Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #93--July 19, 2001

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar/caar-index.htm

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I. Data:

1. SSA: "Fast Facts and Figures About Social Security" (US Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, July, 2001, .pdf format, 42p.).

Abstract:

This chart book highlights the most significant data in the _Annual Statistical Supplement_. It answers the most frequently asked questions about the Social Security and SSI programs: how many people receive benefits, what is the average benefit amount, what are the characteristics of the beneficiary population, what role do Social Security and SSI play in helping to reduce poverty (especially among children). Data are also shown on the income and income sources of the aged.

http://www.ssa.gov/statistics/fast_facts/2001/ff2001.pdf

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II. Reports and articles:

2. HCFA:

A. "The President's Medicare Prescription Drug Discount Plan," (Health Care Financing Administration, HTML and .pdf formats, July 11, 2001).

http://www.hcfa.gov/news/pr2001/pr010712_s.htm

B. "Information for Medicare Rx Discount Card Applicants," (Health Care Financing Administration, Rich Text and .pdf formats, July 16, 2001).

http://www.hcfa.gov/discountdrugs/
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3. GAO REPORTS:

A. "Social Security Administration: Status of Achieving Key Outcomes and Addressing Major Management Challenges," (US General Accounting Office, GAO-01-778, .pdf format, June 2001, 39p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d01778.pdf

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports can always be found at:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml

Search on title or report number

B. "Health and Human Services: Status of Achieving Key Outcomes and Addressing Major Management Challenges," (US General Accounting Office, GAO-01-748, .pdf format, June 2001, 47p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d01748.pdf

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports can always be found at:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml

Search on title or report number

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4. CDC MMWR: "Delayed Influenza Vaccine Availability for 2001--02 Season and Supplemental Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices," (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 50, No. 27, .pdf and HTML formats, July 13, 2001, p. 582-585).

The HTML version of this article can be found at:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5027a3.htm

To view the entire report in .pdf format go to:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5027.pdf

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5. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS: Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

A. "Apolipoprotein E fragments present in Alzheimer's disease brains induce neurofibrillary tangle-like intracellular inclusions in neurons," by Yadong Huang, Xiao Qin Liu, Tony Wyss-Coray, Walter J. Brecht, David A. Sanan, and Robert W. Mahley (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 98, No. 15, .pdf and HTML formats, July 17, 2001, p. 8838-8843).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/98/15/8838

B. "Peripheral anti-Abeta antibody alters CNS and plasma Abeta clearance and decreases brain Abeta burden in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease," by Ronald B. DeMattos, Kelly R. Bales, David J. Cummins, Jean-Cosme Dodart, Steven M. Paul, and David M. Holtzman (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 98, No. 15, .pdf and HTML formats, July 17, 2001, p. 8850-8855).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/98/15/8850

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6. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Economic Burden of Influenza-Like Illness in Long-Term-Care Facilities," by Norman V. Carroll, Jeffrey C. Delafuente, K. Lynn Mcclure, Diane F. Weakley, Zeba M. Khan, and Fred M. Cox (_American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy_ via Medscape, Vol. 58, No. 12, HTML format, July 1, 2001, p. 1133-1138).

http://www.medscape.com/40325.rhtml?srcmp=ms-071301

or

http://www.medscape.com/ASHP/AJHP/2001/v58.n12/ajhp5812.05.carr/ajhp5812.05.carr-01.html

B. "American Geriatrics Society Annual Scientific Meeting 2001," (_Medscape Conference Coverage_, HTML format, 2001). Note: This page provides Medscape's coverage of the American Geriatric Society's 2001 Conference.

http://www.medscape.com/40322.rhtml?srcmp=ms-071301

or

http://www.medscape.com/Medscape/CNO/2001/AGS/public/index-AGS.html
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7. _CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE_ ISSUE BRIEF: "Are Americans Saving Enough For Retirement?" by Cori E. Uccello (Center for Retirement Research at Boston College, .pdf format, July 2001, 12p.).

http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/csom/executive/crr/ib_7.shtml

To view the electronic full text (.pdf format), go to:

http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/csom/executive/crr/issues/ib_7.pdf
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8. _JAMA_ BOOK REVIEWS:

A. "Principles and Practice of Geriatric Surgery," edited by Ronnie A. Rosenthal, Michael E. Zenilman, and Mark R. Katlic (Springer-Verlag: New York), 2001. Reviewed by Nicholas P. Lang (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 286, No. 3, .pdf and HTML formats, July 18, 2001).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/current/ffull/jbk0718-2.html

B. "The Moral Challenge of Alzheimer Disease: Ethical Issues From Diagnosis to Dying," by Stephen G. Post (Johns Hopkins Press: Baltimore, MD), 2001. Reviewed by David A. Bennett (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 286, No. 3, .pdf and HTML formats, July 18, 2001).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/current/ffull/jbk0718-1.html
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9. NATIONAL COMMITTEE TO PRESERVE SOCIAL SECURITY AND MEDICARE: "Mental Health and Aging Event: Addressing the Unmet Needs of America's Elderly," (National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare, PowerPoint and RealAudio formats, June 2001, 1:52 running time). Note: The event was co-sponsored by the SPRY Foundation and the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry.

http://www.ncpssm.org/

Scroll down to "Mental Health and Aging Event" and click on "View the Forum Online" to view the RealAudio webcast of the forum. Click on"Presentations" to access the PowerPoint Presentations provided by the speakers.
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10. AARP's MY GENERATION: The July/August edition of "My Generation" is now online. Use the section guides in the left hand column to navigate through the different sections of the magazine. Articles are in HTML format.

http://www.mygeneration.org/contents.html
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11. AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: Several recent segments of interest include:

"New Light on Lighting," May 29, 2001.

"Bashing the Boomers," Jun. 5, 2001.

"Leading 35 Million -- New AARP Director," Jun. 12, 2001

"Get Older and Save Money," Jun. 19, 2001

http://www.aarp.org/ontheair/ptrtopics.html

Scroll to articles and click on the title. (Realplayer needed, playing time shows up on RealPlayer when you open it.)
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12. _US NEWS AND WORLD REPORTS_ ARTICLE: "Ripping off the retirees," by Margaret Mannix (_US News and World Reports_, July 23, 2001).

http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/010723/biztech/reparations.htm

To view the warning issued by the Social Security Administration, Office of the Inspector General, go to:

http://www.ssa.gov/pressoffice/TREAfact.htm
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III. Working Papers:

13. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN CENTER FOR DEMOGRAPHY AND ECOLOGY/CENTER FOR DEMOGRAPHY OF HEALTH AND AGING

A. "Surveys of the Life Course and Aging: Some Comparisons," by H.-H. Daphne Kuo, Hyunjoon Park, Taissa S. Hauser, Robert M. Hauser, and Nadine F. Marks (Working Paper 2001-06, June 2001, .pdf format, 47p.).

Abstract:

In this paper, we introduce, compare, and evaluate the design and content of five major longitudinal studies of aging: the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (WLS), Health and Retirement Survey (HRS), National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH), Americans' Changing Lives (ACL), and Midlife in the United States (MIDUS). We first compare population coverage, sampling design, response rate, observational duration, sources of relational and multi-level data, and links to public records. Overall, WLS, HRS, and NSFH excel in many respects. We also evaluate questions and measures in each study. In topical coverage, WLS and NSFH are the most complete. In question quality, WLS, HRS, and NSFH excel in several areas, while MIDUS and ACL stand out mainly in life event inventories, psychological measures and some health measures

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2001-06.pdf

B. "Measuring Depression among Adult Siblings," by Alair MacLean and Robert M. Hauser (Working Paper 2001-07, June 2001, .pdf format, 58p.).

Abstract:

In this paper, we estimate sibling models using adult reports of depressive symptoms measured by the Centers for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale. These models allow us to explore the extent to which male and female adult siblings resemble each other with regard to depression. We find that there is only moderate sibling resemblance with regard to depression. The depression factors for siblings are correlated between r = 0.04 and r = 0.14; that is, between 4 and 14 percent of the variance in depression is common to sibling pairs. This weak correlation lends support to the argument that depression, at least as measured by the CES-D, is primarily determined by adult context, rather than given by genetic endowment and childhood experiences. Depression is situational, rather than a characteristic: a state, rather than a trait.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2001-07.pdf
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14. WHARTON PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL: "Eligibility for Social Security Disability Insurance," by Olivia S. Mitchell and John W.R. Phillips (Pension Research Council, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Working Paper 2001-11, June 2001, .pdf format, 23p.).

Abstract:

In order to understand whom among the non-disabled older population experiences a health problem later in life and applies for Social Security Disability Insurance (DI), it is necessary to investigate patterns of coverage and reasons for non-coverage. While the safety net program covers most American workers, we use linked data from the Health and Retirement Study to show that a substantial group of older women, blacks, and less educated persons is not covered. Almost two-thirds of those who report having a work-limiting disability are not DI insured in later life. In this sense, the program is not helpful to many workers reaching their late 50s and early 60s with health-related problems.

http://prc.wharton.upenn.edu/prc/PRC/WP/wp2001-11.pdf
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15. WORLD BANK: "Pension Reform in Hungary: A Preliminary Assessment," by Roberto Rocha and Dimitri Vittas (_World Bank_, No. 2631, .pdf format, July 2001, 31p.).

Abstract:

Hungary's pension reform package has been largely successful, significantly reducing imbalances in the pay-as-you-go system and the implicit pension debt while introducing a mandatory, funded, privately managed pillar that seems to be operating fairly well despite initial problems in the payment and registration systems and some regulatory weaknesses. Current shortcomings can be corrected by restoring the original 8 percent contribution rate to the second pillar and strengthening the regulatory and supervisory framework.

Hungary is entering the fourth year of a multi-pillar pension reform that has proved popular among workers despite initially lukewarm support from the government that succeeded the reforming government, and despite the poor initial performance of capital markets because of Russia's crisis in 1998. Roughly half the labor force joined the new system voluntarily. Most who switched were younger than 40.

Note: This abstract was truncated. To view the complete abstract and the report go to:

http://econ.worldbank.org/view.php?type=5&id=2241

To access the electronic full-text of this paper, click on "full text."
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16. TILBURG UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS: "Old folks and spoiled brats : Why the baby boomers' saving crisis need not be that bad," by Monika Btler and Philipp Harms (_Tilburg University Department of Economics_, Paper 2001-42, .pdf format, June 2001, 28p.)

Abstract:

We study the impact of an anticipated "baby boom" in an overlapping generations economy. The rise of the working population lowers the wage, and the high demand for assets causes a rise in the price of capital which will be reversed when the baby boomers leave the work-force. However, the swings in factor prices are substantially dampened if we allow for more than two generations, endogenous labor supply, and convex capital adjustment costs. This is mainly due to the inter-temporal shifts in labor market participation that can be observed if agents work for more than one period. Optimal saving and labor supply decisions of the baby boomers' preceding and subsequent generations partly offset the impact of the unfavorable demographic shock. Accordingly, the impact of a baby boom on the welfare of different generations crucially depends on the elasticity of labor supply.

http://greywww.kub.nl:2080/greyfiles/center/2001/42.html

Click on "PDF" to access the electronic full-text of this paper.
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17. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR, UNIVERSITY OF BONN: "Why Funding is not a Solution to the 'Social Security Crises'," by Friedrich Breyer (_Institute for the Study of Labor (IAZ), University of Bonn_, Discussion Paper 328, .pdf format, July 2001, 16p.).

Abstract:

It is now a commonplace that the unfunded public pension systems of many OECD countries will run into severe financing problems in the coming decades due to a dramatically increasing pensioner/worker ratio. While this diagnosis is completely undisputed, there is still a vigorous debate on the appropriate therapy. In this debate, a number of proposals have been brought forward in particular in the last five years, which mainly consist in a (partial) transition to a funded pension system. Because such a transition is not a Pareto improvement, it is necessary to ask what can be the policy target that justifies such a redistributive move? The present paper tries to examine this question by identifying seven fallacies that are commonly made by advocates of such a transition.

ftp://mailserver.iza.org/RePEc/Discussionpaper/dp328.pdf
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18. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SANTA BARBARA DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS:"Retirement Savings in an Aging Society: A Case for Innovative Government Debt Management," by Henning Bohn (University of California-Santa Barbara, Department of Economics, WP3-01, .pdf format, April 2001, 42p.)

Abstract:
Aging societies will have to rely increasingly on private savings to finance retirement. The natural savings vehicles, stocks and bonds, are unfortunately lacking key risk-sharing features that are built into public retirement. Innovative government debt management can address this problem. The optimal policy supplies retirees with securities that share the financial risks of aggregate productivity, asset valuation, and demographic shocks across generations. As the population ages, state-contingent government bonds are a better risk sharing tools than pensions, which become too costly, or taxation, which raises time-consistency problems. Wage-indexed and longevity-indexed bonds in particular yield unambiguous efficiency improvements. To the extent that public pensions remain important, plans with wage-indexed defined benefits seem preferable to defined contributions or price-indexed plans. Capital income taxes and pension trust funds can play a supporting role for risk sharing.

http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/papers/wp3-01.pdf

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

19. American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 91, No. 7, July 2001). Note: This journal is available in full electronic text via ProQuest Research Library and EbscoHost. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

http://www.apha.org/journal/table_of_contents/tocjul01.htm

20. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics (Vol. 33, No. 1, Aug. 2001, Supplement 1).

http://www.elsevier.nl/locate/archger?menu=cont&label=Table

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21. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 106, No. 5, Mar. 2001). Note: This journal is available in full electronic text in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Omega: Journal of Death and Dying (Vol. 42, No. 2, 2001).

Research on Aging (Vol. 23, No. 4, July 2001). Note: This journal is available in full electronic text via ProQuest Research Library and EbscoHost. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

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V. Legislation Information Updates:

22. COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS: "Administration's Principles to Strengthen and Modernize Medicare," (US House of Representatives, Committee on Ways and Means, HTML format, hearing held July 19, 2001). Note: To view an individual's statement click on their name.

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/fullcomm/107cong/fc-9wit.htm

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23. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE HEARING PUBLICATION: "Additional Medicare Refinements to the Balanced Budget Act of 1997," (Printed Hearing #106-112, July 2000, ASCII text and .pdf format, 154p.).

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/house/house19ch106.html

Scroll to or "find in page" "106-112."

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VI. Websites of Interest:

24. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE: "Conference Papers: 3rd Annual Joint Conference of the Retirement Research Consortium," (Boston College Center for Retirement, .pdf format, conference held May 17-18, 2000).

http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/csom/executive/crr/third_annual.shtml

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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