Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #588 -- May 19, 2011

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. HUMAN MORTALITY DATABASE: Note: HMD requires free registration before providing data. The following update has been added to the database:

- Data for Total Germany, East Germany, and West Germany were revised and updated through 2009.

Data Availability:

http://www.mortality.org/cgi-bin/hmd/DataAvailability.php

Data Access:

http://www.mortality.org/

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II. Reports and articles:

2. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, OFFICE OF RESEARCH, STATISTICS, AND POLICY ANALYSIS TRUSTEES REPORT, PERIODICAL:

A. "The 2011 Annual Report of the Board of Trustees of the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Federal Disability Insurance Trust Funds," (May 2011, .pdf and HTML format, 235p.).

http://www.ssa.gov/OACT/TR/2011/index.html

B. International Update, May 2011 (May 2011, .pdf format, 3p.).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/intl_update/2011-05/index.html

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3. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES TRUSTEES REPORT: "2011 Annual Report of the Boards of Trustees of the Federal Hospital Insurance and Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Funds," (May 2011, .pdf format, 267p.).

https://www.cms.gov/ReportsTrustFunds/

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4. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICE, OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "Review of Physician Therapy Services Provided During Home Health Episodes in Calendar Year 2008," (May 2011, .pdf format, 17p.).

http://oig.hhs.gov/oas/reports/region1/10900530.asp

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5. US NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS REPORT: "An Overview of Home Health Aides: United States, 2007," by Anita Bercovitz, Abigail Moss, Manisha Sengupta, Eunice Y. Park-Lee, Adrienne Jones, Lauren D. Harris-Kojetin, and Marie R. Squillace (National Health Statistics Reports, No. 34, May 19, 2011, .pdf format, 32p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhsr/nhsr034.pdf

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6. UK DEPARTMENT OF WORK AND PENSIONS REPORTS:

A. "Predictors of attitudes to age across Europe," by Dominic Abrams, Christin-Melanie Vauclair and Hannah Swift (Research Report 735, May 2011, .pdf format, 90p.).

http://research.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd5/report_abstracts/rr_abstracts/rra_735.asp

B. "Aspirations for later life," by Alun Humphrey, Lucy Lee and Rosie Green (Research Report 737, May 2011, .pdf format, 145p.).

http://research.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd5/report_abstracts/rr_abstracts/rra_737.asp

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7. AUSTRALIAN HOUSING AND URBAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE REPORT: "Asset poverty and older Australians' transitions into housing assistance programs," (Research & Policy Bulletin No. 139, May 2011, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.ahuri.edu.au/publications/projects/p30563

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8. EUROPEAN COMMISSION/ORGANISATION OF ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT REPORT: "Help Wanted? Providing and Paying for Long-Term Care," by Francesca Colombo, Ana Llena-Nozal, Jerome Mercier, and Frits Tjadens (May 2011, .pdf format, 295p.).

http://www.oecd.org/document/23/0,3746,en_2649_37407_47659479_1_1_1_37407,00.html

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9. ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIAN'S [UK] REPORT: "Falling standards, broken promises: Report of the national audit of falls and bone health in older people 2010," (May 2011, .pdf format, 174p.).

http://www.rcplondon.ac.uk/sites/default/files/falls-and-bones-health-national-report-may-2011.pdf

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10. INTERNATIONAL LONGEVITY CENTRE [UK] REPORT: "Past Caring? Widening the Debate on Funding Long Term Care," by Dr. Craig Perry (May 2011, .pdf format, 37p.).

http://www.ilcuk.org.uk/record.jsp?type=publication&ID=90

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11. PERSONAL SOCIAL SERVICES RESEARCH UNIT [UK] REPORT: "Measuring the productivity of workforce development in care homes," (May 2011, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.pssru.ac.uk/pdf/skills-for-care.pdf

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12. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT RESEARCH INSTITUTE ISSUE BRIEF: "Retirement Income Adequacy With Immediate and Longevity Annuities," by Youngkyun Park (EBRI Issue Brief No. 357, May 2011, .pdf format, 36p.).

http://www.ebri.org/publications/ib/index.cfm?fa=ibDisp&content_id=4820

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13. AARP REPORTS:

A. "Family Income Sources for Older Persons, 2009," by Ke Bin Wu (May 2011, .pdf format, 9p.).

http://www.aarp.org/money/budgeting-saving/info-05-2011/fs224-economic.html

B. "Medicaid: A Program of Last Resort for People Who Need Long-Term Services and Supports," by Wendy Fox-Grage and Donald Redfoot (May 2011, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.aarp.org/content/aarp/en/home/health/medicare-insurance/info-05-2011/fs223-medicaid.html

C. "The Employment Situation, April 2011: Average Duration of Unemployment for Older Jobseekers Exceeds One Year," by Sara E. Rix (May 2011, . pdf format, 7p.).

http://www.aarp.org/content/aarp/en/home/work/job-hunting/info-05-2011/fs225-employment.html

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14. INSTITUTE FOR WOMEN'S POLICY RESEARCH FACT SHEET: "Social Security and Black Women," (May 2011, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.iwpr.org/publications/pubs/social-security-and-black-women

More information about the Institute:

http://www.iwpr.org/about

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15. MICHIGAN RETIREMENT RESEARCH CENTER NEWSLETTER (Vol. 12, No. 1, May 2011, HTML and .pdf format, 8p.).

http://www.mrrc.isr.umich.edu/publications/newsletters/newsletter_item.cfm?NewsletterID=1013

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16. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Loss of nuclear factor E2-related factor 1 in the brain leads to dysregulation of proteasome gene expression and neurodegeneration," by Candy S. Lee, Chiashan Lee, Terry Hu, Janice M. Nguyen, Jiasheng Zhang, Maureen V. Martin, Marquis P. Vawter, Eric J. Huang, and Jefferson Y. Chan (Vol. 108, No. 20, May 17, 2011, p. 8408-8413).

http://www.pnas.org/content/108/20/8408.abstract

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17. PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE (PLoS) ARTICLES:

A. "{alpha}-Synuclein Expression Selectively Affects Tumorigenesis in Mice Modeling Parkinson's Disease," by Eitan Israeli, Eugenia Yakunin, Yonaton Zarbiv, Amir Hacohen-Solovich, Haya Kisos, Virginie Loeb, Michal Lichtenstein, Tziona Ben-Gedalya, Ofra Sabag, Eli Pikarsky, Haya Lorberboum-Galski, and Ronit Sharon (PLoS ONE 6(5): e19622. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0019622, XML, HTML, and .pdf format, 9p.).

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0019622

B. "Mesenchymal Stem Cells in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Multiple System Atrophy: Immunomodulation and Neuroprotection," by Sylvia Stemberger, Angelika Jamnig, Nadia Stefanova, Gter Lepperdinger, Markus Reindl, and Gregor K. Wenning (PLoS ONE 6(5): e19808. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0019808, XML, HTML, and .pdf format, 11p.).

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0019808

C. "Estimates of Outcomes Up to Ten Years after Stroke: Analysis from the Prospective South London Stroke Register," by Charles D. A. Wolfe, Siobhan L. Crichton, Peter U. Heuschmann, Christopher J. McKevitt, Andre M. Toschke, Andy P. Grieve, and Anthony G. Rudd (PLoS Med 8(5): e1001033. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001033, XML, HTML, and .pdf format, 13p.).

http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001033

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18. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Ranibizumab and Bevacizumab for Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration," by The CATT Research Group (Vol. 364, No. 20, May 19, 2011, p. 1897-1907).

http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1102673

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19. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL ARTICLE: "Effect of {beta} blockers in treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a retrospective cohort study," by Philip M. Short, Samuel I. W. Lipworth, Douglas H. J. Elder, Stuart Schembri, and Brian J. Lipworth (BMJ 2011; 342:d2549, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.bmj.com/content/342/bmj.d2549.full

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20. LANCET NEUROLOGY ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Intrastriatal transplantation of microcarrier-bound human retinal pigment epithelial cells versus sham surgery in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease: a double-blind, randomised, controlled trial," by Robert E. Gross, Raymond L. Watts, Robert A. Hauser, Roy A.E. Bakay, Heinz Reichmann, Rudiger von Kummer, William G. Ondo, Elke Reissig, Wilhelm Eisner, Heike Steiner-Schulze, Harald Siedentop, Klaus Fichte, Walter Hong, Michael Cornfeldt, Katherine Beebe, Rupert Sandbrink, the Spheramine Investigational Group (Vol. 10, No. 6, June 2011, p. 509-519).

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laneur/article/PIIS1474-4422%2811%2970097-7/abstract

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III. Working Papers:

21. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE: "Who Retires Early?" by Henry J. Aaron and Jean Marie Callan (Working Paper No. 2011-10, May 2011, .pdf format, 32p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://crr.bc.edu/working_papers/who_retires_early.html

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22. CENTER FOR FAMILY AND DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH [BOWLING GREEN STATE UNIVERSITY]: "Does Informal Care Attenuate the Cycle of ADL/IADL Disability and Depressive Symptoms in Late Life?" by I-Fen Lin (Working Paper No. 2011-05, May 2011, .pdf format, 32p.).

Abstract:

Objectives: Prior studies have extensively examined the reciprocal relation between disability and depressive symptoms in late life, but little is known about whether informal care attenuates the reciprocal relation over time. This study examined whether disability and depressive symptoms mobilize informal care and whether informal care, once mobilized, protects older adults against the progression of disability and depressive symptoms.

Methods: The analysis was based on 6,454 community-dwelling older adults who were interviewed in one or more waves of the Health and Retirement Study between 1998 and 2006. Extending an autoregressive cross-lagged model, we constructed three cycles of the relations among disability, depressive symptoms, and informal care. Comparing the relations across three cycles informs us about the attenuating effect of informal care on the relation between disability and depressive symptoms over time.

Results: Although older adults' disability and depressive symptoms mobilized informal care initially, worsening disability and depressive symptoms often exhausted support. Receipt of care generally increased, rather than decreased, disability and depressive symptoms, and the detrimental effects remained the same over time.

Discussion: We need to better understand the linkage between disability and depressive symptoms and seek effective interventions to reduce caregiver strain and enhance care receivers' well-being.

http://www.bgsu.edu/downloads/cas/file96274.pdf

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23. PROGRAM ON THE GLOBAL DEMOGRAPHY OF AGING [HARVARD UNIVERSITY]: "Population Aging: Facts, Challenges, and Responses," by David E. Bloom, Axel Boersch-Supan, Patrick McGee, and Atsushi Seike (PDGA Working Paper No. 71, May 2011, .pdf format, 10p.). There is no abstract for this paper.

http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/pgda/WorkingPapers/2011/PGDA_WP_71.pdf

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24. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH:

A. "Health, Disability and Pathways to Retirement in Spain," by Pilar Garcia-Gomez, Sergi Jimenez-Martin, and Judit Vall Castello (w17048, May 2011, .pdf format, 60p.).

Abstract:

In this paper we analyze the trends in labor force participation and transitions to benefit programs of older workers in relation to health trends as well as recent Social Security reforms. Our preliminary conclusions are pessimistic regarding the effect of health improvements on the labor market attachment of older workers since we show that despite the large improvements in the mortality rates among older individuals in Spain, the employment rates of individuals older than fifty-five remain lower than the ones observed in the late 1970s. Some caution should remain in our conclusions as the evidence on health trends is inconclusive. Regarding the effect of Social Security reforms, we find that both the 1997 and the 2002 reform decreased the stock into old-age benefits at the cost of an increased share of the participation into disability. Finally, we find that there was a significant increase in the outflow from employment into disability after the 2002 reform.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w17048

B. "Disability, Health and Retirement in the United Kingdom," by James Banks, Richard Blundell, Antoine Bozio, and Carl Emmerson (w17049, May 2011, .pdf format, 37p.).

Abstract:

Over the last thirty years pathways to retirement have changed substantially in the UK. They have been dominated by spells of unemployment in the late 1970s, with then an increased importance of disability spells from the mid-1980s onwards. At the end of the period the direct route from work to retirement was increasingly more common. General economic conditions seem to have been important driving forces during the entire period. In contrast changes in health do not seem to provide convincing explanations for these trends: mortality has been falling over the period without any apparent link to the share of the population reporting ill health or disability or to the number claiming benefits. We also find evidence that recent reforms have had some impact. The halting of the previous growth in the rate of in-flow onto disability benefits in the mid-1990s coincided with the implementation of a major reform. Evidence from the pilots of the Pathways-to-Work programme in 2003-2005 suggests that those moving onto disability benefits moved off these benefits faster than they would otherwise have done as a direct result of the programme.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w17049

C. "Disability Pension Program and Labor Force Participation in Japan: A Historical Perspective," by Takashi Oshio and Satoshi Shimizutani (w17052, May 2011, .pdf format, 38p.).

Abstract:

This paper utilizes historical information to explore the relationship between labor force participation of middle aged and old people and the disability program in Japan. In particular, we explore the time series dimension to identify what has determined the trend in disability program participation over time and relate it with the labor supply. We find that mortality and health measures have been largely unrelated to the disability program participation rates. While major revisions to the disability program have slightly expanded the eligibility for DI programs, the program participation is still very low; thus, the effect on labor force participation is very limited in Japan, which is in contrast with some European countries that have high take up rates, inducing early retirement.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w17052

D. "Disability Insurance and Labor Market Exit Routes of Older Workers in The Netherlands," by Klaas de Vos, Arie Kapteyn, and Adriaan Kalwij (w17053, May 2011, .pdf format, 33p.).

Abstract:

This paper presents information on labor market participation of the elderly, mortality and health, pathways to retirement and rates of participation in various earnings replacing programs in the Netherlands. It presents an overview of reforms to Disability Insurance (DI) and other income maintenance and early retirement programs over the past few decades, and examines to what extent these reforms have affected labor market exit routes of older workers. The overall picture that emerges is that DI receipt appears unrelated to the general health of the population and that over the last two decades relatively fewer older workers exit the labor market through DI. This reduction may, arguably, in part be attributed to stricter DI eligibility rules.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w17053

E. "Disability Insurance, Population Health and Employment in Sweden," by Lisa Jonsson, Marten Palme, and Ingemar Svensson (w17054, May 2011, .pdf format, 49p.).

Abstract:

This paper describes the development of population health and disability insurance utilization for older workers in Sweden and analyzes the relation between the two. We use three different measures of population health: (1) the mortality rate (measured between 1950 and 2009); (2) the prevalence of different types of health deficiencies obtained from Statistics Sweden's Survey on Living Conditions (ULF, 1975-2005); (3) the utilization of health care from the inpatient register (1968-2008). We also study the development of the relative health between disability insurance recipients and non-recipients. Finally, we study the effect of the introduction of less strict eligibility criteria for older workers in 1970 and 1972 as well as the subsequent abolishment of these rules in 1991 and 1997, respectively.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w17054

F. "Disability and Social Security Reforms: The French Case," by Luc Behaghel, Didier Blanchet, Thierry Debrand, and Muriel Roger (w17055, May 2011, .pdf format, 31p.).

Abstract:

The French pattern of early transitions out of employment is basically explained by the low age at "normal" retirement and by the importance of transitions through unemployment insurance and early-retirement schemes before access to normal retirement. These routes have exempted French workers from massively relying on disability motives for early exits, contrarily to the situation that prevails in some other countries where normal ages are high, unemployment benefits low and early-retirement schemes almost non-existent. Yet the role of disability remains interesting to examine in the French case, at least for prospective reasons in a context of decreasing generosity of other programs.

The study of the past reforms of the pension system underlines that disability routes have often acted as a substitute to other retirement routes. Changes in the claiming of invalidity benefits seem to match changes in pension schemes or controls more than changes in such health indicators as the mortality rates. However, our results suggest that increases in average health levels over the past two decades have come along with increased disparities. In that context, less generous pensions may induce an increase in the claiming of invalidity benefits partly because of substitution effects, but also because the share of people with poor health increases.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w17055

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25. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT: "Funding in Public Sector Pension Plans: International Evidence," by Eduard Ponds, Clara Severinson, and Juan Yermo (OECD Working Papers on Finance, Insurance and Private Pensions No. 8, May 2011, .pdf format, 41p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/finance-and-investment/funding-in-public-sector-pension-plans-international-evidence_5kgcfnm8rgmp-en

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26. CENTER FOR ECONOMIC STUDIES/Ifo INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH (CESifo) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Social Long Term Care Insurance and Redistribution," by Helmuth Cremer and Pierre Pestieau (CESifo Working Paper No. 3452, May 2011, .pdf format, 16p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/ifoHome/b-publ/b3publwp/_wp_abstract?p_file_id=15781139&category=

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27. NEP-AGE: Working papers in the Economics of Aging are available through the bibliographic database provided by Research Papers in Economics (RePEc). The latest compilations are for May 7, 2011.

http://ideas.repec.org/n/nep-age/

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

28. Ageing and Society (Vol. 31, No. 5, July 2011).

http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayIssue?decade=2010&jid=ASO&volumeId=31&issueId=05&iid=8274948

29. Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association (Vol. 7, No. 3, May 2011).

http://www.alzheimersanddementia.org/current

30. Educational Gerontology (Vol. 37, No. 6, June 2011).

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/routledg/uedg/2011/00000037/00000006

31. European Journal of Palliative Care (Vol. 18, No. 3, 2011).

http://www.ejpc.eu.com/ejpc/ejpcIssue.asp?Z=780682&IssueID=109

32. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (Vol. 59, No. 5, May 2011).

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jgs.2011.59.issue-5/issuetoc

33. Oxford Review of Economic Policy (Vol. 25, No. 4, Winter 2010).

http://oxrep.oxfordjournals.org/content/26/4.toc

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34. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of May 16, 2011:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of May 16, 2011:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of May 16, 2011:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of May 16, 2011:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of May 16, 2011:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of May 16, 2011:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Funding/Employment Opportunities:

35. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH: "NIA Limited Competition: Renewals of, and Revisions to, Existing Cooperative Agreement Awards (U01)," (PAR-11-213, US National Institute of Aging, due dates March 5, July 5, and November 5).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-11-213.html

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36. AGEWORK.COM: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through May 18, 2011.

http://agework.geron.org/c/search_results.cfm?site_id=312

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VI. Legislation Information Updates:

37. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS HEARING TESTIMONY: "Reforming Medicare Physician Payments," a hearing held May 12, 2011 (.pdf format).

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/Calendar/EventSingle.aspx?EventID=240001

--

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Data and Information Services Center
Rm. 3329 Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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