Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #307--October 6, 2005


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Japanese General Social Survey (JGSS), 2003 (#4242)

2. NATIONAL HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY REVISION: "The US National Center for Health Statistics 2003 NHIS Imputed Family Income/ Personal Earnings files have been revised to correct values of the variable RAT_CATI (ratio of family income to poverty threshold group) for 1,032 persons. The corrections affect persons in families consisting of one adult and three children, regardless of whether income was imputed. For persons in these families the calculation of the ratio of family income to poverty threshold has been revised to use the correct poverty threshold value ($18,307 instead of $183,072). No other data years were affected by this revision. The correct 2003 Imputed Family Income/ Personal Earnings files can be reached from:


A. "MEPS HC-077D: 2003 Hospital Inpatient Stays File," (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, August 2005, data in .zip and .exe self-decompressing ASCII and SAS transport format, SAS and SPSS programming statements, documentation in HTML, .pdf or ASP codebook format).

B. "MEPS HC-077G: 2003 Office-Based Medical Provider Visits File," (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, August 2005, data in .zip and .exe self-decompressing ASCII and SAS transport format, SAS and SPSS programming statements, documentation in HTML, .pdf or ASP codebook format).

C. "MEPS HC-077F: 2003 Outpatient Department Visits," (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, August 2005, data in .zip and .exe self-decompressing ASCII and SAS transport format, SAS and SPSS programming statements, documentation in HTML, .pdf or ASP codebook format).

D. "MEPS HC-077E: 2003 Emergency Room Visits File," (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, August 2005, data in .zip and .exe self-decompressing ASCII and SAS transport format, SAS and SPSS programming statements, documentation in HTML, .pdf or ASP codebook format).


II. Reports and articles:


A. _Social Security Annual Statistical Supplement, 2005_ (to be released December 2005). The SSA Office of Policy has begun releasing tables (HTML and selected tables also in .pdf format at this time) from the forthcoming Annual Statistical Supplement. The entire Supplement is due to be released electronically in December 2005.

B. _SSI (Supplemental Security Income) Annual Statistical Report, 2004_ (Office of Policy, September 2005, HTML,.pdf, and Microsoft Excel format).

C. "State Assistance Programs for SSI (Supplemental Security Income) Recipients, January 2005" (Office of Policy, October 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 112p.).

D. _International Update_, September 2005" (Office of Policy, September 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).

E. _Social Security Bulletin_ (Vol. 66, No. 1, 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

5. US CENSUS BUREAU COMPENDIUM: _Residential Finance Survey: 2001_ (Census 2000 Special Reports CENSR-27, September 2005, .pdf format, 368p.). The report is linked to from a Census Bureau news release: "Residential Finance Survey: 2001" (Oct. 5, 2005). "This report, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, updates a similar report from a decade earlier, with national and regional information on the financing of homeowner and rental properties. Information on the ways in which mortgages are obtained, property expenses and the effect of Americans age 55 and older on the housing finance market."

6. US NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS REPORT: "National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2003 Summary," by Esther Hing, Donald K. Cherry, and David A. Woodwell (Advance Data No. 365, October 2005, .pdf format, 48p.).

7. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID STUDIES DECISION MEMO: "Codes That Are Not Covered by Medicare (Removal of ICD-9-CM Code V76.44, Prostate Cancer Screening, From the List)"

8. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL INSPECTION REPORT: "Review of Services Provided by Inhalation Drug Suppliers" (OEI-01-05-00090, September 2005, .pdf format, 27p.).


This report determines the nature and extent of dispensing services that Medicare beneficiaries received from inhalation drug suppliers in 2003. In tandem with drug payment cuts mandated by the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003, CMS raised the dispensing fee from $5 to an interim amount of $57 for a 30-day drug supply. It did so based in large part on a report sponsored by the American Association for Homecare stating that beneficiaries receive numerous, important services from their suppliers. CMS is preparing to set a new dispensing fee for 2006. OIG found that the most common service beneficiaries received was contact for drug refills. Sixty percent of beneficiaries received at least one contact for a monthly drug refill, however, 31 percent of beneficiaries who should have been contacted for a refill were not contacted pursuant to the Medicare Program Integrity Manual. Suppliers contacted physicians' offices for about half of beneficiaries. Less than a third of beneficiaries had their medication compliance reviewed by their suppliers. Few beneficiaries received more intensive services such as education, care plan revision, or a respiratory assessment, and 16 percent of beneficiaries received no services at all. Other services were less common. Refill contacts composed 56 percent of services, while the next most common service, medication compliance reviews, composed 15 percent of services. The most common way beneficiaries received services was by telephone; only 1 in 10 beneficiaries received a home visit. OIG also found that beneficiaries were three times more likely to receive a service beyond a refill contact if their drug supplier also provided their respiratory equipment. Service levels dropped off after the first month suppliers billed for drugs. OIG has no recommendations for CMS. It provides this information to assist CMS in setting a new dispensing fee for inhalation drugs.

9. US BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS PERIODICAL ARTICLE: "Retirement Plan Design and the Mobile Workforce," by William J. Wiatrowski (_Compensation and Working Conditions Online_, Sep. 28, 2005).

10. US GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE/UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN DIGITAL LIBRARY COMPENDIA: _Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States 1929-2000_: "The Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States contains material that was compiled and published by the Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration. It includes volumes covering the administrations of Presidents Hoover, Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush, and Clinton. As subsequent volumes are published, they will be added online. Each Public Papers volume contains the papers and speeches of the President of the United States that were issued by the Office of the Press Secretary during the specified time period. The material is presented in chronological order, and the dates shown in the headings are the dates of the documents or events. In instances when the release date differs from the date of the document itself, that fact is shown in the text-note. To ensure accuracy, remarks have been checked against a tape recording and signed documents have been checked against the original, unless otherwise noted. Text-notes and cross references have been provided by the editors for purposes of identification or clarity. Speeches were delivered in Washington, DC, unless indicated. The times noted are local times." Papers are browsable and searchable. Browsable volumes are available for download page by page and contain comprehensive indices.

11. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Medicaid: Transfers of Assets by Elderly Individuals to Obtain Long-Term Care Coverage"(GAO-05-968, September 2005, .pdf format, 46p.).

Note: This is a temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

12. US CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE REPORT: "Social Security Reform: Growing Real Ownership for Workers (GROW) Act of 2005, H.R. 3304," by Kathleen Romig (September 22, 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).


H.R. 3304 would establish voluntary individual accounts, called GROW accounts, as part of Social Security. It would also reduce the traditional Social Security benefits of account owners. If accounts are invested in Treasury bonds, account owners would have combined account payments and reduced Social Security benefits that are equal to their current law Social Security benefits. If other investment options are offered, account owners are expected to receive higher combined payments on average (though their combined payments could also be lower than under current law). Social Security currently runs a surplus, though over the long term it faces a funding shortfall. Under H.R. 3304, bonds equal to Social Security's annual cash surplus (i.e., taxes not needed to pay current benefits and costs) would be credited to the Social Security Trust Funds, as they are under current law. General funds equal to the amount of this surplus would also be used to fund GROW accounts. Social Security Administration (SSA) actuaries estimate that each account would be credited with 2.22% of its owner's taxable earnings in 2006, declining to 0.22% in 2016, after which the actuaries project no more surpluses. H.R. 3304's sponsors have called the bill a first step, but have not outlined plans to expand GROW accounts or restore system solvency. Both the SSA actuaries and the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) project that H.R. 3304 would slightly improve Social Security solvency. SSA and CBO also project that the plan would increase annual budget deficits and the national debt by roughly $1 trillion over 10 years. H.R. 3304 is similar to S. 1302, Senator DeMint's plan. However, S. 1302 would directly transfer Social Security's cash surplus into individual accounts. SSA's actuaries project similar solvency effects for both plans, and nearly identical budgetary effects. This report will be updated as events warrant.

13. AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT AGEING RESEARCH ONLINE PERIODICAL: _Ageing Research Online News_ (Aging Research Online (originally discussed in CAAR #205--Sep. 25, 2003--

--item no. 26) Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, Australian Government Department of Veterans' Affairs, and Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Vol. 2, No. 3, September 2005, .pdf format 6p.).

14. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING NEWS RELEASE: "59 million Australian dollar (44.66 million US dollar) boost for respite houses to expand services (JB142/05, Oct. 6, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).

15. AUSTRALIAN BUREAU OF STATISTICS REPORT: "Queensland's Baby Boomers: A Profile of Persons Born 1946-1965," by Malcolm Greig and Peter Crossman (Publication 4149.3, September 2005, .pdf format, 156p.).

16. WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION REGIONAL OFFICE FOR EUROPE HEALTH EDUCATION NETWORK REPORT: "Do Current Discharge Arrangements From Inpatient Hospital Care for the Elderly Reduce Readmission Rates, the Length of Inpatient stay or Mortality, or Improve Health Status?" (September 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 23p.).


Hospital discharge arrangements are a key issue in ensuring the safe and effective transfer of older people between inpatient hospital care, and community-based home care. This Health Evidence Network (HEN) report includes evidence on four main types of intervention: comprehensive geriatric assessment, discharge planning, discharge support and education. The evidence presented here shows that effective and safe interventions, delivered across the hospital community interface and associated with a reduction in the rate of readmission to hospital include: multidisciplinary teams using the principles of comprehensive geriatric assessment; discharge co-ordinators (usually a specialist or advanced practice nurse) using defined protocols; patient empowerment using educational approaches. HEN, initiated and coordinated by the WHO Regional Office for Europe, is an information service for public health and health care decision-makers in the WHO European Region. Other interested parties might also benefit from HEN.

17. INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND REPORT: "Ageing and Pension System Reform: Implications for Financial Markets and Economic Policies," (September 2005, .pdf format, 76p.).


The demographic transition to older societies, in the most advanced economies but also beyond, is ushering in economic and financial changes. These were reviewed by the G10 in a 1998 report, The Macroeconomic and Financial Implications of Ageing Populations, which analysed the impact of population ageing on growth and living standards, public finances, financial markets and international capital flows. In line with some of the main recommendations of that report, pension system reforms have been undertaken since then in most G10 countries, and experience with private saving for retirement has continued to build up, with substantial and instructive differences across countries. This report examines the financial market and policy implications of the increasing importance of funded retirement saving.

18. _DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH_ ARTICLE: Note: _DR_ is "a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [Rostock, Germany]. "Changing mortality and average cohort life expectancy," by Robert Schoen and Vladimir Canudas-Romo (Vol. 13, Article 5, .pdf format, p. 117-142).


Period life expectancy varies with changes in mortality, and should not be confused with the life expectancy of those alive during that period. Given past and likely future mortality changes, a recent debate has arisen on the usefulness of the period life expectancy as the leading measure of survivorship. An alternative aggregate measure of period mortality which has been seen as less sensitive to period changes, the cross-sectional average length of life (CAL) has been proposed as an alternative, but has received only limited empirical or analytical examination. Here, we introduce a new measure, the average cohort life expectancy (ACLE), to provide a precise measure of the average length of life of cohorts alive at a given time. To compare the performance of ACLE with CAL and with period and cohort life expectancy, we first use population models with changing mortality. Then the four aggregate measures of mortality are calculated for England and Wales, Norway, and Switzerland for the years 1880 to 2000. CAL is found to be sensitive to past and present changes in death rates. ACLE requires the most data, but gives the best representation of the survivorship of cohorts present at a given time.

Click on "Enter".


A. "AARP National GROW Accounts Poll: September 8, 2005" (AARP Public Policy Institute, September 2005, .pdf format, 19p.). "Put forth recently by some in Congress, the GROW Accounts proposal calls for the creation of private accounts for all workers under age 55 and a new federal agency to administer the program. This report presents the results of an AARP national poll to assess the general public's acceptance/rejection of this idea."

Click on "Full Report" for link to full text.

B. "The Effects of Gasoline Costs On U.S. Residents 50+," by Jean Kalata (AARP Public Policy Institute, October 2005, .pdf format, 10p.).

C. "Older Car Owners: The Use Of Their Cars By Others," by Sharon Hermanson (AARP Public Policy Institute _Data Digest_, Number 124, September 2005, .pdf format, 5p.).

D. _Thesaurus of Aging Terminology_ (AgeLine Database, 2005 edition, .pdf format, 236p.). "The _Thesaurus of Aging Terminology_ is a controlled vocabulary of subject terms (also called keywords or descriptors) used to index all publications cited in AgeLine. Because AgeLine focuses on aging-related topics from a variety of disciplines, the Thesaurus can be very useful in constructing a thorough search of the database, in defining how a term is used in AgeLine, and in identifying references having a major focus on that topic." Note: Ordering information for a print copy is available at the site.

Click on "Thesaurus" for link to full text.

More information on AARP's AgeLine database.

20. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH ISSUE IN BRIEF: "What Makes Older Women Work," by Alicia H. Munnell and Natalia Jivan (Work Opportunities for Older Americans No. 1, September 2005, .pdf format, 9p.).

21. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN RETIREMENT RESEARCH CENTER NEWSLETTER: The latest issue (Vol. 6, No. 3, October 2005) is now available (HTML and .pdf format, 7p.).


A. "Use Your Home to Stay at Home: A Planning Guide for Older Consumers," (2005, .pdf format, 16p.).

B. "Use Your Home to Stay at Home: A Guide for Homeowners Who Need Help Now," (2005, .pdf format, 20p.).

More information is available at:

More information on NCOA:

23. _JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION_ BOOK REVIEW EXTRACT: _Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine_, edited by Derek Doyle, Geoffrey Hanks, Nathan Cherny, and Kenneth Calman, reviewed by Alexie Cintron and Robert M. Arnold (Vol. 294, No. 13, Oct. 5, 2005, p. 1698-1699).

24. _NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE_ SOUNDING BOARD EXTRACT: "Medicare and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis," by Peter J. Neumann, Allison B. Rosen, and Milton C. Weinstein (Vol. 353, No. 14, Oct. 6, 2005, p. 1516-1522).

25. _LANCET_ ARTICLE: Note 1: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content. Note 2: This article is freely available to the public: " Efficacy and effectiveness of influenza vaccines in elderly people: a systematic review," by T. Jefferson, D. Rivetti, A. Rivetti, M. Rudin, C. Di Pietrantonj and V. Demicheli (Vol. 366, No. 9492, Oct. 1, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1165-1174).

26. _TIME_ ARTICLE: "Menopause: Beyond Hot Flashes," by Christine Gorman (Vol. 166, No. 15, Oct. 10, 2005).,9171,1112816,00.html

27. _NEWSWEEK_ ARTICLE: "Avoiding Dementia: Fitness and Your Brain," by Steven K. Feske (Oct. 3, 2005).

28. _U.S. NEWS AND WORLD REPORT_ ARTICLE: "Of Life And Death: The Supreme Court opens its new term with arguments in a case whose implications could not be more profound," by Liz Halloran (Oct. 10, 2005).


III. Working Papers:

29. WHARTON SCHOOL (UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA) PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL: " Regret, Portfolio Choice, and Guarantees in Defined Contribution Schemes," by Alexander Muermann, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Jacqueline M. Volkman (WP 2005-17, September 2005, .pdf format, 17p.).


We model how asset allocation decisions in a defined contribution (DC) pension plan might vary with participants' attitudes about risk and regret. We show that anticipated disutility from regret can have a potent effect on investment choices. Compared to a risk-averse investor, the investor who takes regret into account will hold more stock when the equity premium is low but less stock when the equity premium is high. We also assess how regret can influence a DC plan participant's view of rate-of-return guarantees, as measured by his willingness-to-pay. We find that regret increases the regret-averse investor's willingness to pay for a guarantee when the portfolio is relatively risky but decreases it when the portfolio is relatively safe.

30. US BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS: "Are Traditional Retirements a Thing of the Past? New Evidence on Retirement Patterns and Bridge Jobs," by Kevin E. Cahill, Michael D. Giandrea, and Joseph F. Quinn (Working Paper 384, September 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).


This paper investigates whether permanent, one-time retirements are coming to an end just as the trend towards earlier and earlier retirements did nearly 20 years ago. We explore how common bridge jobs are among today's retirees, and how uncommon traditional retirements have become.

Methods: Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), we explore the work histories and retirement patterns of a cohort of retirees aged 51 to 61 in 1992 over a ten-year time period in both a cross-sectional and longitudinal context. Bridge job determinants are examined using bivariate comparisons and a multinomial logistic regression model of the bridge job decision.

Results: We find that one-half to two-thirds of the HRS respondents with full-time career jobs take on bridge jobs before exiting the labor force completely. We also find that bridge job behavior is most common among younger respondents, respondents without defined-benefit pension plans, and respondents at the lower- and upper-end of the wage distribution.

Implications: The evidence suggests that changes in the retirement income landscape since the 1980s appear to be taking root. Going forward, traditional retirements will be the exception rather than the rule.

Click on "PDF" at the bottom of the abstract for link to full text.

31. CENTER FOR ECONOMIC STUDIES/Ifo INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH (CESifo) [UNIVERSITY OF MUNICH, GERMANY]: CESifo has recently released several working papers that may be of interest to researchers in aging. Abstracts, along with links to full text, are available at:

Links to full text are always at the bottom of the abstract.

Pareto-Improving Bequest Taxation by Volker Grossmann and Panu Poutvaara (WP 1515)

Can Immigrant Employment Alleviate the Demographic Burden? The Role of Union Centralization, by Alexander Kemnitz (WP 1525)

Early Retirement: Free Choice or Forced Decision, by David Dorn and Alfonso Sousa-Poza (WP 1542)

Social Security Incentives, Human Capital Investment and Mobility of Labor, by Panu Poutvarra (WP 1544)

Endogenous Pensions and Retirement Behavior, by Randall Filer and Marjorie Honig (WP 1547)


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

32. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 162, No. 8, Oct. 15, 2005).

33. The Gerontologist (Vol. 45, No. 5, October 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

34. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Educational Gerontology (Vol. 31, No. 9, October 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this databases and this issue.

Journal of Adult Development (Vol. 12, No. 1, January 2005).

35. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Oct. 5, 2005:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 5, 2005:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 5, 2005:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Oct. 5, 2005:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Oct. 5, 2005:

F. Ophthalmology Research: Literature for the week of Oct. 5, 2005:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:

36. UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS: _Analyses in the Economics of Aging_, edited by David A. Wise (2005, 416p., ISBN 0-226-90286-2). For more information see:

37. US NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL MONOGRAPH: _Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research_ (Committee on Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research, National Research Council, National Academies Press, 2005, OpenBook format, 178p.). Note: Ordering information for a print or electronic (.pdf) copy is available at the site.


VI. Funding Opportunities:

38. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH: "Neuroscience Blueprint Interdisciplinary Center Core Grants" (RFA-NS-06-003, Sep. 29, 2005, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

39. AMERICAN SOCIETY ON AGING: "The American Society on Aging is accepting applications for the Graduate and Undergraduate Student Awards. Each award includes a $500 cash prize.  Application deadline is October 14, 2005. The Graduate Student Research Award, endowed by the AARP Foundation, recognizes research relevant to aging and applicable to practice. The Undergraduate Student Award is given for exemplary original work related to the theme of the Joint Conference of the National Council on the Aging and the American Society on Aging­"Invest in Aging, Strengthening Families, Communities and Ourselves." For more information see:

More information about ASA:


VII. Legislation Information Updates:

40. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: "Preparing Early, Acting Quickly: Meeting the Needs of Older Americans During a Disaster," a hearing held October 5, 2005.

Hearing testimony (.pdf format):


VIII. Websites of Interest:

41. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION KAISERNETWORK HEALTHCASTS: The following upcoming Kaisernetwork Healthcasts (Windows Media Player required will be available either live or archived:

A. "Ask the Experts: Medicare Part D" (Oct. 6, 2005).

B. "Kaiser Conversations on Health with Aetna CEO Dr. John Rowe" (Oct. 20, 2005).


Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706