Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #155--October 3, 2002

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. CENSUS BUREAU/AOA: The US Administration on Aging has released three tables of interest to researchers on aging. The tables are taken from the 2000 Census SF3 files and pertain to the 65+ age group population. Tables are available in HTML, .pdf, and Microsoft Excel format. Note: links to .pdf and Excel formats are available at the below listed addresses.

A. P41. Age by Types of Disability for the Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 65 Years and Over With Disabilities for Each State:

B. P11. Household Type (Including Living Alone) by Relationship for the Population 65 Years and Over for Each State:

C. P89. Poverty Status in 1999 by Age by Household Type for Each State - Income in 1999 below poverty level:


II. Reports and articles:

2. CENSUS BUREAU REPORT: "The Older Foreign-Born Population of the United States: 2000," by Wan He (US Census Bureau Current Population Reports Special Studies P23-211, September 2002, .pdf format, 12p.). The report is accompanied by a set of 17 detailed tables (.pdf and Microsoft Excel format). The report is linked to from a Census Bureau news release:"Europe Single Largest Source of Older Foreign-Born Population, Census Bureau Reports" (Oct. 2, 2002).

Click on "The Older Foreign-Born Population in the United States: 2000" for link to full text.

3. _DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH_ ARTICLE: Note: _DR_ is "a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research." "Algorithm for decomposition of differences between aggregate demographic measures and its application to life expectancies, healthy life expectancies, parity-progression ratios and total fertility rates," by Evgueni Andreev, Vladimir Shkolnikov, and Alexander Z. Begun (Vol. 7, Article 14, October 2002, .pdf format, p. 500-522).


A general algorithm for the decomposition of differences between two values of an aggregate demographic measure in respect to age and other dimensions is proposed. It assumes that the aggregate measure is computed from similar matrices of discrete demographic data for two populations under comparison. The algorithm estimates the effects of replacement for each elementary cell of one matrix by respective cell of another matrix. Application of the algorithm easily leads to the known formula for the age-decomposition of differences between two life expectancies. It also allows to develop new formulae for differences between healthy life expectancies. In the latter case, each age-component is split further into effects of mortality and effects of health. The application of the algorithm enables a numerical decomposition of the differences between total fertility rates and between parity progression ratios by age of the mother and parity. Empirical examples are based on mortality data from the USA, the UK, West Germany, and Poland and on fertility data from Russia.

Click on "Enter".

4. UK OFFICE OF NATIONAL STATISTICS REPORT: "Census 2001: First Results on Population for England and Wales," (UK Office of National Statistics, September 30, 2002, .pdf format, 55p.).

5. ILCUSA REPORT: "ILC Policy Report" (International Longevity Center, USA, September 2002, .pdf format, 5p.). Note: ILC Policy Report is "a monthly compilation of longevity news and trends in the U.S. and abroad."

6. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH "JUST THE FACTS": "Are Older Workers Responding to the Bear Market?" by Andrew D. Eschtruth and Jonathan Gemus (JTF #5, September 2002, .pdf format, 4p.).


In the past year, as the economy has weakened and unemployment has risen, the labor force participation rate for older workers (aged 55-64) has jumped by 2.0 percentage points - an increase unprecedented in post-war U.S. economic history. Recessions typically see very slow or even negative growth in labor force participation. A likely factor contributing to this dramatic change is the steep decline in the stock market that has occurred since the spring of 2000. Plunging stock portfolios may have caused some older workers to postpone retirement and convinced some early retirees to rejoin the labor force.

7. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT DIRECTORATE FOR EDUCATION, EMPLOYMENT, LABOUR AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS OCCASIONAL PAPER: "The Evolving Retirement Income Package: Trends in Adequacy and Equality in Nine OECD Countries," by Atsuhiro Yamada (Occasional Paper No. 63, September 2002, .pdf and Microsoft Word format, 60p.). "This paper explores various questions related to the income situation of persons at retirement-age. It is based on the most comprehensive data available for the nine participating countries (including, for the first time, Japanese data) in a consistent and comparative way."

Click on icon to access the full-text.

8. GAO REPORT: "Medicare Hospital Payments: Refinements Needed to Better Account for Geographic Differences in Wages" (US General Accounting Office GAO-02-963, September 2002, .pdf format, 36p.).

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports can always be found at:

Search on title or report number.


A. "Aberrant accumulation of EFEMP1 underlies drusen formation in Malattia Leventinese and age-related macular degeneration," by Lihua Y. Marmorstein, Francis L. Munier, Yvan Arsenijevic, Daniel F. Schorderet, Precious J. McLaughlin, Daniel Chung, Elias Traboulsi, and Alan D. Marmorstein (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 20, Oct. 1, 2002, p. 13067-13072).

B. "Autologous transplantation of genetically modified iris pigment epithelial cells: A promising concept for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration and other disorders of the eye," by Irina Semkova, Florian Kreppel, Gerhard Welsandt, Thomas Luther, Jolanta Kozlowski, Hanna Janicki, Stefan Kochanek, and Ulrich Schraermeyer (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 20, Oct. 1, 2002, p. 13090-13095).

C. "Amyloid beta -peptide inhibition of the PKA/CREB pathway and long-term potentiation: Reversibility by drugs that enhance cAMP signaling," by Ottavio V. Vitolo, Antonino Sant'Angelo, Vincenzo Costanzo, Fortunato Battaglia, Ottavio Arancio, and Michael Shelanski (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 20, Oct. 1, 2002, p. 13217-13221).

10. _NATURE CELL BIOLOGY_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Polyglutamine protein aggregates are dynamic," by Soojin Kim, Ellen A.A. Nollen, Kazunori Kitagawa, Vytautas P. Bindokas, and Richard I. Morimoto (_Nature Cell Biology_, Vol. 4, No. 10, Sep. 30, 2002, p. 826 - 831).

11. _NEJM_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "A Program to Prevent Functional Decline in Physically Frail, Elderly Persons Who Live at Home," by Thomas M. Gill, Dorothy I. Baker, Margaret Gottschalk, Peter N. Peduzzi, Heather Allore, and Amy Byers (_New England Journal of Medicine_, Vol. 347, No. 14, Oct. 3, 2002, p. 1068-1074).

12. _BMJ_ NEWS: "World Medical Association isolates Netherlands on euthanasia," by Tony Sheldon (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 325, No. 7366, Sep. 28, 2002, HTML and .pdf format, p. 675).

13. MEDSCAPE MEDLINE ABSTRACTS, ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Antioxidants and the Aging Brain" (Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2002, Medline Abstracts).

B. "Effects of Estrogens and Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators on Indicators of Cardiovascular Health in Postmenopausal Women," by Karen Potvin Klein and David M. Herrington (Medscape Women's Health eJournal, Vol. 7, No. 5, 2002).


III. Working Papers:


A. "Perception of Elderly Taiwanese About the Availability of Social Support," by Jennifer C. Cornman, Noreen Goldman, Maxine Weinstein, and Hui-Sheng Lin (WP 2001-05, 2002, .pdf format, 43p.).


We examine the Taiwanese elderly's perceptions about the availability of social support, an aspect of social support about which little is known in the Taiwanese setting. Using data from a longitudinal study of the elderly in Taiwan, we create three typologies that measure the stability of perceptions about emotional and sick care. We also investigate the effects of sociodemographic characteristics, network characteristics, social involvement and personality characteristics on the stability of perceptions. In general, the elderly hold positive perceptions about the availability of social support, and these perceptions are fairly stable over the 10-year period under review. Elderly who are older, have a secondary school education, are Taiwanese, are continuously married throughout the study period, have four or more close friends, are socially involved, are not depressed, and who have a high life satisfaction are more likely than their respective counter parts to have consistently positive perceptions about the availability of social support.

B. "Social Ties and Perceived Support: Two Dimensions of Social Relationships and Health Among the Elderly in Taiwan," by Jennifer C. Cornman, Noreen Goldman, Dana Glei, Maxine Weinstein, and Ming-Cheng Chang (WP 2002-02, 2002, .pdf format, 34p.).

Abstract extract:

If baseline health is ignored, estimates of the effects of social relationships on health at a given stage of life are likely to be inflated by reverse causality or by effects occurring prior to baseline. Inclusion of controls for initial health reveals that, in general, the relationship between social support and health at the older ages in Taiwan is relatively modest.

15. NBER:

A. "Redistribution and Insurance: Mandatory Annuitization with Mortality Heterogeneity," by Jeffrey R. Brown (National Bureau of Economic Research w9256, October 2002, .pdf format, 36p.).


This paper examines the distributional implications of mandatory longevity insurance when there is mortality heterogeneity in the population. Previous research has demonstrated the significant financial redistribution that occurs under alternative annuity programs in the presence of differential mortality across groups. This paper embeds that analysis into a life cycle framework that allows for an examination of distributional effects on a utility-adjusted basis. It finds that the degree of redistribution that occurs from the introduction of a mandatory annuity program is substantially lower on a utility-adjusted basis than when evaluated on a purely financial basis. In a simple life-cycle model with no bequests, complete annuitization is welfare enhancing even for those individuals with much higher-than-average expected mortality rates, so long as administrative costs are sufficiently low. These findings have implications for policy toward annuitization, particularly as part of a reformed Social Security system.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

B. "The Role of Company Stock in Defined Contribution Plans," by Olivia S. Mitchell and Stephen P. Utkus (National Bureau of Economic Research w9250, October 2002, .pdf format, 52p.).


This paper explores the risks and benefits of holding company stock in employer-sponsored defined contribution (DC) retirement plans. We address three questions: (1) What is the role and function of company stock in such plans? (2) Who might be affected by enhanced portfolio diversification in such plans? and (3) What mechanisms exist, or might be developed, to enhance portfolio diversification if more diversification were deemed useful? Firms offer company stock within DC plans in an effort to enhance economic performance, though evidence is mixed on productivity gains from stock ownership. We demonstrate that concentrated stock positions arise most often in larger firms' DC plans where sponsors direct employer contributions and restrict diversification. Stock concentration also arises because participants systematically underestimate the risk of employer stock and over-rely on its past performance in making investment decisions. In a retirement system with concentrated stock positions, there will always be some participants who forfeit DC plan savings to firm bankruptcy. Encouraging plan diversification mitigates this risk, but it could also induce some companies to redirect plan contributions to other forms of stock compensation or to replace stock contributions with cash compensation. We conclude by describing policy tools that might be used to encourage diversification and discuss conditions for their effective implementation.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

C. "Integration of Unemployment Insurance with Retirement Insurance," by Joseph Stiglitz and Jungyoll Yun (National Bureau of Economic Research w9199, September 2002, .pdf format, 57p.).


This paper analyzes a social insurance system that integrates unemployment insurance with a pension program through an individual account, allowing workers to borrow against their future wage income to finance consumption during an unemployment episode and thus improving their search incentives while reducing risks. This paper identifies factors which determine the optimal degree of integration. A fully integrated system is one in which no reliance is placed at all on a separate tax-funded unemployment insurance program. We show that when the duration of unemployment is very short compared to the period of employment or retirement, the optimal system involves an exclusive reliance on pension-funded self-insurance. This system imposes a negligible risk burden for workers while avoiding attenuating search incentives. We also argue that a joint integration of several social insurance programs with a pension program through an individual account is desirable unless the risks are perfectly correlated to each other.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

16. STANFORD UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS: "Distangling Age, Cohort and Time Effects in the Additive Model," by David McKenzie (WP 02-009, July 2002, .pdf format, 38p.).


This paper presents a new approach to the old problem of linear dependency of age, cohort and time effects. It is shown that second differences of the effects can be estimated without any normalization restrictions, providing information on the shape of the age, cohort and time effect profiles, and enabling identification of structural breaks. A Wald test is provided to test the popular linear and quadratic specifications against a very general alternative. First differenced and level effects can then be consistently estimated with a small number of additional normalizing assumptions. Moreover, it is demonstrated that coefficients on additional exogenous regressors can be consistently estimated in this framework without the need for normalizing assumptions.

Click on "PDF" for full text.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

17. American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 92, No. 10, October 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database and the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of these databases and this issue.

18. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

American Sociological Review (Vol. 67, No. 4, 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and this issue.

Health and Social Work (Vol. 27, No. 3, 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and this issue.

19. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Oct. 1, 2002:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 1, 2002:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 1, 2002:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:

20. NIH:

A. Career Development in Aging and Genetic Epidemiologic Research Methodology" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, AG-03-001, Sep. 23, 2002).

B. Integrating Aging and Cancer Research (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging and National Cancer Institute, Sep. 24, 2002).


VI. Conferences/Workshops:

21. NIH: "On October 23 and 24, 2002, the [US] National Institutes of Health (NIH) will hold a scientific workshop on Menopausal Hormone Therapy (HT) in the main auditorium of the William H. Natcher Conference Center on the NIH campus in Bethesda, Maryland. The purpose of the workshop is to review the results from one component of the NIH Womens Health Initiative (WHI) clinical trial. This study of the use of combination estrogen and progestin in postmenopausal women was halted recently due to an increased risk of invasive breast cancer and cardiovascular disease. Data from this arm of the WHI on cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, breast and colon cancer will be reviewed. We need to communicate the implications of the current knowledge so that women and their physicians can make informed decisions on short- and long-term use of HT, said Dr. Elias Zerhouni, NIH Director. Other studies of the WHI are being continued, including a clinical trial of the use of estrogen alone." For more information, including a link to registration information, see the National Institutes of Health news release of Oct. 2, 2002 at:

22. HOSPICE INSTITUTE OF FLORIDA SUNCOAST: "The Hospice Institute of the Florida Suncoast, a recipient of a National Family Caregiver Support Program Innovation Grant, will be offering a series of training programs focusing on the end-of-life caregiving experience. This free 5 day training program is designed for health and social service providers working with caregivers. For more information on these train-the-trainer seminars, contact the Hospice Institute of the Florida Suncoast at (727) 773-2561 or

The announcement can be found at the US Administration on Aging site (9/25/02).


VII. Legislation Information Updates:

23. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH HEARING TESTIMONY: "Medicare Payments for Currently Covered Prescription Drugs," a hearing held Oct. 3, 2002.

Hearing testimony:


VIII. Websites of Interest:

24. PBS _THOU SHALT HONOR: CAREGIVING_: The US Public Broadcasting System will be airing a two hour television program on caregiving in early October (check you local listings for time). This companion website contains information relevant to the topic and the program, as well as information on purchasing a videotape of the program and a companion book.

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706