Current Awareness Aging Report (CAAR) 2nd Prototype Report

Any feedback appreciated in order to improve the quality of the report.


I. Data:

1. The Census Bureau has released National Estimates of the foreign-born and native resident population of the US (quarterly for 1990-1998). The estimates are by single year of age (0-100) for the total population, and by sex by ethnic group.

and scroll to "detailed files."

2. The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research HRS/AHEAD (Health and Retirement Survey/Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old) site has made available a "Pension Present Value Database," contributed by researchers Bob Peticolas and Tom Steinmeier.

"This file contains present values of the pensions in the Health and Retirement Study, along with the information necessary to link the values back to the wave 1 respondents.  These values are calculated for nine scenarios, each of which consists of a particular combination of the interest rate, the wage growth rate, and the inflation rate.  The values of these rates are combinations of the high, low, and intermediate long-term rates forecast by the Social Security Administration as of the mid-1990's.  Most users will probably want to use values from the first scenario, which uses the intermediate values for all three rates." Included with the file are SAS and SPSS data statements, a codebook, a data dictionary, a "scenario key," and a readme file. The file is .zip compressed (.8 mbytes) and decompresses to around 6 mbytes. Note that users must register with HRS/AHEAD before downloading these files.

3. The UNICEF Innocenti Research Center has released the 1999 version of the transMONEE Database. The database allows the rapid retrieval and manipulation of 120 economic and social indicators (in nine topics--population, reproductive behavior, family stability, mortality, morbidity, education, crime & juvenile justice, employment & income, and macro indicators) for 27 transition countries in Central Europe and the former USSR. Data is available from as early as 1980 to as late as 1997. Data can also be retrieved online from the site.


II. Reports and articles

4. The Centers for Disease Control's _Emerging Infectious Diseases_ (Vol. 5, No. 5), September-October 1999 contains an article: "Food-Related Illness and Death in the United States," by Paul S. Mead, Laurence Slutsker, Vance Dietz, Linda F. McCaig, Joseph S. Bresee, Craig Shapiro, Patricia M. Griffin, and Robert V. Tauxe (HTML format).

>From the Abstract:

To better quantify the impact of foodborne diseases on health in the United States, we compiled and analyzed information from multiple surveillance systems and other sources. We estimate that foodborne diseases cause approximately 76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizations, and 5,000 deaths in the United States each year. Known pathogens account for an estimated 14 million illnesses, 60,000 hospitalizations, and 1,800 deaths. Three pathogens, Salmonella, Listeria, and Toxoplasma, are responsible for 1,500 deaths each year, more than 75% of those caused by known pathogens, while unknown agents account for the remaining 62 million illnesses 265,000 hospitalizations, and 3,200 deaths. Overall, foodborne diseases appear to cause more illnesses but fewer deaths than previously estimated.

5. The Centers for Disease Control's _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (September 17, 1999 / 48(36);804-5,815-822) contains an article titled: "Notice to Readers: Final 1998 Reports of Notifiable Diseases."

6. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) has recently released _NHLBI Morbidity and Mortality Chartbook, 1998 (.pdf format, 128p.). "The NHLBI Chartbook is a biennial compilation of data on the size and trends of morbidity and mortality from the cardiovascular, lung, and blood diseases. While most charts describe national prevalence, hospitalizations, and mortality statistics, some of them provide additional information by state or country. Risk factors estimates and the economic costs of these diseases are also included."

7. The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has released two Health E-Stats Bulletins. Health E-Stats are summary statistics and findings from recent NCHS data releases and surveys.

A. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity Among Adults in the United States

Data from the newly released 1997 National Health Interview Survey show that more than 50% of U.S. adults are overweight and 1 in 5 adults are obese. Overweight and obesity are risk factors for a variety of chronic health conditions, including hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Despite public health efforts to encourage Americans to attain and maintain a healthy weight, the 1997 results suggest that much work remains to be done.

B. Prevalence of Sedentary Leisure-time Behavior Among Adults in the United States

Data from the newly released 1997 National Health Interview Survey show that 4 in 10 U.S. adults say that they NEVER engage in any exercises, sports, or physically active hobbies in their leisure time. Estimates of sedentary behavior shown here are based on responses to a series of questions asking how often and how long respondents engaged in leisure physical activities for at least 20 minutes that caused sweating or changes in their heart rate or breathing. Sedentary behavior has been identified as a risk factor for a variety of chronic health conditions, including coronary heart disease, hypertension, colon cancer, and diabetes mellitus.

Both Health-E Stats can be accessed from:

8. The Social Security Administration (SSA) has made available the yearly earnings and benefits statement that it will begin mailing to all workers over age 25 in October.

9. The New England Journal of Medicine (September 23, 1999 -- Vol. 341, No. 13) contains a special article: "Assistance from Family Members, Friends, Paid Care Givers, and Volunteers in the Care of Terminally Ill Patients," by Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Diane L. Fairclough, Julia Slutsman, Hillel Alpert, DeWitt Baldwin, Linda L. Emanuel. (Abstract and Sources only available electronically).


III. Working Papers

10. The Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research has released "Male-female Differences in Mortality in the Developed World," by Arjan Gjonca, Cecilia Tomassini, and James W. Vaupel (WP 1999-09, July 1999, .pdf format, 9p.).

>From the Introduction:

Women live longer than men. Indeed, in the developed countries today women live 6 years longer than men on average. In 1996 France had the largest gap in the developed world, with a male-female difference in life expectancy at birth of 7.8 years. The United Kingdom had one of the lowest gender differences, with a gap of only 4.9 years. Mortality gaps are also found in the developing world, although they are of a different magnitude there. How can this difference be explained? ... Here we seek to sketch a general picture of the male-female mortality disparity, both at present and from an historical perspective, and to outline the main reasons behind it.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability)

11. _The Gerontologist_, August 1999 (Maxwell School, Center for Policy Research, Syracuse University) 1999

12. CARL Uncover Journal Tables of Contents. Follow the instructions below to access tables of contents. Sorry for any inconvenience, but licensing restrictions do not allow me to pass the tables of contents to you, and database driven URLs are dynamic and will not work from one machine to the next.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "Search Uncover"
C. click on "Search Uncover Now"
D. Type the Journal Name in the search box and click the radio button
"Journal Title Browse." Then click on "search."
E. click on the journal name
F. click on "journal issues"
G. click on the issues identified below

_Journal of Marriage and the Family_ (Vol 61. No 3, August 1999)

V. Books

13. _Generational Accounting around the World_. Auerbach, Alan J., Laurence J. Kotlikoff, and Willi Leibfritz, editors. x, 534 p., 24 line drawings, 205 tables. NBER-PR 1999 Cloth $72.00sp 0-226-03213-2

14. _Social Cognition and Aging_, Edited by Thomas M. Hess and Fredda Blanchard-Fields.  ISBN: 0123452600, June 1999, $85.00

15. _Social Security and Retirement around the World_. Gruber, Jonathan and David A. Wise, editors. x, 486 p. NBER-C 1999 Cloth $62.00sp 0-226-31011-6


VI. Funding Opportunities:

16. The National Institutes of Health have announced a new program opportunity: "RACIAL AND ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN THE ETIOLOGY OF TYPE 2 DIABETES IN THE UNITED STATES." For more information, including funding support, description of research, and deadline dates see:


VII. Legislation Information Updates

17. Testimony of Mary Jane Phillipe of AARP before the Senate Special Committee on Aging in Indianapolis, Indiana August 12, 1999 is available at the AARP site. Testimony is about tax credits as a solution to the problem of long-term care.

AARP maintains a "congressional testimony" page.


VIII. Websites of Interest

18. The The Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research has recently made electronically available, with the permission of Odense University Press, _Development of Oldest-old Mortality, 1950-1990: Evidence from 28 Developed Countries_, by Vaino Kannisto (1994, Monographs on Population Aging, 1, HTML format). The monograph is divided into two sections: Data and Findings. It is highlighted by 27 tables and twelve figures. Note that the book is in the holdings of the CDE print library (HV 1451 K35 1994), but is checked out at this time. The addition of _Development of the Oldest-old Mortality_ brings to three the number of Monographs on Population Aging now available electronically.

_Development of the Oldest-Old Mortality, 1950-1990: Evidence from 28 Developed Countries_

_Population Data at a Glance: Shaded Contour Maps of Demographic Surfaces over Age and Time_ (MPA #4)

_The Force of Mortality at Ages 80 to 120_ (MPA #5)


Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706