Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #253--September 9, 2004


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. ICPSR: The Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS): Boston Study of Management Processes, 1995-1997 (#3596):

Census of Population and Housing, 2000 [United States]: Block Group Subset From Summary File 3 (#13576)


II. Reports and articles:

2. _DR_ ARTICLE: Note: _Demographic Research_ is "a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research." "Grandparental effects on reproductive strategizing Nobi villagers in Early Modern Japan," by G. William Skinner (Vol. 11, Article 5, September 2004, .pdf format, p. 111-148).


This paper analyzes data from the household registers for two villages in the Nobi region of central Japan in the late Edo period (1717-1869) to assess how grandparents may have affected reproductive strategizing in stem families. The particulars of the family system fostered a culturally favored set of reproductive goals, in particular, a daughter as eldest child, followed by a son (and heir), coupled with gender alternation in subsequent reproduction and overall gender balance. This reproductive strategy was generally followed during the stem phase of the domestic cycle, when one or both grandparents were present, especially when the family head was in the senior generation. By contrast, a son-first strategy was favored when childbearing began in the conjugal phase of the cycle. This suggests grandparental influence on the junior couple's reproductive decisions in favor of the cultural ideal. I find that the senior couple's decision to marry the heir early or late strongly affects the reproductive strategies followed by him after marriage. I show that when a grandmother is present at the onset of childbearing, especially if she is relatively young, the junior couple ends up with more offspring on average. A controlled analysis of infanticiding behavior is interpreted in terms of conjugal power and coalition formation. It appears that a grandmother gets her way only when she and her son gang up on the daughter-in-law, but such a coalition is likely only when her son dominates the conjugal relationship (which in turn reflects the grandmother's success in binding the son tightly to her emotionally and in delaying his marriage). Otherwise, the grandmother may be shut out from reproductive decision-making by the solidary conjugal coalition.

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A. "First New Census Bureau Economic Indicator in 40 Years: Commerce Secretary Evans Says New Economic Indicator on Service Industries Will Help Close 'Critical Gap'" (CB04-152, Sep. 8, 2004).

B. "Grandparents Day 2004: Sept. 12" (Facts for Features CB04-FF.15-2, Sep. 8, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).



4. DHHS NEWS RELEASE: "HHS Announces Medicare Premium, Deductibles for 2005" (Sep. 3, 2004).


A. "Medicare: Past Experience Can Guide Future Competitive Bidding for Medical Equipment and Supplies" (US Government Accountability Office GAO-04-765, September 2004, .pdf format, 30p.).

B. "VA Long-Term Care: More Accurate Measure of Home-Based Primary Care Workload Is Needed" (US Government Accountability Office GAO-04-765, September 2004, .pdf format, 10p.).

C. "Pension Plans: Additional Transparency and Other Actions Needed in Connection with Proxy Voting" (US Government Accountability Office GAO-04-765, September 2004, .pdf format, 40p.).

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:


A. "Nearly All Eligible Hospitals are Reporting Quality of Care Data" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Sep. 2, 2004).

B. "Medicare Looks For Ways to Boost Quality Care: Comments Sought on New Plan For Quality Improvement Organizations" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Sep. 2, 2004).

C. "Medicare Announces Its Intention to Cover Carotid Artery Stinting in FDA Required Post-Approval Studies" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Sep. 1, 2004).

D. "Safe and Effective Approaches to Lowering State Prescription Drug Costs: Best Practices Among State Medicaid Drug Programs" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Sep. 9, 2004, .pdf format, 5p.).

7. INFORMATION OFFICE OF THE STATE COUNCIL OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA WHITE PAPER: "China's Social Security and Its Policy," (September 2004, HTML format).

8. ASSOCIATION OF BRITISH INSURERS REPORT: "The Gender Pensions Gap - encouraging women to save for retirement," (ABI, September 2004,.pdf format, 14p.).

9. JOSEPH ROWNTREE FOUNDATION [UK] REPORT: "Future demand for long-term care in the UK : A summary of projections of long-term care finance for older people to 2051," by Raphael Wittenberg, Adeline Comas-Herrera, Linda Pickard and Ruth Hancock (Sept. 2004, .pdf format, 14p.).

Click on "Report .pdf" in the left margin for full text.

For more information about JRF:

10. NIH NOTICE: "Doubly Labeled Water Central Laboratory for Clinical Trials of Caloric Restriction" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging Notice NOT-AG-04-007, Sep. 3, 2004).


A. "Firing properties of dopamine neurons in freely moving dopamine-deficient mice: Effects of dopamine receptor activation and anesthesia," by Siobhan Robinson, David M. Smith, Sheri J. Y. Mizumori, and Richard D. Palmiter (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 36, Sep. 7, 2004, p. 13329-13334).

B. "Real-time imaging of single nerve cell apoptosis in retinal neurodegeneration," by M. Francesca Cordeiro, Li Guo, Vy Luong, Glen Harding, Wei Wang, Helen E. Jones, Stephen E. Moss, Adam M. Sillito, and Frederick W. Fitzke (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 36, Sep. 7, 2004, p. 13352-13356).

C. "Enhanced neurogenesis in Alzheimer's disease transgenic (PDGF-APP[Sw,Ind]) mice," by Kunlin Jin, Veronica Galvan, Lin Xie, Xiao Ou Mao, Olivia F. Gorostiza, Dale E. Bredesen, and David A. Greenberg (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 36, Sep. 7, 2004, p. 13363-13367).

12. _BMJ_ ARTICLE: "Alcohol drinking in middle age and subsequent risk of mild cognitive impairment and dementia in old age: a prospective population based study," by Tiia Anttila, Eeva-Liisa Helkala, Matti Viitanen, Ingemar Kareholt, Laura Fratiglioni, Bengt Winblad, Hilkka Soininen, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Aulikki Nissinen, and Miia Kivipelto (_British Medical Journal, Vol. 329, No. 7465, Sep. 4, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 6p.).

13. _LANCET_ ARTICLE CITATION: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content. "Parkinsonism, premature menopause, and mitochondrial DNA polymerase mutations: clinical and molecular genetic study," by Petri Luoma, Atle Melberg, Juha O. Rinne, Jyrki A. Kaukonen, Nina N. Nupponen, Richard M. Chalmers, Anders Oldfors, Ilkka Rautakorpi, Leena Peltonen, Kari Majamaa, Hannu Somer, and Anu Suomalainen (_Lancet_ Mechanisms of Disease, Vol. 364, No. 9437, Sep. 4, 2004, p. 875-882). Note: There is no online abstract for this article.

14. AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: The following AARP _Prime Time Radio_ show, for Aug. 17-31, 2004, is now available (RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required, audio transcripts run between 24 and 30 minutes).

Aug. 31, 2004--Women's Health

15. _NEWSWEEK_ ARTICLE: "How to Fix the Pension Mess," by Jane Bryant Quinn (_Newsweek_, Sep. 13, 2004).

16. _US NEWS AND WORLD REPORT_ ARTICLE: "Time to touch the third rail," by Lou Dobbs (_US News and World Report_ Sep. 13, 2004).


III. Working Papers:

17. NBER: "The Value of Life and the Rise in Health Spending," by Robert E. Hall and Charles I. Jones (National Bureau of Economic Research w10737, September 2004, .pdf format, 42p.).


Health care extends life. Over the past half century, Americans have spent a rising share of total economic resources on health and have enjoyed substantially longer lives as a result. Debate on health policy often focuses on limiting the growth of health spending. We investigate an issue central to this debate: can we understand the growth of health spending as the rational response to changing economic conditions---notably the growth of income per person? We estimate parameters of the technology that relates health spending to improved health, measured as increased longevity. We also estimate parameters of social preferences about longevity and the consumption of non-health goods and services. The story of rising health spending that emerges is that the diminishing marginal utility of non-health consumption combined with a rising value of life causes the nation to move up the marginal-cost schedule of life extension. The health share continues to grow as long as income grows. In projections based on our parameter estimates, the health share reaches 33 percent by the middle of the century.

18. DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, CANADA: "Retirement Behaviour and the CPP: A Simulation Model," by Allan Pollock and Timothy C. Sargent (WP 2004-08, 2004, .pdf format, 31p.). Note: Readers must submit their email addresses at the site listed below. Papers are sent by email attachment only at this time.


There is a growing concern that the ratio of workers to non-workers in Canada will likely fall dramatically as a result of a demographic trend towards an older population and a labour force trend towards earlier retirement. The high proportion of non-workers may place increasing pressure on government finances, if non-workers use public services more intensively and generate less in tax revenue than workers, as is often assumed. This concern has led many to question the public sectors influence on retirement behaviour. This paper provides estimates of the effects of modifications to the Canada Pension Plan (CPP) on retirement behaviour using a dynamic simulation model. We show how various changes in the structure of benefits and contributions can alter the age at which individuals choose to retire. Specifically, we find that eliminating the requirement that individuals retire in order to claim CPP benefits could increase the retirement age.


A. The Effect of Health Changes and Long-Term Health on the Work Activity of Older Canadians," by Doreen Au, Thomas F. Crossley, and Martin Schellhorn (Institute for the Study of Labor Discussion Paper 1281, September 2004, .pdf format, 38p.).


Using longitudinal data from the Canadian National Population Health Survey (NPHS), we study the relationship between health and employment among older Canadians. We focus on two issues: (1) the possible endogeneity of self-reported health, particularly "justification bias", and (2) the relative importance of health changes and long-term health in the decision to work. The NPHS contains the HUI3, an "objective" health index which has been gaining popularity in empirical work. We contrast estimates of the impact of health on employment using self-assessed health, the HUI3, and a "purged" health measure similar to that employed by Bound et al. (1999) and Disney et al. (2003). A direct test suggests that self-assessed health suffers from justification bias. However, the HUI3 provides estimates that are similar to the "purged" health measure. We also corroborate recent U.S. and U.K. findings that changes in health are important in the work decision.

B. "A Collective Retirement Model: Identification and Estimation in the Presence of Externalities," by Pierre-Carl Michaud and Frederic Vermeulen (Institute for the Study of Labor Discussion Paper 1294, September 2004, .pdf format, 44p.).


We study the labor supply dynamics of elderly couples by means of a structural collective model. The model allows for general externalities with respect to spouses' leisure. Preferences and the intrahousehold bargaining process are identified by using panel data with couples and individuals who turned into widow(er)hood in the covered period. The model does not only look at the extensive margin (working versus being retired), but also at the intensive margin (how many hours are worked) and the claiming decision for social security benefits. We apply the model to American households coming from the first five waves of the Health and Retirement Study. We also provide model simulations for two widely discussed reform proposals; more specifically the abolition of the earnings test and the elimination of the spouse benefit. The model simulations reveal only small changes in labor supply of elderly couples.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

20. Journals of Gerontology (B): Psychological and Social Sciences (Vols. 59, Nos. 5, September 2004). Note: Note: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

21. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Omega: Journal of Death and Dying (Vol. 48, No. 3, 2004).

22. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Sep. 8, 2004:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Sep. 8, 2004:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Sep. 8, 2004:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Sep. 8, 2004:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:

23. NIH:

A. "Collaborative Studies on Alzheimer and Related Diseases" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging and National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke, RFA-AG-05-006, Sep. 2, 2004). For more information see:

B. "Bioengineering Approaches to Energy Balance and Obesity (SBIR/STTR) (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, PA-04-156. Sep. 3, 2004). For more information see:


VI. Conferences:

24. ASA/NCA: "The Changing Face of Aging" (2005 Joint Conference of the American Society on Aging and the National Council on the Aging), a conference to be held Mar. 10-13, 2005 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. For more information see:

25. CONFERENCEALERTS.COM: has recently updated its conference listings for Gerontology and Palliative Care:


Palliative Care:

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706