Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #451--August 21, 2008

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. US CENSUS BUREAU: "2008 National Population Projections" (August 2008, Microsoft Excel and comma separated value [.csv] format). The data is linked to from a Census Bureau news release: "An Older and More Diverse Nation by Midcentury" (CB08-123, Aug. 14, 2008).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/012496.html

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2. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY: The University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research HRS announced the following documentation update (Aug. 20, 2008): "Online Concordance has been updated with a new record set derived from variable names used in the distribution files of HRS 2006 Exit data product. This replaces a record set that used unmodified Blaise variable names."

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/news/sho_news.php?hfyle=change&xtyp=4

Concordance:

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/concord/index.html

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II. Reports and articles:

3. US CENSUS BUREAU REPORT: "The Geographic Distribution and Characteristics of Older Workers in Oklahoma: 2004," by Cynthia Taeuber and Matthew R. Graham (LED-OW04-OK, August 2008, .pdf format, 12p.).

http://www.census.gov/prod/2008pubs/ledow04ok.pdf

2007/08 Older Worker Profiles:

http://lehd.did.census.gov/led/library/profiles_2007.html

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4. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "Comparison of Fourth-Quarter 2007 Average Sales Prices and Average Manufacturer Prices: Impact on Medicare Reimbursement for Second-Quarter 2008," (OEI-03-08-00340, August 2008, .pdf format, 12p.).

Summary:

Pursuant to section 1847A(d)(3) of the Social Security Act (the Act), OIG must notify the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (the Secretary) if the average sales price (ASP) for a particular drug exceeds the drug's average manufacturer price (AMP) by a threshold of 5 percent. If that threshold is met, section 1847A(d)(3) of the Act grants the Secretary authority to disregard the ASP for that drug and substitute the payment amount for the drug code with the lesser of the widely available market price for the drug (if any) or 103 percent of the AMP.

This review is the seventh such comparison conducted by OIG; however, it is OIG's first pricing comparison since CMS implemented a revised ASP payment methodology recently mandated by section 112(a) of the Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Extension Act of 2007, P.L. 110-173. Using CMS's revised ASP payment methodology, we identified 12 of 285 drug codes with ASPs that exceeded AMPs by at least 5 percent in the fourth quarter of 2007.

If reimbursement amounts for all 12 codes had been based on 103 percent of AMP, we estimate that Medicare expenditures would have been reduced by $20 million during the second quarter of 2008 alone.

http://www.oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-03-08-00340.pdf

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5. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT:

A. "Private Pensions: Fulfilling Fiduciary Obligations Can Present Challenges for 401(k) Plan Sponsors" (GAO-08-774, July 2008, .pdf format, 40p.).

http://www.gao.gov/docsearch/abstract.php?rptno=GAO-08-774

B. "PBGC Assets: Implementation of New Investment Policy Will Need Stronger Board Oversight," (GAO-08-667, July 2008, .pdf format, 57p.).

http://www.gao.gov/docsearch/abstract.php?rptno=GAO-08-667

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6. NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS REPORT: "U.S. Decennial Life Tables for 1999-2001: Methodology of the United States Life Tables," by Rong Wei, Lester R. Curtin, Elizabeth Arias, and Robert N. Anderson (National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 57, No. 4, August 2008, .pdf format, 10p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr57/nvsr57_04.pdf

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7. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NEWS RELEASE: "Alternative Vaccine Strategy Shows Promise in Prostate Cancer Patients" (Aug. 15, 2008).

http://www.nih.gov/news/health/aug2008/nci-15.htm

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8. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING NEWS RELEASE: "Elliot: Community Care and Nursing Homes -- Providing Choice" (Aug. 15, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/mr-yr08-je-je145.htm

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9. AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND WELFARE REPORT: "Aged care packages in the community 2006-07: a statistical overview" (Aged care statistics series no. 27, August 2008, .pdf format, 121p.).

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10599

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10. AUDIT COMMISSION [UK] REPORT: "Don't stop me now; Preparing for an ageing population," (July 2008, .pdf format, 74p.).

http://www.audit-commission.gov.uk/Products/NATIONAL-REPORT/D1391254-78F6-42b8-92A1-53004A972E34/DontStopMeNow17July08REP.pdf

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11. URBAN INSTITUTE BRIEF: "Storm Clouds Ahead for 401(k) Plans?" by Pamela Perun (Urban Institute Retirement Policy Program Brief 22, July 2008, .pdf format, 10p.).

http://www.urban.org/publications/411747.html

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12. AMERICAN ENTERPRISE INSTITUTE ARTICLE: "On Social Security's Birthday, Think of the Future," by Andrew G. Biggs (August 2008).

http://www.aei.org/publications/filter.all,pubID.28468/pub_detail.asp

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13. ROBERT WOOD JOHNSON FOUNDATION REPORT: "Highlights from the 2008 Long-Term Care Partnership Summit," (August 2008, .pdf format). Papers from the conference, which was held in July 2008, are now available.

http://www.chcs.org/publications3960/publications_show.htm?doc_id=701557

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14. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION REPORT: "The Medicare Part D Coverage Gap: Costs and Consequences in 2007," by Jack Hoadley, Elizabeth Hargrave, Juliette Cubanski and Tricia Neuman (August 2008, .pdf format, 30p.).

http://www.kff.org/medicare/7811.cfm

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15. AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: The following Prime Time Radio show (RealPlayer format, running time, between 23 and 30 minutes) has been added to the PTR site:

Former Comptroller General Sounds the Alarm on Debt: Aug. 19, 2008.

http://radioprimetime.org/

Note: this is a temporary address. When new PTR shows are released, these will be available at:

http://radioprimetime.org/radioprograms.htm

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16. DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH ARTICLE: "Blame the parents? The association between parental longevity and successful ageing," by Edlira Gjonca and Paola Zaninotto (Vol. 19, Article 38, August 2008, .pdf format, p. 1435-1450).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol19/38/default.htm

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17. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Self reported receipt of care consistent with 32 quality indicators: national population survey of adults aged 50 or more in England," by Nicholas Steel, Max Bachmann, Susan Maisey, Paul Shekelle, Elizabeth Breeze, Michael Marmot, and David Melzer (BMJ 2008;337:a957, Aug. 14, 2008).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/337/aug13_2/a957?papetoc

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18. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Acquired hematopoietic stem cell defects determine B-cell repertoire changes associated with aging," by Lisa M. Guerrettaz, Sara A. Johnson, and John C. Cambier (Vol. 105, No. 33, August 19, 2008, .pdf and HTML format, p. 11898-11902). Note: PNAS is providing open-access to this article.

http://www.pnas.org/content/105/33/11898.abstract

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19. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Within-Person Across-Neuropsychological Test Variability and Incident Dementia," by Roee Holtzer, Joe Verghese, Cuiling Wang, Charles B. Hall, and Richard B. Lipton (Vol. 300, No. 7, August 20, 2008, p. 823-830).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/300/7/823

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20. PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE (PLoS) ONE ARTICLES:

A. "Transcriptome-Wide Assessment of Human Brain and Lymphocyte Senescence," by Mun-Gwan Hong, Amanda J. Myers, Patrik K. E. Magnusson, and Jonathan A. Prince (PLoS ONE 3(8): e3024. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003024, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 13p.).

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0003024

B. "GABAA Receptor-Mediated Acceleration of Aging-Associated Memory Decline in APP/PS1 Mice and Its Pharmacological Treatment by Picrotoxin," by Yuji Yoshiike, Tetsuya Kimura, Shunji Yamashita, Hiroyuki Furudate, Tatsuya Mizoroki, Miyuki Murayama, and Akihiko Takashima (PLoS ONE 3(8): e3029. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003029, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 12p.).

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0003029

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III. Working Papers:

21. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH:

A. "How Much Do State Economic and Other Characteristics Affect Retirement Behavior?" by Alicia H. Munnell, Mauricio Soto, Robert K. Triest, and Natalia A. Zhivan (Working Paper No. 2008-12, August 2008, .pdf format, 33p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://crr.bc.edu/working_papers/how_much_do_state_economic_and_other_characteristics_affect_retirement_behavior_.html

B. "The Housing Bubble and Retirement Security," by Alicia H. Munnell and Mauricio Soto (Working Paper No. 2008-13, August 2008, .pdf format, 37p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://crr.bc.edu/working_papers/the_housing_bubble_and_retirement_security.html

C. "Will People Be Healthy Enough to Work Longer?" by Alicia H. Munnell, Mauricio Soto, and Alex Golub-Sass (Working Paper No. 2008-11, August 2008, .pdf format, 36p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://crr.bc.edu/working_papers/will_people_be_healthy_enough_to_work_longer_.html

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22. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "Adjusting Government Policies for Age Inflation," by John B. Shoven and Gopi Shah Goda (w14231, August 2008, .pdf format, 29p.).

Abstract:

Government policies that are based on age do not adjust to the fact that a given age is associated with a higher remaining life expectancy and lower mortality risk relative to earlier time periods due to improvements in mortality. We examine four possible methods for adjusting the eligibility ages for Social Security, Medicare, and Individual Retirement Accounts to determine what eligibility ages would be today and in 2050 if adjustments for mortality improvement were taken into account. We find that historical adjustment of eligibility ages for age inflation would have increased ages of eligibility by approximately 0.15 years annually. Failure to adjust for mortality improvement implies the percent of the population eligible to receive full Social Security benefits and Medicare will increase substantially relative to the share eligible under a policy of age adjustment.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/w14231

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23. COMMISSION ON GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT: "Population Aging and Economic Growth," by David E. Bloom, David Canning, and Guenther Fink (Working Paper No. 32, 2008, .pdf format, 33p.).

Abstract:

Between 2000 and 2050, the share of the population aged 60 and over is projected to increase in every country in the world; the same is true for the 80+ population in all but one country (Mali). Worldwide, the largest absolute increases are yet to come.

Although labor force participation rates are projected to decline from 2000 to 2040 in most countries, due mainly to changes in their age distributions, laborforce-to-population ratios will actually increase in most countries. This is because low fertility will cause lower youth dependency that is more than enough to offset the skewing of adults toward the older ages at which labor force participation is lower. The increase in labor-force-to-population ratios will be further magnified by increases in age-specific rates of female labor force participation associated with fertility declines. These factors suggest that economic growth will continue apace, notwithstanding the phenomenon of population aging.

For the OECD countries, the declines projected to occur in both labor force participation and labor-force-to-population ratios suggest modest declines in the pace of economic growth. But even these effects can be mitigated by behavioral responses to population aging-in the form of higher savings for retirement, greater labor force participation, and increased immigration from labor-surplus to labor-deficit countries. Countries that can facilitate such changes may be able to limit the adverse consequences of population aging. When seen through the lens of several mitigating considerations, there is reason to think that population aging in developed countries may have less effect than some have predicted. In addition, policy responses related to retirement incentives, pension funding methods, investments in health care of the elderly, and immigration can further ameliorate the effect of population aging on economic growth.

http://www.growthcommission.org/storage/cgdev/documents/gcwp032web.pdf

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

24. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Aug. 20, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Aug. 20, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Aug. 20, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Aug. 20, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Aug. 20, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Aug. 20, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Funding/Post-Doc Opportunities:

25. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH:

A. "Exceptional, Unconventional Research Enabling Knowledge Acceleration (EUREKA) (R01)" (RFA-GM-09-008, reissue of RFA-GM-08-002, Aug. 15, 2008, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-GM-09-008.html

B. "Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Pathophysiology and Treatment (R01)," (PA-08-246, a reissue of PA-07-265, Aug. 21, 2008, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-08-246.html

C. "Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Pathophysiology and Treatment (R21)," (PA-08-247, a reissue of PA-07-265, Aug. 21, 2008, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-08-247.html

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26. UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA SCHOOL OF GERONTOLOGY: "Postdoc Openings for 2008-2009, Multidisciplinary Research Training in Gerontology," (the deadline for applications is December 31, 2008).

http://www.usc.edu/dept/gero/training/

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VI. Conferences:

27. FAMILY SUPPORT CENTER OF NEW JERSEY: "2008 National Caregivers Conference," (October 29, 2008, Iselin, New Jersey).

http://www.nationalcaregiversconference.com/faf/home/default.asp?ievent=268152

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28. AARP INTERNATIONAL/THE AUSTRIAN FEDERAL MINISTRY OF SCIENCE AND RESEARCH: "Reinventing Retirement: Reshaping Health & Financial Security for the EU 27 and Eastern Europe," a conference to be held Oct. 23-24, 2008 (Durnstein, Austria).

http://www.euro.centre.org/aarpduernstein08/index.html

--
Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Data and Information Services Center
Rm. 3329 Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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