Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #104--October 4, 2001

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. CENSUS BUREAU: The Census Bureau has created a link to its hundreds of detailed 2001 Annual Demographic Survey tables (HTML format) available on the FERRET extractor, from its Annual Demographic Survey page (under"Data"). Methodology and documentation information for the 2001 survey, as well as details on the March income supplement sample increase are also available (under "Methodology and Documentation").

2. ICPSR: The Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research at the University of Michigan added 10 studies to its holdings on Oct. 1, 2001. Of possible interest to researchers in aging is:


Note: This is a temporary address. ICPSR datasets can always be found at:

Search on title or study number.


II. Reports and articles:


A. "Health Insurance Coverage, 2000," by Robert J. Mills (US Census Bureau Consumer Income, Current Population Reports P60-215, September 2001, .pdf format, 19p.).

News release that links to full text and several tables and charts (html format):

B. "Age: 2000," by Julie Meyer (US Census Bureau Census 2000 Brief C2KBR/01-12, September 2001, .pdf format, 11p.).

C. "The 65 Years and Over Population: 2000," by Lisa Hetzel and Annetta Smith (US Census Bureau Census 2000 Brief C2KBR/01-10, October 2001, .pdf format, 8p.).

Press Release which links to reports B. and C.:

4. NCHS REPORT: "National Hospital Discharge Survey: Annual Summary With Detailed Diagnosis and Procedure Data," by J.R. Popovic (US National Center for Health Statistics, Vital Health Statistics Vol. 13, No. 151, September 2001, .pdf format, 206p.).

Click on "View/download PDF" for full text.

5. ILC POLICY REPORT: "ILC Policy Report, September 2001" (International Longevity Center USA, September 2001, .pdf format, 6p.). The Report is a"monthly compilation of longevity news and trends in the U.S. and abroad."

6. GAO REPORT: "Medicare: Program Designed to Inform Beneficiaries and Promote Choice Faces Challenges" (US General Accounting Office GAO-01-1071, September 2001, .pdf format, 35p.).

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports can always be found at:

Search on title or report number.

7. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION FACT SHEET: "Medicare + Choice" (Henry J. Kaiser Foundation Fact sheet, September 2001, .pdf format, 2p.).


This fact sheet provides an overview of the Medicare+Choice program, Part C of Medicare, established under the Balanced Budget Act of 1997. It describes state variations in Medicare HMO enrollment and plan participation, trends in supplemental benefits offered and premiums charged, and recent changes in payments to plans.

Click on "Fact Sheet" for full text.

8. LEVY ECONOMICS INSTITUTE--BARD COLLEGE: "Killing Social Security Softly with Faux Kindness: The Draft Report by the President's Commission on Social Security Reform," by L. Randall Wray (Levy Economics Institute Policy Notes 2001/6, 2001).


A. "HHS Announces New Grants To Support Family Caregivers" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Oct. 1, 2001).

B. "HHS Announces Release of $1.3 Million in Relief Funds to Older Americans Impacted by September 11 Disaster" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Oct. 2, 2001).

10. DHHS OIG ADVISORY OPINION: "(concerning a managed care organization's proposal to subsidize the Medicare+Choice premiums and copayments of its members eligible for both Medicare and certain limited Medicaid benefits...)" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General, Advisory Opinion 01-15, HTML and .pdf format, 7p.).

Click on "Advisory Opinion No. 01-15" for .pdf, HTM for HTML.

11. _NATURE CELL BIOLOGY_ ABSTRACT: Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) of this article may be available. Check your organization's library. "Acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase modulates the generation of the amyloid beta-peptide," by Luigi Puglielli, Genevieve Konopka, Eunju Pack-Chung, Laura A. MacKenzie Ingano, Oksana Berezovska, Bradley T. Hyman, Ta Yuan Chang, Rudolph E. Tanzi1 and Dora M. Kovacs (_Nature Cell Biology_, Vol. 3, No 10, October 2001, p. 905-912).


A. "Preventive home visits to elderly people," by J. Clark (_British Medical Journal_ editorial, Vol. 323, No. 7315, Sep. 29, 2001, HTML and .pdf format, p. 708).

B. "Bypass surgery can be safe for octogenarians," by David Spurgeon (_British Medical Journal_ News Roundup, Vol. 323, No. 7315, Sep. 29, 2001, HTML format, p. 712).

C. Effectiveness of home based support for older people: systematic review and meta-analysis, by Ruth Elkan, Denise Kendrick, Michael Dewey, Michael Hewitt, Jane Robinson, Mitch Blair, Deb Williams, and Kathy Brummell (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 323, No. 7315, Sep. 29, 2001, HTML and .pdf format, 9p.)

D. "Life expectancy rates show health inequalities," (_British Medical Journal_ News, Vol. 323, No. 7311, Sep. 1, 2001, p. 471, discussed in item #8A of the Sep. 6, 2001 issue of CAAR:


contained errors. Correction can be found at:


A. "Italian-Canadian Women's Views of Menopause: How Culture May Affect Hormone Use," by C. Bonetta, A.M. Cheung, and D.E. Stewart (Medscape Women's Health, Vol. 6, No. 5, September/October 2001).

B. Medscape Women's Health Journal Scan -- Osteoporosis (Medscape Women's Health, Vol. 4, No. 20, Sep. 24, 2001).


C. Medscape Women's Health Journal Scan -- Menopause (Medscape Women's Health, Vol. 4, No. 21, Sep. 24, 2001).


14. _AARP BULLETIN_ ARTICLES: The October 2001 _AARP Bulletin_ contains several articles that may be of interest, including an article on Medicare reform, an examination of layoffs of workers over 50, and a look at how the recent terrorist attacks will effect legislation on issues of importance to older Americans.

III. Working Papers:


A. "What Explains Race and Ethnic Differences in Family Financial Transfers to Adult Children?" by Brent M. Barry (PSC Research Report 01-486, September 2001, .pdf format, 26p.).


Research has shown that African-American and Latino families give less financial assistance to adult children than white families. So far, a clear explanation for this finding has not emerged. This paper reports new empirical evidence based on a systematic and detailed analysis of data from two waves of the Health and Retirement Study. A clear finding is that the net race and ethnic differences in financial assistance given to adult non-resident children are small or nonexistent once economic resources, education, family structure, and other characteristics are taken into account. For receipt of support, parental financial resources are influential for both groups, but family structure and parental education are also particularly significant for Latinos. For amount of support, parental wealth is the dominant determinant of differences for blacks, followed by parental income and health. To a considerable extent these factors more fully account for the race and ethnic differences in transfers than previous studies, casting doubt on explanations emphasizing differences in culture and behavioral practices. The small residual difference in amount of financial support between blacks and whites should be viewed in the context of the complex bundle of flows that comprise intergenerational support. An examination of support more broadly defined indicates higher levels of co-residence, extended family exchange, and proximity in black and Latino families, reflecting distinctive and successful long-established ways of living as well as responses to resource constraints. Dataset(s) used: Health and Retirement Study (HRS): U.S., 1992 (wave-1), 1994 (wave-2).

B. "All the Ties that Bind: Race, Ethnicity, and Why Families Support Adult Children," by Brent M. Barry (PSC Research Report 01-487, September 2001, .pdf format, 28p.).


Race and ethnic identity is associated with distinct cultural practices, family characteristics, and established patterns of support that collectively influence how families support their young adult children. However, conventional explanations for why parents give financial assistance to some children but not to others are narrowly drawn from the relationship between child's income and transfers. In this paper, we more fully consider how varied aspects of parent-child relationships and other factors shape motives for supporting non-resident adult children financially. A systematic and detailed analysis of data from two waves of the Health and Retirement Study shows that while families do help financially needy children more, other aspects of relationships that bind parents to children, such as proximity, the presence of grandchildren, biological relatedness, and gender are often more important than financial need. Substantial race and ethnic differences in these ties that bind suggest a need to conceptualize family motives as both attuned to distinct preferences as well as closely adapted to family characteristics and established behaviors. Dataset(s) used: Health and Retirement Study (HRS): U.S., 1992 (wave-1), 1994 (wave-2).

16. NBER:

A. "Does Money Protect Health Status? Evidence from South African Pensions," by Anne Case (National Bureau of Economic Research W8495, October 2001, .pdf format, 30p.).


The channels by which better health leads to higher income, and those by which higher income protects health status, are of interest to both researchers and policy makers. In general, quantifying the impact of income on health is difficult, given the simultaneous determination of health and income. In this paper, we quantify the impact on health status of a large, exogenous increase in income--that associated with the South African state old age pension. Elderly Black and Coloured men and women who did not anticipate receiving large pensions in their lifetimes, and who did not pay into a pension system, are currently receiving more than twice median Black income per capita. These elderly men and women generally live in large households, and this paper documents the effect of the pension on the pensioners, on other adult members of their households, and on the children who live with them. We find, in households that pool income, that the pension protects the health of all household members, working in part to protect the nutritional status of household members, in part to improve living conditions, and in part to reduce the stress under which the adult household members negotiate day to day life. The health effects of delivering cash provide a benchmark against which other health-related interventions can be evaluated.

Click on "PDF" at the bottom of the abstract, or submit your email address, for full text.

B. "When Will the Germans Get Trapped in their Pension System?" by Hans-Werner Sinn and Silke Uebelmesser (National Bureau of Economic Research W8503, October 2001, .pdf format, 19p.).


The upcoming demographic crisis in Germany demands fundamental reforms of the pension system. In a democracy, reforms are, however, only feasible when they are supported by the majority of the electorate. To determine whether the majority is in favor of reforms of the pension system, we calculate for each year the "indifference age" as the age of the cohort which is not affected by the reform and the "median age" as the age of the politically decisive cohort. Until 2023, the median age is below the indifference age implying that the young have the majority and the reform can be democratically enforced. After 2023, Germany will be characterized by a gerontocratic system where the old decide over the young. Only the fear that the young might emigrate and perhaps a certain altruistic attitude towards their own descendants will prevent the old from exploiting the young.

Click on "PDF" at the bottom of the abstract, or submit your email address, for full text.

17. LUXEMBOURG INCOME STUDY: "Poverty Among Senior Citizens: A Canadian Success Story in International Perspective," by Lars Osberg (LIS Working Paper No. 274, September 2001, .pdf format, 39p.).


Canada was very late in establishing a comprehensive retirement security system - lagging roughly thirty five years after the US built its Social Security system and about eighty years after Bismarck first established a state funded pension system in Germany. As a consequence, the reduction in income poverty among senior citizens is a fairly recent, and very strong, trend in income distribution data in Canada. Section 1 therefore begins by describing the long run trend in poverty among senior citizens (those aged 65 and over) in Canada, and presents the "Poverty Box" to compare the rate and depth of poverty over time, before and after taxes and transfers, among both seniors and the younger population. Section 2 discusses some of the problems of poverty measurement that are peculiar to the over 65 population. Section 3 uses Luxembourg Income Study data to compare the income changes of Canadian, American, Swedish and British households as they move into their retirement years, with particular emphasis on the income of poorer households. Section 4 concludes with some discussion of the challenges facing the design of retirement security.

18. UNIVERSITY OF COPENHAGEN [DENMARK] INSTITUTE OF ECONOMICS, ECONOMIC POLICY RESEARCH UNIT [EPRU]: "Funding the Transition from Pay-As-You-Go Pensions by Taking Capital Gains on Land," by Mark A. Roberts (Working Paper 01-13, June 2001, .pdf format, 17p.).


The transition from unfunded pensions may impose a "double burden" on a transitional generation, which must both pay taxes to finance current pension liabilities and save for their own retirement. There are also economic gains which will accrue to future generations from increased rates of savings and capital accumulation. In an economy with land, traded as an asset, increased productivity will raise current and future rents, causing capital gains in the price of land, which may be taxed to alleviate the income tax burden on the transitional generation. For certain parameterizations, reform may be Pareto-improving.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

19. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 154, No. 7, Oct. 1, 2001). Note: full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

20. Journals of Gerontology (A) Biological Sciences and (A) Medical Sciences (Vols. 56A, Nos. 10, October 2001). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available at the site. Check your organization's library. Note: Full electronic text of this journal is also available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and this issue.

21. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Aging and Social Policy (Vol. 12, No. 3, 2001).

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (Vol. 49, No. 8, 2001).

22. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 2, 2001:

B. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 2, 2001:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:

23. NIH NIA: Development of PET and SPECT Ligands for Brain Imaging (Phased Innovation Award) (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institute on Aging, RFA-MH-02-003, Sep. 27, 2001). For more information see:

24. NSF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM: "The Social Psychology Program at NSF (US National Science Foundation) supports basic research on human social behavior, including cultural differences and development over the life span. Among the many research topics supported are: attitude formation and change, social cognition, personality processes, interpersonal relations and group processes, the self, emotion, social comparison and social influence, the social psychology of health, and the psychophysiological correlates of social behavior. For more information see:

VI. Legislation Information Updates:

25. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH HEARING PUBLICATION: "Medicare Reform: Modernizing Medicare and Merging Parts A and B," a hearing held Jun. 14, 2001 (Hearing Publication Serial No. 107-40, ASCII text and .pdf format, 67p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "107-40" (without the quotes).

26. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE: "Fourth in Series on Medicare Reform: Medicare+Choice: Lessons for Reform," a hearing held May 1, 2001 (Hearing Publication Serial No. 107-20, ASCII text and .pdf format, 97p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "107-20" (without the quotes).

VII. Websites of Interest:

27. SSA REPRESENTING CLIENTS: The US Social Security Administration has launched this new website, which "provides comprehensive information for representatives and provides links to key SSA regulatory and program resources." It "contains information on SSA regulations and operating procedures, as well as links to the Social Security Handbook, Program Operations Manual System (POMS), and relevant sections of the Code of Federal Regulations." Specific topical information is also available.

News release:

Representing Clients:

28. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION STATE HEALTH FACTS ONLINE: The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation has recently launched this site, a "new resource [that] contains the latest state-level data on demographics, health, and health policy, including health coverage, access, financing, and state legislation." Users can generate state profiles or 50 state comparisons for US information in 11 topics. Of possible interest to researchers in aging are the topics of population demographics, health status, Medicare, and health costs & budgets. Links to source information are available.

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706