Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #195--July 17, 2003


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Reports and articles:

1. GAO REPORT: "Nursing Home Quality: Prevalence of Serious Problems, While Declining, Reinforces Importance of Enhanced Oversight," (US General Accounting Office, GAO-03-561, July 15, 2003, .pdf format, 97p.).

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

2. CMMS REPORT: "CMS Health Care Industry Market Update: Acute Care Hospitals," (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, July 2003, .pdf format, 24p.). Note: "The CMS Health Care Industry Market Update is a series of reports on the health care industry."


A. "Prescription Drug Coverage for Medicare Beneficiaries: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Selected Proposals," (Kaiser Family Foundation, July 2003, .pdf format, 11p.).


This updated document, prepared by Health Policy Alternatives, Inc., provides a side-by-side comparison of the House and Senate Medicare proposals, as passed on June 27, 2003. The side-by-side describes key provisions of H.R. 1, The Medicare Prescription Drug and Modernization Act of 2003, and S. 1, The Prescription Drug and Medicare Improvement Act of 2003. This updated document, which includes additional detail on payments to plans and the provisions on premium support in the House bill, has been prepared as part of the Foundations continuing effort to track the Medicare prescription drug debate. The Foundation will be releasing a longer, more-detailed comparison of the two bills in the near future and will continue to update this side-by-side to reflect the conference agreement.

B. "The Current Medicare Prescription Drug Debate: Briefing Charts" (Kaiser Family Foundation, July 2003, .pdf format, 16p.).


These briefing charts provide background information on prescription drug use and spending among the Medicare population, recent survey data on employers' likely reaction to a Medicare drug benefit, an overview of the proposals for prescription drug coverage passed by the House and Senate at the end of June 2003, and a summary of the key issues to be resolved in the conference.

4. NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF STATE PUBLIC INTEREST GROUPS REPORT: "Paying the Price: A 19-State Survey of the High Cost of Prescription Drugs," by Jennifer Thompson (PIRG, July 2003, .pdf format, 19p.). Note: Use the scroll box to go to a individual state report.

For more information about PIRG:

5. URBAN INSTITUTE ISSUE BRIEF: "Effects of Estate Tax Reform on Charitable Giving," by Jon M. Bakija and William G. Gale (Urban Institute, Tax Policy Issues and Options No. 6, July 2003, .pdf format, 7p.).

Click on "PDF".

6. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING NEWS RELEASE: "For-Profit Providers Fail To Respond To Aged Care Funding Inquiry," (July 16, 2003).

7. _NATURE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Genes that act downstream of DAF-16 to influence the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans," by Colleen T. Murphy, Steven A. McCarroll, Cornelia I. Bargmann, Andrew Fraser, Ravi S. Kamath, Julie Ahringer, Hao Li, and Cynthia Kenyon (_Nature_, Vol. 424, No. 6946, July 17, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 277-283).

8. _JAMA_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Effect of Behavioral Training With or Without Pelvic Floor Electrical Stimulation on Stress Incontinence in Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial," by Patricia S. Goode, Kathryn L. Burgio, Julie L. Locher, David L. Roth, Mary G. Umlauf, Holly E. Richter, R. Edward Varner, and L. Keith Lloyd (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 290, No. 3, July 16, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 345-352).

9. _NEJM_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "The Influence of Finasteride on the Development of Prostate Cancer," by Ian M. Thompson, Phyllis J. Goodman, Catherine M. Tangen, M. Scott Lucia, Gary J. Miller, Leslie G. Ford, Michael M. Lieber, R. Duane Cespedes, James N. Atkins, Scott M. Lippman, Susie M. Carlin, Anne Ryan, Connie M. Szczepanek, John J. Crowley, and Charles A. Coltman, Jr. (_New England Journal of Medicine_, Vol. 349, No. 3, July 17, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 215-224).


A. "Reproductive and sexual health of older women in developing countries," by Christopher Elias and Jacqueline Sherris (_British Medical Journal_ Editorial, Vol. 327, No. 7406, Jul. 12, 2003, HTML and .pdf format, p. 64-65).

B. "Gap between classes in life expectancy is widening," by Zosia Kmietowicz (_British Medical Journal_ News, Vol. 327, No. 7406, Jul. 12, 2003, HTML and .pdf format, p. 68).

C. "Emergency centre aims to end age discrimination," by Anne Gulland (_British Medical Journal_ News Extra, Vol. 327, No. 7406, Jul. 12, 2003, p. 72).

D. "Preventing fractures in elderly people," by Anthony D. Woolf and Kristina Akesson (_British Medical Journal_ Clinical Review, Vol. 327, No. 7406, Jul. 12, 2003, HTML and .pdf format, p. 89-95).

11. _MEDSCAPE_ ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Cognitive Function and Hypertension," by Linda Brookes (13th European Meeting on Hypertension, July 2003, via Medscape).

B. "The Natural History of Progression From Normal Glucose Tolerance to Type 2 Diabetes in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging," by James B. Meigs, Denis C. Muller, David M. Nathan, Deirdre R. Blake, and Reubin Andres (Diabetes, Vol. 52, No. 6, 2003, p. 1475-1484).

C. "Conventional and Atypical Antipsychotics in the Elderly," by Pietro Gareri, Pasquale De Fazio, Mariagrazia Stilo, Guido Ferreri, and Giovambattista De Sarro (Clinical Drug Investigation, Vol. 23, No. 5, 2003, p. 287-322).


A. "Off to Camp We Go!" by Sally S. Stich (_Time_, Vol. 162, No. 3, July 21, 2003).,9171,1101030721-464448,00.html

B. "Senior League," by Lois Gilman (_Time_, Vol. 162, No. 3, July 21, 2003).,9171,1101030721-464453,00.html

13 _NEWSWEEK_ ARTICLE: "Retire Early? Think Again," by Jane Bryant Quinn (_Newsweek_, July 21, 2003).

II. Working Papers:

14. NBER: "The Marginal Propensity to Spend on Adult Children," by Joseph G. Altonji and Ernesto Villanueva (National Bureau of Economic Research w9811, July 2003, .pdf format, 41p.).


We examine how much of an extra dollar of parental lifetime resources will ultimately be passed on to adult children in the form of inter vivos transfers and bequests. We infer bequests from the stock of wealth late in life. We use mortality rates and age specific estimates of the response of transfers and wealth to permanent income to compute the expected present discounted values of these responses to permanent income. Our estimates imply that parents pass on between 2 and 3 cents out of an extra dollar of expected lifetime resources in bequests and about 2 cents in transfers. The estimates increase with parental income and are smaller for nonwhites. They imply that about 15 percent of the effect of parental income on lifetime resources of adult children is through transfers and bequests and about 85 percent is through the intergenerational correlation in earnings, although these estimates are sensitive to assumptions about the intergenerational earnings correlation, taxes, and the number of children. We compare our estimates to the implications of alternative computable benchmark models of savings behavior in order to assess the likely importance of intended bequests for the wealth/income relationship.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the page for full text.


III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

15. Journals of Gerontology (A): Biological and Medical Sciences (Vols. 58A, Nos. 7, July 2003). Note: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

16. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of July 15, 2003:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of July 15, 2003:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of July 15, 2003:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of July 15, 2003:

AMADEO Literature Guide:

IV. Books:

17. KPMG PRESS RELEASE: This press release features information about the second edition of the book _The Big Shift: Welcome to the Third Australian Culture_, by Bernard Salt (Hardie Grant Press). The book highlights a number of demographic shifts that are occurring in Australia. For more information see:


V. Funding Opportunities:

18. NIH:

A. "Correction to the Centers on the Demography of Aging RFA (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging NOT-AG-03-003 in reference to RFA AG-04-001, July 9, 2003). For more information see:

B. "Genetic and Molecular Basis of Longevity" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging RFA-AG-04-003, July 10, 2003). For more information see:

C. "Age Related Changes in Tissue Function" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging in conjunction with several other agencies, PA-03-147, July 7, 2003). For more information see:

D. "Biobehavioral Pain Research" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging in conjunction with several other agencies, PA-03-152, July 11, 2003). For more information see:

19. AOA:

A. "FY 2003 AoA Consolidated Program Announcement and Application Instructions," (Administration on Aging, AoA-03-07, July 15, 2003, MSWord and .pdf format). Note: "The Consolidated Program Announcement is published to solicit applications in support of thirteen different priority areas."

B. "FY 2003 Program Announcement and Application Instructions - Performance Outcome Measures Project (POMP)," (Administration on Aging, AoA-03-06, July 11, 2003, MSWord and .pdf format).

For more information about both of these programs go to:


VI. Legislation Information Updates:

20. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND THE WORKFORCE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONS HEARING: "Examining Pension Security and Defined Benefit Plans: The Bush Administrations Proposal to Replace the 30-Year Treasury Rate," a hearing held July 15, 2003. Note: This is a joint hearing with the Subcommittee on Select Revenue Measures Committee on Ways and Means.

To view the testimony:




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