Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #299--August 11, 2005


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT SURVEY DATA ALERT: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research HRS released a data alert Aug. 10, 2005: " 2002 HRS Core (Final Release, Version 1.0): ID variable added to H02PR_SB, User note added in H02PR_R, Corrections in H02RC_R, and Correction to HX026M."


II. Reports and articles:


A. "International Update, July 2005" (July 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).

B. "OASDI (Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance) Monthly Statistics, July 2005 (August 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

C. "SSI (Supplementary Security Income) Monthly Statistics, July 2005" (August 2005, HTML and .pdf format).


A. "Evaluation of the USDA Elderly Nutrition Demonstrations: Volume I, Evaluation Findings," by Scott Cody and James Ohls (Contractor and Cooperator Report No. CCR9-1, July 2005, .pdf format, 215p.).


Reducing the burden of applying for food stamps or enhancing benefits appears to increase participation of the elderly in the Food Stamp Program (FSP). Historically, low-income seniors ages 60 and older who qualify for FSP benefits participate at low rates because they feel it is not worth the effort to apply. To identify effective strategies for raising participation among this population, USDA designed three models, each using different techniques to reduce the barriers that seniors face in FSP participation. The techniques involve reducing the time and effort of applying for benefits, aiding seniors in navigating the application process, and giving seniors the option of receiving commodity packages instead of getting benefits through electronic benefits transfer cards. The models were tested as county demonstrations in six States between 2002 and 2004. This report presents the findings from an evaluation of the demonstrations. Successful demonstrations increased the number of participating seniors by 20-35 percent after 21 months of operation.

B. "Evaluation of the USDA Elderly Nutrition Demonstrations: Volume II, Demonstration Summaries," by Renee Nogales, Scott Cody, and James Ohls (Contractor and Cooperator Report No. CCR9-2, July 2005, .pdf format, 119p.).


Historically, low-income seniors ages 60 and older who qualify for Food Stamp Program (FSP) benefits participate at low rates because they feel it is not worth the effort to apply. To identify effective strategies for raising participation among this population, USDA designed three models, each using different techniques to reduce the barriers that seniors face in FSP participation. The techniques involve reducing the time and effort of applying for benefits, aiding seniors in navigating the application process, and giving seniors the option of receiving commodity packages instead of getting benefits through electronic benefits transfer cards. The models were tested as county demonstrations in six States between 2002 and 2004. This report presents the findings of the in-depth process analysis component of an evaluation of the demonstrations. Each of the demonstrations was examined individually for overall design and implementation.

4. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES/US DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REPORT: "Measuring Long-Term Care Work: A Guide to Selected Instruments to Examine Direct Care Worker Experiences and Outcomes," by Kristen M. Kiefer, Lauren Harris-Kojetin, Diane Brannon, Teta Barry, Joseph Vasey, and Michael Lepore (HTML and .pdf format, April 2005).


A. "NIH SeniorHealth Adds Information on Smell and Taste" (Aug. 8, 2005).

B. "NIGMS (National Institute of General Medical Sciences) Funds New Stem Cell Centers" (Aug. 9, 2005).


A. "Medicare Competitive Acquisition Program For Part B Drugs and Biologicals" (Aug. 11, 2005).

B. "Basic Questions and Answers about Medicare Prescription Drug Coverage" (Aug. 2, 2005, .pdf format, 8p.).

C. "Medicare Drug Premiums Will Be Lower Than Expected" (CMS Fact Sheet, Aug. 9, 2005).

D. "CMS Ending Contingency For Non-compliant Medicare Electronic Claims To End" (CMS News, Aug. 4, 2005).

7. _DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH_ ARTICLE: Note: _DR_ is " a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (Rostock, Germany)." "Do socioeconomic mortality differences decrease with rising age?" by Rasmus Hoffmann (Vol. 13, Article 2, .pdf format, p. 35-62).


The impact of SES on mortality is an established finding in mortality research. I examine, whether this impact decreases with age. Most research finds evidence for this decrease but it is unknown whether the decline is due to mortality selection. My data come from the US-HRS Study and includes 9376 persons aged 59+, which are followed over 8 years. The variables allow a time varying measurement of SES, health and behavior. Event-history-analysis is applied to analyze mortality differentials. My results show that socioeconomic mortality differences are stable across ages whereas they decline clearly with decreasing health. The first finding that health rather than age is the equalizer combined with the second finding of unequally distributed health leads to the conclusion that in old age, the impact of SES is transferred to health and is stable across ages.

Click on "Enter".

8. AARP SURVEY REPORT: "Social Security 70th Anniversary Survey Report: Trends Over Time" (August 2005, .pdf format, 26p.). The report is linked to from an AARP news release: "AARP Survey Finds Public Confidence and Reliance on Social Security Increase as Program Celebrates 70th Anniversary" (Aug. 11, 2005).

9. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION REPORT: "Medicaid 1915(c) Home and Community-Based Service Programs: Data Update" (August, 2005, .pdf format, 27p.).


Over the last four years, the Commission has been tracking the national development of the three main Medicaid HCBS programs that states can operate. The Commission also began to survey the policies, such as eligibility criteria and waiting lists that states can use to control the growth of spending on the waiver programs. This brief presents the latest data on the development of home and community-based service programs in Medicaid.

10. RAND CORPORATION MONOGRAPH: "Low Fertility and Population Ageing: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options," by Jonathan Grant, Stijn Hoorens, Suja Sivadasan, Mirjam van het Loo, Julie DaVanzo, Lauren Hale, Shawna Gibson, William Butz (2004, .pdf format, 156p.).

11. HARTFORD FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP GUIDE: "A Practical Guide to Alzheimer's, Dementia and Driving (2005).

More information on HFS:

12. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT RESEARCH INSTITUTE PERIODICAL: _EBRI Notes_ (Vol. 26, No. 8, August 2005, .pdf format, 8p.).

More information about EBRI:

13. NATIONAL GAY AND LESBIAN TASK FORCE REPORT: "Selling Us Short: How Social Security Privatization Will Affect Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Americans," by Mandy Hu (August 2005, .pdf format, 26p.).

Press release:

More information on NGLTF:

14. EUROPEAN NETWORK OF ECONOMIC POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTES REPORT: "Can We Afford to Live Longer in Better Health?" by Ed Westerhout and Frank Pellikaan (ENEPRI Research Report No. 10, July 2005, .pdf format, 36p.).


This research report analyses the effects of ageing populations upon public finances. More specifically, it focuses on the implications of population ageing for acute health care, long-term care and public pension expenditures for 15 EU countries. It pays particular attention to three novel insights: i) a large proportion of health-care spending relates to time to mortality rather than to age; ii) life expectancy may increase much faster than current demographic projections suggest; and, iii) average health status may continue to improve in the future. It adopts a generational accounting model that incorporates health-care costs during the last years of life, decomposed into an acute health-care component and a long-term care component. The projections show that gains in life expectancy increase age-related expenditure, while improved health has the opposite effect. Combined, these trends reduce health-care costs and increase pension expenditures. Their joint effect upon public finances is rather modest, however. Hence, the assessment of public finances in most EU-15 countries does not change: even if a more rapid increase in life expectancy combines with an improvement in health, current fiscal and social security institutions will be unsustainable.


A. "Information on aged care services booms in SA (South Australia) - 2005" (JB119/05, Aug. 5, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).

B. "Government appoints dementia health priority taskforce - 2005" (JB120/05, Aug. 7, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).

16. _SCIENCE_ NEWS FOCUS ABSTRACT: "Preventing Alzheimer's: A Lifelong Commitment?" by Jean Marx(_Science_, Vol. 309, No. 5736, August 5, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 864-866).

17. _NATURE_ NEWS FEATURE SUMMARY: "Science after retirement age: Breaking the age barrier," by Laura Bonetta (Vol. 436, No. 7052, Aug. 11, 2005, p. 772-773).

A related _Nature_ editorial can be found on p. 753-754. For those of you with full text access via personal or institutional subscription, it is linked to at:

18. _PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: " p63 regulates commitment to the prostate cell lineage," by Sabina Signoretti, Maira M. Pires, Meghan Lindauer, James W. Horner, Chiara Grisanzio, Sonya Dhar, Pradip Majumder, Frank McKeon, Philip W. Kantoff, William R. Sellers, and Massimo Loda (Vol. 102, No. 32, Aug. 9, 2005, p. 11355-11360).


A. "Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Insertion/Deletion Genotype, Exercise, and Physical Decline," by Stephen B. Kritchevsky; Barbara J. Nicklas; Marjolein Visser; Eleanor M. Simonsick, Anne B. Newman, Tamara B. Harris, Ethan M. Lange, Brenda W. Penninx, Bret H. Goodpaster, Suzanne Satterfield, Lisa H. Colbert, Susan M. Rubin, and Marco Pahor (Vol. 294, No. 6, Aug. 10, 2005, p. 691-698).

B. "Clinical Practice Guidelines and Quality of Care for Older Patients With Multiple Comorbid Diseases: Implications for Pay for Performance," by Cynthia M. Boyd, Jonathan Darer, Chad Boult, Linda P. Fried, Lisa Boult, and Albert W. Wu (Special Communications, Vol. 294, No. 6, Aug. 10, 2005, p. 716-724).

C. "Hormone Changes in Aging Adults Probed," by Richard Trubo (Medical News and Perspectives, Vol. 294, No. 6, Aug. 10, 2005, p. 663-667).

D. "Study Reveals Mitochondrial Role in Aging," by Tracy Hampton (Medical News and Perspectives, Vol. 294, No. 6, Aug. 10, 2005, p. 672).

E. _Comprehensive Geriatric Oncology_, edited by Lodovico Balducci, Gary H. Lyman, William B. Ershler, and Martine Extermann, reviewed by Stuart M. Lichtman (Book Review, Vol. 294, No. 6, Aug. 10, 2005, p. 745).


A. "One Year of Alendronate after One Year of Parathyroid Hormone (1-84) for Osteoporosis," by Dennis M. Black, John P. Bilezikian, Kristine E. Ensrud, Susan L. Greenspan, Lisa Palermo, Trisha Hue, Thomas F. Lang, Joan A. McGowan, and Clifford J. Rosen (Vol. 353, No. 6, Aug. 11, 2005, p. 555-565).

B. "Daily and Cyclic Parathyroid Hormone in Women Receiving Alendronate," by Felicia Cosman, Jeri Nieves, Marsha Zion, Lillian Woelfert, Marjorie Luckey, and Robert Lindsay (Vol. 353, No. 6, Aug. 11, 2005, p. 566-575).

C. "Postmenopausal Osteoporosis," by Clifford J. Rosen (Clinical Practice, Vol. 353, No. 6, Aug. 11, 2005, p. 595-603).

D. "Combination and Sequential Therapy for Osteoporosis," by Robert P. Heaney and Robert R. Recker (Editorial, Vol. 353, No. 6, Aug. 11, 2005, p. 624-625).


A. "Vitamin and mineral supplements for preventing infections in older people" (Editorial, Vol. 331, No. 7512, Aug. 6, 2005, p. 304-305).

B. "US Senate leader gives support to expanded stem cell research," by Janice Hopkins Tanne (News, Vol. 331, No. 7512, Aug. 6, 2005, p. 307).

C. "Effects of locality based community hospital care on independence in
older people needing rehabilitation: randomised controlled trial," by John
Green, John Young, Anne Forster, Karen Mallinder, Sue Bogle, Karin Lowson, and Neil Small (Article, Vol. 331, No. 7512, Aug. 6, 2005, p. 317-322).

D. "Cholinesterase inhibitors for patients with Alzheimer's disease: systematic review of randomised clinical trials," by Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Thomas Zimmermann, Hans-Peter Beck-Bornholdt, and Hendrik van den Bussche ( Article, Vol. 331, No. 7512, Aug. 6, 2005, p. 321-327).

E. "Effect of multivitamin and multimineral supplements on morbidity from infections in older people (MAVIS trial): pragmatic, randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial," by Alison Avenell, Marion K. Campbell, Jonathan A. Cook, Philip C. Hannaford, Mary M. Kilonzo, Geraldine McNeill, Anne C. Milne, Craig R. Ramsay, D. Gwyn Seymour, Audrey I. Stephen, Luke D. Vale ( Primary Care, Vol. 331, No. 7512, Aug. 6, 2005, p. 324-329).

F. "Hormone replacement therapy and breast cancer: estimate of risk," by Nathan J. Coombs, Richard Taylor, Nicholas Wilcken, John Boyages (Education and Debate, Vol. 331, No. 7512, Aug. 6, 2005, p. 347-349).

22. _LANCET_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content. "Switching of postmenopausal women with endocrine-responsive early breast cancer to anastrozole after 2 years' adjuvant tamoxifen: combined results of ABCSG trial 8 and ARNO 95 trial," by Raimund Jakesz, Walter Jonat,Michael Gnant, Martina Mittlboeck, Richard Greil, Christoph Tausch, Joern Hilfrich, Werner Kwasny, Christian Menzel, Hellmut Samonigg, Michael Seifert, Guenther Gademann, and Manfred Kaufmann (Vol. 366, No. 9484, Aug. 6, 2005, p. 455-462).

23. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles. "Vitamin K in the Treatment and Prevention of Osteoporosis and Arterial Calcification," by Jamie Adams and Joseph Pepping (_American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy_, Vol 62, No. 15, 2005, p. 1574-1581 via Medscape).

24. _TIME_ ARTICLES: _Time_ has recently added the following articles to its "Generations" bonus section:

"Driving Us Crazy: New help for older people who are shaky behind the wheel--and their children," by Francine Russo.

"Tricky Transition: More and more grass-roots programs support seniors as they plan and manage their retirement," by Elizabeth Pope.

"Workplace: Paradise: Retirees who take care of other people's property can live the good life rent-free," by Sally S. Stich.

"Clicking Online: The author of a new book tells baby boomers how to pursue Internet dating--and how not to," by Andrea Sachs.

"A Detour For Love: Walter Cronkite recalls being smitten by broadcasting--and by Betsy," by Walter Cronkite, as told to Michelle Lodge.

All articles can be accessed from:

25. _NEWSWEEK_ WEB EXCLUSIVE: "How Elder Care is Changing," by Peg Tyre (Aug. 9, 2005).


III. Working Papers:


A. "Who Bears What Risk? An Intergenerational Perspective," by Henning Bohn (WP 2005-7, 2005, .pdf format, 40p.).


Many governments promise pension and medical benefits to their elderly citizens. As the world is aging, the burden of retiree benefits is becoming painfully obvious. Uncertainty about the future makes planning for retiree benefits even more difficult. Who will suffer or gain financially if the future differs from what we expect? For example, we face tremendous uncertainty about the speed of technical progress, about medical costs, and about trends in fertility and longevity. Government policy determines not only the level of taxes and benefits, but also who bears the risk of unexpected changes. Traditionally, retirement programs largely exempted retirees from sharing risk: by making fixed, unconditional, promises, they necessarily imposed a more-than proportional risk on younger cohorts and on future generations. We examine the impact of alternative tax, pension, and health care policies on different cohorts, to evaluate how existing policies shift risk across cohorts. We also assess whether there may be conditions under which such policies might be appropriate in the interest of general welfare, and where there may be scope for better policies. The analysis covers the fundamental sources of risk: productivity, fertility, longevity, health, and assets.

B. "The UK Approach to Insuring Defined Benefit Pension Plans," by David McCarthy and Anthony Neuberger (WP 2005-8, 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).


The United Kingdom established the Pension Protection Fund (PPF) in 2005 to guarantee defined benefit pensions. We model the PPF and show that it is likely to face many years of low claims interspersed irregularly with periods of very large claims. There is a significant chance that these claims will be so large that the PPF will default on its liabilities, leaving the Government with no option but to bail it out. The cause of this problem is the double impact of a fall in equity prices on the PPF: it makes sponsor firms more likely to default, and it makes defaulted plans more likely to be underfunded. We use our model to derive a fair premium for PPF insurance under different circumstances, to estimate the extent of cross-subsidies in the PPF between strong and weak sponsors and to show that risk rated premiums are unlikely to have a substantial effect on either the size or the lumpiness of claims unless they are so powerful that they force weaker sponsors to cut fund deficits and improve the match between assets and liabilities.

C. "The Role of 401(k) Accumulations in Providing Future Retirement Income," by Sarah Holden and Jack VanDerhei (WP 2005-9, 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).


Defined contribution (DC) plans are increasingly being offered as the primary employer-sponsored pension, so it is of interest to ask whether DC accumulations are likely to yield sufficient income in retirement. This chapter uses the EBRI/ICI 401(k) Accumulation Projection Model to explore alternative future scenarios for retirees having had 401(k) plans available over a full working career. We assess the impact of catch-up contributions recently permitted by legislation; saving through individual retirement accounts if the employer does not offer a 401(k) plan; and changing the retirement age.

27. HUNTER COLLEGE (CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK) DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS: "Endogenous Pensions and Retirement Behavior," by Randall K. Filer and Marjorie Honig (May 2005, .pdf format, 39p.).


This paper suggests that pension characteristics are simultaneously determined along with workers' retirement ages. Both the age of pension eligibility and actual retirement age are determined by the productivity and marginal disutility of work, factors that are influenced by worker and job characteristics. This approach differs from previous studies of retirement that treat pensions as exogenous, implying that prior empirical work may have overestimated the responsiveness of retirement age to changes in pension structure, a possibility with obvious policy implications for efforts to raise the age of retirement. We find that, in the conventional single-equation framework, delaying the age of pension eligibility would significantly delay retirement. When treated in a recursive simultaneous system, however, age of pension eligibility retains no explanatory power.

28. US DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REPORT, OFFICE OF THE CONTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY: "Searching for Age and Gender Discrimination in Mortgage Lending," by Jason Dietrich and Hannes Johannsson (WP 2005-2, August 2005, .pdf format, 16p.).


This paper tests for the presence of age and gender discrimination in the loan underwriting process. We modify the tools used during the past exams to test for racial discrimination and apply them here to test for the presence of disparate treatment on the basis of age and gender. Using HMDA data along with data from 18 fair lending exams recently conducted by the OCC, between1996-2001, we find no evidence of systematic discrimination on the basis of age or gender. Further, the tools used and tested for in this analysis are now readily available for use in future fair lending exams.

29. POPULATION COUNCIL: "Active Life Expectancy and Functional Limitations Among Older Cambodians: Results from a 2004 Survey," by Zachary Zimmer (Policy Research Division Working Paper no. 201, August 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).


This study's aims are to: 1) determine the prevalence of functional limitations among older adults in Cambodia using activities of daily living (ADLs); 2) compare limitation prevalence with other countries in the region; 3) estimate active life expectancy; 4) examine standard correlates of functional status and assess whether they are associated with limitation in expected ways. ADLs included here are bathing, dressing, eating, and getting up from lying down. Degree of difficulty is used to determine whether limitations are moderate or severe. Results are generally consistent with expectations. For example, women live longer than men but spend a greater proportion of life with limitations, and older age is related to higher rates of limitation and less active life. Elderly Cambodians appear more likely to report limitations than their counterparts in neighboring countries. A contribution of the analysis is the examination of a basic measure of health among a population that until recently has been isolated from the rest of the world.


A. "Aging: damage accumulation versus increasing mortality rate," by Maxim S. Finkelstein (WP-2005-018, August 2005, .pdf format, 11p.).


If aging is understood as some process of damage accumulation, it does not necessarily lead to increasing mortality rates. Within the framework of a suggested generalization of the Strehler-Mildwan (1960) model, we show that even for models with monotonically increasing degradation, the mortality rate can still decrease. The decline in vitality and functions, as manifestation of aging, is modeled by the monotonically decreasing quality of life function. Using this function, the initial lifetime random variable with ultimately decreasing mortality rate is "weighted" to result in a new random variable which is already characterized by the increasing rate.

B. "Does the socioeconomic mortality gradient interact with age? Evidence from US survey data and Danish register data," by Rasmus Hoffmann (WP-2005-020, August 2005, .pdf format, 41p.).


The aim of our paper is to provide an answer to the questions if and why social differences in health and mortality decrease with age. Most research confirms this decrease but the reasons for it and the role of unobserved heterogeneity are unknown. The data used for our analysis come from the US Health and Retirement Study (n=9376) and from the Danish Demographic Database (Denmark's population above age 58). They offer detailed information about SES and health information. The technique of event-history-analysis is used, and frailty models address mortality selection. A new method is developed to consider systematic difference in the change of average frailty over age between social groups. SES differentials in mortality converge with age in Denmark but not in the US. In both countries, they converge strongly with decreasing health. When controlled for health, the differences are stable across age in both countries. This means that worsening health levels social mortality differences and not increasing age. Controlling for mortality selection removes the converging pattern over age.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

31. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics (Vol. 41, No. 2, September/October 2005).

32. Journal of Pension Economics and Finance (Vol. 5, No. 1, 2, March, July 2005).

33 Research on Aging (Vol. 27, No. 5, September 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

34. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect (Vol. 16, No. 3, 2004).

35. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Aug. 10, 2005:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Aug. 10, 2005:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Aug. 10, 2005:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Aug. 10, 2005:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Aug. 10, 2005:

F. Opthalmology Research: Literature for the week of Aug. 10, 2005:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:

36. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: _Analyses in the Economics of Aging_, edited by David A. Wise (University of Chicago Press, 2005, 424p., ISBN: 0-226-90286-2). For more information see:


VI. Funding Opportunities:


A. "Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Centers (OAICs)" (RFA-AG-06-001, National Institute on Aging, Aug. 3, 2005). For more information see:

B. "Alzheimer's Disease Drug Development Program" (PAR-05-148, National Institute on Aging, Aug. 2, 2005). For more information see:


VII. Conferences:

38. CONFERENCEALERTS.COM: has recently updated its gerontology conferences page.


VIII. Legislation Information Updates:


A. "Compilation of the Social Security Laws: Including the Social Security Act, as Amended, and Related Enactments Through January 1, 2005, Volume I. 2005" (Committee Print WMCP 109-2, ASCII text and .pdf format, 2092p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "WMCP: 109-2" (without the quotes).

B. "Compilation of the Social Security Laws, Including the Social Security Act, as Amended, and Related Enactments Through January 1, 2005, Volume II" (Committee Print WMCP 109-3, ASCII text and .pdf format, 908p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "WMCP: "109-3" (without the quotes).


IX. Websites of Interest:

40. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION STATEHEALTHFACTS.ORG MEDICARE UPDATE: KFF's site has added the following tables as of Aug. 7, 2005:

Total Medicare Program Payments (in Millions), CY2001:

Total Medicare Advantage Enrollment, 2005

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706