Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #132--April 25, 2002

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:


A. "Consolidated Federal Funds Report for Fiscal Year 2001" (State and County Areas). The data, at present, is available via an online query system. Shortly, it will be available in several ASCII formats.

B. "Federal Aid to States for Fiscal Year 2001" (FAS/01, April 2002, .pdf format, 58p.)

Both the data and report are linked to from a Census Bureau news release"Federal Domestic Spending Up 9 Percent in 2001" (Apr. 23, 2002).

The links are at the bottom of the page.

2. MEPS: 1999 MEPS/1997 & 1998 NHIS (National Health Interview Survey) Link File and 1998 MEPS/1996 & 1997 NHIS Link are available by request by the US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. For more information on obtaining the "cross-walk that will allow data users to merge the MEPS 1999 Full-Year Population Characteristics public use data file, HC-031, with the NHIS 1997/1998 public use data files; and the "cross-walk that will allow data users to merge the MEPS 1998 Full-Year Population Characteristics public use data file, HC-028, with the NHIS 1996/1997 public use data files, see:



3. MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH/ODENSE PRESS: _Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish_," by James R. Carey and Debra S. Judge (Monographs on Population Aging 8, Odense University Press). "This book contains nearly 4,100 longevity records (reports of highest documented age) for 3,054 vertebrate species/subspecies including 890, 817, 120, 777, and 450 mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and fish, respectively. The number of records exceeds the number of species because for some species we found separate longevity records classified by sex and/or by living conditions (wild or captive) and for others we included two or more record ages."

Click on "Online Databases" on the left side of the screen, and then"Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish". Then click on the book to enter the site.

II. Reports and articles:

4. NCHS REPORT: "National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2000 Emergency Department Summary," by Linda F. McCaig and Nghi Ly, (US National Center for Health Statistics Advance Data From Vital and Health Statistics Number 326, April 2002, .pdf format, 32p.).

Click on "View/download PDF" for full text.

5. KFF REPORT: "Erosion of Private Health Insurance Coverage for Retirees: Findings from the 2000 and 2001 Retiree Health and Prescription Drug Coverage Survey" (Kaiser Family Foundation, April 2002, Chartpack, .pdf format, 11p., News Release, .pdf format, 2p.). "This survey, released by the Kaiser Family Foundation, The Commonwealth Fund, and HRET [Health Research and Educational Trust], profiles retiree health coverage for Medicare-age (65+) retirees, including the amount retirees pay for coverage compared to active workers, cost-sharing for prescription drugs, and eligibility requirements for retiree benefits."

6. CMS PERIODICAL: _The CMS Quarterly Provider Update_ (US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, April 2002, .pdf format). This periodical is"a source for National Medicare Provider information. ... [T]he Update will include all non-regulatory changes to Medicare, including all Program Memoranda, manual changes and any other instructions that could affect providers. To the extent practical, all instructions will be implemented 90 days after they are included in the Update."


More information about QPE:

7. GAO CORRESPONDENCE: "VA Long-Term Care: Implementation of Certain Millennium Act Provisions Is Incomplete and Availability of Noninstitutional Services Is Uneven" (US General Accounting Office GAO-02-510R, March 2002, .pdf format, 30p.).

Note: This is a temporary addresses. GAO reports can usually be found at:

Search on title or report number. There is, however, no guarantee that this report, being an official correspondence, will be archived at the above Government Printing Office site.

8. PRB ARTICLE: "Boomers' Retirement Wave Likely to Begin in Just 6 Years," by Murray Gendell (Population Reference Bureau _Population Today_, April 2002).

.pdf version:

Scroll to "_Population Today_: April 2002" for link to full text of _PT_. The relevant article is the first article.

9. UNAIDS FACT SHEET: "Impact of HIV/AIDS on older populations" (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, April 2002).

10. NIH NEWS RELEASE: "Study Finds Widespread Sympathetic Nerve Damage in Parkinson's Disease" (US National Institutes of Health, Apr. 22, 2002).

11. DHHS NEWS RELEASE: "HHS to Extend $1 Billion in Medicare Payments to Nursing Homes" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Apr. 23, 2002).

12. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING NEWS RELEASE: "Community Urged to Play Greater Role in Aged Care" (Apr. 24, 2002).


A. "Patient and Caregiver Characteristics and Nursing Home Placement in Patients With Dementia," by Kristine Yaffe, Patrick Fox, Robert Newcomer, Laura Sands, Karla Lindquist, Kyle Dane, and Kenneth E. Covinsky (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 287, No. 16, Apr. 24, 2002, p. 2090-2097).

B. "Evaluation of Restorative Care vs Usual Care for Older Adults Receiving an Acute Episode of Home Care," by Mary E. Tinetti, Dorothy Baker, William T. Gallo, Aman Nanda, Peter Charpentier, and John O'Leary (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 287, No. 16, Apr. 24, 2002, p. 2098-2105).

14. _BMJ_ NEWS ROUNDUP: "Study adds to evidence that statins reduce risk of Alzheimers disease," by David Spurgeon (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 324, No. 7343, Apr. 20, 2002, p. 936).

15. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles. "Prospective Study of Brief Neuropsychological Measures to Assess Crash Risk in Older Primary Care Patients," by Sandra E. Lesikar, Joseph J. Gallo, George W. Rebok, and Penelope M. Keyl (_Journal of the American Board of Family Practice_, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2002, via Medscape).


A. "United in Denial: Nobody's facing the realities of an aging society," by Robert J. Samuelson (_Newsweek_ web exclusive, Apr. 24, 2002).

B. Reconsidering HRT: Is estrogen the answer to menopause? A new report suggests that many users could opt for alternatives," by Geoffrey Cowley and Karen Springen (_Newsweek_, Apr. 29, 2002).

III. Working Papers:

17. NBER: "Junior Must Pay: Pricing the Implicit Put in Privatizing Social Security," by George M. Constantinides and John B. Donaldson (National Bureau of Economic Research w8906, April 2002, .pdf format, 47p.).


Proposals that portion of the Social Security Trust Fund assets be invested in equities entail the possibility that a severe decline in equity prices renders the Fund assets insufficient to provide the currently mandated level of benefits. In this event, existing taxpayers may be compelled to act as insurers of last resort. The cost to taxpayers of such an implicit commitment equals the value of a put option with payoff equal to the benefit's shortfall. We calibrate an OLG model that generates realistic equity premia and value the put. With 20 percent of the Fund assets invested in equities, the highest level currently under serious discussion, we value a put that guarantees the currently mandated level of benefits at one percent of GDP, or a temporary increase in Social Security taxation of at most 25 percent. We value a put that guarantees 90 percent of benefits at merely .03 percent of GDP. In contrast to earlier literature, our results account for the significant changes in the distribution of security returns resulting from Trust Fund purchases. We also explore the inter-generational welfare implications of the guarantee.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the page for full text.

18. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR APPLIED SYSTEMS ANALYSIS [Laxenburg, Austria]: "Dynamic Microsimulation of Health Care Demand, Health Care Finance and the Economic Impact of Health Behavior. Part I: Background and a Comparison with Cell-Based Models," by Martin Spielbauer (IIASA Interim Report IR-02-032, April 2002, .pdf and PostScript format, 26p.).


This paper constitutes the first part of an investigation of the potential of dynamic microsimulation for the modeling and projection of health care demand, health care finance and the economic impact of health behavior. The main purpose of this part is to provide a brief theoretical background with regard to the dynamic microsimulation approach and a comparison of the microsimulation approach with the cell-based macro approach. Starting with a definition of dynamic microsimulation and a classification of the types and approaches, microsimulation modeling is brought into the context of the life-course paradigm. This paradigm, meanwhile being the dominant paradigm in demography, can also be a useful organizational principle for the study and projection of health-related phenomena using microsimulation. Microsimulation is then compared with cell-based approaches, and the potential strengths as well as drawbacks of the microsimulation approach with regard to health care modeling are investigated. Dynamic microsimulation might turn out to be increasingly appropriate as a modeling approach in this field, which is currently dominated by cell-based macro-models.

Click on PDF or PS icons for full text.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

19. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

American Economic Review (Vol. 92, No. 1, 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for availability of these databases and this issue.

American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 92, No. 4, 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for availability of these databases and this issue.

Journal of Health and Social Behavior (Vol. 43, No. 1, 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and this issue.

20. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of April 23, 2002:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of April 23, 2002:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of April 23, 2002:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:

21. ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES: _Population Health and Aging: Strengthening the Dialogue between Epidemiology and Demography_, edited by Maxine Weinstein, Albert I. Hermalin, and Michael A. Stoto (2001, proceedings of a conference held Feb. 8-10, 2001, 323p. 17 papers, Volume 954, ISBN 1-57331-372-6). For more information see:


VI. Funding Opportunities:

22. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN POSTDOCTORAL POSITION: The University of Wisconsin Center for Demography of Health and Aging has announced the availability of a post-doctoral position in the Demography of Aging. For more information see:

23. NIH NIA: "Alzheimer's Disease Clinical Research and Training Program: Mentored Scientist Development Awards (K08 and K01)" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, Apr. 17, 2002). For more information see:


VII. Websites of Interest:

24. DHHS NURSING HOME COMPARE UPDATE: The US Department of Health and Human Services has updated it's Nursing Home Compare website with a new set of quality measures for the following states: Colorado, Florida, Maryland, Ohio, Rhode Island, and Washington. "This data comes from the Minimum Data Set and is calculated differently from the current set of resident characteristics reported in this database. Differences in residents' health status were taken into account in the analysis. This may help to compare the quality of care that the nursing homes provide more accurately."

DHHS news release announcing the update:

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706