Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #443--June 26, 2008

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DATA SERVICE (ESDS) [UK]: ESDS has recently updated two data files that may be of interest to aging researchers (see the study description for access requirements):

- SN 5050 English Longitudinal Study of Ageing: Wave 0 (1998, 1999 and 2001) and Waves 1-3 (2002-2007)

http://www.esds.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5050

- SN 3976 Social Variations in Health in Early Old Age : Investigation of Precursors in a 60 Year Follow-up Study, 1997-2004

http://www.esds.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=3976

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II. Reports and articles:

2. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT:

A. "Medicare:Thousands of Medicare Providers Abuse the Federal Tax System," (GAO-08-618, June 2008, .pdf format, 39p.).

http://www.gao.gov/docsearch/abstract.php?rptno=GAO-08-618

B. "Medicare Advantage Organizations: Actual Expenses and Profits Compared to Projections for 2005," (GAO-08-827R, June 2008, .pdf format, 14p.).

http://www.gao.gov/docsearch/abstract.php?rptno=GAO-08-827R

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3. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION VARIOUS:

A. "International Update, June 2008" (June 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/intl_update/2008-06/index.html

B. "SSI Monthly Statistics: May 2008 (June 2008, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_monthly/2008-05/index.html

C. "Trends in Elective Deferrals of Earnings from 1990-2001 in Social Security Administrative Data," by David Pattison and Hilary Waldron (Research and Statistics Note No. 2008-03, June 2008, .pdf and HTML format, 21p.).

HTML:
http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/rsnotes/rsn2008-03.html

PDF:
http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/rsnotes/rsn2008-03.pdf

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4. CENSUS BUREAU REPORT: "The Geographic Distribution and Characteristics of Older Workers in Maryland: 2004," by Cynthia Taeuber and Matthew R. Graham (LED-OW04-MD, June 2008, .pdf format, 12p.).

http://www.census.gov/prod/2008pubs/ledow04md.pdf

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5. SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES DECISION: "Kentucky Retirement Systems et al. V. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission," (June 2008, .pdf format, 32p.).

http://www.supremecourtus.gov/opinions/07pdf/06-1037.pdf

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6. INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE SUMMARY TABLES: "Economic Stimulus Payments - State Summary Listing of States - Potential SSA & VA Recipients Remaining to File," (June 2008, .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-utl/esp_state_summary.pdf

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7. CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES TABLES:

A. "Details for End Stage Renal Disease," (Tables 11.1 & 11.2, June 2008, .pdf format).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/MedicareMedicaidStatSupp/LT/itemdetail.asp?filterType=none&filterByDID=0&sortByDID=2&sortOrder=descending&itemID=CMS1209949&intNumPerPage=10

Related figures:

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/MedicareMedicaidStatSupp/LT/itemdetail.asp?filterType=none&filterByDID=0&sortByDID=2&sortOrder=descending&itemID=CMS1210027&intNumPerPage=10

B. "Details for Medicare Managed Care," (Tables 12.2-12.11, June 2008, .pdf format).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/MedicareMedicaidStatSupp/LT/itemdetail.asp?filterType=none&filterByDID=0&sortByDID=2&sortOrder=descending&itemID=CMS1212431&intNumPerPage=10

C. "Details for Medicaid," (Tables 13.1-13.27, June 2008, .pdf format).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/MedicareMedicaidStatSupp/LT/itemdetail.asp?filterType=none&filterByDID=0&sortByDID=2&sortOrder=descending&itemID=CMS1212452&intNumPerPage=10

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8. NATIONAL CENTER OF HEALTH STATISTICS REPORT: "Early Release of Selected Estimates Based on Data From the 2007 National Health Interview Survey," (June 2008, .pdf format, 108p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhis/earlyrelease/earlyrelease200806.pdf

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9. NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING PRESS RELEASE: "Scientists Isolate a Toxic Key to Alzheimer's Disease in Human Brains," (June 23, 2008).

http://www.nia.nih.gov/NewsAndEvents/PressReleases/PR20080623beta-amyloid.htm

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10. CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL PRESS RELEASE: "Traumatic Brain Injuries Can Result From Senior Falls," (June 23, 2008).

http://www.cdc.gov/media/pressrel/2008/r080623.htm

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11. UK DEPARTMENT OF WORK AND PENSIONS REPORT:

A. "Life-course events and later-life employment," by Morten Blekesaune, Mark Bryan and Mark Taylor (Research Report No. 502, June 2008, .pdf format, 107p.).

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd5/report_abstracts/rr_abstracts/rra_502.asp

B. "Evaluation of the Pensions Education Fund," by Lorna Adams, Karen Bunt, Katie Carter and Arwenna Davies (Research Report No. 507, June 2008, .pdf format, 130p.).

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd5/report_abstracts/rr_abstracts/rra_507.asp

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12. CANADIAN INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH INFORMATION/INSTITUTE CANADIEN D'INFORMATION SUR LA SANTE REPORT: "Hormone Replacement Therapy: An Analysis Focusing on Drug Claims by Female Seniors, 2000 to 2007," (June 2008,. pdf format, 23p.).

http://secure.cihi.ca/cihiweb/dispPage.jsp?cw_page=PG_1372_E&cw_topic=1372&cw_rel=AR_2130_E

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13. STATISTICS NETHERLANDS WEB MAGAZINE ARTICLE: "Sharp rise in female centenarians," by Joop Garssen and Carel Harmsen (Jun. 19, 2008).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/dossiers/vrouwen-en-mannen/publicaties/artikelen/archief/2008/2008-2492-wm.htm

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14. UNITED NATIONS DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS REPORT: "Regional Dimensions of the Ageing Situation," by Sergei Zelenev (May 2008, .pdf format, 196p.).

http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/ageing/documents/publications/regional-dimensions-ageing.pdf

Table of contents:

http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/ageing/documents/publications/cp-regional-dimension.pdf

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15. CENTER FOR ECONOMIC AND POLICY RESEARCH REPORT: "The Housing Crash and the Retirement Prospects of Late Baby Boomers," by Dean Baker and David Rosnick (June 2008, .pdf format, 10p.).

http://www.cepr.net/index.php/publications/reports/the-housing-crash-and-the-retirement-prospects-of-late-baby-boomers/

More about CEPR:

http://www.cepr.net/index.php/about-us/

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16. BROOKINGS INSTITUTE ISSUE BRIEF: "Bridging the Social Security Divide: Lessons From Abroad," by R. Kent Weaver (Issue Brief No. 166, HTML format).

http://www.brookings.edu/papers/2008/06_social_security_weaver.aspx

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17. AARP REPORT:

A. "Reassessing the Age Discrimination in Employment Act," by David Neumark (June 2008, .pdf format, 53p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/work/agediscrim/2008_09_adea.html

B. "Condition Critical: A Survey of Washington Businesses about the Future of Employee Health Care Benefits," by Jennifer H. Sauer (June 2008, .pdf format, 25p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/work/benefits/wa_benefits_07.html

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18. NATURE REVIEWS NEUROSCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Animal models of Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal dementia," by Jgen Gz and Lars M. Ittner (Vol. 9, No. 7, July 2008, p. 532-544).

http://www.nature.com/nrn/journal/v9/n7/abs/nrn2420.html

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19. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "The fold {alpha}-synuclein fibrils," by Marl Vilar, Hui-Ting Chou, Thorsten Lrs, Samir K. Maji, Dominique Riek-Loher, Rene Verel, Gerard Manning, Henning Stahlberg, and Roland Riek (Vol. 105, No. 25, June 24, 2008, p. 8637-8642).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/105/25/8637

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20. NATURE NEUROSCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Absolute requirement of GDNF for adult catecholaminergic neuron survival," by Alberto Pascual, Mar Hidalgo-Figueroa, JosI Piruat, C. Oscar Pintado, Raquel Gez-Dz,& JosLez-Barneo (Vol. 11, No. 7, July 2008, p. 755-761).

http://www.nature.com/neuro/journal/v11/n7/abs/nn.2136.html

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21. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE ARTICLE ABSTRACT:

A. "Rivaroxaban versus Enoxaparin for Thromboprophylaxis after Hip Arthroplasty," by Bengt I. Eriksson, Lars C. Borris, Richard J. Friedman, Sylvia Haas, Menno V. Huisman, Ajay K. Kakkar, Tiemo J. Bandel, Horst Beckmann, Eva Muehlhofer, Frank Misselwitz, and William Geerts, for the RECORD1 Study Group (Vol. 358, No. 26, June 25, 2008, p. 2765-2775).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/358/26/2765

B. "Rivaroxaban versus Enoxaparin for Thromboprophylaxis after Total Knee Arthroplasty," by Michael R. Lassen, Walter Ageno, Lars C. Borris, Jay R. Lieberman, Nadia Rosencher, Tiemo J. Bandel, Frank Misselwitz, and Alexander G.G. Turpie, for the RECORD3 Investigators (Vol. 358, No. 26, June 25, 2008, p. 2776-2786).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/358/26/2776

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22. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL LETTER: "Carers of people with dementia: Service provision for carers and wellbeing," by Margaret A. Loudon (Vol. 336, No. 7658, June 21, 2008, p. 1392).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/336/7658/1392-b

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III. Working Papers:

23. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN CENTER FOR DEMOGRAPHY AND ECOLOGY: "Migration of Retirement-Age Blacks to Nonmetropolitan Areas in the 1990s," by Calvin L. Beale and Glenn V. Fuguitt (CDE Working Paper No. 2008-09, 2008, .pdf format, p.).

Abstract

Older Blacks migrated to nonmetropolitan (nonmetro) communities in the 1990s to a degree not true of the past. Some of the nonmetro counties that attracted them are well-known retirement areas also favored by other retirees, mostly Whites. Two-thirds of Black retirement counties, however, are areas in the Old South that are not attracting other retirees at a substantial rate, if at all. Although the data indicate significant rates of retirement-age Blacks migrating to 85 nonmetro counties, most migration by older Blacks is to metro destinations.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2008-09.pdf

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24. MICHIGAN CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH: "The Efficiency of Pension Plan Investment Menus: Investment Choices in Defined Contribution Pension Plans," by Nina Tang and Olivia S. Mitchell (WP 2008-176, June 2008, .pdf format, 33p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://www.mrrc.isr.umich.edu/publications/index_abstract.cfm?ptid=1&pid=574

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25. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH:

A. "How Changes in Social Security Affect Recent Retirement Trends," by Alan L. Gustman and Thomas Steinmeier (w14105, June 2008, .pdf format, 31p.).

Abstract:

According to CPS data, men 65 to 69 were about six percentage points less likely to be retired in 2004 than in 1992. CPS and Health and Retirement Study (HRS) data indicate a corresponding difference of 3 percentage points between 1998 and 2004. Simulations with a structural retirement model suggest changes in Social Security rules between 1992 and 2004 increased full time work of 65 to 67 year old married men by a little under 2 percentage points, about a 9 percent increase, and increased their labor force participation by between 1.4 and 2.2 percentage points, or 2 to 4 percent, depending on age. Social Security changes account for about one sixth of the increase in labor force participation between 1998 and 2004, for married men ages 65 to 67. These rule changes encourage deferring retirement from long term jobs, returning to full time work after retiring, and increasing partial retirement. Although married men in their fifties decrease their participation in the labor force over this period, this is not due to changes in Social Security, but may reflect other factors, including changes in disability.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w14105

B. "The Impact of Income on the Weight of Elderly Americans," by John Cawley, John R. Moran, and Kosali I. Simon (w14104, June 2008, .pdf format, 41p.).

Abstract:

This paper tests whether income affects the body weight and clinical weight classification of elderly Americans using a natural experiment that led otherwise identical retirees to receive significantly different Social Security payments based on their year of birth. We exploit this natural experiment by estimating models of instrumental variables using data from the National Health Interview Surveys. The model estimates rule out even moderate effects of income on weight and on the probability of being underweight or obese, especially for men.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w14104

C. "The Cost of Uncertain Life Span," by Ryan D. Edwards (w14093, June 2008, .pdf format, 38p.).

Abstract:

A considerable amount of uncertainty surrounds life expectancy, e0, the average length of life. The standard deviation in adult life spans, S10 , is about 15 years in the U.S., and theory and evidence suggest it is costly. In this paper, I calibrate a standard intertemporal model to show that one less year in standard deviation is worth about half a mean life year. Differences in S10 amplify measured differences in e0 between the U.S. and other industrialized countries, and accounting for historical gains against S10 raises the total value of mortality declines during the last century by about 25 percent.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w14093

D. "What Good Is Wealth Without Health? The Effect of Health on the Marginal Utility of Consumption," by Amy Finkelstein, Erzo F.P. Luttmer, and Matthew J. Notowidigdo (w14089, June 2008, .pdf format, 51p.).

Abstract:

We estimate how the marginal utility of consumption varies with health. To do so, we develop a simple model in which the impact of health on the marginal utility of consumption can be estimated from data on permanent income, health, and utility proxies. We estimate the model using the Health and Retirement Study's panel data on the elderly and near-elderly, and proxy for utility with measures of subjective well-being. We find robust evidence that the marginal utility of consumption declines as health deteriorates. Our central estimate is that a one-standard-deviation increase in the number of chronic diseases is associated with an 11 percent decline in the marginal utility of consumption relative to this marginal utility when the individual has no chronic diseases. The 95 percent confidence interval allows us to reject declines in marginal utility of less than 2 percent or more than 17 percent. Point estimates from a wide range of alternative specifications tend to lie within this confidence interval. We present some simple, illustrative calibration results that suggest that state dependence of the magnitude we estimate can have a substantial effect on important economic problems such as the optimal level of health insurance benefits and the optimal level of life-cycle savings.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w14089

E. "Financial Literacy: An Essential Tool for Informed Consumer Choice?" by Annamaria Lusardi (w14084, June 2008, .pdf format, 29p.).

Abstract:

Increasingly, individuals are in charge of their own financial security and are confronted with ever more complex financial instruments. However, there is evidence that many individuals are not well-equipped to make sound saving decisions. This paper demonstrates widespread financial illiteracy among the U.S. population, particularly among specific demographic groups. Those with low education, women, African-Americans, and Hispanics display particularly low levels of literacy. Financial literacy impacts financial decision-making. Failure to plan for retirement, lack of participation in the stock market, and poor borrowing behavior can all be linked to ignorance of basic financial concepts. While financial education programs can result in improved saving behavior and financial decision-making, much can be done to improve these programs' effectiveness.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w14084

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26. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DIMENSIONS OF AN AGING POPULATION (SEDAP) [MCMASTER UNIVERSITY, HAMILTON ONTARIO]: "The Politics of Social Policy Reform in the United States: The Clinton and the W. Bush Presidencies Reconsidered," by Daniel Band and Alex Waddan (Research Paper 232, June 2008, .pdf format, 37p.).

Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to examine what key reform attempts during the Bill Clinton and George W. Bush presidencies reveal about the wider possibilities for social policy change in the United States. Most particularly, why were Presidents Clinton and Bush able to achieve their goals in some policy realms but so badly defeated in others? As argued, institutional variation from one policy area to another helps answer this question. On the one hand, strong institutional obstacles in the fields of Social Security and health insurance largely explain the defeat of the most ambitious social policy proposal put forward by each president. On the other hand, successful reforms occurred in a comparatively favourable institutional context. Yet, the analysis also suggests that paying close attention to the strategic ideas of political actors as they interact with existing institutions and policy legacies is necessary to fully understand the politics of social policy reform.

http://socserv.socsci.mcmaster.ca/sedap/p/sedap232.pdf

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27. UK DEPARTMENT FOR WORK AND PENSIONS: "Access to information and services for older people - the joined-up approach," by Katrina Ritters and Howard Davis (Working Paper No. 53, June 2008, .pdf format, 57p.). Note: There is no abstract for this working paper.

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd5/WP53.pdf

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

28. Alzheimer's and Dementia (Vol. 4, No. 4, July 2008).

http://www.alzheimersanddementia.org/issues/contents?issue_key=S1552-5260(08)X0004-4

29. Health Economics, Policy and Law (Vol. 3, No. 3, July 2008).

http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayIssue?jid=HEP&volumeId=3&issueId=03

30. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity (Vol. 16, No. 3, July 2008).

http://www.humankinetics.com/JAPA/currentIssue.cfm

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31. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of June 25, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of June 25, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of June 25, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of June 25, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of June 25, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of June 25, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Books:

32. AMERICAN ENTERPRISE INSTITUTE: How to Fix Medicare: Let's Pay Patients, Not Physicians by Roger Feldman (forthcoming, ISBN: 978-0-8447-4265-6, 120p.).

http://www.aei.org/books/bookID.937,filter.all/book_detail.asp

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VI. Funding/Employment Opportunities:

33. NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NOTICE: "Request for Information (RFI): What Role Might the NIH (Neuroscience Blueprint) Play in Developing Neuroscience-Related Educational Materials for the K-12 Community?" (NOT-MH-08-012, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, June 18, 2008).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-MH-08-012.html

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34. AGEWORK.COM: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Jun. 26, 2008.

http://agework.geron.org/c/search_results.cfm?site_id=312

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VII. Legislation Information Updates:

35. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON SOCIAL SECURITY HEARING TESTIMONY: "Hearing on Protecting Social Security Beneficiaries from Predatory Lending and Other Harmful Financial Institution Practices," a hearing held June 24, 2008.

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/hearings.asp?formmode=detail&hearing=638

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36. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON SELECT REVENUE MEASURES HEARING TESTIMONY: "Hearing on Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) and their role in our retirement system," a hearing held June 26, 2008.

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/hearings.asp?formmode=detail&hearing=639

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Data and Information Services Center
Rm. 3329 Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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