Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #137--May 30, 2002

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:


A. "HRS 1998 Imputation Data Release (Version 2.0)," (University of Michigan Institute for Social Research, Health and Retirement Study, May 24, 2002). Note: "HRS users who want to use the data must register."

For more information about registering go to the HRS Data Center page:

Follow the link to "Public File Download Area".

B. "AHEAD 1995 Core Final Data Release (Version 2)," (University of Michigan Institute for Social Research, Asset and Health Dynamics among the Oldest Old Study, May 28, 2002).

For more information about the data release go to:


II. Reports and articles:

2. DHHS OIG REPORT: "Medicare Carriers Policies for Mental Health Services," (US Department of Health and Human Service, Office of the Inspector General, OEI-03-99-00132, May 2002, .pdf format, 43p.).

Background from Executive Summary:

"Medicare and its beneficiaries paid an estimated $1.2 billion for Part B mental health services in 1998. Part B claims for mental health services are processed and paid by Medicare carriers that contract with the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). To date, CMS has not established a national coverage policy for all carriers to follow in assessing the appropriateness of claims for mental health services. Rather, carriers are permitted to develop local medical review policies in accordance with a format published by CMS. These policies describe the medical criteria beneficiaries must meet for particular mental health services to be considered medically necessary and appropriate, as well as criteria for satisfactory documentation of mental health services."


A. "Medicare: Recent CMS Reforms Address Carrier Scrutiny of Physicians' Claims for Payment," (US General Accounting Office GAO-02-693, May 2002, .pdf format, 42p.).

B. "Retiree Health Benefits: Examples of Employer-Reported Obligations in Selected Industries," (US General Accounting Office GAO-02-639R, April 29, 2002, .pdf format, 5p.).

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports can also be found at:

Search on title or report number

4. NCHS REPORT: "Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 1997," (US Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Health Statistics, VHS Series 10, No. 205, May 2002, .pdf format, 117p.).

5. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGING--PRESS RELEASE: "Extra $2.095 million for home and community care in Tasmania," (Australian Department of Health and Ageing, released May 29, 2002).

6. AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND WELFARE REPORT: "Entry Period for Residential Aged Care," (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Aged Care Statistics Series No. 7, May 2002, .pdf format, 159p.).

From the Introduction:

"Entry period: Residential Aged Care provides a study at both the bivariate and multivariate levels of the elapsed time between an aged care assessment being undertaken to determine eligibility for residential aged care services and actual entry to residential aged care. The report examines and rejects the evidence for using entry period as a proxy for waiting time, and by implication, as a measure of the accessibility of residential aged care services. The report will be of particular interest to aged care service providers, policy makers and those responsible for planning aged care services, as well as researchers interested in the aged care field."

To view the complete report, or to access a specific section, click on"Online".

A press release from the Australian Department of Health and Aging concerning this report is available at:

7. NIH PRESS RELEASE: "Irregular Periods in Young Women could be Warning Sign for Later Osteoporosis," (US National Institutes of Health, May 29, 2002).

8. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: Electronic full-text of _PNAS_ articles may be available. Check with your organization's library.

A. "Symptomatic and asymptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia: Molecular differentiation by using microarrays," by Kulkarni Prakash, Gregorio Pirozzi, Michael Elashoff, William Munger, Iwao Waga, Rajiv Dhir, Yoshiyuki Kakehi, and Robert H. Getzenberg (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 11, May 28, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 7598-7603).

B. "Contribution by synaptic zinc to the gender-disparate plaque formation in human Swedish mutant APP transgenic mice," by Joo-Yong Lee, Toby B. Cole, Richard D. Palmiter, Sang Won Suh, and Jae-Young Koh (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 11, May 28, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 7705-7710).

C. "A polymorphic gene nested within an intron of the tau gene: Implications for Alzheimer's disease," by Chris Conrad, Cintia Vianna, Melissa Freeman, and Peter Davies (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 99, No. 11, May 28, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 7751-7756).

9. _LANCET_ EDITORIAL AND CORRESPONDENCE: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

A. "Pathogenesis of bone fragility in women and men," by Ego Seeman (_The Lancet_, Vol. 359, No. 9320, May 25, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1841-1850).



B. "Predicting the failure of amyloid- beta vaccine," by Mark A. Smith, Craig S. Atwood, James A. Joseph, and George Perry (_The Lancet_, Vol. 359, No. 9320, May 25, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1864).


A. "Health care for older people," by Paula A. Rochon, Susan E. Bronskill, and Jerry H. Gurwitz (_British Medical Journal_, Vo. 324, No. 7348, May 25, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1231-1232).

B. "Management of genital prolapse," by Ranee Thakar and Stuart Stanton (_British Medical Journal_, Vo. 324, No. 7348, May 25, 2002, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1258-1262).

11. _MEDSCAPE_ ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors in the Elderly," by William B. Kannel (_The American Journal of Geriatric Cardiology via Medscape_, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2002, p. 101-107).

B. "Early Detection and Treatment of Neovascular Age-related Macular Degeneration," by Neil M. Bressler (_Journal of the American Board of Family Practice via Medscape_, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2002, p. 142-152).

12. AARP PERIODICAL: Selected articles from the July-August 2002 edition of _My Generation_ are available from the AARP website.


III. Working Papers:

13. NBER: "Social Security and Democracy," by Casey B. Mulligan, Ricard Gil, and Xavier Sala-i-Martin (National Bureau of Economic Research w8958, May 2002, .pdf format, 55p.).


Many political economic theories use and emphasize the process of voting in their explanation of the growth of Social Security, government spending, and other public policies. But is there an empirical connection between democracy and Social Security program size or design? Using some new international data sets to produce both country-panel econometric estimates as well as case studies of South American and southern European countries, we find that Social Security policy varies according to economic and demographic factors, but that very different political histories can result in the same Social Security policy. We find little partial effect of democracy on the size of Social Security budgets, on how those budgets are allocated, or how economic and demographic factors affect Social Security. If there is any observed difference, democracies spend a little less of their GDP on Social Security, grow their budgets a bit more slowly, and cap their payroll tax more often, than do economically and demographically similar nondemocracies. Democracies and nondemocracies are equally likely to have benefit formulas inducing retirement and, conditional on GDP per capita, equally likely to induce retirement with a retirement test vs. an earnings test.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

14. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR APPLIED SYSTEMS ANALYSIS [Laxenburg, Austria]: "Dynamic Microsimulation of Health Care Demand, Health Care Finance and the Economic Impact of Health Behavior. Part II: Survey and Review," by Martin Spielbauer (IIASA Interim Report IR-02-036, May 2002, .pdf and PostScript format, 36p.).


This report is the second part of an investigation of the potential of dynamic microsimulation for modeling and projection of health care demand, health care finance and the economic impact of health behavior. While the first part (Spielauer, 2002) provided a theoretical and methodological background of dynamic microsimulation in this research area and compared the microsimulation approach with the cell-based macro-approach, this paper contains a survey of existing microsimulation projects and draws some conclusions with regard to health care modeling.

The purpose of this survey is to capitalize on the expertise acquired by what is now more than 40 years of dynamic microsimulation model development with regard to modeling health care demand, health care finance and the economic impact of health behavior. Based on literature research, 33 dynamic microsimulation projects were identified for which documentation is available. While a short description and classification of these projects is given in the appendix of this report, 9 projects are reviewed in more detail. All of these 9 models include health-related variables, however, the range of health-related issues that can be studied using these models varies widely, as health is not the central focus of the majority of the models. Consequently, this review does not exclusively concentrate on the treatment of health issues in microsimulation models, but the selection of models was also made with the intention to cover most approaches towards dynamic data-based microsimulation with regard to the general structure and modeling options. The review focuses on the modeling of demographic and health behaviors and on the way these models are integrated into the whole model structure, including policy and accounting issues. After giving a brief description of each of the selected models, the modeling approaches are summarized and commented by means of five distinguished criteria. These are the use of alignment techniques, the model's complexity and range of variables used, the theoretical foundation of the model, the type of starting population used, and the extent and detail of financial issues covered. The conclusions are then summarized in a series of "lessons" that can be learned from existing projects.

Click on PDF or PS icons for full text.

IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

15. American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 92, No. 6, June 1, 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for availability of these databases and this issue.

16. Population and Development Review (Vol. 28, No. 1, March 2002).

17. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Ageing International (Vol. 27, No. 1, Winter 2002).

Journal of Gerontological Social Work (Vol. 36, no. 1/2, 2001).

Population Studies (Vol. 56, No. 1, 2002).

Social Work (Vol. 47 No. 2, 2002).

18. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of May 28, 2002:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of May 28, 2002:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of May 28, 2002:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:

19. UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS: "The Distributional Aspects of Social Security and Social Security Reform," edited by Martin Feldstein and Jeffrey B. Liebman (National Bureau of Economic Research Conference Report, 2001, 376p.). For more information about the book go to:


VI. Funding Opportunities:

20. NIH: "Genetic Architecture, Biological Variation, and Complex Phenotypes," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging in conjunction with several other agencies, PA-02-110, May 29, 2002).

VII. Legislation Information Updates:

21. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON FINANCE: "Regulatory Relief for Medicare - The Case for Cutting Red Tape," a hearing held May 28, 2002. All witness statements are in .pdf format.

Hearing testimony:


VIII. Websites of Interest:

22. NIH AUDIO LECTURE: "Successful Aging: Prescriptions and Persisting Problems," by Robert L. Kahn (National Institutes of Health, January 2002, .pdf and RealAudio format). Dr. Kahn's presentation is part of a series of lectures organized by NIH to honor the work of Dr. Matilda White Riley. The title of this series of lectures is: "Soaring: An Exploration of Science and the Life Course Honoring the Contributions of Matilda White Riley."

To listen to the lecture go to:

Scroll down to "Successful Aging" and click on the RealAudio icon.

An abstract and a link to the slides used by Dr. Kahn can be found at:




Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
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