Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #86--May 31, 2001

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar/caar-index.htm

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I. Data:

1. ICPSR:

A. The Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research at the University of Michigan added 6 new studies to its collection on May 29, 2001. Of possible interest to researchers in aging are:

BRITISH SOCIAL ATTITUDES SURVEY, 1998 (# 3101)
BRITISH SOCIAL ATTITUDES SURVEY, 1997 (# 3100)

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/recadd.html

Note: This is a temporary address. ICPSR studies can always be found at:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/search-basic.html

Search on title or study number.

B. ICPSR has recently made available the files of Lee Lillard. "Lee A. Lillard, Director of the Retirement Research Center at the University of Michigan, senior research scientist at its Institute for Social Research, and Professor of Economics developed a unique method for analyzing the rich compendium of data collected by the Panel Study of Income Dynamics since its inception in 1968. His colleagues at PSID are eager to provide the fruits of his work to the research community so others might benefit from an exploration of his techniques and methodologies for analyzing data."

General description of the materials (.pdf format, 25p.).

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/ORG/lillard.pdf

ICPSR Study # 1239: Dynamics of Economic and Demographic Behavior: 'Clean Processes' From the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID):

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu:8080/ABSTRACTS/01239.xml

The study is freely available to the public.

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II. Reports and articles:

2. GAO REPORT: "Retiree Health Benefits: Employer-Sponsored Benefits May Be Vulnerable to Further Erosion" (US General Accounting Office GAO-01-374, May 2001, .pdf format, 38p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d01374.pdf

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports can always be found at:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml

Search on title or report number.
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3. EXPRESS SCRIPTS REPORT: "Prescription Use Among a Commercially Insured Senior Population, 1998," by Emily R. Cox and Catherine M. Roe (Health Management Services Outcomes Research Group, Express Scripts, Inc., May 2001, HTML and .pdf format, 18p.). Note: Express Scripts requires free registration before providing the report.

http://www.express-scripts.com/other/news_views/outcomes_research.htm

Click on "complete study" for full text

More information about Express Scripts, Inc.:

http://www.express-scripts.com/other/
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4. HCFA GUIDELINES: "Medicare + Choice Contractor Performance Monitoring System Guide" (US Health Care Financing Administration, May 2001, .rtf (rich text format) and .pdf format). "HCFA will begin using the revised Guide on July 1, 2001. In order to allow M+COs sufficient time to prepare for monitoring visits with the new guide, HCFA will post it on the web site during the week of May 21, 2001. The web site version of the Guide will include "crossed-out" text that was deleted from the November 1999 version of the Guide and any text that was added has been highlighted in red. If you have questions regarding the implementation date please contact your Regional Office Plan Manager. After the revised Guide has been in use for 31 days (on August 1, 2001), the "cross-outs" and red highlights will disappear from the web site so that a cleaner document can be downloaded. The files for the guide are attached to this memorandum. The revised Guide will remain in effect until the release of a newly formatted Guide that will eliminate duplication, be based on more quantitative methods, and follow the order of the upcoming M+C Manual. This release should occur by December 31, 2001."

http://www.hcfa.gov/medicare/2001guide.htm
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5. ILCUSA PERIODICAL: "ILC Report, May 2001" (International Longevity Center USA, .pdf format, 7p.). The "ILC Report" is "a monthly update of longevity and aging issues from the government -- federal, state, local, and international -- and the private sector."

http://www.ilcusa.org/_lib/pdf/ILC200105.pdf

For more information about ILCUSA see:

http://www.ilcusa.org/
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6. _SCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library. "Metabolic Regulation of Brain A{beta} by Neprilysin," by Nobuhisa Iwata, Satoshi Tsubuki, Yoshie Takaki, Keiro Shirotani, Bao Lu, Norma P. Gerard, Craig Gerard, Emi Hama, Hahn-Jun Lee, and Takaomi C. Saido (_Science_, Vol. 292, No. 5521, May 25, 2001, p. 1550-1552).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/292/5521/1550
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7. _BMJ_ NEWS: "Chemotherapy may be overused at the end of life," by Scott Gottlieb (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 322, No. 7297, May 26, 2001, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1267).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/322/7297/1267/a
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8. _LANCET_ ARTICLE, BOOK REVIEW: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

A. "Healthy life expectancy in 191 countries, 1999," by Colin D. Mathers, Ritu Sadana, Joshua A. Salomon, Christopher J.L. Murray, and Alan D. Lopez (_Lancet_, Vol. 357, No. 9269, May 26, 2001, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1685-91).

HTML:

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol357/iss9269/full/llan.357.9269.editorial_and_review.16374.1

.pdf:

http://pdf.thelancet.com/pdfdownload?uid=llan.357.9269.editorial_and_review.16374.1&x=x.pdf

B. "The dying process: patients' experiences of palliative care," by Julia Lawton, reviewed by Paul Keeley (_Lancet_, Vol. 357, No. 9269, May 26, 2001, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1716).

HTML:

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol357/iss9269/full/llan.357.9269.dissecting_room.16379.1

.pdf:

http://pdf.thelancet.com/pdfdownload?uid=llan.357.9269.dissecting_room.16379.1&x=x.pdf
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9. MEDSCAPE ARTICLES: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Nurses' Report on Hospital Care in Five Countries," by Linda H. Aiken, Sean P. Clarke, Douglas M. Sloane, Julie A. Sochalski, Reinhard Busse, Heather Clarke, Phyllis Giovannetti, Jennifer Hunt, Anne Marie Rafferty, and Judith Shamian (_Health Affairs_, Vol. 20, No. 3, May/June 2001, p. 43-53).

http://www.medscape.com/38203.rhtml?srcmp=ms-052501

or

http://www.medscape.com/ProjHope/HA/2001/v20.n03/ha2003.03.aike/ha2003.03.aike-01.html

B. "Geriatric Health Promotion," by Barbara Resnick (Topics In Advanced Practice Nursing, a Medscape eMed Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, Spring 2001).

http://www.medscape.com/37849.rhtml?srcmp=ms-051801

or

http://www.medscape.com/Medscape/Nurses/journal/2001/v01.n01/mns0515.04.resn/mns0515.04.resn-01.html

C. "Comprehensive Management of Dizziness in Elderly Clients," by Sandra M. Nettina (Topics In Advanced Practice Nursing, a Medscape eMed Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, Spring 2001).

http://www.medscape.com/37847.rhtml?srcmp=ms-051801

or

http://www.medscape.com/Medscape/Nurses/journal/2001/v01.n01/mns0515.02.nett/mns0515.02.nett-01.html

D. "Medscape Women's Health Journal Scan - Osteoporosis," (Vol. 4, No. 9, May 25, 2001).

http://www.medscape.com/38298.rhtml?srcmp=ms-052501

or

http://www.medscape.com/Medscape/features/JournalScan/WomensHealth/2001/js-wh0409.html
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10. _US NEWS AND WORLD REPORT_ 2001 RETIREMENT GUIDE: The Jun. 4, 2001 issue of _US News and World Report_ contains a retirement guide section, with 11 articles on various aspects of aging and retirement.

http://www.usnews.com/usnews/nycu/money/moretacc.htm
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11. _FORTUNE_ ARTICLE: "Should You Bite at an Early-Out Offer? Companies are once again dangling early-retirement packages in front of employees. Here's how to figure out if you should accept," by Ann Harrington (_Fortune_, Jun. 11, 2001).

http://www.fortune.com/indext.jhtml?channel=print_article.jhtml&doc_id=202711

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III. Working Papers:

12. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN CENTER FOR DEMOGRAPHY AND ECOLOGY: "Does Population Composition Explain the US Advantage in Old-Age Mortality," by Karen Swallen (Working Paper 2001-01, 2001, .pdf format, 27p.).

Abstract:

Previous research indicated that once Americans achieve age 80, they have longer life expectancy than European populations. A number of potential explanations for this finding have been proposed. This paper investigates whether the inclusion of immigrants in the American population deflates mortality rates enough to explain the crossover. First, mortality rates are calculated controlling for nativity; second, mortality of second-generation Americans is taken into account. Excluding these populations from the white, non-Hispanic American population is not sufficient to remove the crossover, although it does push the crossover two years older. Analyses indicate that Hispanic ethnicity (often included within the 'white' population in American demographic data) may exert a more powerful compositional effect than nativity.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2001-01.pdf
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13. IMF: "Financial Sustainability and Reform Options for the Albanian Pension Fund," by Volker Treichel (International Monetary Fund Working Paper WP/01/47, April 2001, .pdf format, 27p.).

Abstract:

This paper studies the financial sustainability of the Albanian pension fund and assesses the options for its reform. The paper concludes that the pension fund is not sustainable in its current form and proposes for the urban scheme a combination of parametric changes to the existing pay-as-you-go system that would be conducive to broadening the contribution base and strengthening the financial performance of the pension fund. In addition, it proposes the establishment of a voluntary funded pillar in the urban scheme. For the rural scheme, the paper concludes that it should either be merged with the scheme for the urban self-employed or be replaced by a mandatory and funded second pillar. The paper also proposes administrative reforms to strengthen revenue collections.

http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/cat/longres.cfm?sk=4059.0

Click on "Full Text in PDF format" for full text.

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

14. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 153, No. 10, May 15, 2001). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol153/issue10/index.shtml
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15. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of May 25, 2001:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of May 25, 2001:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of May 25, 2001:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

AMADEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm
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V. Legislation Information Updates:

16. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH: "Medicare Reform: Providing Prescription Drug Coverage for Seniors," a hearing held May 16, 2001.

Hearing testimony (HTML and .pdf format).

http://energycommerce.house.gov/107/hearings/05162001Hearing221/hearing.htm

Audio transcript (RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required, running time, 3 hours, 56 minutes, 59 seconds).

http://energycommerce.house.gov/107/ram/05162001health.ram
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17. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON HEALTH, EDUCATION, LABOR, AND PENSIONS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON PUBLIC HEALTH: "Human Subject Research: Are Individuals Protected?" a hearing held May 23, 2001. At present the only testimony available from this hearing is:

"Human Subjects Research: HHS Takes Steps to Strengthen Protections, But Concerns Remain," prepared for delivery by Janet Heinrich, director, health care -- public health issues, before the Subcommittee on Public Health, Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (US General Accounting Office Testimony GAO-01-775T, May 2001, .pdf format, 13p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d01775t.pdf

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO testimony can always be found at:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml

Search on title or report number.

The rest of the testimony of this hearing will be available shortly at:

http://www.senate.gov/~labor/107hearings/may2001/may2001.htm

Click on "May 23, 2001" when it becomes available.

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VI. Websites of Interest:

18. MEDSCAPE MENOPAUSE RESOURCE CENTER: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles. "Medscape's Menopause Resource Center is a collection of the latest medical news and information on menopause. This resource includes news, conference summaries, articles, MEDLINE abstracts, links to professional organizations, practice guidelines, and practical clinical tools." The resource center has been updated as of May 25, 2001.

http://www.medscape.com/mp/rc/menopause/

or

http://www.medscape.com/Medscape/features/ResourceCenter/menopause/public/RC-Index-menopause.html

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu