Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #85--May 24, 2001

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar/caar-index.htm

=======================================================================

I. Data:

1. MEPS: The US Department of Health and Human Services Agency for Health Care Research and Quality has released the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey 1997 Full Year Consolidated Data File (HC-020). Data (ASCII and SAS transport format), SAS programming statements, and documentation (.pdf format) are available. Interested researchers should read the "Notes on Downloading Files" section before downloading files.

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/Data_Pub/HC_FYData97.htm
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

2. HRS: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Health and Retirement Study/Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (HRS/AHEAD) website announced a data alert on May 16, 2001: "Health and Retirement Study 1996: Final Core Data Release, Version 3, May 2001, Detailed Comparison of Variables in Version 1, Version 2 and Version 3."

http://www.umich.edu/~hrswww/center/alerts/epub002.html
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

3. NLS PUBLICATION: "NLS [National Longitudinal Survey] Handbook, 2001," (US Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2001, .pdf format, 147p.). "The _NLS Handbook, 2001_ provides an introduction to and overall picture of the 6 cohorts that make up the National Longitudinal Surveys: NLSY97, NLSY79 and children, Mature Women, Young Women, Older Men, and Young Men. It is particularly useful for those who are unfamiliar with the surveys and their data. Each cohort-specific chapter of the Handbook is accompanied by detailed tables that provide users with information about many of the variables contained in each of the surveys over time."

http://www.bls.gov/nls/handbook/nlshndbk.htm

=======================================================================

II. Reports and articles:

4. AARP REPORT: "Beyond 50: A Report to the Nation on Economic Security" (AARP, May 2001, .pdf format, 90p.). "The 'Beyond Fifty' report seeks to provide a definitive picture of the economic status of people after they turn 50. It appraises past assumptions and identifies new trends and areas of concern. At its most basic level, 'Beyond Fifty' is a story about redefining retirement and preparing for it. But most of all, 'Beyond Fifty' is a wake-up call for the future."

http://www.aarp.org/beyond50/
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

5. AUSTRALIAN COMMONWEALTH DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGED CARE REPORT: "Two Year Review of Aged Care Reforms," by Len Gray (May 2001, .pdf format, 243p., Government Response, May 2001, .pdf format, 44p.). "Professor Gray's report on the Two Year Review of Aged Care Reforms was released by the Minister for Aged Care, the Hon. Bronwyn Bishop, MP, on 16 May 2001, together with the Government's Response to the Review and its recommendations. Professor Len Gray was appointed in 1998 to conduct a review of the extent to which the reforms under the Aged Care Act 1997 have achieved their objectives in addressing acknowledged deficiencies in the previous aged care system. The Review addressed eight terms of reference, namely: access, affordability, quality, efficiency, industry viability, impact on State and Territory programs, choice and appropriateness, and other considerations, including dementia care. The Response indicates that the Government has accepted all seven recommendations of the Review and sets out the action that is being taken."

Media release:

http://www.health.gov.au/mediarel/yr2001/bb/bb01040.htm

Report and Government response:

http://www.health.gov.au/acc/2yr_rvw/finalrep.htm
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

6. NCHS REPORTS:

A. "Comparability of Cause of Death Between ICD-9 and ICD-10: Preliminary Estimates," by Robert N. Anderson, Arialdi M. Minino, Donna L. Hoyert, and Harry M. Rosenberg (US National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics Reports Vol. 49, No. 2, (PHS) 2001-1120, May 2001, .pdf format, 32p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr49/nvsr49_02.pdf

B. "International Classification of Diseases: 10th Revision (ICD-10)" (US National Center for Health Statistics, May 2001, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/icd10fct.pdf

C. "Year 2000 Population Standard for Age-Adjusting Death Rates in the United States" (US National Center for Health Statistics, May 2001, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/IW134Pfct.pdf
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

7. DHHS OIG AUDIT: "Review of Medicare Managed Care Capitation Payments for Deceased Beneficiaries" (US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General A-07-99-01298, May 2001, .pdf format, 12p.).

Executive Summary:

This final report points out that the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) paid $4.1 million to managed care organizations (MCOs) for deceased beneficiaries in 4 States (Arizona, California, Colorado, and Florida). These 4 States represent about 43 percent of all Medicare risk-based enrollees. The HCFA has recouped about $833,000, but over $3.2 million remains outstanding because HCFA was not aware of all of the deaths and did not take action to collect some of the improper overpayments. Further, HCFA continues to pay at least $700,000 per year to MCOs for the deceased beneficiaries identified by our review. We recommended that HCFA identify and recoup Medicare payments in all States made on behalf of deceased beneficiaries, including the $3.2 million identified in this report. We also recommended that HCFA continue to strengthen procedures to prevent and detect payments to MCOs for deceased beneficiaries. The HCFA concurred with our recommendations.

http://www.hhs.gov/progorg/oas/reports/region7/79901298.htm
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

8. _MLR_ ARTICLE: "Changing retirement age: ups and downs," by William J. Wiatrowski (US Bureau of Labor Statistics, _Monthly Labor Review_, Vol. 124, No. 4, April 2001, .pdf format, p. 3-12).

Abstract:

In recent years, legislative changes, new types of retirement plans, and increases in life expectancy have led to differences in retirement ages; workers now have many alternatives to traditional retirement at age 65.

http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2001/04/art1full.pdf
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

9. MEPS CHARTBOOK: "Health Care Expenses in the Community Population, 1996," by Steven R. Machlin, Joel W. Cohen, Samuel H. Zuvekas, Joshua Thorpe, and Christopher T. Lee (US Agency for Health Care Research, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Chartbook #5, 2001, HTML and .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

This chartbook presents data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) on spending in 1996 for medical services and supplies for the civilian noninstitutionalized (community) population. The report is organized into four sections. Section 1 shows national expenses by amount, type of service, and source of payment. Sections 2-4 illustrate variation in different aspects of health care spending by selected population characteristics (age, race/ethnicity, income, insurance status, and health status). Section 2 shows per capita expenses, Section 3 shows the distribution of expenses by type of service, and Section 4 shows out-of-pocket expenses.

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/PrintProducts/PrintProdShowNew.asp?PubID=66
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

10. SSI STATISTICAL SNAPSHOTS:

A. "Current Operating Statistics" (US Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, May 2001, .pdf format).

http://www.ssa.gov/statistics/cos/index.html

B. "Highlights of Social Security Data, February 2001" (US Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, May 2001).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/programs/ssd.html

C. "Highlights of Supplemental Security Income Data, February 2001" (US Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, May 2001).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/programs/ssi.html
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

11. NIH NIA REPORT: "Progress Report on Alzheimer's Disease, 2000: Taking the Next Steps" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, 2001). Note: HTML format is the only available format at this time. A .pdf version is expected soon at this web address. According to the NIA's Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral (ADEAR), "this report offers a brief outlook on future AD research, including a description of the NIH Alzheimer's Disease Prevention Initiative, and lists more than 100 references."

http://www.alzheimers.org/pubs/prog00.htm

1999 Progress Report:

http://www.alzheimers.org/pubs/prog99.htm
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

12. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS: Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

A. "A rescue factor abolishing neuronal cell death by a wide spectrum of familial Alzheimer's disease genes and A{Beta}," by Yuichi Hashimoto, Takako Niikura, Hirohisa Tajima, Takashi Yasukawa, Haruka Sudo, Yuko Ito, Yoshiko Kita, Masaoki Kawasumi, Keisuke Kouyama, Manabu Doyu, Gen Sobue, Takashi Koide, Shoji Tsuji, Jochen Lang, Kiyoshi Kurokawa, and Ikuo Nishimoto (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 98, No. 11, May 22, 2001, p. 6336-6341).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/98/11/6336

B. "Changes in the prevalence of chronic disability in the United States black and nonblack population above age 65 from 1982 to 1999," by Kenneth G. Manton and XiLiang Gu (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 98, No. 11, May 22, 2001, p. 6354-6359).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/98/11/6354
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

13. _SCIENCE_ NEWS ABSTRACT: Note: Full electronic text of this article may be available. Check your organization's library. "Alzheimer's Researcher in Japan Accused of Economic Espionage," by Eliot Marshall and Dennis Normile (_Science_ News of the Week, Vol. 292, No. 5520, May 18, 2001, p. 1274-1275).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/summary/292/5520/1274
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

14. _NEJM_ BOOK REVIEW: _Principles and Practice of Geriatric Surgery_, edited by Ronnie A. Rosenthal, Michael E. Zenilman, and Mark R. Katlic, reviewed by D. Gwyn Seymour (_New England Journal of Medicine_, Vol. 344, No. 21, May 24, 2001).

http://www.nejm.org/content/2001/0344/0021/1648.asp
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

15. _BMJ_ News Roundup: "Human parathyroid hormone may prevent osteoporosis," by Scott Gottlieb (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 322, No. 7296, May 19, 2001, p. 1200).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/322/7296/1200/c
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

16. _LANCET_ BOOK REVIEW, JABS & JIBES: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

A. "Improving with age," a review of _Oxford Textbook of Geriatric Medicine, 2nd Edition_, edited by John Grimley Evans, T. Franklin Williams, Jean-Pierre Michel, and Lynn Beattie, reviewed by Graham Mulley (_Lancet_, Vol. 357, No. 9268, May 19, 2001, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1629).

HTML:

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol357/iss9268/full/llan.357.9268.dissecting_room.16302.1

.pdf:

http://pdf.thelancet.com/pdfdownload?uid=llan.357.9268.dissecting_room.16302.1&x=x.pdf

B. "'HRT is for women who go mad at the menopause'", by Anona Blackwell (_Lancet_ Jabs & Jibes, Vol. 357, No. 9268, May 19, 2001, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1632).

HTML:

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol357/iss9268/full/llan.357.9268.dissecting_room.16304.1

.pdf:

http://pdf.thelancet.com/pdfdownload?uid=llan.357.9268.dissecting_room.16304.1&x=x.pdf
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

17. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles. "Influenza and Pneumococcal Immunization Rates Among a High-Risk Population," by Kirk M. Chan-Tack (_Southern Medical Journal_, Vol. 94, No. 3, March 2001, p. 323-324).

http://www.medscape.com/37978.rhtml?srcmp=ms-051801

or

http://www.medscape.com/SMA/SMJ/2001/v94.n03/smj9403.08.chan/smj9403.08.chan-01.html
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

18. _US NEWS AND WORLD REPORT_ ARTICLE: "To fight off Alzheimer's, train your brain and take care of your body," by Amanda Spake (_US News and World Report_, May 28, 2001). Note: This article contains a link to a side bar: "Memory lapses: When it's time to worry."

http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/010528/health/memory.htm

=======================================================================

III. Working Papers:

19. PSU PRI:

A. "Social Inequalities in Disability-Free Life Expectancy in the French Male Population, 1980-1991," by Emmanuelle Cambois, Jean-Marie Robine, and Mark D. Hayward (Penn State University Population Research Institute Working Paper 01-03, March 2001,.pdf format, 18p.).

Abstract:

Aggregate indicators of population health are calculated for occupational groups to gauge changes in health disparities during the 1980-91 period. The study is based on the experiences of French adult men in three major occupational classes: managers, manual workers, and an intermediary occupational group. Life table models show that managers have longer life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy (DFLE), and a shorter life expectancy with disability than manual workers. The concurrent increase in life expectancy and DFLE during the period maintained the occupational disparities in health, although the years lived with disability declined for all groups, as for the entire French population.

http://www.pop.psu.edu/general/pubs/working_papers/psu-pri/wp0103.pdf

B. "The Long Arm of Childhood: The Influence of Early Life Social Conditions on Men's Mortality," by Mark Hayward, Bridget Gorman, and Kristen Robinson (Penn State University Population Research Institute Working Paper 01-04, March 2001, .pdf format, 27p.).

http://www.pop.psu.edu/general/pubs/working_papers/psu-pri/wp0104.pdf
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

20. OECD ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT:

A. "How will ageing affect Finland?" by Pablo Antolin, Howard Oxley and Wim Suyker (Organization For Economic Cooperation and Development Economics Department Working Paper No. 296, May 2001, .pdf and Microsoft Word Format, 38p.).

Abstract:

In Finland, as in most OECD countries, the ageing of the population is one of the major long-term policy challenges. This paper first explores the scale of the demographic changes in Finland, the relevant institutions and their effect on the decision to retire. In light of the increase in the number of elderly expected over the coming years, various issues concerning their economic position and health care are considered. The paper then considers the impact that demographic changes will have on public finances: the cost of the pension system will increase by a third; health care spending and the cost of care for the frail elderly are also likely to rise substantially. The paper ends by outlining the policy options to cope with ageing.

http://www.olis.oecd.org/olis/2001doc.nsf/linkto/eco-wkp(2001)21

B. "How should Norway respond to ageing?" by Pablo Antolin and Wim Suyker (Organization For Economic Cooperation and Development Economics Department Working Paper No. 295, May 2001, .pdf and Microsoft Word Format, 43p.).

Abstract:

Norway, like most OECD countries, will experience a significant ageing of its population, although it will be less dramatic. Moreover, it starts from an enviable position: employment rates of older people are among the highest in the OECD, pension outlays are currently relatively low and substantial financial assets have been accumulated in the Government Petroleum Fund. However, without reforms, due to the maturing of the pension system, ageing will lead to one of the biggest increases in pension spending as a share of GDP in OECD countries over the next 50 years. This paper thus, after exploring the scale of the demographic changes, examines the relevant institutions and their effect on the decision to retire. In light of the expected increase in the elderly, various issues concerning their economic position and health care are considered. The paper then presents the fiscal impact of ageing: the cost of the pension system will more than double, while health care spending for the elderly will likely rise substantially. The paper ends by outlining the policy options to deal with ageing. It also discusses whether the oil wealth should be used to fund the pension system.

http://www.olis.oecd.org/olis/2001doc.nsf/linkto/eco-wkp(2001)22

=======================================================================

IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

21. Age and Ageing (Vol. 30, No. 2, March 2001). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

http://ageing.oupjournals.org/content/vol30/issue2/index.shtml

22. Aging and Mental Health (Vol. 5, No. 2, May 2001 Supplement: The Contextual World of the Person with Alzheimer's Disease: Social and Behavioral Perspectives).

http://antonio.catchword.com/vl=95943112/cl=16/nw=1/rpsv/cw/carfax/13646915/contp1.htm
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

23. CARL Uncover Journal Tables of Contents. Follow the instructions below to access tables of contents. CARL Uncover provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://uncweb.carl.org:80/

B. click on "Search Uncover"
C. click on "Search Uncover Now"
D. Type the Journal Name in the search box and click the radio button "Journal Title Browse"
E. click on the journal name
F. click on "journal issues"
G. click on the issues identified below

American Sociological Review (Vol. 66, No. 2, April 2001). Note: This journal is available in full electronic text in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

=======================================================================

V. Funding Opportunities:

24. NIH: "The Zebrafish as an Animal Model For Development and Disease Research" (PA-01-095, May 16, 2001, sponsored by several US National Institute of Health agencies, including the National Institute on Aging).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-01-095.html

=======================================================================

VI. Legislation Information Updates:

25. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON HEALTH, EDUCATION, LABOR, AND PENSIONS:
"Addressing Direct Care Staffing Shortages," a hearing held May 17, 2001).

Hearing testimony:

http://www.senate.gov/~labor/107hearings/may2001/051701wt/051701wt.htm

Testimony of William Scanlon, Director, Health Care Issues, US General Accounting Office (GAO-01-750T, May 2000, .pdf format, 35p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d01750t.pdf

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO testimony can always be found at:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml

Search on title or report number.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

26. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON SOCIAL SECURITY:
"Social Security's Processing of Attorney Fees," a hearing held May 17, 2001).

Hearing testimony:

http://www.house.gov/ways_means/socsec/107cong/ss-3wit.htm
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

27. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE HEARING PUBLICATIONS:

A. "The Administration's Prescription Drug Proposal," a hearing held May 11, 2000 (House Committee on Ways and Means, Subcommittee on Health Serial No. 106-104, May 2001, ASCII text and .pdf format, 74p.).

B. "Social Security Government Pension Offset," a hearing held Jun. 27, 2000) House Ways and Means Committee, Subcommittee on Social Security Serial No. 106-102, May 2001, ASCII text and .pdf format, 100p.).

Both reports can be accessed from:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/house/house19ch106.html

Scroll to or "find in page" "106-104" or "106-102", without the quotes.

---------------------------------------------------------

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu