Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #220--January 15, 2004


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Reports and articles:

1. NCHS REPORT: "Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2001," by J.W. Lucas, J.S. Schiller, and V.E. Benson (US National Center for Health Statistics, Vital and Health Statistics Series 10, No. 218, January 2004, .pdf format, 134p.).

2. KFF REPORT: "Retiree Health Benefits in 2003: Employer Survey," by Frank McArdle, Kerry Kruland, Dale Yamamoto, Michelle Kitchman and Tricia Neuman (Kaiser Family Foundation and Hewitt Associates, January 2004, .pdf format, 65p., with chartpack, .pdf format, 31p.). "This survey, conducted by the Kaiser Family Foundation and Hewitt Associates between June and September 2003 provides detailed information on retiree health programs offered by large private-sector employers. The data in this survey reflect the responses of 408 large firms (private-sector employers with 1,000 or more workers) and provides information on eligibility, benefits, premiums, and total cost in 2003, and offers insights as to what changes employers say they are likely to make in the near future.

3. UK DEPARTMENT OF WORK AND PENSIONS REPORT: "DWP Pension Credit Application Line Customer Satisfaction Market Research Report," prepared by Continental Research (UK Department of Work and Pensions, January 2004, .pdf format, 59p.).

Press release:


4. UK SALVATION ARMY/HENLEY CENTRE REPORT: "The Responsibility Gap: Individualism, Community and Responsibility in Britain today," (The Henley Centre/The Salvation Army, January 2004, .pdf format, 104p.).

Press release:

5. HRS BIBLIOGRAPHY UPDATE: The following items have recently been added to the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Health and Retirement Study bibliography.

Journal Articles:

Ostbye, T., Greenberg, G. N., Taylor, D. H., and Lee, A. M. M., Screening Mammography and Pap Tests Among Older American Women 1996-2000: Results from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) Annals of Family Medicine, vol. 1, pp. 209-217, 2003.

Ostbye, T., Taylor, D. H., Lee, A. M. M., Greenberg, G., and Van Scoyoc, L., Racial differences in influenza vaccination among older Americans, 1996-2000: longitudinal analysis of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and the Asset and Health Dynamics among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) survey BMC Public Health, vol. 3, 2003.


Angel, J.L., Buckley, C.J., Angel, R.J., and Jimenez, M.A., The Economic Consequences of Marital Disruption for Pre-Retirement Age African-American, Hispanic and Non-Hispanic White Women 2003. Population Association of America. Minneapolis, Minn.

Benitez-Silva, H., Dwyer, D.S., Gayle, W.-R., and Muench, T.J., Expectations in Micro Data: Rationality Revisited 2003. Michigan Retirement Research Center. Ann Arbor, Mich.

Chan, S. and Stevens, A.H., What You Don't Know Can't Help You: Knowledge and Retirement Decision Making 2003. National Bureau of Economic Research. Cambridge, Mass.

de Wolf, V.A., Issues in Accessing and Sharing Confidential Survey and Social Science Data 2003. U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics.

Lusardi, A., The Impact of Financial Education on Savings and Asset Allocation 2003. Michigan Retirement Research Center. Ann Arbor, Mich.

Owen, A.L. and Wu, S., Bad Luck and Consumption Behavior 2003. Hamilton College. Clinton, N.Y.

Wilson, S.E., Burton, J., and Howell, B., Work Disability Among Non-Elderly Adult Males: The United States, 1893-2001 2003. Brigham Young University.

Newspaper Articles:

Greene, K., Does the Current Climate Discourage Seasoned Pros? Wall Street Journal, vol. Career Journal, Career Journal. Dec 30, 2003.


A. "Loss of poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase causes progressive neurodegeneration in Drosophila melanogaster," by Shuji Hanai, Masayuki Kanai, Sayaka Ohashi, Keiji Okamoto, Mitsunori Yamada, Hitoshi Takahashi, and Masanao Miwa (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 1, January 6, 2003, p. 82-86).

B. "Sequence determinants of amyloid fibril formation," by Manuela Lpez de la Paz and Luis Serrano (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 1, January 6, 2003, p. 87-92).

C. "Functional brain abnormalities in young adults at genetic risk for late-onset Alzheimer's dementia," by Eric M. Reiman, Kewei Chen, Gene E. Alexander, Richard J. Caselli, Daniel Bandy, David Osborne, Ann M. Saunders, and John Hardy (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 1, January 6, 2003, p.284-289).

D. "Increased hippocampal neurogenesis in Alzheimer's disease," by Kunlin Jin, Alyson L. Peel, Xiao Ou Mao, Lin Xie, Barbara A. Cottrell, David C. Henshall, and David A. Greenberg (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 1, January 6, 2003, p.343-347).

E. "Physical and functional interaction of androgen receptor with calmodulin in prostate cancer cells," by Eugenia Cifuentes, Jennifer M. Mataraza, Barbara A. Yoshida, Mani Menon, David B. Sacks, Evelyn R. Barrack, and G. Prem-Veer Reddy (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 2, Jan. 13, 2004, p. 464-469).

F. "JNK-mediated induction of cyclooxygenase 2 is required for neurodegeneration in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease," by Stephane Hunot, Miquel Vila, Peter Teismann, Roger J. Davis, Etienne C. Hirsch, Serge Przedborski, Pasko Rakic, and Richard A. Flavell (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 101, No. 2, Jan. 13, 2004, p. 665-670).

7. _BMJ_ EDITORIAL: "Who should look after people with Parkinson's disease? (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 328, No. 7431, Jan. 10, 2003, HTML and .pdf format, p. 62-63).

8. _LANCET_ NEWS: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content. "Flu jab shortage in Japan puts elderly at risk," by Justin McCurry (_Lancet_ News, Vol. 363, No. 9403, Jan. 10, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 134).



9. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles. "Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy and Migraine Headache," by Anastasia L. Misakian, Robert D. Langer, Isabela M. Bensenor, Nancy R. Cook, Joann E. Manson, Julie E. Buring, and Kathryn M. Rexrode (_Journal of Women's Health_, Vol. 12, No. 10, 2003, p. 1027-1036 via Medscape).

10. AARP PERIODICAL: Selected articles from the January 2004 _AARP Bulletin_ have been made available.

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _AARPB_ is released, articles from this one, along with others back to 2001, can be found by clicking the drop-down menu on the right side of the page.

11. _TIME_ ARTICLE: "Still Sexy After 60," by Frederic Golden (_Time_, Jan. 19, 2004).


A. "Now, Reduce Your Risk of Alzheimer's," by Anne Underwood (_Newsweek_, Jan. 19, 2004).

B. "A New Generation Gap: 'Late life' parents face unique challenges as well as unexpected pleasures," by Peg Tyre (_Newsweek_, Jan. 19, 2004).

C. "In a Race Against Time: The over-50 crowd works out and competes like never before. Smart ways to stay fit," by Peg Tyre (_Newsweek_, Jan. 19, 2004).

D. "Mind and Moods: Accepting Life's Limits," by Michael C. Miller (_Newsweek_, Jan. 19, 2004).


II. Working Papers:

13. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN RETIREMENT RESEARCH CENTER: "Expectations in Micro Data: Rationality Revisited," by Hugo Benitez-Silva, Debra S. Dwyer, Wayne-Roy Gayle, and Thomas J. Muench (WP 2003-059, October 2003, .pdf format, 19p.).


An increasing number of longitudinal data sets collect expectations information regarding a variety of future individual level events and decisions, providing researchers with the opportunity to explore expectations over micro variables in detail. We provide a theoretical framework and an econometric methodology to use that type of information to test the Rational Expectations hypothesis in models of individual behavior, and present tests using two different panel data sets.

14. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH: "The Notional Defined Contribution Model: An Assessment of the Strengths and Limitations of a New Approach to the Provision of Old Age Security," by John Williamson and Matthew Williams (WP 2003-18, October 2003, .pdf format, 55p.).


Most public old-age pension schemes around the world are based at least in part on the pay-as-you-go defined benefit (PAYGO DB) model. As these schemes have matured and the limitations of this approach have become more salient, pension experts have begun considering alternative models. The Notional Defined Contribution (NDC) model, which is also financed on a PAYGO basis, has emerged as one of the major new approaches. In the years ahead it may be combined with or possibly displace the funded defined contribution model as the major alternative to the PAYGO DB model. Drawing primarily on evidence from NDC schemes in 6 countries (Sweden, Italy, Poland, Latvia, the Kyrgyz Republic, and Mongolia), the goal of this paper is to describe the NDC model and to review its strengths and limitations relative to the major alternatives. A four pillar pension scheme is proposed to illustrate how a NDC pillar might be integrated into a multi-pillar scheme. One strength (relative to the PAYGO DB model) is that it makes a more explicit link between contributions and eventual pension benefits; however, the flip-side of this strength is that it provides less adequate pension benefits to low-wage workers due to the lack of income redistribution. The fiscal burden of the transition is less than that associated with a shift to a funded defined contribution scheme, but NDC schemes lack many of the potential economic benefits associated with funded defined contribution schemes, such as contributing to economic growth. The NDC model may become common among the nations in the process of making the transition from centrally planned to market economies, among Western European nations, and among developing nations. It is less likely to be adopted in nations that currently have fully or partially privatized schemes in place. In the United States, the model will probably get relatively little attention in the debate over Social Security reform, at least for the foreseeable future. However, it is a model that would put workers with low wages and irregular work histories at less risk than the funded defined contribution alternative being actively considered in current debates about Social Security reform in the United States.

15. NBER: "Managed Care, Drug Benefits and Mortality: An Analysis of the Elderly," by Gautam Gowrisankaran and Robert J. Town (National Bureau of Economic Research w10204, January 2004, .pdf format, 35p.).


We seek to investigate whether managed health care can affect mortality, and if so, through which mechanisms. We estimate the impact of Medicare+Choice (M+C), Medicare's managed care program, on elderly mortality, using a county-level panel from 1993 to 2000. We control for endogenous M+C penetration rates with county fixed effects and instrumental variables. We construct instruments using the identification created by the fact that M+C payment rates are based on 3 to 8 year lagged fee-for-service (FFS) costs in the county. We find that enrollment in managed care without prescription drug coverage significantly increases mortality while enrollment in managed care with drug coverage has no significant impact, both relative to FFS. The impact of managed care penetration on mortality from heart disease appears to follow a similar pattern. The estimates suggest that a 10-percentage point increase in M+C non-drug coverage would cause 51,000 additional deaths among the aged population in 2000.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the page for full text.

16. CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY DIVISION OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES: "Aging and Decision Making: A Comparison between Neurologically Healthy Elderly and Young Individuals," by Stephanie Kovalchik, Colin F. Camerer, David M. Grether, Charles R. Plott, and John M. Allman (Working Paper No. 1180, September 2003, .pdf format, 27p.).


We report the results of experiments on economic decisions with two populations, one of healthy elderly individuals (average age 82) and one of younger students (average age 20). We examine confidence, decisions under uncertainty, differences between willingness to pay and willingness to accept and the theory of mind (strategic thinking). Our findings indicate that the older adults decision behavior is similar to that of young adults, contrary to the notion that economic decision making is impaired with age. Choices over lotteries do not reflect the age differences previously reported in the psychology and biology literature. Moreover, some of the demonstrated decision behaviors suggest that the elderly individuals are less biased than the younger individuals.(1) There is a greater prevalence of overconfident behavior in the younger population. (2) Our results show no significant support for a theory of an endowment effect in either population. (3) Both populations perform similarly on the beauty contest task, although there is a modest indication of a higher incidence of confused behavior by the older.


III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

17. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 159, No. 2, Jan. 15, 2004).

18. American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 94, No. 1, January 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

19. European Journal of Palliative Care (Vol. 10, No. 6, 2003).

20. Journals of Gerontolgy (A), Biological and Medical Sciences (Vols. 59A, Nos. 1, January 2004). Note: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

21. Journals of Gerontolgy (B), Psychological and Social Sciences (Vols. 59B, Nos. 1, January 2004). Note: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

22. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

International Journal of Ageing and Human Development (Vol. 56, No. 4, 2003).

Journal of Aging and Social Policy (Vol. 15, No. 2/3, 2003).

23. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Jan. 13, 2004:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Jan. 13, 2004:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Jan. 13, 2004:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Jan. 13, 2004:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


IV. Funding Opportunities:

24. AOA/NCOA: "Family Friends Grant Announcement." "Through a cooperative agreement with the U.S. Administration on Aging (AoA), The National Center for Family Friends, The National Council on the Aging, Inc. (NCOA) will fund six (6) to eight (8) local organizations to establish new Family Friends projects. Family Friends is an intergenerational volunteer program that pairs older volunteers (men and women age 55 and over) with families who have children with disabilities and/or chronic illnesses. Family Friends volunteers are thoroughly screened and trained to provide support, encouragement, and practical assistance to families who are working towards achieving personal goals and overcoming the challenges of daily living. Funding for this grant competition is provided to NCOA by AoA." For more information see:


V. Conferences:

25. CONFERENECEALERTS.COM: has recently updated its website with the latest announcements of upcoming conferences in the field of gerontology:


VI. Legislation Information Updates:

26. UK HOUSE OF LORDS ECONOMIC AFFAIRS COMMITTEE REPORT: "Aspects of the Economics of an Ageing Population," (UK House of Lords Economic Affairs Committee, January 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 62p.).




VII. Websites of Interest:

27. PBS--THE FORGETTING: The US Public Broadcasting Corporation provides a companion website for its upcoming documentary (to be aired Jan. 21, 2004) _The Forgetting: A Portrait of Alzheimer's_.

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706