Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #502 -- August 27, 2009

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. US CENSUS BUREAU INTERNATIONAL DATABASE: IDB has recently updated its database "to better project countries with increasing numbers of people in the oldest ages." In order to do this, it has "converted [its] projections to be done by single years of age up to 100 years and over."

http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/index.php

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2. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT SURVEY: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Health and Retirement Survey has announced the release of "The HRS 2008 Core Early Release (Version 1.0)." (Aug. 26, 2009).

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/news/index.php?p=shownews3x1&hfyle=news270

Data access:

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/index.php?p=data

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II. Reports and articles:

3. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, OFFICE OF POLICY REPORT: "Earnings and Employment Data for Workers Covered Under Social Security and Medicare, by State and County, 2006" (August 2009, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 479p.).

http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/eedata_sc/2006/index.html

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4. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Private Pensions: Alternative Approaches Could Address Retirement Risks Faced by Workers but Pose Trade-offs" (GAO-09-642, July 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 71p.).

http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-09-642

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5. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PLANNING AND EVALUATION REPORT: "Updating Medicare Physician Payment Rates: Issues and Options for Modifying the Current Sustainable Growth Rate System," (August 2009, .pdf and HTML format, 76p.).

http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/reports/09/umppr/index.shtml

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6. US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REPORT: "Growing Smarter, Living Healthier: A Guide to Smart Growth and Active Aging" (August 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 32p.).

http://www.epa.gov/aging/bhc/guide/index.html

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7. US MEDICAL EXPENDITURE PANEL SURVEY STATISTICAL BRIEFS:

A. "Trends in Health Care Expenditures for the Elderly Age 65 and over: 2006 versus 1996," by Steven R. Machlin (Statistical Brief No. 256, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, August 2009, .pdf format, 7p.).

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/mepsweb/data_stats/Pub_ProdResults_Details.jsp?pt=Statistical%20Brief&opt=2&id=918

B. "Trends in Health Care Expenditures for Adults Ages 45-64: 2006 versus 1996," by Steven R. Machlin and Marielle Kress (Statistical Brief No. 255, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, August 2009, .pdf format, 7p.).

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/mepsweb/data_stats/Pub_ProdResults_Details.jsp?pt=Statistical%20Brief&opt=2&id=917

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8. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REPORT: "America's Seniors and Health Insurance Reform: Protecting Coverage and Strengthening Medicare," (August 2009, .pdf and HTML format, 8p.).

http://www.healthreform.gov/reports/seniors/index.html

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9. AUSTRALIAN BUREAU OF STATISTICS PRESS RELEASE: "Pensioner and Beneficiary Living Cost Index, June 2009," (August 24, 2009). This is the first issue of the PBLCI.

http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mediareleasesbyCatalogue/56B7C6B60AC97A71CA2576190027B30C?Opendocument

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10. STATISTICS NETHERLANDS ARTICLE: "Older people born in the Achterhoek and Limburg tend to return to their native region," (August 13, 2009).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/bevolking/publicaties/artikelen/archief/2009/2009-2831-wm.htm

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11. AAA FOUNDATION REPORT: "2009 Older Adults' Knowledge About Medications That Can Impact Driving," (August 2009, .pdf format, 57p.).

http://www.aaafoundation.org/pdf/KnowledgeAboutMedicationsAndDrivingReport.pdf

More information about AAA Foundation:

http://www.aaafoundation.org/about_us/index.cfm

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12. AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: The following Prime Time Radio show (RealPlayer format, running time, between 23 and 30 minutes) has been added to the PTR site: "Exercise Your Brain: Think Smart" (Aug. 18, 2009).

http://www.aarp.org/aarp/broadcast/aarp_radio/radio_prime_time/articles/think_smart.html

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13. PEW RESEARCH CENTER ARTICLE: "Coping With End-of-Life Decisions; Few Have Living Wills," by Kim Parker (August 2009).

http://pewresearch.org/pubs/1320/opinion-end-of-life-care-right-to-die-living-will

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14. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL ARTICLE: "Five year prognosis in patients with angina identified in primary care: incident cohort study," by Brian S. Buckley, Colin R. Simpson, David J. McLernon, Andrew W. Murphy, and Philip C. Hannaford (BMJ 2009;339:b3058, August 22, 2009).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/339/aug06_2/b3058

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15. NATURE NEUROSCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Rapamycin activation of 4E-BP prevents parkinsonian dopaminergic neuron loss," by Luke S. Tain, Heather Mortiboys, Ran N. Tao, Elena Ziviani, Oliver Bandmann, and Alexander J. Whitworth (Vol. 12, No. 9, September 2009, p. 1129-1135).

http://www.nature.com/neuro/journal/v12/n9/abs/nn.2372.html

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16. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACTS:

A. "Measurement of amyloid fibril mass-per-length by tilted-beam transmission electron microscopy," by Bo Chena, Kent R. Thurbera, Frank Shewmakerb, Reed B. Wicknerb and Robert Tycko (Vol. 106, No. 34, August 25, 2009, p. 14339-14344).

http://www.pnas.org/content/106/34/14339.abstract

B. "R1441C mutation in LRRK2 impairs dopaminergic neurotransmission in mice" by Youren Tong, Antonio Pisani, Giuseppina Martella, Maha Karouani, Hiroo Yamaguchi, Emmanuel N. Pothos, and Jie Shen (Vol. 106, No. 34, August 25, 2009, p. 14622-14627).

http://www.pnas.org/content/106/34/14622.abstract

C. "Mitochondrial bioenergetic deficit precedes Alzheimer's pathology in female mouse model of Alzheimer's disease," by Jia Yao, Ronald W. Irwin, Liqin Zhao, Jon Nilsen, Ryan T. Hamilton, and Roberta Diaz Brinton (Vol. 106, No. 34, August 25, 2009, p. 14670-14675).

http://www.pnas.org/content/106/34/14670.abstract

D. "Low early-life social class leaves a biological residue manifested by decreased glucocorticoid and increased proinflammatory signaling ," by Gregory E. Miller, Edith Chen, Alexandra K. Fok, Hope Walker, Alvin Lim, Erin F. Nicholls, Steve Cole, and Michael S. Kobor (Vol. 106, No. 34, August 25, 2009, p. 14716-14721).

http://www.pnas.org/content/106/34/14716.abstract

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17. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles. "Assisting Seniors With Insomnia: A Comprehensive Approach," by Darrell Hulisz and; Christine Duff (US Pharmacist, Vol. 34, No. 6, 2009, HTML format, p. 38-43, via Medscape).

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/706336

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18. PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE (PLoS) ONE ARTICLES:

A. "rTMS of the Left Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Modulates Dopamine Release in the Ipsilateral Anterior Cingulate Cortex and Orbitofrontal Cortex," by Sang Soo Cho and Antonio P. Strafella (PLoS ONE 4(8): e6725. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006725, Vol. 4, No. 8, August 2009, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 8p.).

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0006725

B. "New Alzheimer Amyloid {beta} Responsive Genes Identified in Human Neuroblastoma Cells by Hierarchical Clustering," by Markus Uhrig, Carina Ittrich, Verena Wiedmann, Yuri Knyazev, Annette Weninger, Matthias Riemenschneider, and Tobias Hartmann (PLoS ONE 4(8): e6779. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006779, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 10p.).

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0006779

C. "Aging Affects the Mental Rotation of Left and Right Hands," by Arnaud Saimpont, Thierry Pozzo, and Charalambos Papaxanthis (PLoS ONE 4(8): e6714. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006714, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 8p.).

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0006714

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19. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACT:

A. "Trends in Hip Fracture Rates in Canada," by William D. Leslie, Siobhan O'Donnell, Sonia Jean, Claudia Lagacé, Peter Walsh, Christina Bancej, Suzanne Morin, David A. Hanley, and Alexandra Papaioannou, for the Osteoporosis Surveillance Expert Working Group (Vol. 302, No. 8, August 26, 2009, p. 883-889).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/302/8/883

B. "Hormonal Therapy Use for Prostate Cancer and Mortality in Men With Coronary Artery Disease-Induced Congestive Heart Failure or Myocardial Infarction," by Akash Nanda, Ming-Hui Chen, Michelle H. Braccioforte, Brian J. Moran, and Anthony V. D'Amico (Vol. 302, No. 8, August 26, 2009, p. 866-873).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/302/8/866

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20. FORBES ARTICLE: "The 401(k) Rethink," by David K. Randall (Sept. 7, 2009).

http://www.forbes.com/forbes/2009/0907/investing-retirement-ira-saving-401k-rethink.html

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III. Working Papers:

21. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH:

A. "Variance in Death and Its Implications for Modeling and Forecasting Mortality," by Shripad Tuljapurkar and Ryan D. Edwards (w15288, August 2009, .pdf format, 37p.).

Abstract:

Entropy, or the gradual decline through age in the survivorship function, reflects the considerable amount of variance in length of life found in any human population. Part is due to the well-known variation in life expectancy between groups: large differences according to race, sex, socioeconomic status, or other covariates. But within-group variance is very large even in narrowly defined groups, and it varies strongly and inversely with the group average length of life. We show that variance in length of life is inversely related to the Gompertz slope of log mortality through age, and we reveal its relationship to variance in a multiplicative frailty index. Our findings bear a variety of implications for modeling and forecasting mortality. In particular, we examine how the assumption of proportional hazards fails to account adequately for differences in subgroup variance, and we discuss how several common forecasting models treat the variance along the temporal dimension.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w15288

B. "Aging, religion, and health," by Angus S. Deaton (w15271, August 2009, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

Durkheim's famous study of suicide is a precursor of a large contemporary literature that investigates the links between religion and health. The topic is particularly germane for the health of women and of the elderly, who are much more likely to be religious. In this paper, I use data from the Gallup World Poll to study the within and between country relationships between religiosity, age, and gender, as well as the effects of religiosity on a range of health measures and health-related behaviors. The main contribution of the current study comes from the coverage and richness of the data, which allow me to use nationally representative samples to study the correlates of religion within and between more than 140 countries using more than 300,000 observations. It is almost universally true that the elderly and women are more religious, and I find evidence in favor of a genuine aging effect, not simply a cohort effect associated with secularization. As in previous studies, it is not clear why women are so much more religious than men. In most countries, religious people report better health; they say they have more energy, that their health is better, and that they experience less pain. Their social lives and personal behaviors are also healthier; they are more likely to be married, to have supportive friends, they are more likely to report being treated with respect, they have greater confidence in the healthcare and medical system and they are less likely to smoke. But these effects do not all hold in all countries, and they tend to be stronger for men than for women.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w15271

C. "Cognition and Economic Outcomes in the Health and Retirement Survey," by John J. McArdle, James P. Smith, and Robert Willis (w15266, August 2009, .pdf format, 53p.).

Abstract:

Dimensions of cognitive skills are potentially important but often neglected determinants of the central economic outcomes that shape overall well-being over the life course. There exists enormous variation among households in their rates of wealth accumulation, their holdings of financial assets, and the relative risk in their chosen asset portfolios that have proven difficult to explain by conventional demographic factors, the amount of bequests they receive or anticipating giving, and the level of economic resources of the household. These may be cognitively demanding decisions at any age but especially so at older ages. This research examines the association of cognitive skills with wealth, wealth growth, and wealth composition for people in their pre and post-retirement years.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w15266

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22. US MEDICAL EXPENDITURE PANEL SURVEY: "Validity of Household Reports of Medicare-covered Home Health Agency Use," by Samuel Zuvekas (Working Paper 9003, August 2009, .pdf format, 15p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://www.meps.ahrq.gov/mepsweb/data_stats/Pub_ProdResults_Details.jsp?pt=Working%20Paper&opt=2&id=923

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23. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Labour Supply Effects of a Subsidised Old-Age Part-Time Scheme in Austria," by Nikolaus Graf, Helmut Hofer, Rudolf Winter-Ebmer (Discussion Paper No. 4239, June 2009, .pdf format, 19p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://www.iza.org/en/webcontent/publications/papers/viewAbstract?dp_id=4239

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24. VIENNA INSTITUTE OF DEMOGRAPHY: "Population Projections for Forty-Four European Countries: The Ongoing Population Ageing," by Marija Mamolo and Sergei Scherbov (European Demographic Research Papers 2, 2009, .pdf format, 63p.).

Abstract:

In the current paper we present the population projections for forty four European countries. The dynamics of migration might prevent some European countries from experiencing population decline in the near future, although fertility has been below replacement for some time. Similarly, the EU-27 population is projected to further increase. Our results confirm that population ageing is underway all around Europe, albeit with clear differences across countries. According to the traditional measures of population age structure, the countries with the oldest populations are expected to be found within the EU. However, these measures do not take into account the longevity change: a man of 65 living in a country with a higher life expectancy might be at a different stage of the life cycle in comparison to a man of 65 living in a country with lower life expectancy. Relying on three alternative measures of age which consider explicitly changes in the remaining life expectancy, we find evidence that ageing will continue, but 1) it might be more severe in some countries where population is shrinking towards older ages but life expectancy is still rather low; 2) it might not be as fast as it appears when not adjusting for the longevity change. As an example, the former Soviet Union states and some countries of the Balkan region show the highest proportion of population with a remaining life expectancy of 15 years or less; in Italy and Germany the prospective median age and the proportion of population with a remaining life expectancy of 15 years or less might increase at a slower pace than the corresponding conventional measures, i.e. the population median age and the proportion of people aged 65+.

http://www.oeaw.ac.at/vid/download/edrp_2_09.pdf

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25. PENSIONS INSTITUTE [CITY UNIVERSITY, LONDON, UK]: "Valuation of Guaranteed Annuity Options using a Stochastic Volatility Model for Equity Prices," by Alexander van Haastrecht, Richard Plat and Antoon Pelsser (Discussion Paper PI-0911, August 2009, .pdf format, 24p.).

Abstract:

Guaranteed Annuity Options are options providing the right to convert a policyholder’s accumulated funds to a life annuity at a fixed rate when the policy matures. These options were a common feature in UK retirement savings contracts issued in the 1970’s and 1980’s when interest rates were high, but caused problems for insurers as the interest rates began to fall in the 1990’s. Currently, these options are frequently sold in the U.S. and Japan as part of variable annuity products. The last decade the literature on pricing and risk management of these options evolved. Until now, for pricing these options generally a geometric Brownian motion for equity prices is assumed. However, given the long maturities of the insurance contracts a stochastic volatility model for equity prices would be more suitable. In this paper closed form expressions are derived for prices of guaranteed annuity options assuming stochastic volatility for equity prices and either a 1-factor or 2-factor Gaussian interest rate model. The results indicate that the impact of ignoring stochastic volatility can be significant.

http://www.pensions-institute.org/workingpapers/wp0911.pdf

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26. SWISS STATISTICS: "Ageing Workforce in an Ageing Society; How many health professionals will the Swiss healthcare system need by 2030?" by Hélène Jaccard Ruedin and France Weaver (Careum Working Paper 1, August 2009, .pdf format, 20p.). Note: There is no abstract for this paper.

http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/en/index/news/publikationen.html?publicationID=3701

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27. NEP-AGE: Working papers in the Economics of Aging are available through the bibliographic database provided by Research Papers in Economics (RePEc). The latest compilation is for Jul. 28-Aug. 16, 2009).

http://ideas.repec.org/n/nep-age/

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

28. Public Health Reports (Vol. 124, No. 5, September/October 2009).

http://www.publichealthreports.org/archives/issuecontents.cfm?Volume=124&Issue=5

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29. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of August 24, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of August 24, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of August 24, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of August 24, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of August 24, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of August 24, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Funding Opportunities:

30. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH:

A. "Effects of Gene-Social Environment Interplay on Health and Behavior in Later Life (R01)" (RFA-AG-10-006, Aug. 19, 2009, National Institute on Aging). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-AG-10-006.html

B. "Healthy Aging through Behavioral Economic Analyses of Situations (R01)" (RFA-AG-10-008, Aug. 19, 2009, National Institute on Aging). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-AG-10-008.html

C. "Exploratory Innovations in Biomedical Computational Science and Technology (R21)" (PAR-09-219, reissue of PAR-06-411, Aug. 17, 2009, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies) For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-09-219.html

D. "Optimization of Small Molecule Probes for the Nervous System (STTR [R41])," (PAR-09-259, Aug. 26, 2009, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies) For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-09-259.html

E. "Optimization of Small Molecule Probes for the Nervous System (SBIR [R43])," (PAR-09-260, Aug. 26, 2009, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies) For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-09-260.html

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VI. Conferences:

31. US AGENCY FOR HEALTHCARE RESEARCH AND QUALITY: "Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) + Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Data Users' Workshop," to be held in Rockville Maryland, Sep. 28-29, 2009. for more information (.pdf format, 9p.) see:

http://www.meps.ahrq.gov/mepsweb/about_meps/workshop_details/worksheet_fact_sheet_092809.pdf

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VII. Legislation Information Updates:

32. US HOUSE HEALTH CARE BILL: "H.R. 3200: To provide affordable, quality health care for all Americans and reduce the growth in health care spending, and for other purposes" (July 2009, .pdf format, 1017p.).

http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=111_cong_bills&docid=f:h3200ih.pdf

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VIII. Websites of Interest:

33. MEDICARE.GOV SITE UPDATES. Medicare.gov updated the following sites on Aug. 27, 2009: "Nursing Home Compare," "Supplier Directory," and "Helpful Contacts."

http://www.medicare.gov/Updates.asp

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Data and Information Services Center
Rm. 3329 Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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