Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #540 -- June 10, 2010

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

=======================================================================

I. Data:

1. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research HRS announced the release of a new restricted data file.

- Exact Date of Birth, Death and Interview Released as Restricted Datasets (June 7, 2010).

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/news/index.php?p=shownews3x1&hfyle=news290

Data access:

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/index.php?p=reg

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

2. US CENSUS BUREAU DATA RELEASE: "The latest national, state, and county estimates by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin and Puerto Rico Commonwealth and Puerto Rico Municipios by age and sex - for July 1, 2009," (June 10, 2010). Data can be downloaded in comma-delimited and Excel format."

http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.html

=======================================================================

II. Reports and articles:

3. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PLANNING AND EVALUATION REPORT: "Disparities in Quality of Care for Midlife Adults (Ages 45-64) Versus Older Adults (Ages [65 and over])," by Judy Ng and Sarah Hudson Scholle (May 2010, .pdf and HTML format, 72p.).

http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/reports/2010/qualcare/index.shtml

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

4. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "Nationwide Review of Medicare Part A Emergency Department Adjustments for Inpatient Psychiatric Facilities During Calendar Years 2006 and 2007," (A-01-09-00504, May 2010, .pdf format, 16p.).

Summary

Based on our sample results, we estimated that Medicare contractors made $1.7 million in overpayments to hospital-based inpatient psychiatric facilities (IPF) for calendar years 2006 and 2007 on behalf of beneficiaries who had been admitted to the IPFs upon discharge from the acute-care section of the same hospital. Our review found that hospital-based IPFs incorrectly coded the source of admission on 75 of 100 sampled claims. As a result, Medicare contractors made $3,000 in overpayments to the IPFs for emergency department services.

CMS makes an additional Medicare payment to an IPF for the first day of a beneficiary's stay to account for emergency department costs. However, CMS does not make this payment if the beneficiary was discharged from the acute-care section of a hospital to its hospital-based IPF. Hospitals must enter the correct code on their Medicare claim forms to ensure that the hospital-based IPF does not receive an additional payment for the costs of emergency department services that Medicare covers in its payment to the acute-care hospital.

We recommended that CMS (1) instruct its Medicare contractors to recover the $3,000 in overpayments for the sampled claims; (2) instruct its Medicare contractors to immediately reopen the nonsampled claims, review our information on these claims (which have overpayments estimated at $1.7 million), and recover any overpayments; (3) instruct its Medicare contractors to emphasize to hospital-based IPFs the importance of using the correct code to identify beneficiaries who were discharged from the acute-care section of the same hospital; (4) establish edits in the Common Working File to prevent and detect overpayments to IPFs that use incorrect source-of-admission codes on claims; and (5) consider conducting periodic postpayment reviews of claims submitted after our review to identify any claims that were billed and paid with incorrect source-of-admission codes. CMS concurred with our recommendations and described the corrective actions that it was taking or planned to take.

http://www.oig.hhs.gov/oas/reports/region1/10900504.pdf

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

5. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICE FINAL DECISION MEMORANDUM, STATISTICAL SUPPLEMENT UPDATES:

A. "Decision Memo for Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) (CAG-00142R)," (June 3, 2010).

http://www.cms.gov/mcd/viewdecisionmemo.asp?id=236

B. "Medicare Program Payments," (2009 Edition, June 2010, tables 3.1-3.6, compressed .pdf and Microsoft Excel [.xlsx] format).

http://www.cms.gov/MedicareMedicaidStatSupp/LT/itemdetail.asp?filterType=none&filterByDID=0&sortByDID=2&sortOrder=descending&itemID=CMS1229643&intNumPerPage=10

C. "Medicare Hospices," (2009 Edition, June 2010, tables 8.1-8.3, compressed .pdf and Microsoft Excel [.xlsx] format).

http://www.cms.gov/MedicareMedicaidStatSupp/LT/itemdetail.asp?filterType=none&filterByDID=0&sortByDID=2&sortOrder=descending&itemID=CMS1232438&intNumPerPage=10

D. "Medicare Home Health Agencies," (2009 Edition, June 2010, tables 7.1-7.7, compressed .pdf and Microsoft Excel [.xlsx] format).

http://www.cms.gov/MedicareMedicaidStatSupp/LT/itemdetail.asp?filterType=none&filterByDID=0&sortByDID=2&sortOrder=descending&itemID=CMS1232437&intNumPerPage=10

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

6. US ADMINISTRATION ON AGING PERIODICAL: AoA Enews (June 2010, .pdf format, 10p.).

http://www.aoa.gov/AoARoot/Press_Room/Enews/CurrentNewsLetter.pdf

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

7. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES NEWS RELEASE: "HHS Secretary Kathleen Sebelius and U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder Send Letter to State Attorneys General On New Outreach and Education Efforts to Combat Medicare Fraud," (June 8, 2010).

http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2010pres/06/20100608a.html

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

8. EUROSTAT (EUROPEAN COMMISSION) REPORT: "Ageing in the European Union: where exactly?" by Michael Goll (Statistics in Focus, No. 26/2010, June 2010, .pdf format, 16p.).

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/product_details/publication?p_product_code=KS-SF-10-026

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

9. UK OFFICE FOR NATIONAL STATISTICS ARTICLE: "Ageing across the UK," by James Bayliss and Frances Sly (Regional Trends No. 42, June 2010, .pdf format, 28p.).

http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/article.asp?ID=2418

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

10. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING PRESS RELEASE: "An Additional $1.8 Million to Help People in Western Australia Remain Independent and in Their Communities," (June 2010, .pdf and HTML format, 2p.).

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/mr-yr10-je-je044.htm

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

11. STATISTICS CANADA/STATISTIQUE CANADA REPORT: "Homeownership over the Life Course of Canadians: Evidence from Canadian Censuses of Population," by Feng Hou (Report No. 325, June 2010, .pdf and HTML format, 32p.).

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11f0019m/11f0019m2010325-eng.htm

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

12. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT RESEARCH INSTITUTE PERIODICAL: EBRI Notes (Vol. 31, No. 7, July 2010, .pdf format, 8p.). The title of this issue is "The Early Retiree Reinsurance Program: $5 Billion Will Last About Two Years," by Paul Fronstin.

http://www.ebri.org/publications/notes/index.cfm?fa=notesDisp&content_id=4574

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

13. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE ISSUE BRIEF: "The Case For Longevity Bonds," by David Blake, Tom Boardman, and Andrew Cairns (IB No. 10-10, June 2010, .pdf format, 7p.).

http://crr.bc.edu/briefs/the_case_for_longevity_bonds.html

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

14. FAMILY CAREGIVER ALLIANCE PERIODICAL: Caregiving PolicyDigest (Vol. 10, No. 11, June 9, 2010).

http://www.caregiver.org/caregiver/jsp/content_node.jsp?nodeid=467

More information about FCA:

http://www.caregiver.org/caregiver/jsp/content_node.jsp?nodeid=349

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

15. DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH ARTICLE: "How do employers cope with an ageing workforce?: Views from employers and employees," by Hendrik P. Van Dalen, Kčne Henkens, and Joop Schippers (Vol. 22, Article 32, June 2010, .pdf format, p. 1015-1033).

http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol22/32/

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

16. NATURE LETTER ABSTRACT: "Putting brain training to the test," by Adrian M. Owen, Adam Hampshire, Jessica A. Grahn, Robert Stenton, Said Dajani, Alistair S. Burns, Robert J. Howard & Clive G. Ballard (Vol. 465, No. 7299, June 10, 2010, p. 775-778).

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v465/n7299/abs/nature09042.html

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

17. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL ARTICLE: "Inpatient rehabilitation specifically designed for geriatric patients: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials," by Stefan Bachmann, Christoph Finger, Anke Huss, Matthias Egger, Andreas E. Stuck, and Kerri M. Clough-Gorr (BMJ 2010;340:c1718, .pdf and HTML format).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/340/apr20_2/c1718

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

18. NATURE MEDICINE ARTICLE, REVIEW ABSTRACTS:

A. "Transcriptional regulation of endochondral ossification by HIF-2a during skeletal growth and osteoarthritis development," by Taku Saito, Atsushi Fukai, Akihiko Mabuchi, Toshiyuki Ikeda, Fumiko Yano, Shinsuke Ohba, Nao Nishida, Toru Akune, Noriko Yoshimura, Takumi Nakagawa, Kozo Nakamura, Katsushi Tokunaga, Ung-il Chung & Hiroshi Kawaguchi (Vol. 16, No. 6, June 2010, p. 678-686).

http://www.nature.com/nm/journal/v16/n6/abs/nm.2146.html

B. "Hypoxia-inducible factor-2a is a catabolic regulator of osteoarthritic cartilage destruction," by Siyoung Yang, Jonghwan Kim, Je-Hwang Ryu, Hwanhee Oh, Churl-Hong Chun, Byoung Ju Kim, Byoung Hyun Min & Jang-Soo Chun (Vol. 16, No. 6, June 2010, p. 687-693).

http://www.nature.com/nm/journal/v16/n6/abs/nm.2153.html

C. "Missing pieces in the Parkinson's disease puzzle," by Jose A. Obeso, Maria C. Rodriguez-Oroz, Christopher G. Goetz, Concepcion Marin, Jeffrey H. Kordower, Manuel Rodriguez, Etienne C. Hirsch, Matthew Farrer, Anthony H. V. Schapira, & Glenda Halliday (Vol. 16, No. 6, June 2010, p. 653-661).

http://www.nature.com/nm/journal/v16/n6/abs/nm.2165.html

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

19. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Long-term Acute Care Hospital Utilization After Critical Illness," by Jeremy M. Kahn, Nicole M. Benson, Dina Appleby, Shannon S. Carson, and Theodore J. Iwashyna (Vol. 303, No. 22, June 9, 2010, p. 2253-2259).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/303/22/2253?etoc

=======================================================================

III. Working Papers:

20. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "Are Increasing 5-Year Survival Rates Evidence of Success Against Cancer? A reexamination using data from the U.S. and Australia," by Frank R. Lichtenberg (w16051, June 2010, .pdf format, 17p.).

Abstract:

Previous investigators argued that increasing 5-year survival for cancer patients should not be taken as evidence of improved prevention, screening, or therapy, because they found little correlation between the change in 5-year survival for a specific tumor and the change in tumor-related mortality. However, they did not control for the change in incidence, which influences mortality and is correlated with 5-year survival.

We reexamine the question of whether increasing 5-year survival rates constitute evidence of success against cancer, using data from both the U.S. and Australia. When incidence growth is controlled for, there is a highly significant correlation, in both countries, between the change in 5-year survival for a specific tumor and the change in tumor-related mortality. The increase in the relative survival rate is estimated to have reduced the unconditional mortality rate by about 15% in the U.S. between 1976 and 2002, and by about 15% in Australia between 1984 and 2001.

While the change in the 5-year survival rate is not a perfect measure of progress against cancer, in part because it is potentially subject to lead-time bias, it does contain useful information; its critics may have been unduly harsh. Part of the long-run increase in 5-year cancer survival rates is due to improved prevention, screening, or therapy.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w16051

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

21. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN POPULATION STUDIES CENTER: "The Disablement Process among Elderly Chinese," by Deborah Lowry (PSC Research Report No. 10-708, June 2010, .pdf format, 22p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://www.psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/abs/6408

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

22. URBAN INSTITUTE: "Understanding Early Withdrawals from Retirement Accounts," BY Barbara Butrica, Sheila R. Zedlewski, and Philip Issa (Discussion Paper No. 10-02, May 2010, .pdf format, 36p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://www.urban.org/publications/412107.html

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

23. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT:

A. "Assessing Default Investment Strategies In Defined Contribution Pension Plans," by Pablo Antolin, Stephanie Payet, and Juan Yermo (OECD Working Papers On Finance, Insurance and Private Pensions, No.2, June 2010, .pdf format, 29p.).

Abstract:

This paper assesses the relative performance of different investment strategies for different structures of the payout phase. In particular, it looks at whether the specific glide-path of life-cycle investment strategies and the introduction of dynamic features in the design of default investment strategies affect significantly retirement income outcomes. The analysis concludes that there is no 'one-size-fits-all' default investment option. Life cycle and dynamic investment strategies deliver comparable replacement rates adjusted by risk. However, life cycle strategies that maintain a constant exposure to equities during most of the accumulation period, switching swiftly to bonds in the last decade before retirement seem to produce better results and are easier to explain. Dynamic management strategies can provide somewhat higher replacement rates for a given level of risk than the more deterministic strategies, at least in the case of pay-outs in the form of variable withdrawals. The length of the contribution period also affects the ranking of the different investment strategies with life cycle strategies having a stronger positive impact the shorter is the contribution period.

http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/22/63/45390367.pdf

B. "Coping with the Job Crisis and Preparing for Ageing: The Case of Finland," by Henrik Braconier (OECD Economic Department Working Paper No. 777, May 2010, .pdf format, 33p.).

Abstract:

Maintaining high participation and employment in the face of the recent recession and a rapidly ageing population are major challenges for policy makers in Finland. The recession of the early 1990s showed that high unemployment can leave long-lasting scars on labour markets, while rapid ageing requires longer working lives to ensure sustainable public finances. Minimising the effect of the recession on the labour market calls for nominal wage increases in line with economic conditions, greater flexibility in wage setting, ensuring earlier activation of unemployed and reforming unemployment and social benefits to better support work incentives. Finland has an unusual combination of elevated unemployment replacement rates and late referral to labour market activation, which contributes to high levels of inactivity and a large number of beneficiaries. This combination risks building up greater structural unemployment over time. More ambitious activation needs to be accompanied by lower replacement rates in the unemployment insurance and related schemes to support labour market participation, job search and employment. Institutional responsibilities in labour market policies should be simplified and made more transparent. With an already low effective retirement age, additional early permanent exit from the labour market needs to be discouraged. The recent success of restricting access to the unemployment pipeline should be followed up by a complete abolition of the system. Stricter criteria for entry into disability pensions should also be applied. The 2005 pension reform was a step in the right direction, but the old-age retirement system should be further adjusted to lower fiscal costs, raise the minimum retirement age and increase work incentives for older individuals. This Working Paper relates to the 2010 Economic Survey of Finland. (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/Finland)

http://www.olis.oecd.org/olis/2010doc.nsf/LinkTo/NT00002D5A/$FILE/JT03284379.PDF

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

24. EUROPEAN COMMISSION ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL AFFAIRS: "The Chinese pension system - First results on assessing the reform options," by Heikki Oksanen (Working Paper No. 412, June 2010, .pdf format, 41p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/publications/economic_paper/2010/ecp412_en.htm

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

25. PENSIONS INSTITUTE, CASS BUSINESS SCHOOL, CITY OF LONDON [UK]: "Back to the Future: A Long Term Solution to the Occupational Pensions Crisis," by Charles Sutcliffe (PI-1110, June 2010, .pdf format, 30p.).

Abstract:

In the UK and elsewhere, defined benefit (DB) schemes are being replaced by defined contribution (DC) schemes. However DC schemes have some substantial weaknesses, and a continuation of current policies will probably lead to another pensions crisis in a few decades. There is an alternative which avoids the major defects of DC schemes. It is proposed that, if UK employers wish to replace their DB schemes, they should do so with something that looks like a career average revalued earnings (CARE) DB scheme to the members, but is funded by single premium deferred annuities (SPDAs) and looks like a DC scheme to the employer. Pension provision is outsourced to specialist providers (insurance companies), with the risk (and the decisions that must be made by members of a DC scheme) managed by insurers, not the employer or members.

http://www.pensions-institute.org/workingpapers/wp1011.pdf

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

26. NEP-AGE: Working papers in the Economics of Aging are available through the bibliographic database provided by Research Papers in Economics (RePEc). The latest compilation is for May 29, 2010.

http://ideas.repec.org/n/nep-age/

=======================================================================

IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

27. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 171, No. 12, June 15, 2010).

http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/vol171/issue12/index.dtl?etoc

28. Dementia (Vol. 9, No. 2, May 2010).

http://dem.sagepub.com/content/vol9/issue2/

29. Experimental Aging Research (Vol. 36, No. 3, 2010).

http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~db=all~content=g922887218

30. Journal of Population Ageing (Vol. 2, Nos. 1 & 2, June 2010).

http://www.springerlink.com/content/v2728k661723/?p=4745e306ba3149e997336b3eebb51d7c&pi=0

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

31. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of June 7, 2010:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of June 7, 2010:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of June 7, 2010:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of June 7, 2010:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of June 7, 2010:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of June 7, 2010:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

=======================================================================

V. Books:

32. MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH IN ROSTOCK: Supercentenarians, edited by Heiner Maier, Jutta Gampe, Bernard Jeune, Jean-Marie Robine, and James W. Vaupel (Springer, May 2010, ISBN 978-3-642-11519-6 (Print) 978-3-642-11520-2 (Online), .pdf format, 323p.).

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/books/drm/007/index.htm

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

33. SPRINGER PUBLISHING: Health Promotion and Aging : Practical Applications for Health Professionals, Fifth Edition, by David Haber (2010, ISBN-13: 9780826105981, 664p.).

http://www.springerpub.com/product/9780826105981

=======================================================================

VI. Funding/Employment Opportunities:

34. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH: "Development of Assays for High-Throughput screening for use in Probe and Pre-therapeutic Discovery (R01)," (PA-10-218, a reissue of PA-07-320, June 10, 2010, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-10-213.html

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

35. US ADMINISTRATION ON AGING: "Affordable Care Act Medicare Beneficiary Outreach and Assistance Program Funding for Title VI Native American Programs," (HHS-2010-AoA-MI-1022, .pdf and Word format, 7p.). Deadline for applications is July 30, 2010.

PDF:

http://www.aoa.gov/AoARoot/Grants/Funding/docs/2010/2010_MIPPA_Native%20American.pdf

Word:

http://www.aoa.gov/AoARoot/Grants/Funding/docs/2010/2010_MIPPA_Native%20American.doc

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

36. US CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL POSITION ANNOUNCEMENT: "Statistician (Health)," (Position numbers: HHS-CDC-D1-2010-0248 (public) & HHS-CDC-T1-2010-0472 (merit promotion)). The position is open until July 16, 2010. For more information on the position go to the USA Jobs site:

http://www.usajobs.gov/

Do a search with one of the position numbers as a "Keyword".

=======================================================================

VII. Conferences:

37. CONFERENCEALERTS.COM GERONTOLOGY CONFERENCES: Conferencealerts.com has recently announced the following aging related conferences:

- Aged Care Workforce Conference 29 June 2010 Auckland New Zealand

http://www.conferencealerts.com/seeconf.mv?q=ca16m0aa

- Parkinson's Disease Therapeutics Conference 06 October 2010 New York NY

http://www.conferencealerts.com/seeconf.mv?q=ca16mmas

- Managing Pain in Elders: Challenges and Choices 26 October 2010 New York New York

http://www.conferencealerts.com/seeconf.mv?q=ca16380a

- Aging in America Conference 26 April 2011 San Francisco California

http://www.conferencealerts.com/seeconf.mv?q=ca16m360

- Strategies for Engineered Negligible Senescence, 5th Conference (SENS5) 31 August 2011 Cambridge United Kingdom

http://www.conferencealerts.com/seeconf.mv?q=ca16mhss

Conferencealerts.com Gerontology Conferences:

http://www.conferencealerts.com/aging.htm

Thanks,

Charlie

***************************************************

Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Data and Information Services Center
Rm. 3329 Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

***************************************************