Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #122--February 14, 2002

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. NLS: The Bureau of Labor Statistics National Longitudinal Surveys are now available for direct FTP download from the Center for Human Resource Research (CHRR) at Ohio State University. Of possible interest to researchers in aging, at present, are: NLSY79 CDROM 1979-1998 Main File Data Release 10.3; NLSY79 CDROM 1979-1998 Work History (Rel. 9.0); Mature Women Release 7 data download; and NLS Original Cohort MEN Release 5. All datasets can be downloaded, free of charge, after registration at the site. Note that part of the download process is also downloading the NLS Investigator software that is used to extract data from the surveys.

2. SSA STATISTICAL TABLES UPDATE: The following US Social Security Administration statistical tables have been updated to include 2001:

A. "Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund, 1937-2001"

B. "Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance Trust Funds, 1957-2001"

C. "Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Benefit Payments: Annual benefits paid from OASI Trust Fund, by type of benefit, 1937-2001"

II. Reports and articles:

3. CENSUS BUREAU: "Number, Timing and Duration of Marriages and Divorces: 1996," by Rose M. Krieder and Jason M. Fields (Census Bureau Household Economic Studies, P70-80, February 2002, .pdf format, 20p., with a detailed table, Microsoft Excel, .pdf, and ASCII format). Note: This is a Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) report.

Links to the report, detailed table, and a press release can be found under "1. 1996 SIPP."


A. "A Medicare Buy-In for the Near Elderly: Design Issues and Potential Effects on Coverage," by Richard W. Johnson, Marilyn Moon, and Amy J. Davidoff (Kaiser Family Foundation, February 2002, .pdf format, 41p.).


This report examines a Medicare-based approach to reducing the ranks of the uninsured that would permit early retirees between the ages of 62 and 65 to purchase coverage under Medicare. The paper begins with an overview of the challenges of insuring the near-elderly and explores the potential effects of a Medicare buy-in on coverage of this population. The authors conclude that, unless premiums for such coverage were low or tied to enrollees' income, this approach would have a relatively small impact on both the number of uninsured near-elderly and retirement decisions.

Click on "Report" for full text.

B. "An Analysis of Reforming Medicare Through a 'Premium Support' Program," by Thomas Rice and Katherine A. Desmond (Kaiser Family Foundation, January 2002, .pdf format, 58p.).


This report examines one of the leading approaches to reforming the Medicare program, known as premium support. Under this model, the current Medicare program would be replaced by a system of competing public and private health plans, and the federal government would pay a set amount per beneficiary. The authors conclude that, while premium support could potentially improve Medicare's efficiency and improve quality, traditional Medicare could experience erosion over time, resulting in higher costs and more unstable coverage for seniors.

Click on "Report" for full text.

C. "Prescription Drug Discount Cards: Current Programs and Issues" (Health Policy Alternatives for the Kaiser Family Foundation, February 2002, .pdf format, 39p.).


As policymakers consider a range of approaches to providing prescription drug coverage to the Medicare population in today's tight budgetary environment, one proposal that has been put forth by the Bush Administration is that of a Medicare-endorsed prescription drug discount card program. This report describes the range of existing discount card programs run by both private sponsors and state governments and provides background information on the implications of this approach to assisting Medicare beneficiaries with their prescription drug bills.

Click on "Report" for full text.

5. NATIONAL AGING I&R SUPPORT CENTER, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF STATE UNITS ON AGING REPORT: "Bringing the Older Americans Act Information & Referral Standards into the New Millennium (February 2002, HTML and .pdf format, 40p.). "In 1999 Alliance of Information and Referral Systems (AIRS) revised and updated their I&R standards to reflect both the diversity of I&R provision and the contemporary realities of how I&R can best serve its role in society. This document,... developed by the Support Center, presents a side-by-side comparison of the existing OAA I&R/A standards and the revised AIRS standards. The AIRS standards are more comprehensive and have been updated to include information about computerized databases. The AIRS standards are a benchmark that the aging network may use to measure existing and future I&R/A services."


A. "Social Trends 32," (UK Office for National Statistics, 2002, .pdf format, 261p.). Note: "Social Trends" is a reference resource that provides a variety of statistical information about the UK. Each of the 13 chapters provides information on a unique topical area." Of possible interest to researchers in aging may be the population, health, and housing sections.

Click on "Social Trends 32 (3.89 Mb - pdf)" to access electronic full-text. "Social Trends 32 (StatBase Datasets)" accesses the tables from the publication in Microsoft Excel format. These tables are also directly accessible from the .pdf version of the report if Adobe Acrobat .pdf is a plug-in and the publication appears in the web browser. If the publication is downloaded, the in-publication links to spreadsheet data will not work.

B. Economic Trends: "An update on development of pilot UK health accounts," by Phillip Lee, Beverley Bissett and Genevra Woodgate-Jones (UK Office for National Statistics, Economic Trends, No. 579, February 2002, .pdf format, 6p.). Note: Of particular interest to researchers in aging is the section on nursing home care costs in the UK.

7. URBAN INSTITUTE BRIEFREPORT (SEE ALSO #4A ABOVE): "Insuring the Near Elderly: The Potential Role for Medicare Buy-In Plans," by Richard W. Johnson, Amy J. Davidoff, and Marilyn Moon (Urban Institute Retirement Project Brief Series No. 13, January 2002, HTML and .pdf format, 7p.).

8. _SCIENCE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS: Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

A. "The Quest to Reverse Time's Toll," by Constance Holden (_Science_, Vol. 295, No. 5557, Feb. 8, 2002, p. 1032-1033).

B. "Cracking the Secrets of Aging," by Constance Holden (_Science_, Vol. 295, No. 5557, Feb. 8, 2002, p. 1033).

Note: These two articles are part of a larger special section of the Feb. 8, 2002 issue of _Science_ that may be of interest to researchers in aging: "The Bionic Human." Article abstracts and full text (if available) can be accessed from:

C. "Adult-Onset Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma Caused by Mutations in Optineurin," by Tayebeh Rezaie, Anne Child, Roger Hitchings, Glen Brice, Lauri Miller, Miguel Coca-Prados, Elise Hon, Theodore Krupin, Robert Ritch, Donald Kreutzer, R. Pitts Crick, and Mansoor Sarfarazi (_Science_, Vol. 295, No. 5557, Feb. 8, 2002, p. 1077-1079).

9. _BMJ_ ARTICLE: "Influenza vaccination rates and informed consent in Dutch nursing homes: survey of nursing home physicians," by Marcel Verweij and Mariette van den Hoven (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 324, No. 7333, Feb. 9, 2002, HTML and .pdf format, p. 328).


A. "Cardiovascular Effects of Sildenafil During Exercise in Men With Known or Probable Coronary Artery Disease," by Adelaide M. Arruda-Olson, Douglas W. Mahoney, Ajay Nehra, Marilyn Leckel, and Patricia A. Pellikka (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 287, No. 6, Feb. 13, 2002, HTML and .pdf format, p. 719-725).

B. "Hormone Replacement Therapy in Relation to Breast Cancer," by Chi-Ling Chen, Noel S. Weiss, Polly Newcomb, William Barlow, and Emily White (_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Abstract, Vol. 287, No. 6, Feb. 13, 2002, p. 734-741).

C. "Participation in Cognitively Stimulating Activities and Risk of Incident Alzheimer Disease," by Robert S. Wilson, Carlos F. Mendes de Leon, Lisa L. Barnes, Julie A. Schneider, Julia L. Bienias, Denis A. Evans, and David A. Bennett (_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Abstract, Vol. 287, No. 6, Feb. 13, 2002, p. 742-748).

NIA (US National Institute on Aging) News: Alzheimer's Disease Research Update concerning the above article: "Use It Or Lose It?" Study Suggests Mentally Stimulating Activities May Reduce Alzheimer's Risk" (Feb. 13, 2002) :

D. "Discussing Religious and Spiritual Issues at the End of Life: A Practical Guide for Physicians," by Bernard Lo, Delaney Ruston, Laura W. Kates, Robert M. Arnold, Cynthia B. Cohen, Kathy Faber-Langendoen, Steven Z. Pantilat, Christina M. Puchalski, Timothy R. Quill, Michael W. Rabow, Simeon Schreiber, Daniel P. Sulmasy, and James A. Tulsky (_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Special Communication Abstract, Vol. 287, No. 6, Feb. 13, 2002, p. 749-754).

E. "Safe Sex for Men With Coronary Artery Disease: Exercise, Sildenafil, and Risk of Cardiac Events," by Thomas H. Marwick (_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Editorial, Vol. 287, No. 6, Feb. 13, 2002, HTML and .pdf format, p. 766-767).


A. "Plasma Homocysteine as a Risk Factor for Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease," by Sudha Seshadri, Alexa Beiser, Jacob Selhub, Paul F. Jacques, Irwin H. Rosenberg, Ralph B. D'Agostino, Peter W.F. Wilson, and Philip A. Wolf (_New England Journal of Medicine_, Vol. 346, No. 7, Feb. 14, 2002, p. 476-483).

US National Institutes of Health News Release concerning the above article:

B. "Promotion of Prescription Drugs to Consumers," by Meredith B. Rosenthal, Ernst R. Berndt, Julie M. Donohue, Richard G. Frank, and Arnold M. Epstein (_New England Journal of Medicine_, Vol. 346, No. 7, Feb. 14, 2002, p. 498-505).

12. _ECONOMIST_ SPECIAL PENSION SURVEY: The Feb. 16, 2002 issue of _Economist_ contains a special survey on pensions, with eight articles on the topic: "Time to grow up"; "P is for perfect"; "Snares and delusions";"Hopeful Houdinis"; "Doing it their way"; "A matter of definition";"Booting out equities"; and "Time is running out."

Scroll to or "find in page" "A survey of pensions" (without the quotes). Note: This is a temporary address. After this week, look for these articles, for a limited period of time, under "PREVIOUS PRINT EDITIONS" on the left side of the page.

13. AARP PERIODICAL: Selected articles from AARP's _Modern Maturity_ (March|April 2002) have been made electronically available.

14. _FORTUNE_ ARTICLE: "Saving Private Pensions," by Jeffrey H. Birnbaum (_Fortune_, Feb. 18, 2002).


A. "Smile--You're On Botox!" by Leslie Berestein, Wendy Cole, Charla Krupp, and Heather Won Tesoriero (_Time_, Vol. 159, No. 7, Feb. 18, 2002).,9171,1101020218-201900,00.html

B. "The Insecurity Industry: As people worry about the safety of their 401(k)s, here's how the Democrats plan to ride the issue," by Karen Tumulty (_Time Vol. 159, No. 6, Feb. 11, 2002).,9171,1101020211-198896,00.html

16. _US NEWS AND WORLD REPORT_ ARTICLE: "Alzheimer's and Driving," by Nancy Shute (_US News and World Report_, Feb. 18, 2002).

Scroll to "Alzheimer's and Driving".

III. Working Papers:

17. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN POPULATION STUDIES CENTER: "AIDS and Older Persons: The View from Thailand," by John Knodel and Chanpen Saengtienchai (PSC Research Report 02-497, February 2002, .pdf format, 32p.).


Although little attention has been paid to older adults in the context of the global AIDS epidemic, they not only can contract HIV themselves but, far more commonly, they experience multiple consequences as in their role as parents of younger adults who become ill and die from AIDS. Older persons also make significant contributions to the well-being of younger adults who suffer from AIDS by playing a major role in caregiving to their infected sons and daughters and by assuming the role of foster parents for their grandchildren who are left behind as AIDS orphans emphasizing the consequences for and the contributions by older persons in their role as AIDS parents. The analysis is based primarily on interviews with key informants about individual AIDS cases and their families; direct survey interviews with AIDS parents and a comparison group of older persons; and in-depth interviews with AIDS parents. The first two permit quantitative analysis while the third is suited for qualitative analysis.

18. NBER:

A. "Social Security, Pensions and Retirement Behavior Within the Family," by Alan L. Gustman and Thomas L. Steinmeier (National Bureau of Economic Research W8772, February 2002, .pdf format, 46p.).


This paper estimates a structural model of family retirement using U.S. data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and from the National Longitudinal Survey of Mature Women. Estimates using the HRS benefit from having, for each spouse, earnings histories provided by the respondent and the Social Security Administration, and employer provided pension plan descriptions. We find that a measure of how much each spouse values being able to spend time in retirement with the other accounts for a good portion of the apparent interdependence of the retirement decisions of husbands and wives. When we include this measure, the simulations almost double the frequency of predicted joint retirements. Once estimated, we use the model to investigate the labor supply effects of alternative social security policies, examining the effect of dividing credit for earnings evenly between spouses, or of basing social security benefits on the amounts accumulated in private accounts. Both policies change the relative importance of spouse and survivor social security benefits within the household and both raise the relative reward to work later in the life cycle. The incentives created are modest, and retirement responds accordingly. Nevertheless, at some ages, such as 65, there may be as much as a 6 percent increase in the old age work force under privatized accounts.

Click on "PDF" or submit your address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

B. "Guaranteeing Defined Contribution Pensions: The Option to Buy-Back a Defined Benefit Promise," by Marie-Eve Lachance and Olivia S. Mitchell (National Bureau of Economic Research W8731, January 2002, .pdf format, 26p). This paper, mentioned in CAAR #120, Jan. 31, 2002:

(Item #16A) is now available electronically.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

19. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 155, No. 4, Feb. 15, 2002). Note: Electronic full text (HTML and .pdf format) of this journal may be available. Check your organization's library.

20. European Journal of Palliative Care (Vol. 9, No. 1, 2002).

21. Journal of Health Economics (Vol. 21, No. 2, March 2002).

Click on "Full Text & Abstracts," and then "Volume 21, Issue 2, 01-March-2002."

22. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document
delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Educational Gerontology (Vol. 27, No. 8, 2001). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of Aging and Physical Activity (Vol. 10, No. 1, 2002).

Journal of Gerontological Social Work (Vol. 35, No. 3, 2001).

Journal of Health and Social Behavior (Vol. 42, No. 4, 2001) Note 1: Full electronic text of this journal is available in ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue. Note 2: Abstracts for _JHSB_ are available at:

Click on "Abstracts" and check to see if the latest set of abstracts is available.

Journal of Women and Aging (Vol. 13, No. 4, 2001).

Research on Aging (Vol. 24, No. 1, 2002). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

23. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Feb. 11, 2002:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Feb. 11, 2002:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Feb. 11, 2002:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


VI. Proposal Opportunities:

24. NSF: Time Sharing Experiments for the Social Sciences (TESS) (US National Science Foundation). "An NSF-funded infrastructure project called Time-sharing Experiments for the Social Sciences (TESS) now offers investigators from a wide array of disciplines an opportunity to test their experimental ideas on large, diverse, randomly-selected subject populations. This page provides basic information about TESS and explains the requirements for submitting a proposal." For more information see:


VII. Legislation Information Updates:

25. AOA OLDER AMERICANS ACT APPROPRIATION INFORMATION: Note: This table has been compiled from information in the President's "proposed FY 2003 HHS Appropriation bill to Congress."

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706