Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #83--May 10, 2001

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar/caar-index.htm

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I. Data:

1. HRS: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Health and Retirement Study/Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (HRS/AHEAD) website has announced "HRS 1994 Imputation Data (Version 2) Release." For more information, including the location of the data, see:

http://www.umich.edu/~hrswww/news/news117.html
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2. PSID: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) website has announced revised terminology for early and final release data. For more information see:

http://www.isr.umich.edu/src/psid/

Click on "More" after the blurb on "Data News: Revised Data Terminology," under "Study News."
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3. IRS: "Estate Tax Returns Filed in 1999: Gross Estate by Type of Property, Deductions, Taxable Estate, Estate Tax and Tax Credits, by Size of Gross Estate" (US Internal Revenue Service, Statistics of Income Branch, May 2001, Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.fedworld.gov/pub/irs-soi/99es01si.xls

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II. Reports and articles:

4. NIHCM REPORT: "Prescription Drug Expenditures in 2000: The Upward Trend Continues" (National Institute for Health Care Management, May 2001, .pdf format, 24p.).

http://www.nihcm.org/spending2001.pdf

More information about NIHCM:

http://www.nihcm.org/aboutframe.html
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5. EBRI/ASEC RETIREMENT CONFIDENCE SURVEY AND MINORITY RCS FINDINGS: The Employee Benefit Research Institute and American Savings Education Council have released findings from the 2001 Retirement Confidence Survey (May 2001, .pdf format). "Since 1991, the RCS has tracked Americans' financial preparations for retirement and their attitudes regarding retirement. The RCS is a random, nationally representative survey of 1,000 Americans over age 25. Both current workers and current retirees are surveyed; this allows comparisons across generations in terms of attitudes and financial preparations. The survey contains a core set of questions that is asked annually and is used to track key attitudes and behavior patterns over time.... The 1998 RCS project added a RCS Minority Survey to its agenda. Minority population groups (i.e., African-Americans, Asian-Americans, and Hispanic-Americans) are surveyed with the base RCS. The findings are fully explored in a separate report devoted to minority retirement issues." The below listed website contains links to EBRI, ASEC, and results from surveys back to 1996. Note: these are summaries of findings.

http://www.ebri.org/rcs/index.htm
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6. GERMAN PENSION SPECIAL: The _Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung_ features an "In Focus" section on "The Future of Pensions," gathering together several topical articles from the newspaper from the last few months issues.

http://www.faz.com/IN/INtemplates/eFAZ/default.asp

Click on "The Future of Pensions" under "In Focus" on the right hand frame.
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7. SSA OFFICE OF POLICY COMPENDIUM: _Annual Statistical Supplement, 2001_," (US Social Security Administration Office of Policy, May, 2001, .pdf format). Note: "Draft versions of the tables for the 2001 edition of the Annual Statistical Supplement will be posted here as they become available. Any updates to the tables will be indicated in parentheses below their links." Interested researchers should bookmark this site for updates.

http://www.ssa.gov/statistics/Supplement/2001/index.html
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8. HCFA POLICY DECISION, FEDERAL REGISTER DOCUMENT, REPORTS:

A. Medicare Coverage Policy Decisions: "Lymphedema Pumps" (US Health Care Financing Administration #CAG-00016).

http://www.hcfa.gov/coverage/8b3-z.htm

B. "Medicare Program; Changes to the Hospital Inpatient Prospective Payment Systems and Fiscal Year 2002 Rates (US Health Care Financing Administration HCFA 1158-P, May 2001, HTML and Microsoft Word format).

http://www.hcfa.gov/regs/hcfa1158p/default.htm

C. "Health Care Indicators: Key trends in the Health Care sector - Second Quarter 2000" (US Health Care Financing Administration, May 2001, HTML, .pdf, and .csv format). "Health Care Indicators contains data and analysis of recent trends in health care spending, employment, and prices. The National Health Statistics Group tracks trends in health care related industries and presents this information quarterly. These data are valuable for understanding the relationship between the health care sector and the overall economy. In addition, they allow the National Health Statistics Group to anticipate the direction and magnitude of health care cost changes prior to the availability of more comprehensive data."

http://www.hcfa.gov/stats/indicatr/

D. "Projections of National Health Expenditures: Methodology and Model Specification" (US Health Care Financing Administration, Office of the Actuary, May 2001). "To produce projections for total National Health Expenditures (NHE), OACT combines projections for Medicare and Medicaid spending (based on actuarial techniques) with projections for private health spending (based on a multi-equation structural econometric model, hereafter referred to as the NHE Projection Model). The NHE Projection Model is a structural model that attempts to capture the causal relationships between major macroeconomic variables and private health spending, as well as interactions among major causal variables within the health sector. The macroeconomic and demographic outlook produced by the Office of the Chief Actuary at the Social Security Administration, and the projections of Medicare and Medicaid spending produced by OACT, are exogenous inputs into the model. Thus, the NHE projections are conditional on the assumptions inherent in these projections. The methodology and specification for the NHE Projection Model are presented..."

http://www.hcfa.gov/stats/NHE-Proj/Proj2000/methodology/
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9. _URBAN INSTITUTE_ REPORT: "Reforming Medicare's Benefit Package: Impact on Beneficiary Expenditures," by Stephanie Maxwell, Marilyn Moon, and Matthew Storeygard (_Urban Institute_ .pdf format, May 2001, 45p.).

http://www.urban.org/pdfs/Reforming_Medicare_Benefits_Package.PDF
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10. AOA FACTSHEET, DATA:

A. "HHS Programs and Initiatives for an Aging America," (US Administration on Aging Fact Sheet, May 3, 2001).

http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/pressroom/Pr2001/HHS2001fsaging.html

B. "Older Population of the United States: Male and Female Population Estimates/Projections and Sex Ratio 1990 - 2050" (US Administration on Aging, May 2001, HTML, .pdf, and Excel format, 4p.).

HTML:

http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/F-M-Ratio-1990-2050.html

.pdf:

http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/F-M-Ratio-1990-2050.pdf

Excel:

http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/F-M-Ratio-1990-2050.xls
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11. GAO REPORT: "Federal Employee Retirements: Expected Increase Over the Next 5 Years Illustrates Need for Workforce Planning" (US General Accounting Office GAO-01-509, April 2001, .pdf format, 59p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d01509.pdf

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports can always be found at:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml

Search on title or report number.
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12. _MMWR_ ARTICLE: "Prevalence of Arthritis --- United States, 1997" (US Centers For Disease Control and Prevention, _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 50, No. 17, May 4, 2001, HTML and .pdf format p. 334-336).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5017a2.htm

.pdf:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5017.pdf
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13. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library. "Simvastatin strongly reduces levels of Alzheimer's disease {Beta}-amyloid peptides A{Beta}42 and A{Beta}40 _in vitro_ and _in vivo_," by K. Fassbender, M. Simons, C. Bergmann, M. Stroick, D. Ltjohann, P. Keller, H. Runz, S. Kuhl, T. Bertsch, K. von Bergmann, M. Hennerici, K. Beyreuther, and T. Hartmann (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 98, No. 10, May 8, 2001, p. 5856-5861).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/98/10/5856
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14. _BMJ_ NEWS, CLINICAL REVIEW:

A. "Scientists propose a new theory for the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease," by Scott Gottlieb (_British Medical Journal_ News roundup, Vol. 322, No. 7294, May 5, 2001, p. 1085).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/322/7294/1085

B. "Effect of increasing age on cataract surgery outcomes in very elderly patients," by Tien Yin Wong (_British Medical Journal_ Clinical review, Vol. 322, No. 7294, May 5, 2001, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1104-1106).

http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/322/7294/1104
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15. _JAMA_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Oregon Physicians' Attitudes About and Experiences With End-of-Life Care Since Passage of the Oregon Death with Dignity Act," by Linda Ganzini, Heidi D. Nelson, Melinda A. Lee, Dale F. Kraemer, Terri A. Schmidt, and Molly A. Delorit (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 285, No. 18, May 10, 2001, p. 2363-2369).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v285n18/abs/joc01923.html
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16. _NEJM_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Effect of Parathyroid Hormone (1-34) on Fractures and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis," by Robert M. Neer, Claude D. Arnaud, Jose R. Zanchetta, Richard Prince, Gregory A. Gaich, Jean-Yves Reginster, Anthony B. Hodsman, Erik F. Eriksen, Sophia Ish-Shalom, Harry K. Genant, Ouhong Wang, and Bruce H. Mitlak (_New England Journal of Medicine_, Vol. 344, No. 19, May 10, 2001, p. 1434-41).

http://www.nejm.org/content/2001/0344/0019/1434.asp
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17. MEDSCAPE ARTICLES: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Aerosolized Amikacin in the Treatment of _Pseudomonas_ Pneumonia in the Nursing Home Setting," by John B. Standridge and Colin L. Aliff (_Southern Medical Journal_ via Medscape, Vol. 94, No. 2, February 2001, p. 244-246).

http://www.medscape.com/37381.rhtml?srcmp=ms-050401

or

http://www.medscape.com/SMA/SMJ/2001/v94.n02/smj9402.10.stan/smj9402.10.stan-01.html

B. Building Ties Between Cancer Centers and Hospices," by Jeff Lycan and Elaine Glass (_Oncology Issues_ via Medscape Health, Vol. 16, No. 2, March/April, 2001, p. 20-23).

http://www.medscape.com/37369.rhtml?srcmp=ms-050401

or

http://www.medscape.com/ACCC/OncIssues/2001/v16.n02/oi1602.03.lyca/oi1602.03.lyca-01.html
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18. _TIME_ HEALTH SPECIAL FEATURE: "The Nun Study: How one scientist and 678 sisters are helping unlock the secrets of Alzheimer's," by Michael D. Lemonick and Alice Park Mankato (_Time_, Vol. 157, No. 19, May 14, 2001).

http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,108789,00.html

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III. Working Papers:

19. IMF: "Japan - Demographic Shock and Fiscal Sustainability," by Hamid Faruqee and Martin Muhleisen (International Monetary Fund Working Paper WP/01/40, April 2001, .pdf format, 28p.).

Abstract:

The paper develops a general equilibrium framework to examine the economic implications of population aging in Japan. Particular attention is paid to aggregate saving behavior which is modeled on the basis of empirical age-earnings profiles using a life-cycle approach. The paper's objectives are to (i) estimate the output loss caused by demographic changes and assess the impact of aging on Japan's government finances; and (ii) compare fiscal policy options with respect to their effects on output growth and economic welfare.

http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/cat/longres.cfm?sk=4037.0

Click on "Full Text in PDF format" for full text.
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20. NBER: "Intergenerational Risk Sharing in the Spirit of Arrow, Debreu, and Rawls, with Applications to Social Security Design," by Laurence Ball and N. Gregory Mankiw (National Bureau of Economic Research W8270, May 2001, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

This paper examines the optimal allocation of risk in an overlapping-generations economy. It compares the allocation of risk the economy reaches naturally to the allocation that would be reached if generations behind a Rawlsian 'veil of ignorance' could share risk with one another through complete Arrow-Debreu contingent-claims markets. The paper then examines how the government might implement optimal intergenerational risk sharing with a social security system. One conclusion is that the system must either hold equity claims to capital or negatively index benefits to equity returns.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W8270

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

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IV. Funding Opportunities:

21. NIH:

A. Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Centers (OAIC) (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging RFA-AG-02-001, Apr. 30, 2001). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-AG-02-001.html

B. Alzheimer's Disease Clinical Research and Training Program: Mentored Clinical Scientist Development Awards in Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging RFA-AG-01-005, May 2, 2001). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-AG-01-005.html

C. Restless Legs Syndrome and Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institute on Aging, and National Institute of Mental Health PA-01-086, May 2, 2001). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-01-086.html

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V. Legislation Information Updates:

22. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING: "Technology and Prescription Drug Safety," a hearing held May 3, 2001.

Hearing testimony:

http://www.senate.gov/~aging/hr65.htm

Video transcript (RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required, running time: 1 hour, 24 minutes, 39 seconds).

http://www.senate.gov/~aging/010503.ram
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23. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH:"Strengthening Medicare: Modernizing Beneficiary Cost Sharing," a hearing held May 9, 2001.

Hearing testimony:

http://www.house.gov/ways_means/health/107cong/hl-7wit.htm
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24. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON SOCIAL SECURITY HEARING TESTIMONY, PUBLICATION:

A. "Ensuring the Integrity of Social Security Programs," a hearing held May 10, 2001.

Hearing testimony:

http://www.house.gov/ways_means/socsec/107cong/ss-2wit.htm

Note: This hearing testimony has yet to be posted at the time of this mailing. It should be posted shortly.

B. "Social Security Administration's Proposal to Implement Return to Work Legislation," a hearing held February 28, 2001 (US House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means, Subcommittee on Social Security Hearing Transcript 107-3).

Hearing transcript:

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/socsec/107cong/2-28-01/107-3final.htm
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25. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT REFORM: "Quality Care for Seniors," a hearing held Apr. 10, 2000 (US House Hearing Publication 106-188, ASCII text and .pdf format, 88p.).

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/house/house07.html

Scroll to or "find in page" "106-188" (without the quotes).

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu