Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #214--November 26, 2003


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. CENSUS BUREAU: The US Census Bureau's American Community Survey has released more than 700 additional tables to its September 2003 release of ACS 2002 data. Data can be extracted from the Bureau's American Factfinder website at:

In addition, Public Use Microdata from the 2002 ACS are available at:

For more information on ACS, click on "More" under the Factfinder web address above.


II. Reports and articles:

2. NCHS: "Summary Measures of Population Health: Report of Findings on Methodologic and Data Issues" (US National Center for Health Statistics, DHHS Publication PHS 2004-1258, 2003, .pdf format, 66p.).

3. CDC _MMWR_ ARTICLE: "Public Health and Aging: Health-Related Quality of Life Among Low-Income Persons Aged 45-64 Years --- United States, 1995-2001" (US Centers for Disease Control _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 52, No. 46, Nov. 21, 2003, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1120-1124).




A. "Medicaid Nursing Home Payments: States' Payment Rates Largely Unaffected by Recent Fiscal Pressures" (US General Accounting Office GAO-04-143, October 2003, .pdf format, 52p.).

B. "Aging Issues: Related GAO Products and Activities in Calendar Years 2001 and 2002" (US General Accounting Office GAO-04-275R, November 2003, .pdf format, 58p.).

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:


A. "Letter to the Honorable Don Nickles providing additional information about CBO's cost estimate for the conference agreement on H.R. 1" (US Congressional Budget Office, Nov. 20, 2003, .pdf and Corel WordPerfect format, 6p.).

Click on "PDF" or "WPD" at top right corner of page for full text.

B. "Letter to the Honorable Ted Stevens regarding H.R. 1, the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003" (US Congressional Budget Office, Nov. 20, 2003, .pdf and Corel WordPerfect format, 11p.).

Click on "PDF" or "WPD" at top right corner of page for full text.

6. UK DEPARTMENT OF WORK AND PENSIONS REPORT: "Pension scheme changes and retirement policies: An employer and employee perspective," by Karen Bunt, Lorna Adams and Alistair Kuechel (UK Department of Work and Pensions, November 2003, .pdf format, 119p.).

Summary Extract:

This qualitative research study examined the factors influencing private sector employers' decisions to make changes to their pension provision and explored whether changes were also made to retirement policies. It complements quantitative data provided by the Department's Employers' Pension Provision (EPP) series of surveys. The report presents findings based on 30 case studies with organisations that had made changes to their pension provision in recent years, or had considered doing so. It also explores the employees' understanding of the pension provision available to them and the reasons why non-members had not joined their employer's scheme.

Press release:

"Pension scheme changes and retirement policies: an employer and employee perspective," (November 21, 2003).

7. UK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF PENSION FUNDS PRESS RELEASE: "One in four companies close final salary pension schemes in 2003," (November 20, 2003).


A. "Survey Finds AARP Members in Support of Medicare Legislation" (Nov. 20, 2003, .pdf format, 5p.).

Click on "See full survey" near the bottom of the press release.

B. "The Facts about AARP's Position on Medicare Prescription Drug Legislation" (November 2003).

C. "Why AARP Says "Yes" to the Medicare Prescription Drug Bill by James G. Parkel (Nov. 20, 2003).

D. "AARP CEO Bill Novelli Calls the Prescription Drug Bill an Historic Victory" (Nov. 25, 2003).

9. URBAN INSTITUTE REPORT: ""HSAs Won't Cure Medicare's Ills, by Leonard E. Burman, and Linda J. Blumberg (November 2003, HTML and .pdf format, 2p,).

Click on "PDF" or "Portable Document Format (PDF)" for full text.

10. FAMILY CAREGIVER ALLIANCE HANDBOOK: "Handbook for Long-Distance Caregivers," by Bob Rosenblatt and Carol Van Steenberg (November 2003, .pdf format, 20p.). "Whether you live an hour away or across the country, this booklet offers a roadmap for those new to the challenges of caring from afar for ill or elderly loved ones. Included: how to assess your care situation; develop a care team; hold a family meeting; access community organizations and private agencies; and balance work and caregiving."

Click on "Download this publication" for full text.

More information on FCA:


A. "Functional deactivations: Change with age and dementia of the Alzheimer type," by Cindy Lustig, Abraham Z. Snyder, Mehul Bhakta, Katherine C. O'Brien, Mark McAvoy, Marcus E. Raichle, John C. Morris, and Randy L. Buckner (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_ Vol. 100, No. 24, Nov. 25, 2003, p. 14504-14509).

B. "Haplotype-based identification of a microsomal transfer protein marker associated with the human lifespan," by Bard J. Geesaman, Erica Benson, Stephanie J. Brewster, Louis M. Kunkel, Helene Blanche, Gilles Thomas, Thomas T. Perls, Mark J. Daly, and Annibale A. Puca (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_ Vol. 100, No. 24, Nov. 25, 2003, p. 14115-14120).

C. "Dietary Cu stabilizes brain superoxide dismutase 1 activity and reduces amyloid A{beta} production in APP23 transgenic mice," by Thomas A. Bayer, Stephanie Schafer, Andreas Simons, Andre Kemmling, Thomas Kamer, Ralf Tepests, Anne Eckert, Katrin Schussel, Oliver Eikenberg, Christine Sturchler-Pierrat, Dorothee Abramowski, Matthias Staufenbiel, and Gerd Multhaup (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_ Vol. 100, No. 24, Nov. 25, 2003, p. 14187-14192).

D. "In vivo reduction of amyloid-{beta} by a mutant copper transporter," by Amie L. Phinney, Bettina Drisaldi, Stephen D. Schmidt, Stan Lugowski, Veronica Coronado, Yan Liang, Patrick Horne, Jing Yang, Joannis Sekoulidis, Janaky Coomaraswamy, M. Azhar Chishti, Diane W. Cox, Paul M. Mathews, Ralph A. Nixon, George A. Carlson, Peter St George-Hyslop, and David Westaway (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_ Vol. 100, No. 24, Nov. 25, 2003, p. 14193-14198).

12. _BMJ_ NEWS ROUNDUP: "Parliament to look again at issue of "assisted dying" for terminally ill patients," by Owen Dyer (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 327, No. 7245, Nov. 22, 2003, p. 1186).

13. _TIME_ ARTICLE: "Alzheimer's In The Family," by Michael D. Lemonick (_Time_, Vol. 162, No. 22, Dec. 1, 2003).,9171,1101031201-549049,00.html


A. "Medicare as Pork Barrel," by Robert J. Samuelson (_Newsweek_, Dec. 1, 2003).

B. "A New Age for AARP," by David Noonan and Mary Carmichael (_Newsweek, Dec. 1, 2003).

15. _US NEWS AND WORLD REPORT_ ARTICLE: "A Medicare Prescription That's Hard To Swallow" (_US News and World Report_, Dec. 1, 2003).

16. _NATION_ ARTICLE: "Killing Medicare," by Trudy Lieberman (_Nation_, Dec. 15, 2003).

17. WIRED ARTICLE: "Promise of Eternal Youth Dashed," by Michelle Delio (, Nov. 26, 2003).,2640,61355,00.html/wn_ascii

III. Working Papers:

18. WHARTON PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL [UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA]: Wharton PRC has recently released the following working papers (all .pdf format).

"Behavioral Portfolios: Hope for Riches and Protection from Poverty," by Meir Statman (WP 2003-09, 2003, 24p).

"How Much Choice is Too Much?: Contributions to 401(k) Retirement Plans," by Sheena S. Iyengar, Wei Jiang, and Gur Huberman (WP 2003-10, 2003, 19p.).

"'Money Attitudes' and Retirement Plan Design: One size Does Not Fit All," by Donna M. MacFarland, Carolyn D. Marconi, and Stephen P. Utkus (WP 2003-11, 2003, 34p.).

"Employee Investment Decisions about Company Stock," by James Choi, David Laibson, Brigitte Madrian, and Andrew Metrick (WP 2003-12, 2003, 27p.).

"Implications of Information and Social Interactions for Retirement Saving Decisions," by Esther Duflo and Emmanuel Saez (WP 2003-13, 2003, 26p.).

"Saving and the Effectiveness of Financial Education," by Annamaria Lusardi (WP 2003-14, 2003, 43p.).

"Sex Differences, Financial Education, and Retirement Goals," by Robert L. Clark, Madeleine B. d'Ambrosio, Ann A. McDermed, and Kshama Sawant (WP 2003-15, 2003, 33p.).

"Retirement Security in a DC World: Using Behavioral Finance to Bridge the Expertise Gap," by Jason Scott and Gregory Stein (WP 2003-16, 2003, 21p.).

"Adult Learning Principles and Pension Participant Behavior," by Victor Saliterman and Barry G. Sheckley (WP 2003-17, 2003, 23p.).

"How Do Retirees Go From stock To Flow?" by John Ameriks (WP 2003-18, 2003, 37p.).

"Annuities and Retirement Satisfaction," by Constantijn W. A. Panis (WP 2003-19, 2003, 26p.).

"Perceptions of Mortality Risk: Implications for Annuities," by Matthew Drinkwater and Eric T. Sondergeld (WP 2003-20, 2003, 20p.).

All papers can be downloaded from:

Scroll to the paper(s) of your choice.

19. CENTER FOR ECONOMIC STUDIES/IFO INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH (CESIFO) [UNIVERSITY OF MUNICH]: "On the Optimality of PAYG Pension Systems in an Endogenous Fertility Setting," by Gemma Abio, Geraldine Mahieu, and Concepto Patxot Cardoner (WP-1050, October 2003, .pdf format, 28p.).


In order to help in designing an accurate pension reform, we determine the resource allocation in an endogenous fertility model that generates an endogenous demographic transition by means of distinguishing between female and male labor. We analyze the problem of the optimal solution and characterize the decentralization of the first best. We show that a pension policy linking pension benefits to the number of children acts as a corrective tax system able to restore both the optimal capital stock and the optimal rate of population growth as a single instrument. We also show that neither a Beveridgean pension scheme nor a Bismarckian one can decentralize the first best.

Click on "Working Papers", then click on "2003" under "Browse Working Paper List". Then scroll to or "find in page" "1050".

20. INNOCENZO GASPARINI INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH [BOCCONI UNIVERSITY, MILAN, ITALY]: "Lessons for an Aging Society: the Political Sustainability of Social Security Systems," by Vincenzo Galasso and Paola Profeta (Working Paper No. 244, October 2003, .pdf format, 61p.).


What is the future of social security systems in OECD countries? In our view, the answer belongs to the realm of politics. We evaluate how political constraints shape the social security system in six countries--France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the UK and the US-- under population aging. Two main aspects of the aging process are relevant to the analysis. First, the increase in the dependency ratio--the ratio of retirees to workers-- reduces the average profitability of the unfunded social security system, thereby inducing the agents to reduce the size of the system by substituting their claims towards future pensions with more private savings. Second, an aging electorate leads to larger systems, since it increases the relevance of pension spending on the policy-makers agenda. The overall assessment from our simulations is that the political aspect dominates in all countries, albeit with some differences. Spain, the fastest aging country, faces the largest increase in the social security contribution rate. When labor market considerations are introduced, the political effect still dominates, but it is less sizeable. Country specific characteristics (not accounted for in our simulations), such as the degree of redistribution in the pension system and the existence of family ties in the society, may also matter. Our simulations deliver a strong policy implication: an increase in the effective retirement age always decreases the size of the system chosen by the voters, while often increasing its generosity. Finally, delegation of pension policy to the EC may reduce political accountability and hence help to reform the systems.

Click on "Download PDF paper" at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

21. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 158, No. 11, Dec. 1, 2003).

22. Journals of Gerontology (A), Biological and Medical Sciences (Vols. 58, Nos. 11, November 2003). Note: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

23. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

International Journal of Aging and Human Development (Vol. 56, No. 3, 2003).

Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology (Vol. 18, No. 3, 2003).

24. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Nov. 26, 2003:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Nov. 26, 2003:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Nov. 26, 2003:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Nov. 26, 2003:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

25. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN POPULATION STUDIES CENTER EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: "The Population Studies Center of the University of Michigan expects to have 2 openings for postdoctoral fellows sponsored by the U.S. National Institute on Aging (NIA). Positions to start on or about September 1, 2004. Applicants must have a Ph.D. in demography, public health, or one of the social sciences (sociology, economics, anthropology) at the starting date." For more information see:


A. "Acute Coronary Syndromes in Old Age" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, PA-04-026, Nov. 21, 2003). For more information see:

B. "Bioengineering Research Partnerships" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, PAR-04-023, Nov. 21, 2003). For more information see:


VI. Conferences:

27. ASA/NCOA: "Taking the Journey Together," a conference to be held Apr. 14-17, 2004 in San Francisco, California (2004 Joint Conference of the American Society on Aging and the National Council on Aging). For more information, including registration information, see:

VII. Legislation Information Updates:

28. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING PUBLICATION: "$5.2 Billion for Low-Income Senior Housing not Reaching the Elderly: Why?" a hearing held Jun. 17, 2003 (Senate Hearing 108-175, Serial Publication No. 108-13, ASCII text and .pdf format, 67p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "108-175" (without the quotes).

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706