Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #194--July 10, 2003


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA 2001 CENSUS: Data tables from the 2001 Census of South Africa are now available via the Statistics South Africa web site. Person and household counts are available at the Province, Municipality, and District Council levels. Tables can be downloaded in a variety of formats (ASCII text, HTML, Excel, Lotus, and dBase).

In addition to a search, you can follow the link to "Census 2001 Databases" to get to the data tables.


II. Reports and articles:

2. GAO REPORT: "Long-Term Care: Federal Oversight of Growing Medicaid Home and Community-Based Waivers Should Be Strengthened," (US General Accounting Office, GAO-03-576, June 20, 2003, .pdf format, 64p.).

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

3. SSA COMPILATION: "Social Security Policy Update--June 2003" (US Social Security Administration, June 2003, HTML and .pdf format). "Policy Update is a bimonthly publication that highlights the latest research, analysis, and statistics from the Social Security Administration's Office of Policy. It includes summaries of all recent products, lists articles by staff that have appeared in professional journals, and highlights work done by outside researchers funded through a cooperative agreement with SSA. Information about the availability of the publications is given in each section."

4. SSA COMPENDIUM: "Fast Facts and Figures about Social Security" (US Social Security Administration, June 2003, HTML and .pdf format, 38p.). Note: Earlier editions of "Fast Facts" (HTML and/or .pdf format) going back to 2000 are available at the site.


A. "A Guide to State Pension Reform," by Alison O'Connell (Pension Policy Institute, July 2003, .pdf format, 57p.). Note: This report focuses on three topics: first, the "current pressure points on UK pensions"; second, to identify measures that can be used to evaluate changes to the pension system; and third, to examine "possible models for a new pension system".

Press Release:

B. "State Pension Models: A Reference Manual," (Pension Policy Institute, July 2003, .pdf format, 46p.). Note: This report provides an overview of state pension systems for 12 countries, as well as a review of recommended changes to the U.K. pension system.

To learn more about the Institute go to:

6. _SCIENCE MAGAZINE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Insulin Insults May Spur Alzheimer's Disease," by Gary Taubes (_Science_, Vol. 301, No. 5629, July 4, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 40-41).


A. "Glycation of the amyloid beta -protein by a nicotine metabolite: A fortuitous chemical dynamic between smoking and Alzheimer's disease," by Tobin J. Dickerson and Kim D. Janda (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 14, July 8, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 8182-8187).

B. "Activation of innate immunity in the CNS triggers neurodegeneration through a Toll-like receptor 4-dependent pathway," by Seija Lehnardt, Leon Massillon, Pamela Follet, Frances E. Jensen, Rajiv Ratan, Paul A. Rosenberg, Joseph J. Volpe, and Timothy Vartanian (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 100, No. 14, July 8, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 8514-8519).


A. "Impact of an Annual Dollar Limit or 'Cap' on Prescription Drug Benefits for Medicare Patients," by Chien-Wen Tseng, Robert H. Brook, Emmett Keeler, and Carol M. Mangione (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 290, No. 2, July 9, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 222-227).

B. "Phytoestrogen Supplements for the Treatment of Hot Flashes: The Isoflavone Clover Extract (ICE) Study," by Jeffrey A. Tice, Bruce Ettinger, Kris Ensrud, Robert Wallace, Terri Blackwell, and Steven R. Cummings (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 290, No. 2, July 9, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 207-214).

C. "Recent Advances and Future Frontiers in Treating Age-Related Cataracts," by Rene Solomon and Eric D. Donnenfeld (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 290, No. 2, July 9, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 248-251).

9. _LANCET_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

A. "Comparison of carvedilol and metoprolol on clinical outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure in the Carvedilol Or Metoprolol European Trial (COMET): randomised controlled trial," by Philip A. Poole-Wilson, Karl Swedberg, John G. F. Cleland, Andrea Di Lenarda, Peter Hanrath, Michel Komajda, Jacobus Lubsen, Beatrix Lutiger, Marco Metra, Willem J. Remme, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Armin Scherhag, Allan Skene, for the COMET investigators (_Lancet_, Vol. 362, No. 9377, July 5, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 7-13).

B. "Myocardial viability as a determinant of the ejection fraction response to carvedilol in patients with heart failure (CHRISTMAS trial): randomised controlled trial," by J. G. F. Cleland, D. J. Pennell, S. G. Ray, A. J. Coats, P. W. Macfarlane, G. D. Murray, J. Dalle Mule, Z. Vered, A .Lahiri, on behalf of the CHRISTMAS (carvedilol hibernating reversible ischaemia trial: marker of success) investigators (_Lancet_, Vol. 362, No. 9377, July 5, 2003, .pdf and HTML format, p. 14-21).

10. _MEDSCAPE_ ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "How Medicare Reimbursement Affects Our Patients," by Edward L. Braud (_Oncology Issues_, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2003, p. 23-24, via Medscape).

B. "Diagnostic Testing and Medicare: How to Get Paid Without Getting in Trouble," by Alice G. Gosfield (_Family Practice Management_, Vol. 10, No. 6, 2003, p. 14-18, via Medscape).

11. SSA PERIODICAL: _Social Security Bulletin_ (Vol. 64, No. 4, June 2003, HTML and .pdf format).

12. _FORBES_ ARTICLE: "Help Is on the Way," by Rob Wherry (_Forbes Magazine_, July 21, 2003).

13. _NEWSWEEK_ ARTICLE: "You Want Statins with that?" by David Noonan (_Newsweek_, July 14, 2003).

III. Working Papers:

14. NBER: "Broken Down by Work and Sex: How Our Health Declines," by Anne C. Case and Angus Deaton (NBER Working Paper w9821, July 2003, .pdf format, 33p.).


Self-reported health status (SRHS) is an imperfect measure of non-fatal health, but allows examination of how health status varies over the life course. Although women have lower mortality than men, they report worse health status up to age 65. The SRHS of both men and women deteriorates with age. There are strong gradients, so that at age 20, men in the bottom quartile already report worse health than do men in the top quartile at age 50. In the bottom quartile of income, SRHS declines more rapidly with age, but only until retirement age. These facts motivate a study of the role of work, particularly manual work, in health decline with age. The Grossman capital-stock model of health assumes a technology in which money and time can effect complete health repair. As a result, declines in health status are driven, not by the rate of deterioration of the health stock, but by the rate of increase of the rate of deterioration. We argue that such a technology is implausible, and we show that people in manual occupations have worse SRHS and more rapidly declining SRHS, even with a comprehensive set of controls for income and education. We also find that much of the differences in SRHS across the income distribution is driven by health-related absence from the labor-force the reverse.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the page for full text.


"Forecasting wealth in an ageing Australia: an approach using dynamic microsimulation," by Simon Kelly (Conference Paper 2003-005, July 2003, .pdf format, 21p.). Note: Paper presented to 7th Nordic Seminar on Microsimulation Models, Helsinki, Finland.


NATSEM has extended its dynamic microsimulation model to incorporate a wealth module. This paper describes the functioning of this new module and presents some examples of the usefulness of the model.

The NATSEM model is now well suited to answering questions in regard to the ageing population. One example of its usefulness is to investigate the important question of the extent to which individuals can contribute to the cost of their retirement. This question is becoming increasingly important as pressure mounts on the public pension system in Australia. In this paper savings for retirement through superannuation by gender are projected out to 2030.

The simulation estimates that average superannuation balances will increase, especially for women, but it will still only provide a small supplement to the pension.

Click on "Download as PDF".

IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

16. Age and Ageing (Vol. 32, No. 4, July 2003). Note: Full electronic text may be available at the site. Check your organization's library.

17. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 158, No. 1, July 1, 2003).

18. American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 108, No. 4, Jan. 2003). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

19. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

American Economic Review (Vol. 93, No. 2, 2003). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Databases. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

Clinical Gerontologist (Vol. 26, No. 3/4, 2002).

International Psychogeriatrics (Vol. 15, No. 1, 2003).

Medical Care Research and Review (Vol. 60, No. 2, 2003). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Omega--Journal of Death and Dying (Vol. 46, No. 2, 2003).

20. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of July 8, 2003:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of July 8, 2003:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of July 8, 2003:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of July 8, 2003:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


V. Legislation Information Updates:

21. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON THE BUDGET HEARING TESTIMONY: "A Closer Look: Inspectors General Address Waste, Fraud, Abuse in Federal Mandatory Programs," a hearing held July 9, 2003. Witness statements are available in both HTML and .pdf format. The statements presented by Dara Corrigan (DHHS) and James G. Huse, Jr. (SSA) may be of particular interest. Audio and video from the hearing is also available. You will need Windows Media Player to access these clips.

To view the testimony, go to:

VI. Conferences

22. PENN STATE GERONTOLOGY CENTER CONFERENCE: "Historical Influences on Lives and Aging," a conference to be held in State College, PA (October 13 and 14, 2003). "The chief goal of the conference is to examine the consequences for individuals--over all segments of the life span--caused by major historical and sociocultural changes, as exemplified by a number of historic upheavals." For more information about the conference, including registration details, go to:




Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400