Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #273--February 3, 2005


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR): ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

National Home and Hospice Care Survey, 2000 (#3791)

Swedish Adoption/Twin Study on Aging (SATSA), 1984, 1987, 1990, and 1993 (#3843)

Charleston Heart Study, 1960-2000 (#4050). Note: This data is available on CD-ROM only and requires a limited use agreement form.

2. HRS DATA ALERT: "2000 HRS Core (Final Release, Version 1.0): Delete one case from the HRS 2000 Final Core Data" (Jan. 28, 2005). For more information see:

3. MEPS: "MEPS HC-071: MEPS Panel 6 Longitudinal Weight File" (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, January 2005, data in .zip and .exe self-decompressing ASCII and SAS transport format, documentation in HTML, ASCII, .pdf or ASP codebook format).


II. Reports and articles:

4. NIH NEWS RELEASE: "NIH Calls on Scientists to Speed Public Release of Research Publications" (US National Institutes of Health, Feb. 3, 2005).

5. US GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE MEDICARE FINAL RULES: "2005 Final Rules Affecting Medicare Programs" (US Code of Federal Regulations/_Federal Register_, January 2005, ASCII text and .pdf format).

See "2005 Final Rules Affecting Medicare Programs" and "2005 Relative Value Units (RVU)".


A. "Earnings and Employment Data for Workers Covered Under Social Security and Medicare, by State and County, 2002" (US Social Security Administration, December 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 453p.).

B. "OASDI (Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance) Monthly Statistics, December 2004" (US Social Security Administration, January 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

C. "SSI (Supplemental Security Income) Monthly Statistics, December 2004" (US Social Security Administration, January 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

D. "International Update: January 2005" (US Social Security Administration, February 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).


A. "Medicare Expands Coverage Of Implantable Defibrillators to Save Lives and Develop Evidence to Maximize Benefits" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Jan. 27, 2005).

B. "Proposed Medicare Rule Would Modernize End-Stage Renal Disease Conditions for Coverage" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Jan. 28, 2005).

C. "Medicare Proposes Conditions of Participation for Transplant Centers and Organ Procurement Organizations" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Jan. 28, 2005).

D. "Medicare Launches Efforts to Improve Care for Cancer Patients" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Jan. 28, 2005).

E. "Medicare Proposes Payment Changes for Long-Term Care Hospitals for Rate Year 2006" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Jan. 28, 2005).

F. "Medicare Begins Performance-Based Payments for Physician Groups" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Jan. 28, 2005).

G. "Medicare 'Pay for Performance (P4P)' Initiatives" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Jan. 31, 2005).

H. "Medicare Influenza Treatment Demonstration Information" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, January 2005, HTML format, with Beneficiary Copayment Calculator (.pdf format, 3p.).

I. "NCA Tracking Sheet for Implantable Defibrillators (CAG-00157R3)" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, January 2005).

Click on "Decision Memorandum" at the bottom of the page.

J. "NCA Tracking Sheet for Positron Emission Tomography (FDG) for Brain, Cervical, Ovarian, Pancreatic, Small Cell Lung, and Testicular Cancers (CAG-00181N)" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, January 2005).

Click on "Final Decision Memorandum" at the bottom of the page.

K. "NCA Tracking Sheet for Anticancer Chemotherapy for Colorectal Cancer (CAG-00179N)" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, January 2005).

Click on "Final Decision Memorandum" at the bottom of the page.



A. "The New Medicare Prescription Drug Law: Issues for Enrolling Dual Eligibles into Drug Plans," by Richard Jensen (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Ensured Issue Paper, January 2005, .pdf format, 19p.).

B. "Medicare's New Prescription Drug Benefit: The Voices of People Dually Covered by Medicare and Medicaid," by Michael Perry, Michelle Kitchman, and Jocelyn Guyer (January 2005, .pdf format, 19p.).

C. "Implications of The Medicare Modernization Act For States: Observations from a Focus Group Discussion with Medicaid Directors," by Vernon Smith, Kathleen Gifford, and Sandy Kramer (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, January 2005, .pdf format, 23p.).

These reports are linked to from:

D. "The Kaiser Family Foundation Health Poll Report Survey: Findings on the New Medicare Drug Law" (Chartpack, January 2005, .pdf format, 19p., Survey toplines, January 2005, .pdf format, 15p.). "Seniors are most likely to say they would turn to their doctor, pharmacist, or the Medicare program, for help in making decisions about the new Medicare drug benefit set to begin Jan. 1, 2006, according to new data from the Kaiser Health Poll Report tracking survey. The tracking survey also provides updated tracking data on seniors~R knowledge and views of the new Medicare law."


9. PENSION POLICY INSTITUTE [UK] REPORT: "Towards a Citizen's Pension: Interim Report," (Pension Policy Institute, December 2004, .pdf format, 64p.).

10. KING'S FUND PRESS RELEASE: "Wanless Social Care Review," (January 31, 2005).

For more information about the Fund:

11. AXA REPORT: "AXA Retirement Scope Survey," (Axa Financial, January 2005, Microsoft PowerPoint format, 97p.).

Click on "Click Here" at the end of the second paragraph.

More information about AXA Financial:

12. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Estrogen receptor {alpha} and imprinting of the neonatal mouse ventral prostate by estrogen," by Yoko Omoto, Otabek Imamov, Margaret Warner, and Jan-Ake Gustafsson (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 102, No. 5, Feb. 1, 2005, p. 1484-1489).

13. _JAMA_ CLINICAL REVIEW ABSTRACT: "Pharmacological Treatment of Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Dementia: A Review of the Evidence," by Kaycee M. Sink, Karen F. Holden, and Kristine Yaffe (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 293, No. 5, Feb. 2, 2005, p. 596-608).

14. AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: The following AARP _Prime Time Radio_ shows, for January 18-February 1, 2005, are now available (RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required, audio transcripts run between 24 and 30 minutes).

Jan. 25, 2005--The Essential Guide to Prescription Drugs Feb. 1, 2005--WomanSage

15. NEWSWEEK ARTICLE: "Bush's Hard Sell," by Richard Wolffe, Tamara Lipper and Holly Bailey (_Newsweek_, Feb. 7, 2005).

16. _US NEWS AND WORLD REPORT_ EDITORIAL: "A 'cure' worse than the cold," by Mortimer B. Zuckerman (_US News and World Report_, Jan. 31, 2005).


III. Working Papers:

17. NBER: "Reducing the Risk of Investment-Based Social Security Reform," by Martin Feldstein (National Bureau of Economic Research w11084, January 2005, .pdf format, 29p.).


This paper describes the risks implied by a mixed system of Social Security pension benefits with different combinations of pay-as-you-go taxes and personal retirement account (PRA) saving. The analysis shows how these risks can be reduced by using alternative private market guarantee strategies. The first such strategy uses a blend of equities and TIPS to guarantee at least a positive real rate or return on each year's PRA saving. The second is an explicit zero-cost collar that guarantees an annual rate of return by giving up all returns above a certain level. One variant of these guarantees uses a two stage procedure: a guaranteed return to age 66 and then a separate guarantee on the implicit return in the annuity phase. An alternative strategy provides a combined guarantee on the return during both the accumulation and the annuity phase. Simulations are presented of the probability distributions of retirement incomes relative to the "benchmark" benefits specified in current law. Calculations of expected utility show that these risk reduction techniques can raise expected utility relative to the plans with no guarantees. The ability to do so depends on the individual's risk aversion level. This underlines the idea that different individuals would rationally prefer different investment strategies and risk reduction options.

18. DUKE UNIVERSITY ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT: "How did the 2003 Prescription Drug Re-importation Bill Pass the House?" by Mike Adams, Omer Gokcekus, Henry Grabowski, and Edward Tower (WP 05-01, January 2005, .pdf format, 21p.).


This paper examines the major interest groups in the debate over allowing the wholesale re-importation of prescription drugs through the Pharmaceutical Market Access Act. By making use of the logit model, we see the effects that each of these groups has had on the voting behavior of the 108 th Congress on the bill. We find evidence suggesting that Representatives are maximizing their electoral prospects: Contributions from pharmaceutical manufacturers and HMOs significantly influence the probability of voting for the Bill. Similarly, Representatives are sensitive to their constituency's interest: employment in pharmaceutical manufacturing and the presence of senior citizens are also taken into account. However, the decision was by and large a partisan one: Party affiliation was the most important factor in passing the Bill.

Click on "PDF version" at the bottom of the page for full text.

19. LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS RESEARCH CENTER FOR ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL EXCLUSION: "Income Mobility in Old Age in Britain and Germany," by Asghar Zaidi Joachim R. Frick, and Felix Buchel (CASE 89, December 2005, .pdf format, 24p.).


The increases in human longevity in recent decades and the trends for early retirement have posed new challenges for policy makers, and require a holistic understanding of the processes that influence the economic resources of older people. This paper contributes to this knowledge by examining the income mobility experienced by older people living in Britain and Germany during the 1990s, and by identifying personal attributes and life-course events that influenced its direction and likelihood. The analysis uses the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) and the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) panel data. The comparative perspective yields insights about the different income experience of older people in the two markedly different welfare regimes. Results show that old-age income mobility is more pronounced in Britain than in Germany, and that in both countries its occurrence is particularly associated with changes in living arrangements, in the employment status of the co-resident family members and with widowhood among women. Unemployment during working life is also associated with significant negative later life income mobility. Among those on low incomes, a high share of income from an earnings-related pension had a significant and positive effect in both countries. One policy implication is the need to strengthen the social safety net, to safeguard against downward income mobility in old age, particularly among widows. Policy incentives are required to encourage flexible living arrangements in old age, as well as a greater protection from unemployment during working life, more so in Germany than in Britain.

20. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE ASIA RESEARCH INSTITUTE: "Views of Disability in the U.S. and Singapore," by Lois M. Verbrugge, Kalyani K. Mehta, and Ellen Wagenfeld-Heintz (Working Paper 35, January 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).


What do "independence", "dependence", and "disability" mean to older people? How do they feel about personal and equipment assistance? We conducted interviews on these issues with community-dwelling Americans and Singaporeans aged 70+; the samples were assisted-living residents and day-care center clients, respectively. Quantitative and qualitative data analyses show that the two groups differ greatly in their views. Singapore seniors usually live with one of their children and receive daily help from family. They appreciate and expect it, but feel they are a burden and wish for more personal freedom. Equipment helps them get about, but they fear losing public respect. The U.S. seniors have their own residence, with professional help close at hand. They insist on being in charge of their daily lives, getting help from professional staff and their children only when necessary. Equipment is more acceptable than personal help. In both countries, independence means not having personal help for tasks, or autonomy about residence/finances/decision-making. Dependence means receiving/needing help for tasks, loss of decision-making autonomy, relying on others in late life, or social altruism. Both groups define disability as difficulty doing activities on one's own. Singaporeans have traditional views of a "person with disability" (e.g., wheelchair, blind), while Americans have broader ones. We conclude that independence and dependence always have psychological content and should be treated as such in research. Closed-ended questions weakly capture differences in disability experiences across societies, and open-ended questions are a necessary adjunct.

Click on "full text" at the bottom of the abstract for full text.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

21. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics (Vol. 40, No. 2, March-April 2005).

22. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Women and Aging (Vol. 16, No. 3/4, 2004).

Omega: Journal of Death and Dying (Vol. 49, No. 4, 2004).

23. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Feb 2, 2005:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Feb. 2, 2005:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Feb. 2, 2005:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Feb. 2, 2005:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Feb. 2, 2005:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:

24. NIH:

A. "Biology of the Perimenopause: Impact on Health and Aging in Non-Reproductive Somatic and Neuronal Tissues" (RFA-AG-05-008, US National Institute on Aging and Office of Research on Women's Health, Jan. 27, 2005). For more information see:

B. "Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) to Improve The Chemistry and Targeted Delivery of RNAi Molecules" (PA-05-041, US National Institutes on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, Jan. 24, 2005). For more information see:

C. "Directed Stem Cell Differentiation for Cell Based Therapies for Heart, Lung, Blood, and Aging Diseases (SBIR/STTR)" (PA-05-044, US National Institutes on Aging and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Jan. 26, 2005). For more information see:

25. AGI CALLS FOR PROPOSALS: "Geriatrics Education for Specialty Residents (GESR), Jul. 1, 2005 - Jun. 30, 2007 (American Geriatrics Society). For more information see:


VI. Conferences:

26. WHARTON SCHOOL (UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA) PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL SYMPOSIUM: "The Evolution of Risk and Reward Sharing in Retirement," a Wharton Impact Conference sponsored by the Wharton School's Pension Research Council and Boettner Center for Pensions and Retirement Research, Apr. 25-26, 2005, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. For more information, including information about a call for papers that should be available at the site soon, see:

or contact Virginia Jurika at:

VII. Legislation Information Updates:

27. US SENATE FINANCE COMMITTEE HEARING TESTIMONY: "Long Term Outlook for Social Security," a hearing held Feb. 2, 2005 (.pdf format).

Video transcript of the hearing (RealPlayer format, running time 2 hours 52 minutes, 27 seconds).

Click on "To view this hearing" under 2-2-05 hearing item.

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706