The aging process impacts the normal functioning of societies
and the relative wellbeing, not just of the elderly, but also of the younger
population. The most important impacts relate to pension and retirement
systems, composition of the labor force, family living arrangements, intergenerational
and intrafamily transfers, and the health of the elderly. The relative
importance of each of these dimensions is, of course, variable and depends
on local demographic regimes and institutional idiosyncrasies. What is
certain, however, is that processes associated with the human aging process
(i.e., the gradual impairment of physical and mental health, reduction
in expected remaining years of active and healthy life, partial or complete
withdrawal from labor market participation, and increased dependency on
public and private income transfers) all dictate that growth in the elderly
population will increase the demand for health care services. SABE is
the first cross-national database for studying these issues in countries
that are already experiencing an unprecedented rate of aging including
Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Mexico and Uruguay.
- Describe health conditions of elders (60+) with regard
to chronic and acute conditions, disability, and physical and mental
impairment with special attention to those aged 80+.
- Evaluate elder's access to and use of health care services,
including those located outside the formal medical establishment, and
the conditions under which individuals seek access to and receive services.
- Assess the relative contribution of three sources of
support toward the satisfaction of health-related needs among the elderly,
namely, family relations and networks, public assistance, and private
resources (income and assets).
- Analyze differentials in self-assessment of health conditions,
declared access to health care, and sources of support particularly,
but not exclusively, with respect to social class, gender and birth
- Evaluate the relations between strategic factors, such
as health-related behavior, occupational history, socioeconomic conditions,
gender, and cohort on health conditions as assessed by individuals at
the time of the survey and as reported for short recall periods before
- Perform comparative analyses across countries who share
important characteristics but who differ in a number of factors such
as role of family support, public assistance, the medical establishment,
and health related behaviors and exposure to risk conditions.