Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report No. 530 -- April 1, 2010.

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY: The University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research Health and Retirement Study announced the release of two data products:

A. Prospective Social Security Wealth Measures of Pre-Retirees (Version 3.1) (March 26, 2010).

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/news/index.php?p=shownews3x1&hfyle=news282

B. HRS 2008 Post-Exit (Final, Version 1.0) (March 25, 2010).

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/news/index.php?p=shownews3x1&hfyle=news281

Data access:

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/index.php?p=data

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2. US NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS DATA:

A. "2008 Supplemental Imputed Family Income/Personal Earnings Files" (March 2010, data in self decompressing [.exe] format, with documentation in .pdf format and a sample SAS input program.

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/2008supplementalimputedincome.htm

B. "NHIS (National Health Interview Survey) Linked Mortality Public-use Files" (March 2010, data in ASCII text format, with documentation in .pdf format, and SAS input statements and a STATA data program in ASCII text format). "The updated NHIS Linked Mortality Public-use Files provide mortality follow-up data for the NHIS years 1986-2004 from the date of interview through December 31, 2006. The public-use versions of the NHIS Linked Mortality Files were subjected to data perturbation techniques to reduce the risk of respondent re-identification while increasing the accessibility of NCHS micro data files. Synthetic data was substituted for the actual date and underlying cause of death data for selected decedent records. Information regarding vital status was not perturbed."

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data_access/data_linkage/mortality/nhis_linkage_public_use.htm

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II. Reports and articles:

3. US BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS PERIODICAL: Issues in Labor Statistics (No. 10-04, March 2010, .pdf format, 3p.). The topic of this issue is: "Record unemployment among older workers does not keep them out of the job market."

http://www.bls.gov/opub/ils/pdf/opbils81.pdf

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4. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Medicare Recovery Audit Contracting: Weaknesses Remain in Addressing Vulnerabilities to Improper Payments, Although Improvements Made to Contractor Oversight" (GAO-10-143, March 2010, .pdf format, 47p.).

http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-10-143

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5. US NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS REPORT: "Health Care Utilization Among Adults Aged 55-64 Years: How Has It Changed Over the Past 10 Years?" by Virginia M. Freid and Amy B. Bernstein (Data Brief No. 32, March 2010, HTML and format, 8p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db32.htm

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6. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, OFFICE OF POLICY REPORT: "SSI Monthly Statistics, February 2010," (March 2010, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_monthly/2010-02/index.html

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7. AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT REPORT: "SuperStream--bringing the back office of super into the 21st century" (March 2010, .pdf format, 28p.).

http://www.supersystemreview.gov.au/content/content.aspx?doc=html/media_releases/2010/001.htm

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8. STATISTICS CANADA/STATISTIQUE CANADA REPORT: "Participation in private retirement savings plans, 1997-2008," by Karim Moussaly (March 2010, .pdf format, 33p.).

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/13f0026m/13f0026m2010001-eng.htm

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9. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE ISSUE BRIEF: "Returns on 401(k) Assets by Cohort," by Alicia H. Munnell and Jean-Pierre Aubry (IB# 10-6, March 2010, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://crr.bc.edu/briefs/returns_on_401_k_assets_by_cohort.html

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10. DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH ARTICLES:

A. "The compression of deaths above the mode," by A. Roger Thatcher, Siu Lan Karen Cheung, Jean-Marie Robine, and Shiro Horiuchi (Vol. 22, Article 17, March 2010, .pdf format, p. 505-538).

http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol22/17/

B. "Arthur Roger Thatcher's contributions to longevity research: A Reflexion," by Jean-Marie Robine, Siu Lan Karen Cheung, and Shiro Horiuchi (Vol. 22, Article 18, March 2010, .pdf format, p. 539-548).

http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol22/18/

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11. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT RESEARCH INSTITUTE PERIODICAL: EBRI Notes (Vol. 31, No. 4, April 2010, .pdf format, 12p.). Note: The two articles in this issue are: "The Use of Health Savings Accounts for Health Care in Retirement," by Paul Fronstin; and, "Tax Expenditures and Employee Benefits: Estimates from the FY 2011 Budget," by Ken McDonnell.

http://www.ebri.org/publications/notes/index.cfm?fa=notesDisp&content_id=4509

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12. EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY AND RESEARCH (VIENNA, AUSTRIA) NEWSLETTER: Mainstreaming Aging (Spring 2010, .pdf format, 7p.). This issue focuses on women, work, and pensions.

http://www.monitoringris.org/index.php?id=30

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13. INTERNATIONAL LONGEVITY CENTER USA ISSUE BRIEF: "Community Colleges and Caregiver Training: Implications for Policymakers," by James P. Nyberg (March 2010, .pdf format, 3p.).

http://www.ilcusa.org/media/pdfs/CTI_Issue_Brief_Mar_2010.pdf

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14. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION ISSUE BRIEF: "Explaining Health Care Reform: Key Changes to the Medicare Part D Drug Benefit Coverage Gap" (March 2010, .pdf format, 3p.).

http://www.kff.org/healthreform/8059.cfm

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15. POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU ARTICLE: "The Impact of the Recession on Older Americans," by Nadwa Mossaad (March 2010).

http://www.prb.org/Articles/2010/recessionolderamericans.aspx

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16. PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE (PLOS) ARTICLE: "Subthalamic Nucleus Stimulation Affects Theory of Mind Network: A PET Study in Parkinson's Disease," by Julie Peron, Florence Le Jeune, Claire Haegelen, Thibaut Dondaine, Dominique Drapier, Paul Sauleau, Jean-Michel Reymann, Sophie Drapier, Tiphaine Rouaud, Bruno Millet, and Marc Verin (PLoS ONE 5(3): e9919. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0009919, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 9p.).

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0009919

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17. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ARTICLE ABSTRACT, ARTICLE:

A. "Increased fibrillar amyloid-{beta} burden in normal individuals with a family history of late-onset Alzheimers," by Lisa Mosconi, Juha O. Rinne, Wai H. Tsui, Valentina Berti, Yi Li, Huiyu Wang, John Murray, Noora Scheinin, Kjell Nagren,Schantel Williams, Lidia Glodzik, Susan De Santi, Shankar Vallabhajosula, and Mony J. de Leon (Vol. 107, No. 13, Mar. 30, 2010, p. 5949-5954).

http://www.pnas.org/content/107/13/5949.abstract?etoc

B. "Locus ceruleus controls Alzheimer's disease pathology by modulating microglial functions through norepinephrine," by Michael T. Heneka, Fabian Nadrigny, Tommy Regen, Ana Martinez-Hernandez, Lucia Dumitrescu-Ozimek, Dick Terwel, Daniel Jardanhazi-Kurutz, Jochen Walter, Frank Kirchhoff, Uwe-Karsten Hanisch, and Markus P. Kummer (Vol. 107, No. 13, Mar. 30, 2010, HTML an .pdf format, p. 6058-6063). This article is available free of charge.

http://www.pnas.org/content/107/13/6058.abstract?etoc

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18. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE ARTICLE ABSTRACTS:

A. "Trajectories of Disability in the Last Year of Life," by Thomas M. Gill, Evelyne A. Gahbauer, Ling Han, and Heather G. Allore (Vol. 362, No. 13, Apr. 1, 2010, p. 1173-1180).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/362/13/1173

B. "Effect of Dutasteride on the Risk of Prostate Cancer," by Gerald L. Andriole, David G. Bostwick, Otis W. Brawley, Leonard G. Gomella, Michael Marberger, Francesco Montorsi, Curtis A. Pettaway,Teuvo L. Tammela, Claudio Teloken, Donald J. Tindall, Matthew C. Somerville, Timothy H. Wilson, Ivy L. Fowler, and Roger S. Rittmaster (Vol. 362, No. 13, Apr. 1, 2010, p. 1192-1202).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/362/13/1192

C. "Advance Directives and Outcomes of Surrogate Decision Making before Death," by Maria J. Silveira, Scott Y.H. Kim, and Kenneth M. Langa (Vol. 362, No. 13, Apr. 1, 2010, p. 1211-1218).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/362/13/1211

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19. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL VIEWS AND REVIEWS EXTRACT: "Assisted suicide: a substitute for a caring doctor?" by Brian Livesley (BMJ 2010;340:c1590, Mar. 23, 2010, p. 713).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/340/mar23_2/c1590

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III. Working Papers:

20. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN CENTER FOR DEMOGRAPHY AND ECOLOGY:

A. "Early life conditions and health disparities among aging populations in Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia," by Mary McEniry (Working Paper 2010-01, 2009, .pdf format, 35p.).

Abstract:

The dramatic mortality decline of the 1930s-1960s in developing countries may have created a larger pool of adult survivors of poor childhood conditions. If hypotheses regarding the importance of early life exposures on adult health have merit, we would expect to observe that the health of older adults from these cohorts would be unduly influenced by these exposures. We examined this conjecture by selecting a cross-national sample of adults 60 years and older that were born during different stages (regimes) of mortality decline using data from major studies on aging in Latin America (Costa Rica, Mexico, major cities), the Caribbean (Puerto Rico, Cuba, Barbados), Asia (China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Taiwan), the US, the UK and the Netherlands. We estimated the effects of education and household per capita income on heart disease, diabetes, obesity and poor self-reported health. We also used Waaler-type mortality surfaces to estimate expected relative risk of mortality and compared expected mortality risk by education and income level. Findings: (1) we found a very mixed pattern of steeper health disparities for heart disease, diabetes and obesity which did not always correspond with our expectation regarding older adults in countries most at risk of having suffered adverse childhood conditions; (2) a very clear pattern of disparities in expected relative risk of mortality based on height using Waaler-type surfaces. Implications: there is very weak evidence to suggest that countries which most probably produced a larger number of survivors of poor early childhood conditions as a result of public health interventions and medical technology largely in the absence of improvements in standard of living are also countries with steeper and stronger socioeconomic (SES) disparities among older adults.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2010-01.pdf

B. "The health transition and mortality among older adults in Latin America, the Caribbean, Asia and Africa," by Mary McEniry (Working Paper 2010-02, 2009, .pdf format, 32p.).

Abstract:

The dramatic mortality decline of the 1930s-1960s in developing countries may have created a larger pool of adult survivors of poor childhood conditions. If hypotheses regarding the importance of early life exposures on adult health have merit, we would expect to observe that the health of older adults from these cohorts would be unduly influenced by these exposures. We examined this conjecture by selecting a cross-national sample of adults 60 years and older that were born during different stages (regimes) of the health transition using data from major studies on aging in Latin America (Costa Rica, Mexico, major cities), the Caribbean (Puerto Rico), Asia (China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Taiwan), Africa (Ghana, South Africa), the US, the UK and the Netherlands. We estimated mortality risk and constructed Waaler-type surfaces to estimate expected relative mortality risk. For countries with mortality data we found: (1) strong effects of early childhood conditions (markers of nutrition and indicators of childhood health) on adult heart disease and diabetes, especially in the mid-to-late regimes (Puerto Rico, Mexico); but (2) no significant effects or weaker effects of these early childhood conditions on adult mortality when heart disease and diabetes were controlled for, especially in the mid-to-late paced regimes; (3) higher observed relative risk for diabetics and those with heart disease but mixed results for obesity; (4) higher excess of relative risk of dying for diabetes and heart disease in mid-to-late regimes. Using modified Waaler surfaces for countries without mortality, we found higher expected relative risk of mortality in mid-to-late regimes. Implications: in some instances, future trends in life expectancy in the developing world may be negatively affected as a result of poor adverse childhood conditions in cohorts who are now experiencing increasing prevalence of heart disease and diabetes.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2010-02.pdf

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21. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH:

A. "Late Bloomers in the Arts and Sciences: Answers and Questions," by David Galenson (w15838, March 2010, .pdf format, 15p.).

Abstract:

Recent research has shown that all the arts have had important practitioners of two different types--conceptual innovators who make their greatest contributions early in their careers, and experimental innovators who produce their greatest work later in their lives. This contradicts a persistent but mistaken belief that artistic creativity has been dominated by the young. We do not yet have systematic studies of the relative importance of conceptual and experimental innovators in the sciences. But in the absence of such studies, it may be damaging for economic growth to continue to assume that innovations in science are made only by the young.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/w15838

B, "The economic crisis and medical care usage," by Annamaria Lusardi, Daniel J. Schneider, and Peter Tufano (w15843, March 2010, .pdf format, 24p.).

Abstract:

We use a unique, nationally representative cross-national dataset to document the reduction in individuals usage of routine non-emergency medical care in the midst of the economic crisis. A substantially larger fraction of Americans have reduced medical care than have individuals in Great Britain, Canada, France, and Germany, all countries with universal health care systems. At the national level, reductions in medical care are related to the degree to which individuals must pay for it, and within countries are strongly associated with exogenous shocks to wealth and employment.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/w15843

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22. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE: "Social Security, Benefit Claiming and Labor Force Participation: A Quantitative General Equilibrium Approach," by Selahattin Imrohoroglu and Sagiri Kitao (WP No. 2010-02, March 2010, .pdf format, 39p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://crr.bc.edu/working_papers/social_security_benefit_claiming_and_labor_force_participation_a_quantitative_general_equilibrium_approach.html

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23. US SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION:

A. "Saving for Retirement: A Look at Small Business Owners," by Jules H. Lichtenstein (March 2010, .pdf format, 55p.).

http://www.sba.gov/advo/research/rs362tot.pdf

B. "Small Business Retirement Plan Availability and Worker Participation," by Kathryn Kobe (March 2010, .pdf format, 59p.).

http://www.sba.gov/advo/research/rs361tot.pdf

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24. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT: "Managing investment risk in defined benefit pension funds," by Dorothee Franzen (Working Papers on Insurance and Private Pensions No. 38, March 2010, .pdf format, 58p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.oecd.org/LongAbstract/0,3425,en_2649_34853_44899254_119684_1_1_1,00.html

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25. INSTITUTE FOR FISCAL STUDIES [LONDON, UK]: "Occupational pension value in the public and private sectors," by Rowena Crawford, Carl Emmerson and Gemma Tetlow (W10/03, March 2010, .pdf format, 35p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/4804

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26. NEP-AGE: Working papers in the Economics of Aging are available through the bibliographic database provided by Research Papers in Economics (RePEc). The latest compilation is for Mar. 20, 2010.

http://ideas.repec.org/n/nep-age

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

27. International Social Security Review (Vol. 63, No. 2, April/June 2010).

http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118538866/home

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28. Public Health (Vol. 124, No. 2, February 2010).

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00333506

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29. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Mar. 29, 2010:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Mar. 29, 2010:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Mar. 29, 2010:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Mar. 29, 2010:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Mar. 29, 2010:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Mar. 29, 2010:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

30. US ADMINISTRATION ON AGING: "Alzheimers Disease Supportive Services Program: Evidence-Based Intervention Programs to Better Serve People with Alzheimers Disease and Related Disorders" (HHS-2010-AoA-AE-1013, application deadline is May 10, 2010). For more information see:

http://www.aoa.gov/AoARoot/Grants/Funding/index.aspx

and scroll to title.

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31. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH:

A. "Diet Composition and Energy Balance (R01) (PA-10-152, Mar. 24, 2010, National Institutes on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-10-152.html

B. "Innovative Neuroscience K-12 Education (SBIR [R43/R44]) (PAR-10-154, Mar. 25, 2010, National Institutes on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-10-154.html

C. "Grants for Alzheimers Disease Drug Discovery (R21)" (PAS-10-151, Mar. 22, 2010, National Institute on Aging). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAS-10-151.html

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32. AGEWORK.COM: Agework has updated its employment page with listings through Mar. 31, 2010

http://agework.geron.org/c/search_results.cfm?site_id=312

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VI. Conferences:

33. WISCONSIN LONGITUDINAL STUDY: WLS will be holding a Data Workshop at the upcoming Population Association of America meeting in Dallas, Texas. (April 14, 2010). For more information:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/

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VII. Websites of Interest:

34. MEDICARE.GOV WEBSITE UPDATES: The following sites were updated on Mar. 25, 26 2010: "Helpful Contacts"; "Nursing Home Compare"; and "Supplier Directory." For all of Medicare.gov's suite of interactive web databases see:

http://www.medicare.gov/Updates.asp

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It is not by muscle, speed, or physical dexterity that great things are achieved, but by reflection, force of character, and judgement; and in these qualities old age is usually not only not poorer, but is even richer

Cicero--106-43 B.C.

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Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu
http://www.disc.wisc.edu/
http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/cssrindex.html
http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/pubs/caar/back_iss.html