Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #492 -- June 18, 2009

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. INTER-UNIVERSITY CONSORTIUM FOR POLITICAL AND SOCIAL RESEARCH: "ICPSR at the University of Michigan has released:

A. "Longitudinal Study of Aging Danish Twins, 1995" (#21041).

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/NACDA/STUDY/21041.xml

B. "Active for Life: Translation of Physical Activity Programs for Mid-Life and Older Adults, 2003-2007 [United States]" (#24723).

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/HMCA/STUDY/24723.xml

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II. Reports and articles:

2. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION OFFICE OF POLICY REPORTS:

A. "International Update" (June 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/intl_update/2009-06/index.html

B. "SSI Monthly Statistics" (May 2009, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_monthly/2009-05/index.html

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3. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID RESEARCH STATISTICAL SUPPLEMENT UPDATE. The following tables (Microsoft Excel format) have recently been updated: "Medicare Cost Sharing: 2008, tables 4.1-4.4"; "Medicaid: 2008, tables 13.1-13.27"; "Medicare Program Payments: 2008, tables 3.1-3.6"; "Medicare Part D: 2008, tables 14.1-14.8"; "Medicare Managed Care: 2008, tables 12.1-12.11"; "End Stage Renal Disease: 2008, tables 11.1-11.2"; and "Medicare Enrollment: 2008," tables 2.1-2.8."

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/MedicareMedicaidStatSupp/LT/list.asp?filterType=none&filterByDID=0&sortByDID=2&sortOrder=descending&intNumPerPage=10

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4. US MEDICARE PAYMENT ADVISORY COMMISSION REPORT: "Report to the Congress: Improving Incentives in the Medicare Program," (June 2009, .pdf format, 277p.).

http://www.medpac.gov/documents/Jun09_EntireReport.pdf

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5. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "Memorandum Report: "Inaccurate Data in the Provider Enrollment, Chain, and Ownership System Individual Global Extract File" (OEI-07-08-00181, June 2009, .pdf format, 3p.).

Abstract:

During data collection for a study entitled "Reassignment of Medicare Benefits" (OEI-07-08-00180) we identified inaccurate data in the Provider Enrollment, Chain, and Ownership System (PECOS) Individual Global Extract File (the Extract). The Extract is designed to provide a point-in-time snapshot of all PECOS data on active providers and their active reassignments of benefits (hereinafter referred to as reassignments). The inaccurate data we identified limited the usefulness of the Extract, requiring us to search the PECOS database for the individual records of 497 Medicare providers in our study sample to verify the accuracy of the Extract data. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) staff investigated and confirmed the errors that we identified and indicated that they would conduct further research to determine the exact cause of errors in the Extract. CMS staff also indicated that they would add information regarding the inaccurate data to their tracking log for PECOS and prioritize identifying solutions in a future release of PECOS, although they did not indicate when the solutions would be implemented.

We found two types of errors. One type of error resulted in records of terminated reassignments being retained in the Extract, which should have contained only records of reassignments that were active on the date the Extract was created. We found that 3.2 percent of the records present in the Extract were affected by this type of error. The second type of error we identified occurred when the date that the reassignment record was created in PECOS populated the effective date field in the Extract, rather than the date the reassignment took effect.

To limit the impact of the inaccurate data, CMS may want to alert all users of the Extract of the extent and nature of data inaccuracies in the Extract until a corrected version of PECOS is released. When correcting the processing errors, CMS may also want to explore whether other inaccuracies exist in the Extract, such as the Organizational Global Extract file containing similar inaccuracies, other date fields populating incorrectly, and records of disenrolled providers remaining in the Extract.

http://www.oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-07-08-00181.pdf

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6. NORTH DAKOTA STATE DATA CENTER PRESENTATION: "Regional Demographic Shifts and Their Implications for Hospice," by Richard Rathge (June 2009, Microsoft PowerPoint format, 37 slides).

http://www.ndsu.nodak.edu/sdc/presentations/061009.pps

or:

http://www.ndsu.nodak.edu/sdc/presentations/downloadppt/061009.ppt

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7. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING NEWS RELEASE: "Aged Care Sector to Benefit from 148 Million Dollar Indexation Boost" (Jun. 18, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/mr-yr09-je-je078.htm?OpenDocument

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8. AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND WEALFARE REPORT: "Residential aged care in Australia 2007-08: a statistical overview," (Aged care statistics series no. 28, June 2009, .pdf format, 160p.).

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10709

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9. CANADIAN INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH INFORMATION/INSTITUTE CANADIEN D'INFORMATION SUR LA SANTE REPORT: "Hip and Knee Replacements in Canada-Canadian Joint Replacement Registry (CJRR) 2008-2009 Annual Report," (June 2009, .pdf format, 88p.). Note: CIHI/ICIS requires free registration before providing reports.

http://secure.cihi.ca/cihiweb/dispPage.jsp?cw_page=PG_1519_E&cw_topic=1519&cw_rel=AR_30_E

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10. UK DEFENSE ANALYTICAL SERVICES AND ADVICE REPORT: "War Pensions Quarterly Statistics March 2009 (June 2009, .pdf format, 29p.).

http://www.dasa.mod.uk/applications/newWeb/www/index.php?page=48&pubType=1&thiscontent=500&PublishTime=09:30:00&date=2009-06-11&disText=Mar%202009&from=listing&topDate=2009-06-11

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11. UK ALL-PARTY PARLIAMENTARY GROUP ON DEMENTIA REPORT: "Prepared to Care" (June 2009, .pdf format, 45p.).

http://www.alzheimers.org.uk/site/scripts/download_info.php?downloadID=329&fileID=735

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12. WELSH ASSEMBLY GOVERNMENT/LLYWODRAETH CYNULLIAD CYMRU REPORT: "Population Aged 50 and Over in Wales, 1991 to 2031" (June 2009, .pdf format, 12p.).

http://wales.gov.uk/topics/statistics/headlines/pop2009/hdw20090611/?lang=en

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13. AARP REPORT: "A Medicare Buy-in Program," by Gerry Smolka and Sarah Thomas (June 2009, .pdf format, 14p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/medicare/eligibility/i29_buyin.html

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14. AMERICAN ENTERPRISE INSTITUTE PERIODICAL: Retirement Policy Outlook (No. 4, June 2009, .pdf format, 5p.). The article in this issue is "Answer Quickly: How Much Do You Think You'll Get from Social Security?" by Andrew G. Biggs

http://www.aei.org/outlook/100047

More information about AEI:

http://www.aei.org/about

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15. DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH ARTICLE: "The age separating early deaths from late deaths," by Zhen Zhang and James Vaupel (Vol. 20, Article 29, June 2009, .pdf format, p. 721-730).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol20/29/default.htm

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16. FAMILY CAREGIVER ALLIANCE PERIODICAL: Caregiving Policy Digest (Vol. 9, No 12, June 10, 2009).

http://www.caregiver.org/caregiver/jsp/content_node.jsp?nodeid=467

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17. FORBES ARTICLE: "Building A Better 401(k)," by David Serchuk (Jun. 17, 2009).

http://www.forbes.com/2009/06/16/retirement-pension-401k-intelligent-investing-savings.html

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18. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION FACT SHEET: "Medicare's Role for Women" (June 2009, .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.kff.org/womenshealth/7913.cfm

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19. POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU PERIODICAL: Todays Research on Aging (Issue 17, June 2009, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.prb.org/pdf09/TodaysResearchAging17.pdf

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20. ROBERT WOOD JOHNSON FOUNDATION POLICY BRIEF: "Competitive Bidding In Medicare Advantage" (June 2009, .pdf format, 5p.).

http://www.rwjf.org/pr/product.jsp?id=43710&topicid=1049

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21. URBAN INSTITUTE REPORTS:

A. "The Future of Long-Term Care: What Is Its Place in the Health Reform Debate?" by Howard Gleckman (June 2009, .pdf format, 16p.).

http://www.urban.org/publications/411908.html

B. "Unemployment Statistics on Older Americans," by Richard W. Johnson and Corina Mommaerts (June 2009, .pdf format, 11p.).

http://www.urban.org/publications/411904.html

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22. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT LOS ANGELES CENTER FOR HEALTH POLICY RESEARCH REPORT: "In-Home and Community-Based Long-term Care Costs in California: Elder Economic Security Standard Index Supplement California Counties 2007" (June 2009, .pdf format).

http://www.healthpolicy.ucla.edu/elder_index_LTC2008.html

Related news release:

http://www.healthpolicy.ucla.edu/news_06182009b.html

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23. PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE (PLoS) ONE ARTICLE: "Disruption of Protein Kinase A in Mice Enhances Healthy Aging," by Linda C. Enns, John F. Morton, Piper R. Treuting, Mary J. Emond, Norman S. Wolf, G.S. McKnight, Peter S. Rabinovitch, and Warren C. Ladiges (PLoS ONE 4(6): e5963. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005963, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 11p.).

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0005963

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24. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL NEWS EXTRACT, ARTICLE:

A. "Debbie Purdy lodges appeal with House of Lords to prevent husbands prosecution in assisted suicide case," by Clare Dyer (BMJ 2009;338:b2298).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/338/jun05_1/b2298

B. "Self administered cognitive screening test (TYM) for detection of Alzheimers disease: cross sectional study," by Jeremy Brown, George Pengas, Kate Dawson, Lucy A Brown, Philip Clatworthy (BMJ 2009;338:b2030, HTML and .pdf format, 8p.). This article is available free of charge.

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/338/jun08_3/b2030

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25. LANCET NEUROLOGY ARTICLE ABSTRACTS: Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing content.

A. "Memantine in patients with Parkinson's disease dementia or dementia with Lewy bodies: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial," by Dag Aarsland, Clive Ballard, Zuzana Walker, Fredrik Bostrom, Guido Alves, Katja Kossakowski, Iracema Leroi, Francisco Pozo-Rodriguez, Lennart Minthon, and Elisabet Londos (Vol. 8, No. 7, July 2009, p. 613-618).

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laneur/article/PIIS1474-4422(09)70146-2/abstract

B. "Prevalence and prognostic value of CSF markers of Alzheimer's disease pathology in patients with subjective cognitive impairment or mild cognitive impairment in the DESCRIPA study: a prospective cohort study," by Pieter Jelle Visser, Frans Verhey, Dirk L. Knol, Philip Scheltens, Lars-Olof Wahlund, Yvonne Freund-Levi, Magda Tsolaki, Lennart Minthon, Asa K. Wallin, Harald Hampel, Katharina Burger, Tuula Pirttila, Hilkka Soininen, Marcel Olde Rikkert, Marcel M. Verbeek, Luiza Spiru, and Kaj Blennow (Vol. 8, No. 7, July 2009, p. 619-627).

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laneur/article/PIIS1474-4422(09)70139-5/abstract

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III. Working Papers:

26. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH:

A. "The Quality of Medical Care, Behavioral Risk Factors, and Longevity Growth," by Frank R. Lichtenberg (w15068, June 2009, .pdf format, 58p.).

Abstract:

The rate of increase of longevity has varied considerably across U.S. states since 1991. This paper examines the effect of the quality of medical care, behavioral risk factors (obesity, smoking, and AIDS incidence), and other variables (education, income, and health insurance coverage) on life expectancy and medical expenditure using longitudinal state-level data. We examine the effects of three different measures of the quality of medical care. The first is the average quality of diagnostic imaging procedures, defined as the fraction of procedures that are advanced procedures. The second is the average quality of practicing physicians, defined as the fraction of physicians that were trained at top-ranked medical schools. The third is the mean vintage (FDA approval year) of outpatient and inpatient prescription drugs. Life expectancy increased more rapidly in states where (1) the fraction of Medicare diagnostic imaging procedures that were advanced procedures increased more rapidly; (2) the vintage of self- and provider-administered drugs increased more rapidly; and (3) the quality of medical schools previously attended by physicians increased more rapidly. States with larger increases in the quality of diagnostic procedures, drugs, and physicians did not have larger increases in per capita medical expenditure.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/w15068

B. "Is Social Security Part of the Social Safety Net?" by Jeffrey R. Brown, Julia Lynn Coronado, and Don Fullerton (w15070, June 2009, .pdf format, 34p.).

Abstract:

Building on the existing literature that examines the extent of redistribution in the Social Security system as a whole, this paper focuses more specifically on how Social Security affects the poor. This question is important because a Social Security program that reduces overall inequality by redistributing from high income individuals to middle income individuals may do nothing to help the poor; conversely, a program that redistributes to the poor may nonetheless be regressive according to broader measures if it also redistributes from middle to upper income households.

We have four major findings. First, as we expand the definition of income to use more comprehensive measures of well-being, we find that Social Security becomes less progressive. Indeed, when we use an "endowment" defined by potential labor earnings at the household level, rather than actual earnings at the individual level, we find that Social Security has virtually no effect on overall inequality. Second, we find that this result is driven largely by the lack of redistribution across the middle and upper part of the income distribution, so it masks some small positive net transfers to those at the bottom of the lifetime income distribution. Third, in cases where redistribution does occur, we find it is not efficiently targeted: many high income households receive positive net transfers, while many low income households pay net taxes. Finally, the redistributive effects of Social Security change over time, and these changes depend on the income concept used to classify someone as "poor".

http://papers.nber.org/papers/w15070

C. "Extending Life Cycle Models of Optimal Portfolio Choice: Integrating Flexible Work, Endogenous Retirement, and Investment Decisions with Lifetime Payouts," by Jingjing Chai, Wolfram Horneff, Raimond Maurer, and Olivia S. Mitchell (w15079, June 2009, .pdf format, 31p.).

Abstract:

This paper derives optimal life cycle portfolio asset allocations as well as annuity purchases trajectories for a consumer who can select her hours of work and also her retirement age. Using a realistically-calibrated model with stochastic mortality and uncertain labor income, we extend the investment universe to include not only stocks and bonds, but also survival-contingent payout annuities. We show that making labor supply endogenous raises older peoples' equity share; substantially increases work effort by the young; and markedly enhances lifetime welfare. Also, introducing annuities leads to earlier retirement and higher participation by the elderly in financial markets. Finally, if we allow for an age-dependent leisure preference parameter, this fits well with observed evidence in that it generates lower work hours and smaller equity holdings at older ages as well as sensible retirement age patterns.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w15079

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27. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT, EMPLOYMENT, SOCIAL, AND MIGRATION WORKING PAPERS: "Investment Risk and Pensions: Measuring Uncertainty in Returns," by Anna d'Addio, Jose Seisdedos, and Edward Whitehouse (WP 70, June 2009, .pdf format, 39p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.oecd.org/LongAbstract/0,3425,en_2649_34757_42990753_119684_1_1_1,00.html

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28. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Childcare, Eldercare, and Labor Force Participation of Married Women in Urban China: 1982-2000," by Margaret Maurer-Fazio, Rachel Connelly, Chen Lan, and Lixin Tang (Discussion Paper No. 4204, June 2009, .pdf format, 45p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.iza.org/en/webcontent/publications/papers/viewAbstract?dp_id=4204

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for print/electronic availability):

29. American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 99, No. 7, July 2009).

http://www.ajph.org/content/vol99/issue7/?etoc

30. Medical Care (Vol. 47, Nos. 5, 6, May, June 2009

Vol. 47, No. 5:

http://journals.lww.com/lww-medicalcare/toc/2009/05000

Vol. 47, No. 6:

http://journals.lww.com/lww-medicalcare/toc/2009/06000

31. Population and Development Review (Vol. 35, No. 2, June 2009).

http://www.popcouncil.org/publications/pdr/vol35_2.html

32. Social Science and Medicine (Vol. 69, No. 1, July 2009).

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02779536

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33. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Jun. 15, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Jun. 15, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Jun. 15, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Jun. 15, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Jun. 15, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Jun. 15, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

34. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH:

A. "Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards for Individual Predoctoral MD/PhD and Other Dual Doctoral Degree Fellows (F30)" (PA-09-207, reissue of PA-05-151, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies Jun. 12, 2009). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-09-207.html

B. " Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards for Individual Predoctoral Fellows (F31)" (PA-09-208, reissue of PA-07-002, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies Jun. 12, 2009)>

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-09-208.html

C. "Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards for Individual Predoctoral Fellowships (F31) to Promote Diversity in Health-Related Research" (PA-09-209, reissue of PA-07-106, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, Jun. 11, 2009). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-09-209.html

D. "Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards (NRSA) for Individual Postdoctoral Fellows (F32)" (PA-09-210, revision of PA-07-107, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, Jun. 12, 2009). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-09-210.html

E. "Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards (NRSA) for Individual Senior Fellows (F33)" (PA-09-211, reissue of PA-07-172, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, Jun. 12, 2009). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-09-211.html

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35. AGEWORK.COM: Agework has updated its employment page with listings through Jun. 18, 2009.

http://agework.geron.org/c/search_results.cfm?site_id=312

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VI. Conferences:

36. MICHIGAN RETIREMENT RESEARCH CENTER CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS SUMMARY: "Financial Literacy in Times of Turmoil and Retirement Insecurity," a conference held at the Brookings Institution, Washington, DC, Mar. 20, 2009 (.pdf format, 20p.).

http://www.mrrc.isr.umich.edu/publications/other/pdf/Financial%20Literacy%20Proceedings.pdf

Link to conference presentations:

http://www.retirementsecurityproject.org/events/events?story=54

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VII. Legislation Information Updates:

37. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: "Social Security: Keeping the Promise in the 21st Century," a hearing held Jun. 17, 2009 (.pdf format). A video transcript of the hearing is available at the site, running time: 1 hour, 24 minutes, 4 seconds).

http://aging.senate.gov/hearing_detail.cfm?id=314627&

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VIII. Websites of Interest:

38. MEDICARE.GOV SITE UPDATES: The following Medicare.gov sites were updated on Jun. 18, 2009. "Medicare Options Compare"; "Medicare Prescription Drug Plan Finder"; "Nursing Home Compare"; and "Home Health Compare."

http://www.medicare.gov/Updates.asp

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39. AAASENIORS.COM: "Helping the Senior Driver in Your Life: Driving is a function of ability, not age. However, driving ability is affected by natural changes to our bodies over time. AAA is dedicated to keeping seniors driving as long as safely possible. he decision to drive or not to drive for a senior will often involve many people. The earlier you discuss the inevitable consequences of aging, the better you and your loved one can agree to a plan of action. This Web site will help you and the senior driver in your life create such a plan."

http://www.aaaseniors.com/

More information about AAA:

http://www.aaaexchange.com/Main/Default.asp?CategoryID=9

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40. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION "2009 MEDICARE PART D DATA SPOTLIGHTS" (June 2009). "The Kaiser Family Foundation has issued a collection of analyses and other resources related to the Part D Medicare drug plan options available to seniors for calendar year 2009. Each of these spotlights focus on a key aspect of the drug plans that will be available to Medicare beneficiaries in 2009 and examine relevant trends since the Medicare drug benefit took effect in 2006. They were prepared by a team of researchers at Georgetown University, NORC and the Kaiser Family Foundation."

http://www.kff.org/medicare/med110608pkg.cfm

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It is not by muscle, speed, or physical dexterity that great things are achieved, but by reflection, force of character, and judgement; and in these qualities old age is usually not only not poorer, but is even richer

Cicero--106-43 B.C.

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Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu
http://www.disc.wisc.edu/
http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/cssrindex.html
http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/pubs/caar/back_iss.html