older Americans have only recently begun to increase after their precipitous fifty-year decline. Early retirement may result from incentives provided by retirement systems; but it may also result from the rigidities imposed by market work schedules. Using the American Time Use Survey of 2003, I first examine whether additional market work is neutral with respect to the mix of non-market activities. The estimates indicate that there are fixed time costs of remaining in the labor market that alter the pattern of non-market activities, reducing leisure time and mostly increasing time devoted to household production. These costs impose a larger burden on households with lower full incomes, since wealthier households apparently purchase market substitutes that allow them to maintain the mix of non-market activities when they undertake market work. Market work also raises the set-up costs of switching among different non-market activities, thus raising the costs of generating utility-increasing variety. It also alters the daily distribution of a fixed amount of non-market activities, away from the distribution chosen when the constraint of a work schedule is not present. All these effects are mitigated by higher family income, presumably because higher-income people can purchase market substitutes that enable them to overcome the fixed time costs of market work. Authors' Acknowledgments I am indebted to Leora Friedberg for a clever suggestion, Alain Jousten, Joseph Quinn and Thomas Wiseman for helpful comments and Rick Evans for excellent research assistance. The research reported herein was performed pursuant to a grant from the U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA) to the Michigan Retirement Research Center (MRRC) and a subcontract to the University of Texas. The opinions and conclusions are solely those of the author and should not be construed as representing the opinions or policy of SSA or any agency of the Federal Government or of the MRRC.

Click on "Full Paper" at the bottom of the abstract for link to full text.

27. INSTITUTE FOR BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE POPULATION AGING CENTER (UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO-BOULDER): "'Taking Care of My Own Blood': Older Women's Relationships to their Households in Agincourt," by Enid J. Schatz (POP2005-08, September 2005, .pdf format, 21p.).


The implications of aging populations, which in the more developed world center around issues of social security health service provision and eldercare, are further complicated in areas of the developing world with high prevalence of HIV/AIDS. Elders are being asked to take on additional financial, emotional and physical responsibilities due to the HIV/AIDS-related illnesses and death of their children. The Agincourt Health and Population Unit field-site, from which this study's ethnographic and survey data come, is situated in the rural north-east of South Africa, in a province with an estimated 33% prevalence of HIV/AIDS. Women in the African context are bearing much of the burden of care related to HIV/AIDS. In this context, I examine the intersection of age and gender, exploring the roles that older women, in particular, are playing in their households, and how those roles are affected by the presence of illness and death of prime-aged adults. Using a mix of quantitative and qualitative data, I show the high percentage of children and adults living in a household with an older woman, and, further, the importance of the caretaking roles older women are taking on in the households in which they live.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

28. American Economic Review (Vol. 95, No. 2, May 2005--Papers and Proceedings). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

29. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 162, No. 9, Nov. 1, 2005).

30. American Sociological Review (Vol. 70, No. 5, October 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

31. Journal of the American Geriatric Society (Vol. 53, No. 10, October 2005).

32. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

International Psychogeriatrics (Vol. 17, Supplement 1, 2005).

33. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Oct. 19, 2005:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 19, 2005:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 19, 2005:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Oct. 19, 2005:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Oct. 19, 2005:

F. Ophthalmology Research: Literature for the week of Oct. 19, 2005:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:

34. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES: "HHS Announces Second Phase of Long Term Care Awareness Campaign Demonstration." Note: the application deadline for this opportunity has been extended to Oct. 31, 2005. For more information see:


VI. Legislation Information Updates:

35. US SENATE COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION HEARING PUBLICATION: "Examining Enron: The Consumer Impact of Enron's Influence on State Pension Funds," a hearing held May 16, 2002 (Senate Hearing 107-1140, ASCII text and .pdf format, 80p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "107-1140" (without the quotes).

36. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE HEARING PUBLICATION: "Setting the Path for Reauthorization: Improving Portfolio Management At The NIH," a hearing held Mar. 17, 2005) (House Serial Publication 109-20, ASCII text and .pdf format, 59p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "109-20" (without the quotes).

37. US HOUSE SMALL BUSINESS COMMITTEE HEARING PUBLICATION: The Estate Tax and the Alternative Minimum Tax - Inequity for America's Small Businesses," a hearing held Apr. 14, 2005 (House Serial Publication 109-11, ASCII text and .pdf format, 57p.).

Click on "House Hearings" and then search for "109-11" (WITH the quotes).

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706