Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #228--March 11, 2004


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. NCHS: "National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) 1997-2001 Inputed Income Files." "Imputed Family Income/Personal Earnings Files" [contain] missing data on family income and personal earnings in the 2001 NHIS [,which] were imputed using multiple-imputation methodology. ...ASCII data sets containing imputed values for [these] survey year[s] are included in the compressed data file (INCMIMP.EXE), which can be downloaded..." from the site. Documentation is available in .pdf format. For more information see:

and click on the "Imputed Income Files, 1997-2001" link. Each imputed file is with the data for its year.

2. PSID: The Panel Study of Income Dynamics (Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan) has announced three updates to its datasets as of Mar. 5, 2004.

3. IPUMS UPDATE: The Integrated Public Use Microdata Sample site at the University of Minnesota announced updated content on Mar. 10, 2004. IPUMS"posted new versions of the 2000 1% sample and the 2000 5% sample. For those living in group quarters, the variable PERWT now has the HHWT value, rather than a value of 0. In addition, a correction was made to the BPL variable. [IPUMS also ] posted new versions of the 1990 State, Metro, Elderly, and Unweighted samples. A problem in the MORTGAGE variable was corrected in the new samples." For more information on these changes, as well as IPUMS, see:


4. ICPSR: The Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research at the University of Michigan has recently released the following dataset, which may be of interest to researchers in aging. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Status of Older Persons in Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) Countries, Census Microdata Samples: Lithuania, 1989 (#3952). Note: This study is available via CD-ROM only, and only after signing a pledge of confidentiality.


II. Reports and articles:


A. "Census Bureau Estimates Number of Adults, Older People and School-Age Children in States" (CB04-36, Mar. 10, 2004). Note. The news release links to selected tables (Microsoft Excel and .pdf format).

B. "A Profile of Older Workers in Oregon," by Nick Carroll and Cynthia Taeuber (Local Employment Dynamics JSR-OR-2004/1, March 2004, .pdf format, 22p.). The report is linked to from a Census Bureau news release: " As It Ages Oregon's Workforce Remains on the Job" (CB04-37, Mar. 9, 2004).

Click on "A Profile of Older Workers in Oregon" for full text.

6. FDA RECALL: "FDA Announces Nationwide Recall of Faulty Patients Lifts" (US Food and Drug Administration P04-27, Mar. 4, 2004).

7. CMS CODING MANUAL: "Medicare National Coverage Determinations (NCD) Release Manual: April 2004, Revision 1" (US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, March 2004, Microsoft Word and .pdf format, 118p.).

Click on "April 2004 MS Word or PDF" under "NCD Coding Manual Releases" for full text.

8. CBO LETTER: "Letter to the Honorable Ron Wyden regarding the authority to negotiate prices for single-source drugs for Medicare beneficiaries" (US Congressional Budget Office, Mar. 3, 2004, HTML, .pdf, and Corel WordPerfect format, 3p.).

Click on "PDF" or "WPD" tab at the top right corner of the page for .pdf or WordPerfect full text.

9. DHHS OIG AUDIT REPORT: "Review of Medicare Payments for Beneficiaries With Institutional Status" (US Department of Health and Human Services A-05-02-00078, February 2004, .pdf format, 21p.).


The objective of this audit was to determine whether Medicare payments to managed care organizations (MCOs) were appropriate for beneficiaries reported as institutionalized. Medicare pays a higher monthly rate to MCOs for such beneficiaries. Based on a statistically valid sample of 8 of 79 MCOs, we found the MCOs incorrectly claimed 801 beneficiaries as institutionalized from January 1998 through December 2000. We estimate overpayments totaled about $9.5 million. The major cause of the overpayments was that the MCOs did not adequately verify that the beneficiaries had met residency requirements before claiming them as institutionalized. We recommended financial adjustments and that the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services improve oversight procedures to better identify MCOs that inappropriately claim beneficiaries as institutionalized.

10. DHHS NEWS RELEASE: "HHS Increases Funding to Educate Seniors and Disabled Americans About New Improvements to Medicare" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Mar. 10, 2004).

11. ILCUSA REPORT: "ILC Policy Report," (International Longevity Center, USA, March 2004, .pdf format, 6p.). The ILC Policy Report is "a monthly compilation of longevity news and trends in the U.S. and abroad."

12. UK PENSION POLICY INSTITUTE REPORT: "Citizen's Pension: Lessons from New Zealand," by Alison O'Connell (Pension Policy Institute, March 2004, .pdf format, 40p.).

Press release (Mar. 10, 2004, .pdf format, 4p.).

13. UK NATIONAL AUDIT OFFICE REPORT: "The Government's estimates of the impact of the pensions lifetime allowance," (UK National Audit Office, March 2004, .pdf format, 39p.). The report is linked to from a National Audit Office press release:

Click on "Full Report" for full text.


A. "Decline in transcriptional activity of Nrf2 causes age-related loss of glutathione synthesis, which is reversible with lipoic acid," by Jung H. Suh, Swapna V. Shenvi, Brian M. Dixon, Honglei Liu, Anil K. Jaiswal, Rui-Ming Liu, and Tory M. Hagen (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 10, Mar. 9, 2004, p. 3381-3386).

B. "Decreased expression of Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase 1 in ants with extreme lifespan," by Joel D. Parker, Karen M. Parker, Barbara H. Sohal, Rajindar S. Sohal, and Laurent Keller (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 10, Mar. 9, 2004, p. 3486-3489).

C. "Amyloid {beta} peptide load is correlated with increased {beta}-secretase activity in sporadic Alzheimer's disease patients," by Rena Li, Kristina Lindholm, Li-Bang Yang, Xu Yue, Martin Citron, Riqiang Yan, Thomas Beach, Lucia Sue, Marwan Sabbagh, Huaibin Cai, Philip Wong, Donald Price, and Yong Shen (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 10, Mar. 9, 2004, p. 3632-3637).

15. _NATURE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Fitness benefits of prolonged post-reproductive lifespan in women," by Mirrka Lahdenpera, Virpi Lummaa, Samuli Helle, Marc Tremblay, and Andrew F. Russell (_Nature_ Letters to _Nature_, Vol. 428, No. 6979, Mar. 11, 2004, p. 178 - 181).

16. _JAMA_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Coffee Consumption and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Among Middle-aged Finnish Men and Women," by Jaakko Tuomilehto, Gang Hu, Siamak Bidel, Jaana Lindstrom, and Pekka Jousilahti (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 291, No. 10, Mar. 10, 2004, p. 1213-1219).


A. "Prospective study of type 2 diabetes and cognitive decline in women aged 70-81 years," by Giancarlo Logroscino, Jae Hee Kang, and Francine Grodstein (_British Medical Journal, Vol. 328, No. 7439, Mar. 6, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 6p.).

B. "Cognitive ability in childhood and cognitive decline in mid-life: longitudinal birth cohort study," by Marcus Richards, Beverly Shipley, Rebecca Fuhrer, and Michael E.J. Wadsworth (_British Medical Journal, Vol. 328, No. 7439, Mar. 6, 2004 HTML and .pdf format, 5p.).

C. "Use of lithium and the risk of injurious motor vehicle crash in elderly adults: case-control study nested within a cohort," by Mahyar Etminan, Brenda Hemmelgarn, J.A.C. Delaney, and Samy Suissa (_British Medical Journal, Vol. 328, No. 7439, Mar. 6, 2004 HTML and .pdf format, p. 558-559).

18. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles. "The Long-Awaited Medicare Overhaul: How It Will Affect PAs and NPs," by Timothy Herrick (_Clinician News_, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2004, p. 1, 25, 27).


A. "Still on the Beat: Dazzling audiences with their technical wizardry, older classical artists are carrying on treasured traditions," by Jeremy Caplan (_Time_, Vol. 163, No. 11, Mar. 15, 2004).,9171,1101040315-598546,00.html

B. "Having a Ball: A twirling pack of boomers is competing on the ballroom floor," by Laura Koss-Feder (_Time_, Vol. 163, No. 11, Mar. 15, 2004).,9171,1101040315-598531,00.html

C. "Adopting New Ways: Grandparents can help ease the stress of overseas adoption," by Lois Gilman (_Time_, Vol. 163, No. 11, Mar. 15, 2004).,9171,1101040315-598518,00.html

D. "A Tenor For All Seasons: At 74, Charles Anthony is in his 50th year onstage at the Metropolitan Opera," by Christopher Porterfield (_Time_, Vol. 163, No. 11, Mar. 15, 2004).,9171,1101040315-598517,00.html


A. "The Hormone Conundrum: An abrupt end to a major menopause study leaves women as confused as ever," by Amanda Spake (_US News and World Report_ Mar. 15, 2004).

B. "What About Men? Tired? Got the blues? Maybe testosterone can help. Or not," by Nancy Shute (_US News and World Report_ Mar. 15, 2004).

C. "So what to do now, ladies?" by Bernadine Healy (_US News and World Report_ Mar. 15, 2004).


III. Working Papers:

21. NBER:

A. "Who Bears the Burden of Social Insurance?" by Kohei Komamura and Atsuhiro Yamada (National Bureau of Economic Research w10339, March 2004, .pdf format, 23p.).


Using the society-managed health insurance data, which is cross-sectional time-series and covers 1,670 health insurance societies for seven years (FY1995-2001), we found for the first time in Japan that the majority of the employer's contribution to health insurance is shifting back onto the employees in the form of wage reduction. On the other hand, we cannot find such evidence for the contribution to long-term care insurance using a two-year (FY2000-01) panel data set.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

B. "Unlocking Housing Equity in Japan," by Olivia S. Mitchell and John Piggott (National Bureau of Economic Research w10340, March 2004, .pdf format, 46p.).


Prior literature on asset patterns among the elderly often overlooks housing wealth as a determinant of retiree wealth, particularly in the Japanese context. Yet releasing equity in housing may be a natural mechanism to boost consumption, reduce public pension liability, and mitigate the demand for long-term care facilities in Japan. Our study evaluates what might be needed to implement reverse mortgages (RMs) in this country. Policies could include exempting RMs from capital gains tax and transactions tax, along with mechanisms to make annuity income flows nontaxable, along with interest rate accruals for RMs. In addition, housing market reforms to enhance information flows would be needed, particularly regarding new and existing housing trades, which could permit the securitization of housing loans and lines of credit. Other improvements in capital markets could also help, including the establishment of reinsurance mechanisms to help lenders offer these reverse mortgages while having some protection against crossover risk. In the Japanese case, demand for RMs will be dampened by declining residential housing values as well as low interest rates and long life expectancies. Nevertheless, we conclude that RMs might be a good way to finance elderly consumption in Japan, particularly against the backdrop of governmental financial stringencies.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.


A. "Interactions Between Social Security Reform and the Supplemental Security Income Program for the Aged," by Paul S. Davies and Melissa M. Favreault (WP 2004-02, February 2004, .pdf format, 45p.).


Most analyses of Social Security reforms ignore interactions with the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program. We explicitly consider such interactions using a microsimulation model. The basic reform we examine reduces Social Security benefits by the percentage required to approach 75-year solvency. We then add options for attenuating the effects on low-income beneficiaries, including a minimum Social Security benefit and liberalization of three SSI program parameters. Focusing on the elderly in 2022, we compare the simulated reforms with respect to benefit receipt patterns, poverty rates, and winners and losers. Social Security beneficiaries turn to the SSI program for income support in response to Social Security benefit reductions, but substantial SSI reforms are necessary if the SSI program is to play a more effective income security role. Among the limited set of reform options we consider, Social Security minimum benefit plans would be more effective in reducing poverty among low-income beneficiaries.

B. "Living Arrangements and Supplemental Security Income Receipt Among the Aged," by Melissa M. Favreault and Douglas A. Wolf (WP 2004-03, February 2004, .pdf format, 36p.).


Declines in health and financial resources lead many older Americans to turn to coresidence and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program for support. A growing literature examines coresidence choices and SSI participation, stressing the importance of each for vulnerable aged persons. Little research, however, considers how these processes intersect. Because SSI provides Medicaid access but reduces benefits if one shares a residence, the program alters both the necessity of and the incentives for coresidence. We explore interactions between SSI participation and living arrangements by developing two joint models of the two decisions for members of the SSI-eligible population. In these models, we express the probability of SSI receipt and living with kin and joint SSI-living arrangement states as functions of individual and family attributes. We estimate model parameters using data from the 1990 to 1993 panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) matched to administrative records on earnings and program participation. Our results provide tentative support for the hypothesis that these two processes should be considered jointly.

23. RESERVE BANK OF AUSTRALIA: "The Impact of Superannuation on Household Saving," by Ellis Connolly and Marion Kohler (Research Discussion Paper 2004-01, March 2004, .pdf format, 48p.).


Over the last 20 years superannuation has grown to be the second largest component of household wealth in Australia after ownership of dwellings. This paper analyses the impact on household saving behaviour of the substantial rise in compulsory contributions to superannuation funds. Our analysis takes account of other macroeconomic developments that are likely to have had a strong influence on the household saving rate over this period, especially the financial deregulation of the 1980s and the unprecedented increase in the value of household wealth in the 1990s. We first illustrate the effect of superannuation on household saving in a small theoretical model, also taking account of the effect financial deregulation and capital gains might have on saving. In an empirical model of saving motivated by our theoretical analysis, we find evidence that only part of compulsory superannuation contributions has been offset by reductions in other saving, suggesting that - other things being equal - compulsory superannuation has indeed resulted in higher household saving.

Click on "Download RDP" for full text.

IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

24. American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 109, No. 5, March 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

25. Journal of Health Economics (Vol. 23, No. 2, March 2004).

Click on "ScienceDirect Full Text & Abstracts".

26. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 159, No. 6, Mar. 15, 2004).

27. Journals of Gerontology (B) Psychological and Social Sciences (Vols. 59, Nos. 2, March 2004). Note: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

28. Population and Development Review (Vol. 29, No. 4, December 2003).

29. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Clinical Gerontologist (Vol. 27, No. 1/2, 2004).

Health and Social Work (Vol. 29, No. 1, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

International Psychogeriatrics (Vol. 15, No. 4, 2003).

Journal of Aging and Health (Vol. 16, No. 2, April 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

30. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Mar. 9, 2004:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Mar. 9, 2004:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Mar. 9, 2004:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Mar. 9, 2004:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:

31. NIH:

A. "Applications For Intervention Studies on Effects of Androgens in Older Men" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging NOT-AG-04-004, Mar. 4, 2004). For more information see:

B. "Neurovascular Mechanisms of Brain Function and Disease" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke National Institute on Aging PAS-04-072, Mar. 5, 2004). For more information see:

32. MIDUS: "Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) 2004-5 Pilot Project Grant Program." "Two pilot project grants will be awarded for innovative interdisciplinary research on adult health and well-being, with an emphasis on integrative approaches to understanding life course and subgroup variations in physical, socio-emotional, and cognitive functioning. All research must be based on the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) data set, or its satellite studies including the National Study of Daily Experiences (NSDE) and sibling/twin subsample studies. Grants of up to $15,000 (total costs) will be awarded to investigators from a variety of disciplines." For more information see:


VI. Conferences:

33. HOSPICE FOUNDATION OF AMERICA NATIONAL BEREAVEMENT TELECONFERENCE:"Living with Grief: Alzheimer's Disease," a teleconference to be held Apr. 28, 2004). For more information see:

34. CONFERENCEALERTS.COM: has recently updated its list of upcoming gerontological conferences.


VII. Legislation Information Updates:

35. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: "The New Medicare Drug Discount Card: An Advance Prognosis," a hearing held Mar. 9, 2004. Note: There is also a video transcript of the hearing (RealPlayer format, running time: 1 hour, 53 minutes 17, seconds.

36. US SENATE JOINT ECONOMIC COMMITTEE HEARING TESTIMONY: "Helping Americans Save," a hearing held Mar. 10, 2004 (.pdf format).


VIII. Websites of Interest:

37. MEDSCAPE RESOURCE CENTER UPDATES: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. Palliative Care Resource Center: Medscape has updated the content links in its Palliative Resource Center. Content links include links to articles, scholarly literature, and topical news.

B. Geriatric Care Resource Center: Medscape has updated the content links in its Geriatric Care Resource Center. Content links include links to articles, scholarly literature, and topical news.

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706