Current Awareness in Aging (CAAR) Report #8, November 11, 1999

I. Data:

1. CENSUS BUREAU DATA BASE NEWS IN AGING: The Census Bureau has updated its annual "Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics" through October 1999. Data Base News in Aging "highlights the contents of government-sponsored surveys and products (many funded by NIA) containing statistical information about the older population."

http://www.census.gov/population/www/dbna/db-aging-toc.html

Note: Users may wish to use this site in combination with a similar site discussed in CAAR #3: "Directory of Health and Human Services Data Resources."

http://aspe.hhs.gov/datacncl/datadir/index.htm

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2. ICPSR: The Inter-University Consortium for Social and Political Research added 48 datasets to its collection on November 2 and 10, 1999. Of possible interest are:

ESTABLISHED POPULATIONS FOR EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES OF THE ELDERLY, 1996-1997: PIEDMONT HEALTH SURVEY OF THE ELDERLY, FOURTH IN-PERSON SURVEY [DURHAM, WARREN, VANCE, GRANVILLE, AND FRANKLIN COUNTIES, NORTH CAROLINA] (#2744)

CURRENT POPULATION SURVEY, 1999: ANNUAL DEMOGRAPHIC FILE (#2825)

CONSUMER EXPENDITURE SURVEY, INTEGRATED DIARY AND INTERVIEW SURVEY DATA, 1984-1996 (#2796)

CONSUMER EXPENDITURE SURVEY, 1996: DIARY SURVEY (#2795)

CONSUMER EXPENDITURE SURVEY, 1996: INTERVIEW SURVEY AND DETAILED EXPENDITURE FILES (#2794)

MATLAB [BANGLADESH] HEALTH AND SOCIOECONOMIC SURVEY (MHSS), 1996 (#2705)

Note: ESTABLISHED POPULATIONS FOR EPDIEMIOLOGIC STUDIES... is restricted. See the abstract for details. See your ICPSR Official Representative to obtain all other studies but MATLAB, which is freely available to the public.

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/recadd.html

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3. NCHS TRENDS IN HEALTH AND AGING: The National Center for Health Statistics has made available a ready reference database titled "Trends in Health and Aging." Users must download and install a viewing, charting, and printing program called "Beyond 20/20," and can then interactively view tables (16 at this time) from the Census Bureau and NCHS. Note: This data is designed to provide quick basic tables and charts.

Ready Reference Database
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/otheract/aging/tables.htm

More information about "Trends in Health and Aging."
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/otheract/aging/trends.htm

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II. Reports and Articles

4. USDA RDP ARTICLE: United States Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service Publication _Rural Development Perspectives_ (Vol. 14, No. 3, October 1999), contains an article: "Growth of the Oldest Old Population and Future Implications for Rural Areas," by Carolyn C. Rogers (.pdf format, 5p. P. 22-26 in the publication).

>From the Abstract:

The older population has been growing and aging rapidly, with the fastest growing segment being the oldest old-those 85 and older. This segment of the older population increased 37 percent between 1980 and 1990. The oldest old are more likely to be women, to be in poor health, to live alone, and to be poor. This article examines recent changes in the oldest old population by residence and considers implications for the future.

http://www.econ.ag.gov/epubs/pdf/rdp/rdpoct99/rdpoct99d.pdf

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5. MEDSCAPE ORTHOPAEDICS AND SPORTS MEDICINE ARTICLE: "The Effect of Cigarette Smoking on the Development of Osteoporosis and Related Fractures," by Molly T. Vogt, PhD. Note: Medscape requires registration before providing free access to its articles.

http://www.medscape.com/Medscape/OrthoSportsMed/journal/public/archive/1999/toc-0305.html

and click on "The Effect of Cigarette...

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6. GAO (GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE) REPORTS:

A. "Social Security: Evaluating Reform Proposals" (GAO/AIMD/HEHS-00-29, Nov 4, 1999, .pdf format, 72p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/a300029.pdf

B. "Nursing Home Care: Enhanced HCFA Oversight of State Programs Would Better Ensure Quality" (GAO/HEHS-00-6, Nov. 4, 1999, .pdf format, 49p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/he00006.pdf

Note: GAO Internet addresses are valid for only a limited period of time. After that time, documents can be found by searching the Government Printing Office:

http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml

and searching on title or report number.

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7. SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY MAXWELL SCHOOL CENTER FOR POLICY RESEARCH AGING STUDIES PROGRAM POLICIES BRIEF: "Social Security Reform: Improving Benefit Adequacy and Economic Security for Women," by Timothy M. Smeeding (Policy Brief No. 16, 1999, .pdf format, 28p.).

>From the Introduction:

This Policy Brief is designed to raise awareness of the current and future economic circumstances of older women, and the ways in which Social Security reform can help alleviate their unmet needs. It considers the gaps in benefit adequacy and economic security that are not addressed by current Social Security reform proposals and then suggests a series of modest, low-cost reforms to help close these gaps. If our proposals are adopted, Social Security reform will not only close the long-run financial deficit, but it will also greatly reduce the future poverty status of older women, particularly those who live alone. This is an opportunity for progressive reform as well as for budgetary balance.

http://www-cpr.maxwell.syr.edu/pbriefs/pb16.pdf

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8. _ISSUES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY_ (NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS) ARTICLE: "Technology Needs of Aging Boomers," by Joseph F. Coughlin. (Fall 1999 issue, HTML format).

http://www.nap.edu/issues/16.1/coughlin.htm

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III. Working Papers

9. NBER (NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH) WORKING PAPERS IN AGING:

A. "Estate Taxes, Life Insurance, and Small Business," by Douglas Holtz-Eakin, John W. Phillips, and Harvey S. Rosen, (W7360, September 1999, .pdf format, 39p.).

>From the Abstract:

One criticism of the estate tax is that it prevents the owners of family businesses from passing their enterprises to their children. The problem is that it may be difficult to pay estate taxes without liquidating the business. A natural question is why individuals with such concerns do not purchase enough life insurance to meet their estate tax liabilities. This paper examines whether and how people use life insurance to deal with the estate tax. We find that, other things being the same, business owners purchase more life insurance than other individuals. However, on the margin, their insurance purchases are less responsive to estate tax considerations and they are less likely to have the wherewithal to meet estate tax liabilities out of liquid assets plus insurance.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W7360

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B. "Enter at Your Own Risk: HMO Participation and Enrollment in the Medicare Risk Market," by Jean Abraham, Ashish Arora, Martin Gaynor, and Douglas Wholey (W7385, October 1999, .pdf format, 41p.).

>From the Abstract:

We examine HMO participation and enrollment in the Medicare risk market for the years 1990 to 1995. We develop a profit- maximization model of HMO behavior, which explicitly considers potential linkages between an HMO's production decision in the commercial enrollee market and its participation and production decisions in the Medicare risk market. Our results suggest that the payment rate is a primary determinant of HMO participation, while the price of a supplemental Medicare insurance policy positively affects HMO Medicare enrollment. We also find empirical support for the existence of complementarities in the joint production of an HMO's commercial and Medicare products.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W7385

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C. "Taxation and Household Portfolio Composition: U.S. Evidence from the 1980's and 1990's," by James M. Poterba, and Andrew Samwick (W7392, October 1999, .pdf format, 59p.).

>From the Abstract:

This paper explores the relationship between household marginal income tax rates, the set of assets that households own, and the portfolio shares accounted for by each of these assets. It analyzes data from the 1983, 1989, 1992, and 1995 Surveys of Consumer Finances and develops a new algorithm for imputing federal marginal tax rates to households in these surveys. The empirical findings suggest that a household's marginal tax rate has an important effect on its asset allocation decisions. The probability that a household owns tax-advantaged assets is strongly related to its tax rate on ordinary income. In addition, the amount of investment through tax-deferred accounts such as 401(k) plans and IRAs is an increasing function of the household's marginal tax rate. Holdings of corporate stock, which is taxed less heavily than interest bearing assets, and of tax-exempt bonds are also increasing in the household's marginal tax rate. Holdings of heavily taxed assets, such as corporate bonds and interest-bearing accounts, decline as a share of wealth as a household's marginal tax rate increases.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W7392

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability)

10. CARL Uncover Journal Tables of Contents. Follow the instructions below to access tables of contents.

A. Point your browser to:

http://uncweb.carl.org:80/

B. click on "Search Uncover"
C. click on "Search Uncover Now"
D. Type the Journal Name in the search box and click the radio button
"Journal Title Browse"
E.. click on the journal name
F. click on "journal issues"
G. click on the issues identified below

_Research on Aging_ (Vol. 21, No. 6, 1999) NOTE: This issue is available in electronic full text (HTML and page image [.pdf format]) in the ProQuest Research Library at this time. Check your library for availability.

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_American Journal of Epidemiology_ (Vol. 150, No. 9, 1999)

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_American Journal of Public Health_, (Vol. 89, No. 11, Nov. 1999) Note: This journal is available in electronic full text (HTML and page image [.pdf format] in the ProQuest Research Library and EBSCO Academic Search Elite. This issue is not yet available online, but should be soon. Check your library for availability. Note also that Tables of Contents and Abstracts for _AJPH_ can also be found at:

http://www.apha.org/news/publications/journal/toc.html

and

http://www.apha.org/news/publications/journal/abs.html

respectively. However, the November 1999 issue is not yet available at this site at this time.

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_Canadian Journal on Aging_ (Vol. 18, No. 3, Fall 1999)

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V. Funding Opportunities:

11. NIA/NICHD/NIH RFA: "HEALTH DISPARITIES: LINKING BIOLOGICAL AND BEHAVIORAL MECHANISMS WITH SOCIAL AND PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENTS."

The purpose of this solicitation is to foster multidisciplinary research that will elucidate underlying mechanisms by which the interaction of social and physical environments leads to health disparities. For purposes of this Request for Applications (RFA), the physical environment includes physical agents (e.g., radiation), chemical agents (e.g., pesticides) and biological agents (e.g, pathogens, harmful algal blooms) to which individuals are exposed in a multitude of settings, including home, school, and workplace. The social environment includes individual and community-level characteristics, e.g., socioeconomic status (SES), education, coping resources and support systems, residential factors, cultural variables, institutional and political forces such as racism and classism, familial factors, and media influences. The ultimate goal of this research is to enhance our understanding of the causes and mechanisms responsible for disparities in health among the U.S. population, especially between lower SES and higher SES groups.

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-ES-00-004.html

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VI. Employment Opportunities

12. AGING STUDIES BRANCH US CENSUS BUREAU: The Aging Studies Branch in the International Programs Center at the U.S. Census Bureau has a full time position and paid internships available. The branch does research which focuses on a broad range of aging issues both domestically and internationally. The Bureau is looking for people with good quantitative skills and writing ability.

For more information contact:

Victoria Velkoff
Chief, Aging Studies Branch
Tel: 301-457-1371
FAX: 301-457-1539
E-mail: vvelkoff@census.gov

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VII. Legislation Information Updates

13. SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING:

A. Nursing Home Residents: Short-changed by Staff Shortages (Nov. 3, 1999).

The purpose of this forum is to discuss the impact of staffing on the quality of care and to explore innovative solutions that facilities are implementing to address this problem.

http://www.senate.gov/~aging/fr11.htm

B. HCFA Regional Offices: Inconsistent, Uneven, Unfair (Nov. 4, 1999).

Under the Committee's oversight, the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) has undertaken a series of initiatives to improve nursing home quality of care. HCFA's central office carries out these initiatives via 10 regional offices and the states. [Senators] Grassley and Breaux asked the General Accounting Office (GAO) to evaluate whether HCFA's regional offices are carrying out their duties adequately and consistently. The senators will release the GAO's final report at a hearing examining these issues.

http://www.senate.gov/~aging/hr41.htm

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14. HOUSE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT REFORM: "Improving Care at the End of Life With Complementary Medicine (Oct. 19, 1999)

http://www.house.gov/reform/hearings/healthcare/99.10.19/index.htm

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VIII. Websites of Interest

15. INTERNET INFORMATION NOTES ADDITION: The Administration on Aging National Aging Information Center has added three sections on to its Internet Information Notes (discussed in CAAR #1) meta-site. They are:

Hospice and Palliative Care
http://www.aoa.gov/NAIC/Notes/Hospice.html

Volunteers and Older Adults
http://www.aoa.gov/NAIC/Notes/volunteeradults.html

Reverse Mortgages
http://www.aoa.gov/NAIC/Notes/reversemortgages.html

Internet Information Notes
http://www.aoa.gov/NAIC/Notes/

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu