Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #296--July 21, 2005


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. ICPSR: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to researchers in aging. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

American Community Survey (ACS): Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS), 1996 (#3885)

American Community Survey (ACS): Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS), 1997 (#3886)


II. Reports and articles:


A. "OASDI Monthly Statistics, June 2005," (Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, July 2005, .pdf and HTML format).

B. "OASDI Beneficiaries by State and County, 2004," (Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, July 2005, .pdf, Excel, and HTML format, 191p.).

C. "SSI Monthly Statistics, June 2005," (Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, July 2005, .pdf and HTML format).

3. GAO CORRESPONDENCE: "Medicare: Radiopharmaceutical Purchase Prices for CMS Consideration in Hospital Outpatient Rate-Setting," (US Government Accountability Office, GAO-05-733R, July 2005, .pdf format, 20p.).

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

4. DHHS OIG REPORT: "Multistate Review of Medicaid Drug Rebate Programs," (US Department of Health and Human Service, Office of the Inspector General, A-06-03-00048, July 2005, .pdf format, 22p.).


This was a summary report of audits in 49 States and the District of Columbia. Our objective was to determine whether States had established adequate accountability and internal controls over their Medicaid drug rebate programs. We found that only 4 States had no weaknesses in accountability and internal controls, while the other 45 States and the District of Columbia did have weaknesses, including: (1) unreliable information submitted to CMS on the Medicaid Drug Rebate Schedule (37 States), (2) improper accounting for interest on late rebate payments (27 States), (3) an inadequate rebate collection system (17 States), (4) an inadequate dispute resolution and collection process (15 States), and (5) other significant problems (13 States).

We recommended that CMS: (1) reemphasize the requirement that States submit accurate and reliable information on Form CMS 64.9R, and (2) emphasize to States their need to place a priority on their billing and collecting of drug rebates. CMS agreed with our recommendations.

5. CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES ANNOUNCEMENT: "CY 2006 Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System," (CMS-1501-P, July 18, 2005, .pdf format, 803p.).

6. AARP GLOBAL AGING PROGRAM REPORT: "International Retirement Security Survey," (July 2005, .pdf format, 116p.).

News Release:

7. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION CHARTBOOK: "Medicare Chart Book 2005," (July 2005, .pdf format, 77p.).

8. URBAN INSTITUTE REPORT: "Estate Tax Reform - A Third Option," by C. Eugene Steuerle (Tax Analysts, July 2005, .pdf format, 2p.).


A. "Residential Aged Care in Australia 2003-04: A Statistical Overview," (Aged Care Statistics Series No. 20, July 2005, .pdf format, 97p.).

B. "Vision Problems in Older Australians," (AIHW Bulletin No. 27, July 2005, .pdf format, 35p.).

10. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING NEWS RELEASE: "New kit to help prevent falls - 2005," (July 15, 2005).


A. "Tau Suppression in a Neurodegenerative Mouse Model Improves Memory Function," by K. SantaCruz, J. Lewis, T. Spires, J. Paulson, L. Kotilinek, M. Ingelsson, A. Guimaraes, M. DeTure, M. Ramsden, E. McGowan, C. Forster, M. Yue, J. Orne, C. Janus, A. Mariash, M. Kuskowski, B. Hyman, M. Hutton, and K. H. Ashe (_Science_, vol. 309, no. 5733, July 15, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 476-481).

B. "Mitochondrial DNA Mutations, Oxidative Stress, and Apoptosis in Mammalian Aging," by G. C. Kujoth, A. Hiona, T. D. Pugh, S. Someya, K. Panzer, S. E. Wohlgemuth, T. Hofer, A. Y. Seo, R. Sullivan, W. A. Jobling, J. D. Morrow, H. Van Remmen, J. M. Sedivy, T. Yamasoba, M. Tanokura, R. Weindruch, C. Leeuwenburgh, and T. A. Prolla (_Science_, vol. 309, no. 5733, July 15, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 481-484).


A. "Lifetime intellectual function and satisfaction with life in old age: longitudinal cohort study," by Alan J, Gow, Martha C, Whiteman, Alison Pattie, Lawrence Whalley, John Starr, and Ian J. Deary (_British Medical Journal_, vol. 331, no. 7509, July 16, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 141-142).

B. "Secondary prevention of falls and osteoporotic fractures in older people," by David Oliver, Marion E. T. McMurdo, and Sanjeev Patel (_British Medical Journal_, vol. 331, no. 7509, July 16, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 123-124).

13. _LANCET_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing articles. "Men in Australia Telephone Survey (MATeS): a national survey of the reproductive health and concerns of middle-aged and older Australian men," by Carol A. Holden, Robert I. McLachlan, Marian Pitts, Robert Cumming, Gary Wittert, Paul A. Agius, David J. Handelsman, and David M. de Kretser (_Lancet_, vol. 366, no. 9481, July 16, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 218-224).

14. _NEJM_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Care in U.S. Hospitals - The Hospital Quality Alliance Program," by Ashish K. Jha, Zhonghe Li, E. John Orav, and Arnold M. Epstein (_New England Journal of Medicine_, vol. 353, no. 3, July 21, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p 265-274).

15 _TIME_ ARTICLE: "Why Is The DEA Hounding This Doctor?" by Margot Roosevelt (_Time_, July 25, 2005).,9171,1083911,00.html


III. Working Papers:

16. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "Denial of Death and Economic Behavior," by Wojciech Kopczuk and Joel Slemro (NBER Working Paper No. 11485, July 2005, .pdf format, 35p.).


We model denial of death and its effect on economic behavior. Attempts to reduce death anxiety and the possibility of denial of mortality-relevant information interact with intertemporal choices and may lead to time-inconsistent behavior and other "behavioral" phenomena. In the model, repression of signals of mortality leads to underconsumption for unsophisticated individuals, but forward-sophisticated individuals may over-consume in anticipation of future denial and may seek ways to commit to act according to one's mortality prospects as currently perceived. We show that the mere possibility of engaging in this kind of denial leads to time-inconsistent but efficient behavior. Refusal to face up to the reality of death may help explain a wide range of empirical phenomena, including the underutilization of tax-advanced inter vivos gifts and inadequate purchase of life insurance.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

17. PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES: "Demographic transition, intergenerational transfers and the increase in public and national debts," by Jean-Pierre Laffargue (Working Paper 2005-25, June 2005, .pdf format, 30p.).


This paper investigates time consistent policies and reforms of intergenerational transfers. If the weight the Government gives to the living elderly is low enough, successive Governments will implement policies with equitable results across generations, even if their social welfare function is not equitable with the unborn. The ratio of Government public debt to GDP will not change over time, and the consumption flows of successive generations will grow at the natural rate of the economy. However, if the Government gives a higher weight to the elderly, the ratio of public debt to GDP will increase over time. Then, future generations will have to pay higher and higher taxes and consume less and less. Demographic transition does not interfere with these results although it makes every consumer poorer. However, there is the possibility that the weight of the elderly in Government preferences has increased recently, and that some Western democracies are entering a process of increasing public indebtedness and immiserisation of future generations.

18. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR [IZA]: "The Perverse Effects of Partial Employment Protection Reform: Experience Rating and French Older Workers," by Luc Behaghel, Bruno Crépon, Béatrice Sédillot (Discussion Paper no. 1679, July 2005, .pdf format, 34p.).

French firms laying off workers aged 50 and above have to pay a tax to the unemployment insurance system, known as the Delalande tax. This is an original case of experience rating in the European context, restricted to older workers, whose employment prospects are particularly bad. We evaluate its impact on layoff (firing) as well as on hiring, taking advantage of several changes in the measure since its introduction in 1987. We find particularly strong evidence of an adverse effect of the tax on the firms' propensity to hire older workers, thanks to a legislative change in 1992, when workers hired after the age of 50 stopped being liable for the tax. Chances to find a job increased significantly for unemployed workers older than 50, compared to workers just below 50 who remained liable for the tax. We estimate that before 1992, the tax reduced the probability that an unemployed worker aged 50 find a job by as much as 25%. Evidence on the effect on layoffs is less clear cut. The impact is sizeable only for the most stringent tax schedule, after 1998, but it is also imprecisely estimated.

19. INSTITUTE FOR FISCAL STUDIES [UK]: "Preparing for retirement: the pension arrangements and retirement expectations of those approaching state pension age in England," by James Banks, Carl Emmerson and Zoë Oldfield (IFS Working Papers, W05/13, July 2005, .pdf format, 37p.).


This paper provides a detailed analysis of individuals in households in England aged between 50 and the State Pension Age in terms of their private pension arrangements and current non-pension assets alongside their expectations of future economic circumstances. Our descriptive findings include that members of defined benefit pensions have higher average levels of current earnings than members of defined contribution pensions and that median expected private pension income in retirement is highest for current members of defined benefit schemes. We find that on average those who have, or have had, a private pension have greater non-pension wealth than those who have never had a private pension. In terms of expectations of the future we find that it is those who have the fewest assets who have the least attachment to the labour market and are far less likely to expect any inheritance. Hence we conclude that inequalities in different dimensions of retirement resources tend to reinforce themselves as opposed to offset each other.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

20. Aging and Mental Health (vol. 9, no. 5, September 2005).

21. American Journal of Epidemiology (vol. 162, No. 3, August 1, 2005).

22. Medical Care (Vol. 43, No. 8, August 2005).

23. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Canadian Journal on Aging (vol. 24, no. SUPP/1, 2005).

Journal of Aging and Social Policy (vol. 17, no. 2, 2005).

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (vol. 53, supp. 6, 2005).

Journal of Gerontological Social Work (vol. 44, no. 3/4, 2005).

Journal of Women and Aging (vol 17, no. 1/2, 2005).


24. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of July 20, 2005:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of July 20, 2005:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of July 20, 2005:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of July 20, 2005:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of July 20, 2005:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of July 20, 2005:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:

25. NIH NOTE: "Expiration of Human Brain Project (HBP) Program Announcements," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, NOT-MH-05-014, July 13, 2005).


VI. Legislation Information Updates:

26. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH, HEARING TESTIMONY: "Hearing on Value-Based Purchasing for Physicians under Medicare," a hearing held July 21, 2005.

Hearing Testimony:

27. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: "Sound Policy, Smart Solutions: Saving Money In Medicaid," a hearing held July 20, 2005.

Hearing Testimony:

28. UK HOUSE OF LORDS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SELECT COMMITTEE REPORT: "Ageing: Scientific Aspects," (HL 20-I & HL 20-II, July 2005, .pdf and HTML format, 133p. [vol. 1] & 423p. [vol. 2]). Note: Volume I is the Committee report, Volume II is information from the Committee's hearings.

Scroll down to "Ageing: Scientific Aspects".


VII. Websites of Interest:

29. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION: "The Kaiser Family Foundation has updated its Medicare Health Plan Tracker to include current year information about participating Medicare Advantage plans, payment rates and enrollment. The Plan Tracker is an interactive online resource that provides basic information about Medicare HMOs and other private plans, including plan participation and beneficiary enrollment at the national, state, and county levels."




Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400