Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #247--July 22, 2004


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Reports and articles:

1. CENSUS BUREAU REPORT: "A Profile of Older Workers in Illinois," by Nick Carroll and Cynthia Taeuber (Local Employment Dynamics LED/OW-IL, June 2004, .pdf format, 22p.). The report is linked to from a Census Bureau news release: "As It Ages, Illinois' Work Force Remains on the Job" (CB04-117, Jul. 20, 2004).


A. "OASDI (Old Age Survivor and Disability Insurance) Monthly Statistics, June 2004," (US Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, June 2004, HTML and .pdf format).

B. "SSI (Supplemental Security Income) Monthly Statistics, May 2004," (US Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, June 2004, HTML and .pdf format).

3. ADEAR NEWS RELEASE: "Donepezil May Have Short-Term Benefit for Mild Cognitive Impairment More Analyses Needed to Assess Clinical Implications of New Data," (US National Institute on Aging, Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center, July 18, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

4. IRS REPORT: "Accumulation and Distribution of Individual Retirement Arrangements, 2000," by Peter J. Sailer and Sarah E. Nutter (US Internal Revenue Service, Statistics of Income Branch, July 2004, .pdf format, 14p.).


A. "Nursing Home Fire Safety: Recent Fires Highlight Weaknesses in Federal Standards and Oversight," (US Government Accountability Office GAO-04-660, July 2004, .pdf format, 36p.).

B. "Medicare: CMS Needs Added Authority to Adequately Oversee Patient Safety in Hospitals," (US Government Accountability Office GAO-04-850, July 2004, .pdf format, 51p.).

C. "Guardianships: Collaboration Needed to Protect Incapacitated Elderly People," (US Government Accountability Office GAO-04-655, July 2004, .pdf format, 91p.).

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

6. OECD REPORT: "OECD Recommendations on Core Principles of Occupational Pension Regulation," (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, July 2004, .pdf format, 13p.).

Press Release:,2340,en_2649_201185_33620272_1_1_1_1,00.html

7. _MLR_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "The labor force and unemployment: three generations of change," by Jessica R. Sincavage (US Bureau of Labor Statistics _Monthly Labor Review_, Vol. 127, No. 6, June 2003, .pdf format, 34-41p.).


The influence of the baby-boom generation on the U.S. unemployment rate continues unabated today; the subsequent, smaller generation X'ers and echo boomers have had considerably less of an influence on the rate.

8. UK DEPARTMENT OF WORK AND PENSIONS REPORT: "The Myners Principles and occupational pension schemes," by Sarah Horack, John Leston and Margaret Watmough (DWP Research Report No. 213, July 2004, .pdf format, 230p.).


This report is the second of two presenting findings from research to assess the extent to which occupational pension schemes have voluntarily changed their investment decision-making practices in accordance with principles set out in 2001 by the Myners Review and the Government's Codes of Investment Principles. The report provides findings from a survey of 1,580 pension schemes where investment decisions were taken by trustee boards. The findings complement those from the earlier, qualitative, case study phase of the research published in 2003 (DWP Research Report No. 195). The research was funded by the Department for Work and Pensions and HM Treasury and undertaken by Consensus Research International.


A. "Enhanced Medicare Website and 800 Number Make it Faster to Start Saving with Medicare-Approved Drug Discount Cards," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, July 15, 2004).

B. "Benefits under Medicare Drug Card Won't Affect Medicaid or Other Federal Benefits," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services, July 19, 2004).

10. AOA NEWS RELEASE: "National Family Caregiver Support Program Expands Outreach and Services to Caregivers," (July 20, 2004).


A. "Funding boost for local aged care homes," (JB127/04, Jul. 20, 2004).

B. "Increased aged care services for retirement village residents in Western Australia," (JB126/04, Jul. 20, 2004).

12. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIRMENT RESEARCH ISSUE BRIEF: "An Update on Pension Data," by Alicia H. Munnell, James G. Lee, and Kevin B. Meme (IB #20, July 2004, .pdf format, 12p.)

13. KFF REPORT: "Consumer Protection Issues Raised by the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003," by Geraldine Dallek (Kaiser Family Foundation, July 2004, .pdf format, 36p.). "This paper identifies and examines consumer protection issues that arise from the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003. Key issue areas include: beneficiary information, marketing, enrollment and disenrollment, the drug benefit package and cost-sharing, the appeals process, concerns for low-income beneficiaries, challenges for nursing home issues, and fraud and abuse."


A. "Caregivers' Guide to Medications and Aging--Medications: A Double-Edged Sword," (2004).

B. "Family Caregiving and Long-Term Care: A Crucial Issue for America's Families," (June 2004, .pdf format, 6p.)

For more information on FCA:


A. "Alzheimer's brains harbor somatic mtDNA control-region mutations that suppress mitochondrial transcription and replication," by Pinar E. Coskun, M. Flint Beal and Douglas C. Wallace (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 101, No. 29, Jul. 20, 2004, p. 10726-10731).

B. "O-GlcNAcylation regulates phosphorylation of tau: A mechanism involved in Alzheimer's disease," by Fei Liu, Khalid Iqbal, Inge Grundke-Iqbal, Gerald W. Hart, and Cheng-Xin Gong (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 101, No. 29, Jul. 20, 2004, p. 10804-10809).

C. "Nitrosative stress linked to sporadic Parkinson's disease: S-nitrosylation of parkin regulates its E3 ubiquitin ligase activity," by Dongdong Yao, Zezong Gu, Tomohiro Nakamura, Zhong-Qing Shi, Yuliang Ma, Benjamin Gaston, Lisa A. Palmer, Edward M. Rockenstein, Zhuohua Zhang, Eliezer Masliah, Takashi Uehara, and Stuart A. Lipton (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 101, No. 29, Jul. 20, 2004, p. 10810-10814).

16. _JAMA_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Trends in Heart Failure Incidence and Survival in a Community-Based Population," by Véronique L. Roger, Susan A. Weston, Margaret M. Redfield, Jens P. Hellermann-Homan, Jill Killian, Barbara P. Yawn, and Steven J. Jacobsen (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 292, No. 3, July 21, 2004, .pdf and HTML format, p. 344-350).

17. _NEJM_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Missense Variations in the Fibulin 5 Gene and Age-Related Macular Degeneration," by Edwin M. Stone, Terry A. Braun, Stephen R. Russell, Markus H. Kuehn, Andrew J. Lotery, Paula A. Moore, Christopher G. Eastman, Thomas L. Casavant, and Val C. Sheffield (_New England Journal of Medicine_, Vol. 351, No. 4, July 22, 2004, .pdf and HTML format, p. 346-353).


A. "New penalties proposed for Dutch doctors who flout euthanasia law," by Tony Sheldon (_British Medical Journal_ News Roundup, Vol. 329, No. 7458, Jul. 17, 2004, p. 131).

B. "Committee calls for GPs to advise elderly patients on financial benefits," by Lynn Eaton (_British Medical Journal_ News Extra, Vol. 329, No. 7458, Jul. 17, 2004, p. 132).

19. AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: The following AARP _Prime Time Radio_ shows, for July 6 - July 13, 2004, are now available (RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required, audio transcripts run between 24 and 30 minutes).

July 13, 2004: The Challenges Of Being An Older Driver


II. Working Papers:

20. CAHIERS DE RECHERCHES ECONOMIQUES DU DEPARTEMENT D'ECONOMETRIE ET D'ECONOMIE POLITIQUE (DEEP) [UNIVERSITY OF LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND]: "What Triggers Early Retirement? Results from Swiss Pension Funds," by Monika Butler, Olivia Huguenin, and Federica Teppa (WP 04.04, April 2004, .pdf format, 33p.).


Early retirement is predominantly considered as the result of incentives set by social security and the tax system. But people seem to retire early even in the absence of such distortions as the Swiss example demonstrates. We look for determinants of early retirement, in particular the role of lifetime income and family status, using individual data from a selection of Swiss pension funds. Our findings suggest that affordability is a key determinant in retirement decisions: More affluent men, and -- to a much smaller extent -- women, tend to leave the work force earlier. The fact that early retirement has become much more prevalent in the last 15 years is another indicator for the importance of affordability as Switzerland's funded pension system has matured over that period leading to higher effective replacement rates. We also find sizeable differences in retirement behavior across marital status. These may be explained by a constrained rational choice based on differential mortality and the desire of couples to coordinate their entry into retirement.

21. LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS INSTITUTE FOR FISCAL STUDIES: "Can the retirement consumption puzzle be solved? Evidence from UK panel data," by Sarah Smith (WP04/04, March 2004, .pdf format, 30p.).


This paper uses UK panel data to shed further light on the fall in spending at retirement (the "retirement-consumption puzzle"). It compares the profiles of spending and well-being at retirement for different groups, defined according to whether retirement is voluntary or involuntary. Where retirement is voluntary, food spending and individual well-being are largely smoothed through retirement; where retirement is involuntary, both food spending and well-being fall. This is consistent with the retirement consumption puzzle being linked to negative wealth shocks. However, there remains one group for whom retirement appears to be voluntary, yet whose spending falls. Fully resolving the puzzle requires a better understanding of how the nature of retirement links to spending and of how different groups substitute leisure for consumption.


III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

22. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 160, No. 3, Aug. 1, 2004).

23. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of July 21, 2004:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of July 21, 2004:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of July 21, 2004:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of July 21, 2004:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


IV. Continuing Education:

24. BOSTON UNIVERSITY ONLINE CARING-AND-CONNECTING COMMUNITY: "The Online Community is affiliated with The Gerontology Center of Boston University, a long-established Center for education and study of aging. CEU's for participation in the community are in development. The Community and Online Workshops are multidisciplinary and international - For providers and front line workers in eldercare and aging professions, e.g. education, social services, nursing, pastoral care, psychology, medicine, elder housing, homecare, care management, products and services for boomers and elders and all those interested in eldercare topics." For more information see:


V. Legislation Information Updates:

25. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: " Helping Those Who Need it Most: Low-Income Seniors and the New Medicare Law," a hearing held Jul. 19, 2004 (.pdf format). The entire hearing is available via video transcript (RealPlayer format, running time: 1 hr, 57 minutes).

26. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING PUBLICATION: "Crime without Criminals? Seniors, Dementia, and the Aftermath," a hearing held March 22, 2004 (S.Hrg. 108-476, ASCII text and .PDF format, 141p.).

Scroll down to or "find in page" "108-476" (without the quotes).

27. US SENATE JUDICIARY COMMITTEE HEARING PUBLICATION: "Elder Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation: Are We Doing Enough?" a hearing held September 24, 2003. (S.Hrg. 108-445, ASCII text and .PDF format, 141p.).

Scroll down to or "find in page" "108-445" (without the quotes).Thanks,



Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
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