Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #118--January 17, 2002


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. AOA:

A. "2000 Census Figures of the Older Population, for States; including Race and Hispanic Origin, by State" (US Administration on Aging, January 2002, HTML, .pdf, and Microsoft Excel format). Included are ten tables and a map that cover "number, percentages, and State rankings for various age categories as well as data by the new race categories and Hispanic origin." Data are adapted from the Census Bureau's American FactFinder website.

B. "Census Bureau Population Estimates as of July 1, 2001" (US Administration on Aging, taken from US Census Bureau estimates, January 2002). US and state estimates are available for total and 65+ population, as well as percent 65+.

2. HRS: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Health and Retirement Study (HRS) / Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) website has announced "Revised Supplement to AHEAD 1995 Exit Early Data Release" (Jan. 14, 2002). For more information see:

3. ICPSR: On Jan. 14, 2002, the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research at the University of Michigan added "Status of Older Persons in Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) Countries, Census Microdata Samples: Turkey, 1990 [# 3292]" to its collection. Note 1:"Before obtaining these data, a signed 'Pledge of Confidentiality' is required of users. Interested users should contact ICPSR User Support to request a copy of the Pledge of Confidentiality. In addition, users of these data agree to send a copy of any publications based on the data to: Population Activities Unit, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Palais des Nations, CH-1211, Geneve 10, Switzerland. Users should note that this is a beta version of the data. The investigators therefore request that users who encounter any problems with the dataset contact them." For more information click on "DA" under Study No. 3292 and then click on "View Readme".

Note 2: This is a temporary address. ICPSR studies can always be found at:

Search on title or study number.


II. Reports and articles:


A. "Global Aging: Achieving Its Potential" (AARP, January 2002, .pdf format, 25p.). "'Global Aging: Achieving Its Potential' shows that the increase in life expectancy over the past century represents a remarkable success story. While an aging world poses real challenges to income security, health, and long-term care programs, the challenges are manageable if institutions and individuals act in a timely fashion to deal with them. This report suggests a number of strategies to help governments, employers, and individuals adjust to an aging world."

Click on "download the report (118KB)" below the abstract for full text.

B. "AARP Launches First Publication for 50+ Hispanic Community" _Segunda Juventud_--Second Youth for AARP Members" (AARP news release, Jan. 4, 2002).


A. "U.S. Elder Care Is in a Fragile State," by Marc DeFrancis (_Population Today_, January 2002, Population Reference Bureau, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1-3).



Click on "Population Today: January 2002 (PDF: 203KB)".

B. "Elderly Americans," by Christine L. Himes (_Population Bulletin_, Vol. 56, No. 4, December 2001, Population Reference Bureau). Note: This is the full text article that was referenced in the PRB publication announcement referred to in the Jan. 3, 2001 issue of the CAAR report (#116, Item #6).

6. SSA ACTUARIAL STUDY: "Short-Range Actuarial Projections of the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance Program, 2001," by Chris Motsiopoulos and Tim Zayatz (US Social Security Administration, Office of the Chief Actuary, Actuarial Study No. 115, July 2001). "Actuarial Study No. 115 describes the methodology used to estimate the future short-range financial operations of the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance program as presented in the 2001 OASDI Trustees Report. As has been customary for all recent reports, the "short-range" projection period is defined as the 10-year period beginning with the current year. This study is the fourth in a series to describe in detail the development of the short-range estimates (previous such reports appeared in Actuarial Study No. 103 (January 1989), Actuarial Study No. 104 (October 1991) and Actuarial Study No. 111 (December 1996)."

Click on "Contents" at upper right or lower left of the page for link to full text HTML.

7. PAHO HEALTH FEATURE: "Aging: What Does the Future Hold?" (Pan American Health Organization Centennial News & Information press release, Jan. 10, 2002).

More information on PAHO:

8. NIA NEWS: ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE RESEARCH UPDATE: "Folic Acid Deficiency May Increase Susceptibility to Parkinson's Disease" (US National Institute on Aging, Jan. 14, 2002).

Other Alzheimer's Disease Research Updates from NIA:

9. URBAN INSTITUTE REPORT: "The Estate Tax Is Down, But Not Out," by Leonard E. Burman and William G. Gale (Urban Institute Tax Policy Issues and Options No. 2, December 2001, HTML and .pdf format, 8p.).

Click on "Portable Document Format (PDF)" for .pdf version.

10. FDA TALK PAPER: "FDA Approves Expanded Use of Brain Implant for Parkinson's Disease" (US Food and Drug Administration Talk Paper T02-03, Jan. 14, 2002).

11. _NATURE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS: Note: Electronic full-text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

A. "RIM1 alpha forms a protein scaffold for regulating neurotransmitter release at the active zone," by Susanne Schoch, Pablo E. Castillo, Tobias Jo, Konark Mukherjee, Martin Geppert, Yun Wang, Frank Schmitz, Robert C. Malenka, and Thomas C. Sudhof (_Nature_, Vol. 415, No. 6869, Jan. 17, 2002, p. 321-326).

B. "RIM1 alpha is required for presynaptic long-term potentiation," by Pablo E. Castillo, Susanne Schoch, Frank Schmitz, Thomas C. Sudhof, and Robert C. Malenka (_Nature_, Vol. 415, No. 6869, Jan. 17, 2002, p. 327-330).


A. "Risk of Dementia Among White and African American Relatives of Patients With Alzheimer Disease," by Robert C. Green, L. Adrienne Cupples, Rodney Go, Kelly S. Benke, Timi Edeki, Patrick A. Griffith, Mary Williams, Yvonne Hipps, Neill Graff-Radford, David Bachman, and Lindsay A. Farrer (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 287, No. 3, Jan. 16, 2002, p. 329-336).

B. "Recent Patterns of Medication Use in the Ambulatory Adult Population of the United States: The Slone Survey," by David W. Kaufman, Judith P. Kelly, Lynn Rosenberg, Theresa E. Anderson, and Allen A. Mitchell (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 287, No. 3, Jan. 16, 2002, p. 337-344).

13. _BMJ_ NEWS ROUNDUP: "Elderly people face extra prescription charge," by Rhona MacDonald (_British Medical Journal_ News Roundup, Vol. 324, No. 7329, Jan. 12, 2002, p. 68).

14. _LANCET_ SCIENCE AND MEDICINE NEWS: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content. "Stem-cell transplantation hope for Parkinson's disease treatment?" by Rebecca Love (_Lancet_ Science and Medicine News, Vol. 359, No. 9301, Jan. 12, 2002, HTML and .pdf format, p. 138).



15. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles. "Common Skin Disorders in the Elderly," by Guy F. Webster (_Clinical Cornerstone_, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2001, p. 39-44, via Medscape).


16. CSPAN _WASHINGTON JOURNAL_ SEGMENT: Interview and call-in with US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Administrator Tom Scully (CSPAN [TV] _Washington Journal_, Jan. 16, 2002, RealPlayer video transcript, requires RealPlayer plug-in or helper application, running time: about 1 hour and 20 minutes). Note: Most CSPAN shows are archived for 15 days or less.

Direct address of the transcript:


Scroll to January 16, 2001 program "Tom Scully" and click on "Watch".

17. AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: The following AARP _Prime Time Radio_ interviews (covering Jan. 1, 2002 are now available (RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required, interviews run between about 24 and 30 minutes).

Eartha Kitt: Still Purring Coping With Loss and Grief

Scroll to or "find in page" the above titles.


A. "Can We Learn to Beat the Reaper? Science has been winning battles against old age, but can it win the war?" by Jeffrey Kluger (_Time_, Vol 159, No. 3, Jan. 21, 2002).

B. "Caricature Builder: At 98, artist Al Hirschfeld still limns show folk with a sure hand," an interview with Al Hirshfeld, by Andrea Sachs (_Time_, Vol 159, No. 3, Jan. 21, 2002).,9171,1101020121-193543,00.html

C. "Buddy System: More folks are making their closest friends a priority in their retirement scheme," by Francine Russo (_Time_, Vol 159, No. 3, Jan. 21, 2002).,9171,1101020121-193540,00.html


A. "401(K)s and the Enron Mess: Your retirement plan might be every bit as risky as Enron's. What companies should do about it," by Jane Bryant Quinn (_Newsweek_, Jan. 21, 2002).

B. "Whats Life Worth? We obsess over our retirement savings plans, but many Americans don't have nearly enough life insurance. How to tell if you're covered," by Daniel McGinn (_Newsweek_, Jan. 21, 2002).


A. "Hormones on trial: Medical wisdom about menopause therapy is coming under question," by Amanda Spake (_US News and World Report_, Jan. 21, 2002).

B. "A natural way through menopause?" by Amanda Spake (_US News and World Report_, Jan. 21, 2002).


III. Working Papers:


A. "Aging in Japan: Causes and Consequences - Part III: The Elderly," by David E. Horlacher (Interim Report IR-02-002, January 2002, .pdf and PostScript format, 36p.). Note: Click on the author's name at the website below for links to Parts I and II of this series of papers.


This survey reviews current research on the impact of present demographic trends - population aging combined with slower overall population growth - on Japan's elderly population and their families. Among the conclusions, which emerge, are the following: Living arrangements are a major determinant of the level of support of the elderly. In particular, the availability of care from a spouse or a child may be essential to the well being of the very old and the frail elderly. In the long run however, the importance of the family as a source of support for the elderly will decrease. This is inevitable because the share of the frail elderly population will increase and the capability of families to care for older parents will decrease. The decline in the ability of families to provide in-home care will decrease not only because of industrialization and urbanization but also because of the aging of the caregivers. The health care system in Japan is not appropriate to the needs of the elderly. There is an excess of acute care hospital-based facilities and a shortage of chronic care nursing home-based facilities. Furthermore both hospital and nursing home facilities tend to assume that the condition of the elderly can only remain the same or deteriorate. They fail to promote rehabilitation and as a result they lack the necessary human and physical resources needed to restore bedridden elderly to a more active state. Increasingly the elderly are living in independent households and are depending on their own incomes that are largely derived from wages, salaries, and pensions. Compared to the elderly of other OECD nations, the elderly of Japan are in a very strong financial position. For those over age 60, average household savings is about 200,000 Euros and their annual income of those households was about 45,000 Euros. Relative to that of all Japanese households, the average income of elderly households rose rapidly in the decade between 1975 and 1985 and since that time has remained at about that of all households. As a result there has been a marked decline in the incidence of poverty among the elderly.

Click on the PDF or PS icons for full text.

B. "Comparative Analysis of Long-Term Care Systems in Four Countries," by Martin Karlsson (Interim Report IR-02-003, January 2002, .pdf and PostScript format, 58p.).


This paper deals with long-term care (LTC) systems in four developed countries - Germany, Japan, Sweden, and the U.S.A. - from an economic point of view. Since these countries have differing traditions in welfare policy, the role of the state in financing and providing LTC services differs considerably. This paper focuses on these differences and their practical consequences. Firstly, a theoretical survey is undertaken to see under what circumstances and to what degree state intervention can be justified in order to increase economic efficiency. Secondly, the LTC systems of the four countries are analyzed qualitatively in the light of economic theory. Thirdly, the systems are compared quantitatively, with the main focus on their distributional impact. Furthermore, the issue of how state intervention alters the potential benefit from buying a private LTC insurance is analyzed, as well as how the internal rate of return from a pay-as-you-go (PAYG) systems changes over time in one of the countries (Sweden). The main conclusions are as follows: [1)] The design of LTC systems in the countries studied mainly follows social welfare traditions as developed in other sectors; the only exception being Japan, where a much more extensive role of the state in financing LTC has evolved over the last ten years compared to the rather modest role of the state in the Japanese economy in general; [2)] The differences in design of LTC systems have substantial distributional implications. All systems are progressive and favorable to women, but there is a wide range between the countries; and [3)] In Sweden, the internal rate of return from a PAYG system is constantly decreasing with each cohort, but still positive for all cohorts born before 1990. The steady decline of the returns indicates that it will turn negative for later cohorts.

Click on the PDF or PS icons for full text.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

22. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 155, No. 2, Jan. 15, 2002). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

23. Experimental Aging Research (Vol. 28, No. 1, January 2002). Note 1: This is a free trial issue. Users must register to receive content. Click on "trial" for more information. Note 2: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EbscoHost Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Click on "Number 1" under Volume 28 for table of contents.

24. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Applied Gerontology (Vol. 20, No. 4, 2001). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and EbscoHost Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

25. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Jan. 11, 2002:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Jan. 11, 14, 17, 2002:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Jan. 14, 17, 2002:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:

26. NBER: _Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 16_, edited by James M. Poterba (from a conference held Oct. 30, 2001, forthcoming from the MIT Press, 2002). The chapter "Defined Contribution Pensions: Plan Rules, Participant Decisions and the Path of Least Resistance," by James J. Choi, David Laibson, Brigitte C. Madrian, and Andrew Metrick (.pdf format, 56p.), has been updated.

Scroll to or "find in page" "Defined Contribution Pensions: Plan Rules, Participant Decisions and the Path of Least Resistance" (without the quotes).


VI. Funding Opportunities:

27. AHRQ [US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality] 2002 SUMMER INTERNSHIP OPPORTUNITIES: Note: "One of the specialties of the center is long term care research." Students interested in working on long term care projects may call Dr. William Spector for more information. Those interested in other projects can apply to the program at the below listed address:

Contact information for Dr. William Spector, for those interested in long term care projects only:


VII. Conferences/Workshops:

28. MAXWELL SCHOOL CENTER FOR POLLICY RESEARCH (CPR), SRYACUSE UNIVERSITY 2002 SUMMER WORKSHOP: "Introducing Public Policy Issues in Aging into the Curriculum," to be held Jun. 23-27, 2002 at Syracuse University, Syracuse New York. "The workshop is open to instructors in post-secondary institutions, including community colleges, liberal arts colleges, and universities. Applicants need not have prior experience in aging policy studies, but must be committed to including these materials in future courses. Applicants should be teaching a course either in gerontology or in a substantive area covered in the workshop (demography, sociology, economics, epidemiology, political science, public policy)." A link to an online application is available at the site. Application deadline is Mar. 29, 2002. For more information see:

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706