Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #293--June 23, 2005


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. US CENSUS BUREAU: "Geographic Mobility: 2004 Detailed Tables" (Microsoft Excel and comma separated value [.csv] format). "A series of 26 tables on the 39 million people who moved between 2003 and 2004. The moving rate of 14 percent of the population continues a gradual, long term decline in residential mobility among U.S. residents since the late 1940s. Information is presented at the national and regional levels, along with characteristics of movers, such as by race and Hispanic origin, age, marital status, educational attainment, labor force status, occupation and industry group, income and poverty status and reason for moving." The source for these tables is the 2004 March Current Population Survey. Several of the tables are broken down by age.

2. PANEL STUDY OF INCOME DYNAMICS: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Panel Study of Income Dynamics has announced "Imputed wealth variables for the 2003 wave are now available in the Data Center within the PSID Family Wealth Data Group and also in the supplemental data packages." For more information see:

Data access:


II. Reports and articles:

3. US Social Security Administration Office of Policy reports:

A. "Congressional Statistics, December 2004" (June 2005, HTML, .pdf, and Microsoft Excel format). "These annual fact sheets present data on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. Data are given for the number of people receiving benefits and the amount of total monthly payments made to persons in the United States, in each state, and in each congressional district within the state."

B. "OASDI Monthly Statistics, May 2005" (June 2005, HTML and .pdf format). "These monthly tables provide statistics for benefits in current-payment status and benefits awarded under the Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance programs. The statistics include the number of people who receive benefits, the type of benefit they receive, and the amount of the monthly benefit (total and average).

C. "SSI Monthly Statistics, May 2005" (June 2005, HTML and .pdf format). "These monthly tables provide statistics for federally administered payments and awards under the Supplementary Security Income program. The statistics include the number of people who receive payments (by eligibility category and age), the type of payment they receive (federal payment only, state supplementation only, or both), and the amount of the monthly payment (total and average).

4. DHHS OIG REPORT: "Chiropractic Services in the Medicare Program: Payment Vulnerability Analysis" (OEI-09-02-00530, June 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).


The objective of this inspection was to determine if chiropractic services provided to Medicare beneficiaries met Medicare coverage criteria and documentation requirements. The OIG found that approximately 67 percent of the chiropractic services allowed by Medicare in 2001 did not meet Medicare coverage criteria and/or were miscoded, or were undocumented, potentially costing the program and its beneficiaries approximately $285 million. More than 90 percent of this amount represented services that chiropractors who reviewed patient records determined were not medically necessary. Most of the medically unnecessary services were maintenance or preventive treatments, which are not a Medicare-covered benefit. As beneficiaries' use of chiropractic services continues to increase, it is important that CMS increase its efforts to control improper payments. Therefore, the report recommends that CMS ensure that chiropractic services comply with Medicare coverage criteria by establishing national frequency-based controls and funding service-specific reviews of chiropractic services. CMS should also require that its carriers educate chiropractors on Medicare Carriers Manual requirements for supporting documentation. CMS generally concurred with our recommendations. The agency indicated that it has adopted a new policy that requires chiropractors to attach an -AT modifier to claims for chiropractic services that are not maintenance in order to be eligible for Medicare reimbursement. CMS also stated that most carriers are conducting medical reviews of chiropractic services and targeted educational efforts for chiropractors.

5. CMS NEWS RELEASE: "CMS Announces Medicare Demonstration for Day Care Services Under the Home Health Benefit" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Jun. 23, 2005).


A. "Parallel Trading in Medicines: Europe's Experience and Its Implications for Commercial Drug Importation in the United States," by Panos Kanavos, David Gross, and David Taylor (AARP Public Policy Research Report, June 2005, .pdf format, 44p.). The report is linked to from an AARP news release: "AARP Study Examines RX Drug Importation Within European Union" (Jun 22, 2005).

Click on "new AARP report".

B. "How Social Security Keeps Older Persons Out of Poverty Across Developed Countries," by Ke Bin Wu (AARP Public Policy Research Data Digest, May 2005, .pdf format, 8p.).

Click on "Data Digest (PDF) for full text

C. "Identity Theft in The Global Village: 50+ Perspective," by Steve Weisman (AARP Global Aging Perspectives, June 2005).

7. MEDICAL EXPENDITURE PANEL SURVEY STATISTICAL BRIEF: "Trends in National Health Care Expenses in the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 1997 versus 2002," by David Kashihara and Kelly Carper (Statistical Brief #86, June 2005, .pdf format, 6p.). "Using data from the Household Component of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC), this Statistical Brief compares national health care expenses in 1997 with those in 2002 for the overall U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized (community) population and by age, health insurance status, and income status."


A. "Basics of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC)" (Employee Benefits Research Institute, July 2005, .pdf format, 4p.). "A four-page fact sheet with background information, key data and charts, and information links about the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC), the federal agency that insures the traditional pensions of about 44 million Americans."

B. "Fast Facts From EBRI: "Will New Grads Have Health Insurance or a 401(k) Plan?" (Employee Benefits Research Institute FFE #1, Jun. 22, 2005, .pdf format, 1p.).

More information about EBRI:

9. RETIREMENT SECURITY PROJECT: "Protecting Low-Income Families' Savings: How Retirement Accounts Are Treated in Means-Tested Programs And Steps to Remove Barriers to Retirement Saving," by Zoe Neuberger, Robert Greenstein and Eileen P. Sweeney (June 2005, .pdf format, 48p.). The report is linked to from a Center on Budget and Policy Priorities news release: "Government Programs Penalize Retirement Saving by Low-and Moderate-Income Households" (Jun. 21, 2005).

Click on "PDF of full report" for full text.

More information on RSP and CBPP is available from links at the top of the news release.

10. ILCUSA REPORT: "ILC Policy Report" (International Longevity Center, USA, June 2005, .pdf format, 6p.). The ILC Policy Report is "a monthly compilation of longevity news and trends in the U.S. and abroad."

11. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION REPORT: "The Distribution of Assets in the Elderly Population Living in the Community" (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, June 2005, .pdf format, 6p.). "Individuals cannot qualify for Medicaid nursing home care or home and community-based services unless they meet their state's asset eligibility standards. Currently, states are required to examine all transfers for less than fair market value that occurred within 36 months prior to an individual's application for Medicaid. This issue paper examines the assets of elderly people living in the community, focusing on those most at risk of using nursing home care. The paper finds that most elderly people living in the community do not have assets, excluding home equity, sufficient to finance a nursing home stay of one year or more. Of the one million elderly at high risk for nursing home use, 84 percent have asset levels that would be exhausted within one year of nursing home care."

12. FRASER INSTITUTE REPORT (VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA) REPORT: "Seniors and Drug Prices in Canada and the United States," by Brett J. Skinner (June 2005, .pdf format, 37p.).

Link to full text is at the bottom of the Executive Summary

More information about the Fraser Institute:

13. CIVIC VENTURES REPORT: "MetLife Foundation/Civic Ventures New Face of Work Survey," (June 2005, .pdf format, 64p.).

Press release:

More information about Civic Ventures:

14. _British Medical Journal_ Editorial Extract, Education and Debate Extract:

A. "Strontium ranelate for the treatment of osteoporosis," by Ignac Fogelman (Editorial extract, Vol. 330, No. 7505, p. 1400-1401).

B. "For and against: Aspirin for everyone older than 50? FOR," by Peter Elwood, Gareth Morgan, Ginevra Brown, and Janet Pickering (Education and Debate extract, Vol. 330, No. 7505, p. 1440-1441).

C. "For and against: Aspirin for everyone older than 50? AGAINST," by Colin Baigent (Education and Debate extract, Vol. 330, No. 7505, p. 1442-1443).

15. _ECONOMIST_ ARTICLE: "The shape of things to come" (Jun. 23, 2005).

16. HRS BIBLIOGRAPHY UPDATES: "The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Health and Retirement Study has recently updated its bibliography. The full bibliography can be found at:


Ogura, S., Tachibanaki, T., and Wise, D. A. E. Labor markets and firm benefit policies in Japan and the United States, 2003.


Neuman, K., The Health Effects of Retirement: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation 2004.

Journal Articles:

Andreyeva, T., Sturm, R., and Ringel, J. S., Moderate and severe obesity have large differences in health care costs. Obesity research, vol. pp. 1936-43, 2004.

Baker, D. W. and Sudano, J. J., Health insurance coverage during the years preceding medicare eligibility. Archives of internal medicine, vol. pp. 770-6, 2005.

Bellante, D. and Green, C. A., Relative Risk Aversion among the Elderly Review of Financial Economics, vol. pp. 269-81, 2004.

Berger, M. C. and Messer-Pelkowski, J., Health and Family Labor Force Transitions Quarterly Journal of Business and Economics, vol. pp. 113-38, 2004.

Cook, C., Stickley, L., Ramey, K., and Knotts, V. J., A variables associated with occupational and physical therapy stroke rehabilitation utilization and outcomes. Journal of allied health, vol. pp. 3-10, 2005.

Emptage, N. P., Sturm, R., and Robinson, R. L., Depression and comorbid pain as predictors of disability, employment, insurance status, and health care costs. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.), vol. pp. 468-74, 2005.

Falba, T., Health events and the smoking cessation of middle aged Americans. Journal of behavioral medicine, vol. pp. 21-33, 2005.

Falba, T. A. and Busch, S. H., Survival expectations of the obese: is excess mortality reflected in perceptions? Obesity research, vol. pp. 754-61, 2005.

French, E., The Effects of Health, Wealth, and Wages on Labour Supply and Retirement Behaviour Review of Economic Studies, vol. April 2005; 72(2), pp. 395-427, 2005.

Gustman, A. L. and Steinmeier, T. L., Minimum Hours Constraints, Job Requirements and Retirement 2004.

Hakes, J. K. R., Review of: The smoking puzzle: Information, risk perception, and choice Journal of Economic Literature, vol. pp. 1126-27, 2004.

He, X. Z. and Baker, D. W., Differences in leisure-time, household, and work-related physical activity by race, ethnicity, and education. Journal of general internal medicine, vol. pp. 259-66.

Johnson, R. W., Uccello, C. E., and Goldwyn, J. H., Who foregoes survivor protection in employer-sponsored pension annuities? The Gerontologist, vol. pp. 26-35, 2005.

Killian, T. S., Turner, J., and Cain, R., Depressive symptoms of caregiving women in midlife:the role of physical health. J Women Aging, vol. pp. 115-27, 2005. 6, 2005.

Kim, H. and Lee, J., Unequal Effects of Elders' Health Problems on Wealth Depletion across Race and Ethnicity Journal of Consumer Affairs., vol. pp. 148-72, 2005.

Lee, M. J., Selection Correction and Sensitivity Analysis for Ordered Treatment Effect on Count Response Journal of Applied Econometrics, vol. pp. 323-37, 2004.

Liang, J., Brown, J. W., Krause, N. M., Ofstedal, M. B., and Bennett, J., Health and Living Arrangements of Older Americans: Does Marriage Matter? Journal of Aging and Health, vol. pp. 305... 2005.

Mojtabai, R. and Olfson, M., Cognitive deficits and the course of major depression in a cohort of middle-aged and older community-dwelling adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. pp. 1060-9, 2004.

Sevak, P., Weir, D. R., and Willis, R. J., The Economic Consequences of a Husband's Death: Evidence from the HRS and AHEAD Social Security Bulletin, vol. Forthcoming.


Gustman, A. L. and Steinmeier, T. L., "Personal Accounts and Family Retirement," 2004.


III. Working Papers:

17. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "Do Report Cards Tell Consumers Anything They Don't Already Know? The Case of Medicare HMOs," by Leemore Dafny and David Dranove (w11420, June 2005, .pdf format, 36p.).


The use of government-mandated report cards to diminish uncertainty about the quality of various products and services is widespread. However, report cards will have little effect if they simply confirm consumers' prior beliefs. Moreover, documented "responses" to report cards may reflect learning about quality that would have occurred in their absence. Using panel data on Medicare HMO market shares between 1994 and 2002, we examine the relationship between enrollment and quality both before and after report cards were mailed to 40 million Medicare beneficiaries in 1999 and 2000. We find evidence for both market-based and report-card-induced learning. We estimate the report-card effect on enrollment in the 2 years following their release to be approximately equal to that of cumulative market learning between 1994 and 2002. The report-card effect is entirely due to beneficiaries' responses to consumer satisfaction scores; other reported quality measures such as the mammography rate did not affect enrollment.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

18. Journals of Gerontology (A): Biological and Medical Sciences (Vols. 60, Nos. 5, May 2005. Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

19. OECD Economic Studies (No. 39, 2004/2). Note: This is a special issue: "Tax-Favoured Retirement Saving.",2340,en_2649_37435_35026962_1_1_1_37435,00.html

20. Research on Aging (Vol. 27, No. 4, July 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

21. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Jun. 22, 2005:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Jun. 22, 2005:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Jun. 22, 2005:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Jun. 22, 2005:

E. Stem Cell Research:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Jun. 22, 2005:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:

22. OECD MONOGRAPH: _Ageing and Employment Policies -- Australia_ (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, June 2005, non-printable .pdf format). Note: At the time of distribution, the .pdf version was unavailable. Ordering information for a print copy is available at the site.,2340,en_2649_37435_35013968_1_1_1_37435,00.html


VI. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:


A. "Probes for Microimaging The Nervous System (SBIR/STTR Award) (National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, PA-05-120, Jun. 13, 2005.). For more information see:

B. "Development of PET and SPECT Ligands for Brain Imaging (National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, PA-05-122, Jun. 14, 2005.). For more information see:

24. NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS: "Supervisory Social Scientist - GS-0101 - 15: Supervisory Health Scientist - GS-0601 - 15." For more information see:


VII. Conferences:

25. CENTER FOR STRATEGIC AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES: "Social Security Reform: Is There a Bipartisan Solution?" to be held by CSIS and the Concord Coalition, in Washington DC, Jun. 30, 2005. For more information see the registration form (.pdf format, 2p.) at:

More information on CSIS:

26. "2005 GSOEP-CNEF CONFERENCE: "Workshop for Users of the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) and the Cross-National Equivalent Files (CNEF), to be held Sep. 9-10, 2005 at Cornell University, Ithaca New York. For more information see:


VIII. Legislation Information Updates:


A. "Seventh in a Series of Subcommittee Hearings on Protecting and Strengthening Social Security," a hearing held Jun. 21, 2005.

B. "Eighth in a Series of Subcommittee Hearings on Protecting and Strengthening Social Security," a hearing held Jun. 23, 2005.

28. "US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH, HEARING TESTIMONY: "Medicaid Prescription Drugs: Examining Options for Payment Reform," a hearing held June 22, 2005 (.pdf format. A webcast of the hearing [RealPlayer format, running time 2 hours, 31 minutes, 7 seconds] is available at the site.).


IX. Websites of Interest:

29. UNIVERSITY OF NORTH TEXAS CRS ARCHIVE: "The Congressional Research Service (CRS) does not provide direct public access to its reports, requiring citizens to request them from their Member of Congress. Some Members, as well as several non-profit groups, have posted the reports on their Web sites. This site aims to provide integrated, searchable access to many of the full-text CRS reports that have been available at a variety of different Web sites since 1990." Browse and search interfaces are provided. Reports are available in .pdf format. Browse topic headings that may be of interest to researchers in aging include "Aged", "Pensions", and "Social Security".

30. NIH NEWS RELEASE: "Five Vision Topics Added to NIHSeniorHealth Web Site" (US National Institutes of Health, Jun. 20, 2005). "Eye diseases and conditions leading to vision loss increase significantly with age, and the number of people with vision loss is expected to rise as the population grows older. To help older adults learn more about these conditions and vision loss, the NIHSeniorHealth Web site is adding five new topics on vision: glaucoma, cataract, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic retinopathy, and low vision. Accurate, up-to-date information about these conditions is only a mouse click away at"

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706