Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #480 -- March 26, 2009.

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Reports and articles:

1. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NEWS RELEASE: "First Sister Study Results Reinforce the Importance of Healthy Living," (Mar. 16, 2009).

http://www.nih.gov/news/health/mar2009/niehs-16.htm

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2. CALIFORNIA STATE AUDITOR REPORT: "High-Risk Update--Human Resources Management: A Significant Number of State Employees Are Beginning to Retire, While Certain Departments That Provide Critical State Services Lack Workforce and Succession Plans" (March 2009, .pdf format, 36p.).

http://www.bsa.ca.gov/pdfs/reports/2008-605.pdf

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3. NORTH DAKOTA STATE DATA CENTER PERIODICAL ARTICLE: "Social Security - Beneficiaries, Annual Payments, and Average Monthly Benefits in North Dakota: 2007." (in _Economic Brief_ (Vol. 18, No. 3, March 2009, .pdf format, 3p.).

http://www.ndsu.nodak.edu/sdc/publications/ebriefs/EB18_3Press.pdf

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4. AUSTRALIAN BUREAU OF STATISTICS PERIODICAL: Australian Social Trends (March 2009, HTML and .pdf format). This issue contains articles on retirement, superannuation, and future population trends.

http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/4102.0?OpenDocument

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5. AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND AGEING NEWS RELEASES:

A. "First Physical Activity Recommendations for Older Australians" (Mar 23, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/mr-yr09-je-je025.htm

B. "Getting Older Australians Out Of Hospital and Back in Their Homes, Regaining Their Independence: 293.2 Million Dollar Transition Care (Mar. 26, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/mr-yr09-je-je027.htm

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6. STATISTICS NETHERLANDS WEB MAGAZINE ARTICLE: "Three people born in the nineteenth century still alive," by Joop Garssen and Carel Harmsen (Mar. 24, 2009).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/bevolking/publicaties/artikelen/archief/2009/2009-2734-wm.htm

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7. UK DEPARTMENT FOR WORK AND PENSIONS REPORT: "Understanding why some employees don't participate in employer pension schemes," by Suzanne Hall and Wendy Floyd (Research Report 570, 2009, .pdf format, 80p.).

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd5/rports2009-2010/rrep570.pdf

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8. ALZHEIMER'S ASSOCIATION REPORT: "2009 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures" (March 2009, .pdf format, 76p.).

http://www.alz.org/news_and_events_2009_facts_figures.asp

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9. URBAN INSTITUTE REPORTS:

A. "A New Minimum Benefit for Low Lifetime Earners," by Melissa Favreault (March 2009, .pdf format, 29p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=411853

B. "Financial Hardship before and after Social Security's Eligibility Age," by Richard W. Johnson and Gordon Mermin (March 2009, .pdf format, 38p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=411854

C. "Comparisons of MINT 2003 and 2004 Projections with Survey Data," by Karen E. Smith, Katherine Michelmore, and Eric Toder (December 2008, .pdf format, 224p.).

http://www.urban.org/publications/411850.html

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10. AARP REPORTS:

A. "Medicare Advantage Benefit Design: What Does It Provide, What Doesn't It Provide, and Should Standards Apply?" by Marsha Gold and Maria Cupples Hudson (March 2009, .pdf format, 34p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/medicare/advantage/2009_03_medicare.html

B. "NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study: Impact of Diet and Lifestyle Factors on Cancer Incidence." Articles related to "Meat and Meat Mutagens" have recently been updated.

http://www.aarp.org/research/health/prevention/nci_aarp.html

Scroll to "Diet Foods."

C. "Beyond 50.09 Chronic Care: A Call to Action for Health Reform" (March 2009, .pdf format, 102p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/health/carequality/beyond_50_hcr.html

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11. POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU ARTICLE: "Brazil's Fertility Falls Below Two-Child Average," by Mary Mederios Kent (February 2009).

http://www.prb.org/Articles/2009/braziltfrdecline.aspx

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12. NATIONAL CENTER FOR POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: "Ten Ways to Wreck Your Retirement," by Pamela Villarreal (March 2009, .pdf format, 23p.).

http://www.ncpa.org/pub/st320

More information about NCPA:

http://www.ncpa.org/about/

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13. NATURE LETTER ABSTRACT: "Sphingosine-1-phosphate mobilizes osteoclast precursors and regulates bone homeostasis," by Masaru Ishii, Jackson G. Egen, Frederick Klauschen, Martin Meier-Schellersheim, Yukihiko Saeki, Jean Vacher, Richard L. Proia, and Ronald N. Germain (Vol. 458, No. 7237, March 26, 2009, p. 524-528).

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v458/n7237/abs/nature07713.html

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14. SCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Spinal Cord Stimulation Restores Locomotion in Animal Models of Parkinson's Disease," by Romulo Fuentes, Per Petersson, William B. Siesser, Marc G. Caron, and Miguel A.L. Nicolelis (Vol. 323, No. 5291, Mar. 20, 2009, p. 1578- 1582).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/323/5921/1578

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15. PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE (PLoS) ONE ARTICLES:

A. "Age-Related Cellular Copper Dynamics in the Fungal Ageing Model Podospora anserina and in Ageing Human Fibroblasts," by Christian Q. Scheckhuber, Jurgen Grief, Emmanuelle Boilan, Karin Luce, Florence Debacq-Chainiaux, Claudia Rittmeyer, Ricardo Gredilla, Bernd O. Kolbesen, Olivier Toussaint, and Heinz D. Osiewacz (PLoS ONE 4(3): e4919. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004919, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 14p.).

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0004919

B. "A Cross-Study Transcriptional Analysis of Parkinson's Disease," by Greg T. Sutherland, Nicholas A. Matigian, Alistair M. Chalk, Matthew J. Anderson, Peter A. Silburn, Alan Mackay-Sim, Christine A. Wells, and George D. Mellick (PLoS ONE 4(3): e4955. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004955, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 8p.).

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0004955

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16. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE PERSPECTIVE ARTICLE, ARTICLES, EDITORIAL:

A. "Screening for Prostate Cancer," by Thomas H. Lee, Philip W. Kant off, and Mary F. McNaughton-Collins (Perspective, Vol. 360, No. 13, Mar. 25, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 5p.). This article is available free of charge.

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/360/13/e18

B. "Mortality Results from a Randomized Prostate-Cancer Screening Trial," by Gerald L. Andriole, Robert L. Grubb, III, Saundra S. Buys, David Chia, Timothy R. Church,, Mona N. Fouad, Edward P. Gelmann, Paul A. Kvale, Douglas J. Reding, Joel L. Weissfeld, Lance A. Yokochi, E. David Crawford, Barbara O'Brien, Jonathan D. Clapp, Joshua M. Rathmell, Thomas L. Riley, Richard B. Hayes, Barnett S. Kramer, Grant Izmirlian, Anthony B. Miller, Paul F. Pinsky, Philip C. Prorok, John K. Gohagan, and Christine D. Berg (Vol. 360, No. 13, Mar. 25, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1310-1319). This article is available free of charge.

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/360/13/1310

C. "Screening and Prostate-Cancer Mortality in a Randomized European Study," by Fritz H. Schroder, Jonas Hugosson, Monique J. Roobol, Teuvo L.J. Tammela, Stefano Ciatto, Vera Nelen, Maciej Kwiatkowski, Marcos Lujan, Hans Lilja, Marco Zappa, Louis J. Denis, Franz Recker, Antonio Berenguer, Liisa Maattanen, Chris H. Bangma, Gunnar Aus, Arnauld Villers, Xavier Rebillard, Theodorus van der Kwast, Bert G. Blijenberg, Sue M. Moss, Harry J. de Koning, and Anssi Auvinen (Vol. 360, No. 13, Mar. 25, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1320-1328). This article is available free of charge.

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/360/13/1320

D. "Screening for Prostate Cancer--The Controversy That Refuses to Die," by Michael J. Barry (Editorial, Vol. 360, No. 13, Mar. 25, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1351-1354). This article is available free of charge.

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/360/13/1351

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17. LANCET NEUROLOGY ARTICLE ABSTRACTS:

A. "Caring for Aged Dementia Care Resident Study (CADRES) of person-centred care, dementia-care mapping, and usual care in dementia: a cluster-randomised trial," by Lynn Chenoweth, Madeleine T. King, Yun-Hee Jeon, Henry Brodaty, Jane Stein-Parbury, Richard Norman, Marion Haas, Georgina Luscombe (Vol. 8, No. 4, April 2009, p. 317-325).

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laneur/article/PIIS1474-4422%2809%2970045-6/abstract

B. "Global variation in stroke burden and mortality: estimates from monitoring, surveillance, and modelling," by S. Claiborne Johnston, Shanthi Mendis, Colin D. Mathers (Vol. 8, No. 4, April 2009, p. 345-354).

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laneur/article/PIIS1474-4422%2809%2970023-7/abstract

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II. Working Papers:

18. NATIONAL SURVEY OF FAMILIES AND HOUSEHOLDS [UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN-MADISON CENTER FOR DEMOGRAPHY AND ECOLOGY]: "Continuous Participation in Voluntary Groups as a Protective Factor for the Psychological Well-Being of Midlife and Older Adults who Develop Functional Limitations: Evidence from the National Survey of Families and Households," by Emily A. Greenfield and Nadine F. Marks (NSFH Working Paper No. 91, 2009, .pdf format, 26p.).

Abstract:

Objectives. While previous studies have indicated that declining functional health is associated with individuals poorer psychological well-being, few studies have examined factors that can protect adults from the loss of mental health following functional decline. Guided by continuity theory, this study investigated the extent to which continuous participation in voluntary groups (recreational, religious, and/or civic) buffers individuals against the harmful psychological effects of developing functional limitations.

Methods. Longitudinal data came from 4,872 respondents ages 35 to 92 in the National Survey of Families and Households 1987-1993 who reported having no functional limitations at Time 1.

Results. Multivariate models controlling for sociodemographic factors, as well as participants psychological well-being at Time 1, indicated that developing functional limitations over a five-year period was associated with greater increases in depressive symptoms and lower levels of personal growth. Increases in depressive symptoms, however, were less severe among participants continuously involved in recreational groups. Additionally, the association between developing functional limitations and lower levels of personal growth did not hold for respondents who continuously participated in religious groups.

Discussion: Findings suggest that continuous participation in certain types of voluntary groups can moderate the negative effects of developing functional limitations on particular dimensions of psychological well-being.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/nsfhwp/nsfh91.pdf

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19. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH:

A. "Labor Force Participation of Older Males in Korea: 1955-2005," by Chulhee Lee (w14800, March 2009, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

This study estimates the labor force participation rate (LFPR) of older Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #480 -- March 26, 2009 males in Korea from 1955 to 2005, and analyzes the effects of several determining factors on labor force participation decisions at older ages. The LFPR of older men increased substantially from the mid-1960s to the late-1990s. This pattern is in sharp contrast to the historical experiences of most OECD countries, where the LFPR of older males declined rapidly over the last century. The rise in the LFPR of older males in Korea between 1965 and 1995 is largely explained by the dramatic increase in the labor-market activity of the rural elderly population. The results of regression analyses suggest that the acceleration of population aging in rural areas due to the selective out-migration of younger persons was the major cause of the sharp increase in the LFPR of older males. It is likely that the relative decline of the rural economy in the course of industrialization made it increasingly difficult for the rural elderly population to save for retirement.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/w14800

B. "Debt Literacy, Financial Experiences, and Overindebtedness," by Annamaria Lusardi and Peter Tufano (w14808, March 2009, .pdf format, 44p.).

Abstract:

We analyze a national sample of Americans with respect to their debt literacy, financial experiences, and their judgments about the extent of their indebtedness. Debt literacy is measured by questions testing knowledge of fundamental concepts related to debt and by self-assessed financial knowledge. Financial experiences are the participants' reported experiences with traditional borrowing, alternative borrowing, and investing activities. Overindebtedness is a self-reported measure. Overall, we find that debt literacy is low: only about one-third of the population seems to comprehend interest compounding or the workings of credit cards. Even after controlling for demographics, we find a strong relationship between debt literacy and both financial experiences and debt loads. Specifically, individuals with lower levels of debt literacy tend to transact in high-cost manners, incurring higher fees and using high-cost borrowing. In applying our results to credit cards, we estimate that as much as one-third of the charges and fees paid by less knowledgeable individuals can be attributed to ignorance. The less knowledgeable also report that their debt loads are excessive or that they are unable to judge their debt position.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w14808

C. "Coping with Chronic Disease? Chronic Disease and Disability in Elderly American Population 1982-1999," by Gabriel Aranovich, Jay Bhattacharya, Alan M. Garber, Thomas E. MaCurdy (w14811, March 2009, .pdf format, 33p.).

Abstract:

It is well known that disability rates among the American elderly have declined over the past decades. The cause of this decline is less well established. In this paper, we test one important possible explanation--that the decline in disability occurred because of chronic disease prevention efforts among the elderly. For this purpose we analyze data from the National Long Term Care Survey and from the National Health and Interview Survey. Our findings suggest that primary prevention, as reflected in decreased disease prevalence, was not responsible for advances made in elderly functioning between 1980 and 2000. We found a broad decline in less severe forms of disability that is unlikely to have resulted from improved disease management. Instead, these measured improvements in functioning may reflect environmental, technological, and/or socioeconomic changes. Improvements in the more severe forms of disability were modest and were restricted to those suffering from particular illnesses, which make improved and/or more aggressive management a plausible explanation and one that might increase costs should the trend persist.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w14811

D. "The Cost of Low Fertility in Europe," by David E. Bloom, David Canning, Gunther Fink, and Jocelyn E. Finlay (w14820, March 2009, .pdf format, 24p.).

Abstract:

We analyze the effect of fertility on income per capita with a particular focus on the experience of Europe. For European countries with below-replacement fertility, the cost of continued low fertility will only be observed in the long run. We show that in the short run, a fall in the fertility rate will lower the youth dependency ratio and increase the working-age share, thus raising income per capita. In the long run, however, the burden of old-age dependency dominates the youth dependency decline, and continued low fertility will lead to small working-age shares in the absence of large migration inflows. We show that the currently very high working-age shares generated by the recent declines in fertility and migration inflows are not sustainable, and that significant drops in the relative size of the working-age population should be expected. Without substantial adjustments in labor force participation or migration policies, the potential negative repercussions on the European economy are large.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w14820

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20. MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH: "Happiness and Sex Difference in Life Expectancy," by Junji Kageyama (WP 2009-09, March 2009, .pdf format, 27p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/cgi-bin/publications/paper.plx?debug=0&listtype=4&personalid=&pubid=3282

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21. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT: "Long-term care workforce: overview" (Health Working Paper No. 44, March 2009, .pdf format, 62p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.oecd.org/LongAbstract/0,3425,en_2649_33929_42409269_119684_1_1_1,00.html

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22. CENTER FOR ECONOMIC STUDIES/Ifo INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH (CESifo) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "How to Avoid a Pension Crisis: A Question of Intelligent System Design," by Alessandro Cigno (WP 2590, March 2009, .pdf format, 15p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/ifoHome/b-publ/b3publwp/_wp_abstract?p_file_id=16658

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III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

23. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 169, No. 7, Apr. 1, 2009).

http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/vol169/issue7/index.dtl?etoc

24. International Journal of Aging and Human Development (Vol. 68, No. 2, 2009).

http://baywood.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=journal&issn=0091-4150

25. Journal of Aging and Health (Vol. 21, No. 3, June 2009). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and issue.

http://jah.sagepub.com/content/vol21/issue3/?etoc

26. Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect (Vol. 21, No. 1, 2009).

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/docdel/4973.293000

27. Journal of Gerontological Social Work (Vol. 52, No. 2, 2009).

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/docdel/4995.094400

28. Medical Care (Vol. 47, No. 4, April 2009).

http://www.lww-medicalcare.com/pt/re/medcare/toc.00005650-200904000-00000.htm

29. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying (Vol. 58, No. 4, 2008/2009).

http://baywood.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=journal&issn=0030-2228

30. Research on Aging (Vol. 31, No. 3, May 2009). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for availability of these databases and issue.

http://roa.sagepub.com/content/vol31/issue3/

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31. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Mar. 25, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Mar. 25, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Mar. 25, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Mar. 25, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Mar. 25, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Mar. 25, 2009:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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IV. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

32. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH FUNDING OPPORTUNITY: "Biomedical Research on the International Space Station (BioMed-ISS) (UH2/UH3)" (PAR-09-120, Mar. 17, 2009, US National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-09-120.html

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33. US ADMINISTRATION ON AGING GRANT OPPORTUNITIES UPDATE: AoA's Grants page has added a new grant: "Medicare Beneficiary Outreach and Assistance Program for Title VI Native American Programs" (HHS-2009-AoA-MI-0906). Application deadline is May 1, 2009. For more information see:

http://www.aoa.gov/doingbus/fundopp/fundopp.aspx

Scroll to "Medicare Beneficiary Outreach..."

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34. THE JOHN HEINZ SENATE FELLOWSHIP IN ISSUES OF THE AGING. "The John Heinz Senate Fellowship Program provides an opportunity for mid-career professionals in aging to learn public policy as a member of the U.S. Senate staff. Intended as a career development opportunity for professionals in the field of aging, the program will provide first-hand knowledge in the development and advancement of public policy and legislation that will improve the quality of life for older Americans. The John Heinz Senate Fellowship Program is funded by the United States Senate and the Teresa and H. John Heinz III Foundation, and administered by the Health and Aging Policy Fellows. Application deadline for 2009-2010 fellowship year is Apr. 15, 2009. For more information see:

http://www.practicechangefellows.org/

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35. THE BROOKDALE FOUNDATION GROUP NATIONAL GROUP RESPITE PROGRAM: "Since 1989, the Brookdale National Group Respite Program has awarded seed grants to organizations to develop and implement social model group respite programs. These day programs have served thousands of elders with Alzheimer's disease or related dementia and their family caregivers. In addition to group respite, the development of programs for people with Early Memory Loss (EML) is also supported through this grant initiative." Requests for proposals (deadline is Jul. 1, 2009) are available at the site. For more information see:

http://www.brookdalefoundation.org/Respite/respiteprogram2008.html

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36. AGEWORK.COM: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Mar. 26, 2009.

http://agework.geron.org/c/search_results.cfm?site_id=312

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V. Conferences:

37. US ADMINISTRATION ON AGING CONFERENCES: The following conferences have been added to the AoA Conference page.

Apr. 25, 2009: "Prince William Area Agency on Aging Caregivers' Conference," Woodbridge, Virginia

Jun. 10-13, 2009: "Mental Health America Centennial Conference: Celebrating the Legacy, Forging the Future," Washington, D.C.

Jul. 27-31, 2009: "Generations United 15th International Conference: Because We're Stronger Together," Washington, D.C.

http://www.aoa.gov/press/main_news/events/events.aspx

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38. MEDICAL EXPENDITURE PANEL SURVEY: "The (US) Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) conducts several workshops throughout the year. These workshops provide both practical information about MEPS public use data files and an opportunity to construct analytic files with the assistance of AHRQ staff. The workshops are designed for health services researchers who have a background or interest in using national health surveys." The next MEPS two day workshop will be held May 6-7, 2009, in Rockville, Maryland. For more information see:

http://www.meps.ahrq.gov/mepsweb/about_meps/workshops_events.jsp#Workshops

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VI. Legislation Information Updates:

39. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: "The Way Forward: An Update from the Alzheimer's Study Group," a hearing held Mar. 25, 2009 (.pdf format).

http://aging.senate.gov/hearing_detail.cfm?id=310462&

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40. US SENATE FINANCE COMMITTEE HEARING TESTIMONY: "The Role of Long-Term Care in Health Reform," a hearing held Mar. 25, 2009 (.pdf format).

http://finance.senate.gov/sitepages/hearing032509.htm

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41. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR HEARING TESTIMONY: "Retirement Security: The Importance of an Independent Investment Adviser," a hearing held Mar. 24, 2009. (.pdf format).

http://edlabor.house.gov/hearings/2009/03/retirement-security-the-import.shtml

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VII. Websites of Interest:

42. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES MEDICARE.GOV UPDATES. The following Medicare.gov pages were updated on Mar. 26, 2009: "Physician and Other Healthcare Professional Directory"; "Hospital Compare"; "Supplier Directory"; "Nursing Home Compare"; and "Helpful Contacts."

http://www.medicare.gov/Updates.asp

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It is not by muscle, speed, or physical dexterity that great things are achieved, but by reflection, force of character, and judgement; and in these qualities old age is usually not only not poorer, but is even richer

Cicero--106-43 B.C.

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Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu
http://www.disc.wisc.edu/
http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/cssrindex.html
http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/pubs/caar/back_iss.html