Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #139--June 13, 2002

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. ICPSR DATA: The Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research at the University of Michigan released seven studies on June 7, 2002. Researchers in aging may be interested in:

National Jail Census (Study # 3318).

Note: This is a temporary address. ICPSR studies can always be found at:

Search on title or study number.

II. Reports and articles:

2. DHHS--PRESS RELEASE: "HHS Moves to Free Home Health Nurses to Focus on Patient Care," (US Department of Health and Human Services, June 10, 2002).

3. DHHS OIG -- FEDERAL REGISTER NOTICE: "Draft OIG Compliance Program Guidance for Ambulance Suppliers," (Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 100, June 6, 2002, .pdf format, p. 39015-39026).


A. "Red Book," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General, June 2002, .pdf format, 96p.). Note: "The Red Book is a compendium of significant Office of Inspector General (OIG) cost-saving recommendations that have not been fully implemented. Full implementation of the recommendations in the 2001 edition of the Red Book could produce substantial savings to the Department."

B. "Medicare Maintenance Payments for Capped Rental Equipment," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General, OEI-03-00-00410, June 2002, .pdf format, 23p.).

Executive Summary:

The OIG's detailed 5-year analysis, which involved tracking more than 3,500 pieces of capped rental equipment for beneficiaries who decided to rent or purchase the equipment in 1996, demonstrated that Medicare paid substantially more for maintenance on rented equipment than repairs on purchased equipment. Furthermore, our additional analysis of supplier documentation for more than 250 maintenance services from June 2000 found only 9 percent of the capped rental equipment actually received any maintenance and servicing. For these reasons, we recommended that CMS eliminate the semi-annual maintenance payment for rental equipment and instead, pay only for repairs when needed. This change would result in approximately $100 million being saved each year by Medicare and its beneficiaries. The CMS agreed with our recommendation and stated that they will consider a legislative initiative to eliminate the 15-month rental option all together.

C. "Advisory Opinion 02-7," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General, June 2002, .pdf format, 5p.). Note: This opinion "concern(s) the proposed waiver of coinsurance for portable x-ray services provided to nursing facility residents who are eligible for Medicare and Medicaid, but who do not meet the eligibility requirements for Qualified Medicare beneficiaries."

5. POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU--REPORT: "Government Spending in an Older America," by Ronald Lee and John Haaga (PRB Reports on America, Vol. 3, No. 1, May 2002, .pdf format, 16p.)


"The population of the U.S. is getting older, and older people receive more in public benefits than they pay each year in taxes. How should our public finance system be changed in order to deal with this new demographic situation?"


A. "Carers 2000," by Joanne Maher and Hazel Green (UK Office of National Statistics, June 2002, .pdf format, 35p.).

From the Report Summary:

The General Household Survey (GHS) has collected information on the extent and nature of care-giving in Britain at five-yearly intervals since 1985. The main aim of the questions is to provide national estimates of the number of carers overall and in different subgroups. In 2000, as in previous years, carers were defined as people who were looking after, or providing some regular service for, a sick, disabled or elderly person living in their own or another household. All types of caring tasks for any number of hours were included. The results are based on a nationally
representative sample of approximately 18,000 adults living in private households in Great Britain.

B. "Mental Health of Carers," by Nicola Singleton, Natalie Aye Maung, Allison Cowie, Janet Sparks, Robert Bumpstead, and Howard Meltzer (UK Office of National Statistics, June 2002, .pdf format, 103p.).

From the Report Summary:

"The main purpose of the current report is to present the prevalence rates for common mental disorders (neurotic disorders, such as anxiety, depression and phobias) among adults aged 16 and over who were providing care in England in 2001. In particular, it considers the impact of caring responsibilities and the support carers receive on their mental health. It also looks at the characteristics of the person cared for, the caring relationship, the carers receipt of treatment and health services."

7. NATIONAL HEALTH PERFORMANCE COMMITTEE (AUSTRALIA)--REPORT: "National Report on Health Sector Performance Indicators 2001," (National Health Performance Committee, 2002, .pdf format, 84p.).

From the introduction:

"Australia, in line with several other developed countries, has good health status with one of the highest life expectancies in the world. The death rates from heart disease and stroke have both decreased together with the death rate from cancer. Thus the burden of disease in relation to falling death rates has improved but there has been growing recognition of the impact on the population of noncommunicable, chronic diseases, especially musculoskeletal and neuro-degenerative diseases, asthma, diabetes and mental health problems (particularly depression). This burden of disease has an impact on the quality of life of people with these diseases."

8. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING--PRESS RELEASE: "More Support for Aged Care Providers," released on June 11, 2002.

9. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: Electronic full-text of _PNAS_ articles may be available. Check with your organization's library.

A. "Neuronal loss and brain atrophy in mice lacking cathepsins B and L," by Ute Felbor, Benedikt Kessler, Walther Mothes, Hans H. Goebel, Hidde L. Ploegh, Roderick T. Bronson, and Bjorn R. Olsen (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 12, June 11, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 7883-7888).

B. "Presenilin-1 mutations of leucine 166 equally affect the generation of the Notch and APP intracellular domains independent of their effect on A- beta 42 production," by Tobias Moehlmann, Edith Winkler, Xuefeng Xia, Dieter Edbauer, Jill Murrell, Anja Capell, Christoph Kaether, Hui Zheng, Bernardino Ghetti, Christian Haass, and Harald Steiner (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 12, June 11, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 8025-8030).

C. "Life-long sustained mortality advantage of siblings of centenarians," by Thomas T. Perls, John Wilmoth, Robin Levenson, Maureen Drinkwater, Melissa Cohen, Hazel Bogan, Erin Joyce, Stephanie Brewster, Louis Kunkel, and Annibale Puca (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 12, June 11, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 8442-8447).


A. "Burden of illness and suicide in elderly people: case-control study," by Margda Waern, E Rubenowitz, B Runeson, I Skoog, K Wilhelmson, and P Allebeck (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 324, No. 7350, June 8, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1355-1357).

B. "Nottingham Staphylococcus aureus population study: prevalence of MRSA among elderly people in the community," by Hajo Grundmann, Adriana Tami, Satoshi Hori, Muhammad Halwani, and Richard Slack (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 324, No. 7350, June 8, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1365-1366).

C. "Storm over screening for prostate specific antigen," by Martin J. Duckworth, Rick Ward, E. Darracott Vaughan, David G McLeod, Mario L. de Lemos, and Alison Tonks (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 324, No. 7350, June 8, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1392-1393).

11. _LANCET_ NEWS, EDITORIAL, AND CORRESPONDENCE: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

A. "Are dyskinesias a problem after neural transplantation for Parkinson's disease?" by Jane Bradbury (_Lancet_, Vol. 359, No. 9322, June 8, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2005).



B. "Osteoporosis: Treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis," by Pierre D. Delmas (_Lancet_, Vol. 359, No. 9322, June 8, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2018-2026).



C. "Progressive lateral ventricular enlargement as a clue to Alzheimer's disease," by Sunku H. Guptha, Eric Holroyd, and Gordon Campbell (_Lancet_, Vol. 359, No. 9322, June 8, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 2040-2041).



12. _MEDSCAPE_ CONFERENCE REPORT: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

"International Osteoporosis Foundation World Congress on Osteoporosis," a conference held May 10-14, 2002 in Lisbon, Portugal. Continuing Medical Education credits may be available.


III. Working Papers:

13. NBER: "The Relationship Between Education and Adult Mortality in the United States," by Adriana Lleras-Muney (National Bureau of Economic Research w8986, June 2002, .pdf format, 44p.).


Prior research has uncovered a large and positive correlation between education and health. This paper examines whether education has a causal impact on health. I follow synthetic cohorts using successive U.S. censuses to estimate the impact of educational attainment on mortality rates. I use compulsory education laws from 1915 to 1939 as instruments for education. The results suggest that education has a causal impact on mortality, and that this effect is perhaps larger than has been previously estimated in the literature.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

14. CESifo: "Social Security, Retirement Age and Optimal Income Taxation," by Helmuth Cremer, Jean-Marie Lozachmeur, and Pierre Pestieau (CESifo [Center for Economic Studies and the Ifo Institute, Munich, Germany] Working Paper No. 693, April 2002, .pdf format, 30p.).


It is often argued that implicit taxation on continued activity of elderly workers is responsible for the widely observed trend towards early retirement. In a world of laissez-faire or of first-best efficiency, there would be no such implicit taxation. The point of this paper is that when first-best redistributive instruments are not available, because some variables are not observable, the optimal policy does imply a distortion of the retirement decision. Consequently, the inducement of early retirement may be part of the optimal tax-transfer policy. We consider a model in which individuals differ in their productivity and their capacity to work long and choose both their weekly labor supply and their age of retirement. We characterize the optimal non linear tax-transfer that maximizes a utilitarian welfare function when weekly earnings and the length of active life are observable while individuals' productivity and health status are not observable.

More on CESifo:


A. "Gender Differences in the Influence of Economic, Lifestyle, and Psychosocial Factors on Later-life Health," by Steven G. Prus and Ellen Gee (SEDAP Working Paper No. 76, June 2002, .pdf format, 25p.).


This paper examines the differential impact of social forces on the health of men and women aged 65+ using data from the 1994-1995 National Population Health Survey. Multiple regression analysis is used to estimate gender differences in the influence of socio-economic, lifestyle, and psychosocial factors on both self-rated health and overall functional health. Some key findings are: 1) the relationship between income and health is significant for older women, but not for older men, while the opposite occurs for education; 2) having an acceptable body weight is positively associated with health for elderly women only; and 3) stress-related factors are generally much stronger determinants of health for older women. These findings shed light on the processes of healthy aging for men and women.

B. "A Longitudinal Study of the Residential Mobility of the Elderly in Canada," by Yuri Ostrovsky (SEDAP Working Paper No. 78, June 2002, .pdf format, 55p.).


An intensely debated question in the lifecycle literature is whether housing wealth is viewed by households as a financial asset that will be used to support general consumption after retirement. This paper uses the newly available longitudinal Canadian Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID) to investigate the factors influencing elderly households' residential mobility choices. A dynamic non-linear panel (longitudinal) data dynamic model is employed. I use the Bover-Arellano estimator (Chamberlain's class of estimators), based on reduced form predictions of the latent dependent variable. The residential mobility of the elderly appears to be affected mostly by moving costs, which are different for owners and non-owners.

IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

16. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 155, No. 12, June 15, 2002). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available at the site. Check your organization's library.

17. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

International Journal of Ageing and Human Development (Vol. 54, No. 2, 2002).


18. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of June 11, 2002:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of June 11, 2002:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of June 11, 2002:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:

19. DHHS: "Compassion Capital Fund." "The Compassion Capital Fund (CCF) is a $30 million fund that Congress appropriated to the Department of Health and Human Services in January 2002. The CCF represents the first appropriated federal funds that are specifically targeted to assist the grassroots organizations that are the focus of President Bush's faith-based and community initiative."

To view the press release by DHHS go to:


VI. Legislation Information Updates:

20. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE HEARING TRANSCRIPT: "Retirement Security and Defined Contribution Plans," a hearing held Feb. 26, 2002 (US House Serial Publication 107-66).




Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
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