Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #304--September 15, 2005


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. NCHS: "Bridged-race Vintage 2004 postcensal population estimates for July 1, 2000 - July 1, 2004, by year, county, single-year of age, bridged-race, Hispanic origin, and sex," (National Center for Health Statistics, September 2005, data is available in ASCII text and SAS format, documentation is available in Word).

2. HRS DATA ALERT: "2004 HRS Core (Early Release, Version 1.0): Additions and modifications to the data file H04E_MC," (Health and Retirement Study, September 14, 2005).


II. Reports and articles:


A. "Prescription Drugs: Price Trends for Frequently Used Brand and Generic Drugs from 2000 through 2004," (US Government Accountability Office, GAO-05-779, August 2005, .pdf format, 24p.).

B. "Private Pensions: Questions Concerning the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation's Practices Regarding Single-Employer Probable Claims," (US Government Accountability Office, GAO-05-991R, September 2005, .pdf format, 11p.).

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

4. CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES PRESS RELEASE: "Medicare Part D Fact Sheet: Prescription Drug Plans in Pacific Territories: American Samoa, Guam, and Northern Mariana Islands," (September 6, 2005).

5. MEPS STATISTICAL BRIEF: "Changes in Home Health Care Use and Expenditures between 1998/99 and 2002," by Virender Kumar and Gary Olin (U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief #94, August 2005, .pdf format, 4p.).


Using data from the Household Component of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC) for 1998, 1999, and 2002, this Statistical Brief provides an overview of home health care use and expenditures for the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population in 1998/99 and 2002. The data for 1998 and 1999 have been combined to increase the precision of estimates for this period.

6. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION REPORT: "Who Stays and Who Goes Home: Using National Data on Nursing Home Discharges and Long-Stay Residents to Draw Implications for Nursing Home Transition Programs," by Judy Kasper (August 2005, .pdf format, 19p.).


A. "The Medicaid Personal Care Services Benefit: Practices in States that Offer the Optional State Plan Benefit," by Laura L. Summer and Emily S. Ihara (#2005-11, August 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).

B. "AARP Massachusetts End of Life Survey," by Erica Dinger (August 2005, .pdf format, 40p.).


End of life thoughts, concerns, fears, needs, and plans are the focus of this March/April 2005 survey of AARP members age 50 and older in Massachusetts. Of the 3,000 surveys mailed, a total of 1,448 (48%) were completed and returned. The responses provide a comprehensive view of concerns and attitudes toward end of life issues.

C. "State Fact Sheets for Grandparents and Other Relatives Raising Children," (September 2005). Note: A fact sheet is available in .pdf format for each state.

8. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC MODELLING [NATSEM] PRESENTATION: " Retirement in the 21st Century," by Ann Harding (Online Conference Paper - CP0511, September 2005, .pdf format, 23p.).


Presentation to Superannuated Commonwealth Officers Association and Association of Independent Retirees Seminar on "Thriving in Retirement", Canberra, 8 September.

9. _BMJ_ PRIMARY CARE ABSTRACT: "Estimating the high risk group for cardiovascular disease in the Norwegian HUNT 2 population according to the 2003 European guidelines: modelling study," by Linn Getz, Johann A. Sigurdsson, Irene Hetlevik, Anna Luise Kirkengen, Solfrid Romundstad, and Jostein Holmen (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 331, No. 7516, September 10, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 551-554).


A. "Comparison of Conventional-Dose vs High-Dose Conformal Radiation Therapy in Clinically Localized Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate: A Randomized Controlled Trial," by Anthony L. Zietman, Michelle L. DeSilvio, Jerry D. Slater, Carl J. Rossi Jr., Daniel W. Miller, Judith A. Adams, and William U. Shipley (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 294, No. 10, September 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1233-1239).

B. "Risk-Treatment Mismatch in the Pharmacotherapy of Heart Failure," by Douglas S. Lee, Jack V. Tu, David N. Juurlink, David A. Alter, Dennis T. Ko, Peter C. Austin, Alice Chong, Therese A. Stukel, Daniel Levy, and Andreas Laupacis (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 294, No. 10, September 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1240-1247).

11. _NEJM_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Major Causes of Death among Men and Women in China," by Jiang He, Dongfeng Gu, Xigui Wu, Kristi Reynolds, Xiufang Duan, Chonghua Yao, Jialiang Wang, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Jing Chen, Rachel P. Wildman, Michael J. Klag, and Paul K. Whelton (_New England Journal of Medicine_ Vol. 353, No. 11, Sept. 15, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1124-1134).


A. "Suppression of Aging in Mice by the Hormone Klotho," by Hiroshi Kurosu, Masaya Yamamoto, Jeremy D. Clark, Johanne V. Pastor, Animesh Nandi, Prem Gurnani, Owen P. McGuinness, Hirotaka Chikuda, Masayuki Yamaguchi, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Iichiro Shimomura, Yoshiharu Takayama, Joachim Herz, C. Ronald Kahn, Kevin P. Rosenblatt, and Makoto Kuro-o (_Science_, Vol. 309, No. 5742, Sept. 16, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1829-1833).

B. "HST2 Mediates SIR2-Independent Life-Span Extension by Calorie Restriction," by Dudley W. Lamming, Magda Latorre-Esteves, Oliver Medvedik, Stacy N. Wong, Felicia A. Tsang, Chen Wang, Su-Ju Lin, and David A. Sinclair (_Science_, Vol. 309, No. 5742, Sept. 16, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1861-1864).

13. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Nonpharmacological amelioration of age-related learning deficits: The impact of hippocampal {theta}-triggered training," by Yukiko Asaka, Kristin N. Mauldin, Amy L. Griffin, Matthew A. Seager, Elizabeth Shurell, and Stephen D. Berry (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 102, No. 37, Sept. 13, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 13284-13288).

14. _MMWR_ QUICKSTATS: "Percentage of Nursing Home Residents Aged >65 Years Who Received Pneumococcal Vaccinations --- United States, 1995, 1997, and 1999," (US Centers for Disease Control, _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports_, Vol. 54, No. 36, September 16, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 904).



15. COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIPS FOR OLDER ADULTS NEWSLETTER: "Community View," (vol. 2, no. 3, Sept. 2005, .pdf format).


III. Working Papers:

16. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: Note: NBER papers are available by individual or institutional subscription only. Check your organization's library for more information.

A. "What Did Medicare Do (And Was It Worth It)?" by Amy Finkelstein and Robin McKnight (Working Paper No. w11609, September 2005, .pdf format, 38p.).


We study the impact of the introduction of one of the major pillars of the social insurance system in the United States: the introduction of Medicare in 1965. Our results suggest that, in its first 10 years, the establishment of universal health insurance for the elderly had no discernible impact on their mortality. However, we find that the introduction of Medicare was associated with a substantial reduction in the elderly's exposure to out of pocket medical expenditure risk. Specifically, we estimate that Medicare's introduction is associated with a forty percent decline in out of pocket spending for the top quartile of the out of pocket spending distribution. A stylized expected utility framework suggests that the welfare gains from such reductions in risk exposure alone may be sufficient to cover between half and three-quarters of the costs of the Medicare program. These findings underscore the importance of considering the direct insurance benefits from public health insurance programs, in addition to any indirect benefits from an effect on health.

B. "Recent Trends in Resource Sharing Among the Poor," by Steven J. Haider and Kathleen McGarry (Working Paper No. w11612, September 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).


Motivated in part by the dramatic changes in the United States economy and public assistance policies, many researchers have examined the changes in the resources of the low-income population over the last two decades, with particular attention paid to income from earnings and public assistance programs. One source of income that has received comparatively little attention is income from private transfers. However, private transfers may be a key source of support for low-income individuals, especially for those who have had little attachment to the labor force or who have experienced reductions in public assistance. In this paper, we provide a conceptual discussion of private transfers drawing on several related literatures and provide new empirical evidence regarding the significance of private of transfers as a source income. We find that private transfers are an important source of income for many less-skilled households, the contribution of private transfers to total income has increased over time, and shared living arrangements are a common mechanism for providing assistance.

17. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN POPULATION STUDIES CENTER: "The Impact of Past Conflicts and Social Disruption in Cambodia on the Current Generation of Older Adults," by Zachary S. Zimmer, John E. Knodel, Kiry Sovan Kim, and Sina Puch (PSC Research Report No. 05-582, September 2005, .pdf format, 27p.).


Cambodia experienced civil strife, political violence and widespread killings during the rule of the Khmer Rouge in the 1970s. Many who died were children or spouses of today's older-aged population. The post Khmer Rouge period was characterized by severe social dislocation and continuing conflict resulting in further losses of children and spouses. There is the possibility that these events eroded the base of core family support for older adults in a country where formal channels of assistance are virtually absent. This paper links two areas within demographic study that having been gaining increased attention in recent years, the consequences of conflict and violence and aging in developing countries, by examining the extent to which current Cambodian elderly experienced deaths to children, spouses, forced migration, and family separation, during the Khmer Rouge period, and the extent to which deaths to children and spouses during the war impact on indicators that are commonly used to measure the welfare of older-adults, specifically, those related to the living arrangements, support and material well-being. Data come from a 2004 representative survey of persons aged 60+ in an area covering over half of Cambodia's population and including Phnom Penh. Results indicate that the influence of the war was widespread. More than one in four surviving older adults in Cambodia report that a child of theirs died due to violent causes during the Khmer Rouge period, and more than one in five report death to multiple children. An interesting, and potentially striking, and on the surface counterintuitive, conclusion is that the impact of deaths to children and spouses are somewhat modest. The reasons for this, elucidated in the conclusion of this paper, include high fertility among the current generation of older adults in Cambodia, the probability that losses during the war depended on family size at the time, and the pervasiveness of poverty in the country today.

18. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT: "The Labour Market Impact of Rapid Ageing of Government Employees: Some Illustrative Scenarios," by Jens Høj and Sylvie Toly (Economics Department Working Paper No. 441, September 2005, Word and .pdf format, 28p.).


This paper estimates and discusses some of the potential labour market implications arising from the rapid ageing of government employees in a number of OECD countries. Under alternative scenarios for future public employment policies, available labour resources for the private sector are estimated taking into account the declining age cohorts entering the labour market. These scenarios suggest that, in the absence of considerable increases in labour utilisation, maintaining government sector hiring at their historical share of new labour market entrants will entail sharp declines in the production of government services. On the other hand, if present levels of government services are to be preserved, governments are likely to hire an increasing share of labour market entrants, creating a strong crowding-out effect for the private sector. Alternatively, productivity in the government sector would have to increase substantially.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

19. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

International Journal of Ageing and Human Development (Vol. 61, No. 2, 2005).


20. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Sept. 14, 2005:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Sept. 14, 2005:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Sept. 14, 2005:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Sept. 14, 2005:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Sept. 14, 2005:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Sept. 14, 2005:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:

21. NIH:

A. "Completion of a Comprehensive Mouse Knockout Resource," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, RFA-HG-05-007, Sept. 8, 2005).

B. "Announcing the NIA Aged Non-Human Primate Tissue Bank," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, NOT-AG-05-008, Sept. 7, 2005).

22. AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY: "The 2006 Dennis W. Jahnigen Career Development Scholars Awards offers two-year career development awards to support junior faculty in the specialties of anesthesiology, emergency medicine, general surgery, gynecology, ophthalmology, orthopaedic surgery, otolaryngology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, thoracic surgery, and urology. The award is intended to allow individuals to initiate and ultimately sustain a career in research and education in the geriatrics aspects of his/her discipline.

Each grant will provide two-year support of $75,000 per year for salary and fringe benefits and/or the costs of doing research.  In 2005, due to funding guidelines from the supporting foundations, we instituted a requirement that each scholar's institution provide a minimum match of $25,000 per year. The deadline for application is December 6, 2005."


VI. Conferences:

23. SWISS ASSOCIATION FOR DEMOGRAPHIC AND INTER-GENERATIONAL ISSUES [VIVA 50PLUS]: "The World Ageing & Generations Congress 2005 will take place from the 29th of September to the 1st of October 2005 in the Swiss city of St. Gallen with leading personalities from science, trade and industry, politics and society from all over the world. The aim of this congress is to provide a platform for international experts concerned with ageing-related and generational issues."

24. CONFERENCEALERTS.COM: has recently updated its gerontology conferences page.


VII. Legislation Information Updates:

25. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS HEARING PUBLICATIONS: "Social Security's Future," a hearing held January 26, 2004 (Serial No. 108-45, ASCII text and .pdf format, 81p.).

Scroll down to or "find in page" "108-45" (without the quotes).

26. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON THE BUDGET HEARING PUBLICATION: "PBGC's Unfunded Pension Liabilities: Will Taxpayers have to Pay the Bill?" a hearing held June 9, 2005 (Serial No. 109-7, ASCII text and .pdf format, 59p.).

Scroll down to or "find in page" "109-7" (without the quotes).




Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400