Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #434--April 24, 2008

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. UNITED NATIONS WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION: The WHO Mortality Database has been updated with new data (Apr, 14, 2008).

http://www.who.int/whosis/mort/download/en/index.html

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II. Reports and articles:

2. US DEPARTMENT OF TREASURY ISSUE BRIEF: "Social Security Reform: Mechanisms for Achieving True Pre-Funding," (Issue Brief No.4. April 2008, .pdf format, 17p.).

http://www.treas.gov/press/releases/reports/ss_issuebrief_no.4.pdf

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3. US CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE BRIEF REPORT: "Growing Disparities in Life Expectancy" (April 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.cbo.gov/doc.cfm?index=9104

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4. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Employment and Training: Most One-Stop Career Centers Are Taking Multiple Actions to Link Employers and Older Workers" (GAO-08-548, April 2008, .pdf format, 36p.).

http://www.gao.gov/docsearch/abstract.php?rptno=GAO-08-548

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5. INSTITUT NATIONAL D'ETUDES DEMOGRAPHQUES (INED) PERIODICAL: Population and Societies (No. 444, April 2008, .pdf format, 4p.). The feature article of this issue is: "What family support will dependent elders have in 2030? European projections" by Joëlle Gaymu.

http://www.ined.fr/en/resources_documentation/publications/pop_soc/bdd/publication/1357/

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6. INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE STUDY OF INSURANCE ECONOMICS (GENEVA) NEWSLETTER: Geneva Association Information Newsletter (No. 18, April 2008, .pdf format, 22p.). Note: This issue focuses on Health and Aging.

http://www.euro.centre.org/data/1208852387_29021.pdf

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7. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE ISSUE BRIEF: "The Miracle of Funding by State and Local Pension Plans," by Alicia H. Munnell, Kelly Haverstick, Steven A. Sass, and Jean-Pierre Aubry (SLP No. 5, April 2008, .pdf format, 11p.).

http://crr.bc.edu/briefs/the_miracle_of_funding_by_state_and_local_pension_plans.html

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8. AARP VARIOUS:

A. "Opportunities for Creating Livable Communities," by Mia R. Oberlink (April 2008, .pdf format, 35p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/housing-mobility/indliving/2008_02_communities.html

B. "AARP Prime Time Radio: The following Prime Time Radio show (RealPlayer format, running time, between 23 and 30 minutes) has been added to the PTR site:

My Mother, Your Mother: Apr. 22, 2008.

http://radioprimetime.org/

Note: this is a temporary address. When new PTR shows are released, these will be available at:

http://radioprimetime.org/radioprograms.htm

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9. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Role of the familial Dutch mutation E22Q in the folding and aggregation of the 15--28 fragment of the Alzheimer amyloid-beta protein," by Andrij Baumketner, Mary Griffin Krone, and Joan-Emma Shea (Vol. 105, No. 16, Apr. 22, 2008, p. 6027-6032).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/105/16/6027

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10. SCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Efficient Inhibition of the Alzheimer's Disease {beta}-Secretase by Membrane Targeting," by Lawrence Rajendran, Anja Schneider, Georg Schlechtingen, Sebastian Weidlich, Jonas Ries, Tobias Braxmeier, Petra Schwille, Jörg B. Schulz, Cornelia Schroeder, Mikael Simons, Gary Jennings, Hans-Joachim Knölker, and Kai Simons (Vol. 320, No. 5875, April 24, 2008, p. 520-523).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/320/5875/520

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11. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL NEWS EXTRACT, ANALYSIS EXTRACT:

A. "Germany liberalises law on stem cell research," by Ned Stafford (News extract, Vol. 336, No. 7649, Apr. 19, 2008, p. 851).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/336/7649/851

B. "Development of palliative care and legalisation of euthanasia: antagonism or synergy?" by Jan L. Bernheim, Reginald Deschepper, Wim Distelmans, Arsene Mullie, Johan Bilsen, and Luc Deliens (Analysis extract, Vol. 336, No. 7649, Apr. 19, 2008, p. 864-867).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/336/7649/864

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12. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACTS:

A. "Cost-Related Medication Nonadherence and Spending on Basic Needs Following Implementation of Medicare Part D," by Jeanne M. Madden, Amy J. Graves, Fang Zhang, Alyce S. Adams, Becky A. Briesacher, Dennis Ross-Degnan, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Marsha Pierre-Jacques, Dana Gelb Safran, Gerald S. Adler, and Stephen B. Soumerai (Vol. 299, No. 16, April 23/30, 2008, p. 1922-1928).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/299/16/1922

B. "Medicare Beneficiaries' Knowledge of Part D Prescription Drug Program Benefits and Responses to Drug Costs," by John Hsu, Vicki Fung, Mary Price, Jie Huang, Richard Brand, Rita Hui, Bruce Fireman, and Joseph P. Newhouse (Vol. 299, No. 16, April 23/30, 2008, p. 1929-1936).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/299/16/1929

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III. Working Papers:

13. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN CENTER FOR DEMOGRAPHY AND ECOLOGY: "Financial Transfers to Husbands' and Wives' Elderly Mothers in Mexico: Do Couples Exhibit Preferential Treatment by Lineage?" by Claire Noel-Miller and Rania Tfaily (CDE Working Paper No. 2008-2, 2008, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

This study extends research on differences by lineage in elderly parents' receipt of assistance from adult children to the Mexican context by examining couples' preferential allocation of financial transfers to a husband's or a wife's elderly mother. The analysis differentiates between mothers' financial and physical needs and considers the effect of transfers by siblings of each marital partner to their respective mothers on the couple's choice of a recipient for their financial gift. We find evidence of competition for financial assistance between mothers, with only few couples providing assistance to both. In contrast to previous research in the U.S., we show that mid-life Mexican couples disproportionately favor husbands' mothers when faced with mothers' financial needs, but that couples exhibit greater financial responsiveness to wives' mothers' needs for personal assistance. Our analysis indicates strong effects of help from siblings on couples' transfers to a partner's own mother.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2008-04.pdf

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14. MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF SOCIETIES: "Demands for Redistributive Policies in an Era of Demographic Aging: The Rival Pressures from Age and Class in 15 OECD Countries," by Marius R. Busemeyer, Achim Goerres and Simon Weschle (Discussion Paper 08/3, March 2008, .pdf format, 29p.).

Abstract:

This paper is about the relative impact of retirement and social class on individual attitudes towards welfare state policies in advanced industrial democracies. Which factor is more important in explaining individuals' social policy preferences: socio-economic background or retirement? How can differences in patterns between countries be explained? These questions are explored using ordered logistic regression models on the 1996 ISSP Role of Government data set for fifteen countries. First, it is shown that retirement matters; there are consistent differences between policy areas that can be explained by life-cycle salience. Particularly in the case of preferences regarding education spending, being retired matters more than the socio-economic background. Second, some countries, such as the United States, show a higher salience of the age/retirement cleavage across all policy fields; age/retirement is a more important line of political conflict in these countries than in others. Third, country characteristics matter. Although the relative salience of retirement varies across policy areas, a large variance within each of the policy areas across countries is evident. Most interestingly, the more generous the state provisions are in a given policy area, the stronger the age/retirement cleavage is (with the exception of pension policies). Overall, the findings of this study are not in line with simple rational choice models. Instead, the explorative results call for more complex theoretical models, including institutional structures, in order to gain a better understanding of individuals' attitudes towards the welfare state in aging societies.

http://www.mpifg.de/pu/mpifg_dp/dp08-3.pdf

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15. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "The Impact of Population Aging on the Labor Market: The Case of Sri Lanka," by Milan Vodopivec and Nisha Arunatilake (Discussion Paper No. 3456, April 2008, .pdf format, 47p.).

Abstract:

Sri Lanka's population is predicted to age very fast during the next 50 years, bringing a slowdown of labor force growth and after 2030 its contraction. Based on an original, 2006 representative survey of old people in Sri Lanka conducted as a part of this study, the paper examines labor market consequences of this process, focusing on retirement pathways and the determinants of labor market withdrawal. The paper finds that a vast majority of Sri Lankan old workers are engaged in the informal sector, work long hours, and are paid less than younger workers. Moreover, as one of the first findings of its kind, the paper shows that labor market duality that characterizes most developing countries carries over to old age: (i) previous employment is the most important predictor of the retirement pathway; (ii) older workers fall into two categories: civil servants and formal private sector workers, who generally stop working before they reach 60 because they are forced to do so by mandatory retirement regulations, and casual workers and the self-employed, who are forced to work until very old age (or death) due to poverty and who stop working primarily because of poor health; and (iii) the option of part-time work is used primarily by workers who held regular jobs in their prime age employment, but not by casual workers and self-employed.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp3456.pdf

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16. INSTITUTE FOR RESEARCH AND INFORMATION IN HEALTH ECONOMICS [PARIS, FRANCE]: "Private supplemental health insurance: retirees' demand," by Carine Franc, Marc Perronnin, and Aurelie Pierre (Document du Travail No. 9, April 2008, .pdf format, 15p.).

Abstract:

In France, private health insurance, that supplements public health insurance, is essential for access to health care. About 90% of the population is covered by a private contract and around half of them obtain their coverage through their employer. Considering the financial benefits associated with group contracts compared to individual contracts, we assume that the switching behaviors vary among different beneficiaries during the transition to retirement. Indeed, despite a 1989 law, the gap in premiums increases at retirement between group and individual contracts affords the opportunity to study the marginal price effect on switching behaviors. In this study, we consider the nature of the contract prior to retirement (compulsory or voluntary membership group contract and individual contract) as an indirect measure of the price effect. We focus on its role and check for a large number of individual characteristics that may influence the new retirees' health insurance demand.

http://www.irdes.fr/EspaceAnglais/Publications/WorkingPapers/DT9PrivateSuppleHealthInsurance.pdf

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

17. Journals of Gerontology (A): Biological and Medical Sciences (Vols. 63, Nos. 4, Apr. 1, 2008). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

http://biomed.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol63/issue4/?etoc

18. Journal of Women and Aging (Vol. 20, No. 1/2, 2008).

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/docdel/5072.632800/2008/20/-1/2-

19. Population Research and Policy Review (Vol. 27, No. 3, June 2008). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and issue.

http://www.springerlink.com/content/p2714846750t/?p=b1f7863c5ce54bbcb02c22d36e17f921&pi=0

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20. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of April 23, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of April 23, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of April 23, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of April 23, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of April 23, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of April 23, 2008:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

21. NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH:

A. "Mouse Models Containing Human Alleles: Novel Tools to Study Brain Function (R21/R33)," (PAR-08-158, National Institutes of Health, in conjunction with other agencies, April 24, 2008).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-08-158.html

B. "Midcareer Investigator Award in Patient-Oriented Research (K24)," (PA-08-151, National Institutes of Health, in conjunction with other agencies, April 18, 2008).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-08-151.html

C. "Academic Career Award (K07)," (PA-08-152, National Institutes of Health, in conjunction with other agencies, April 18, 2008).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-08-152.html

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22. AGEWORK.COM: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Apr. 23, 2008.

http://agework.geron.org/c/search_results.cfm?site_id=312

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VI. Legislation Information Updates:

23. UK HOUSE OF COMMONS COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC ACCOUNTS REPORT: "The Pensions Regulator: Progress in establishing its new regulatory arrangements," (April 2008, .pdf format, 34p.).

http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200708/cmselect/cmpubacc/122/122.pdf

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VII. Websites of Interest:

24. NURSING HOME COMPARE UPDATE: "For the first time, information about nursing homes on the Compare Web site will list whether a home is or has been on CMS' special focus facility (SFF) list. The agency's SFF initiative gives heightened scrutiny to nursing homes that have a history of poor performance or repeated violations of state and federal health and safety rules. Nursing homes that have the SFF designation, including information about that designation, will now be noted on Nursing Home Compare, which can be accessed at:"

http://www.medicare.gov/NHCompare/Include/DataSection/Questions/SearchCriteria.asp

Related CMS Press Release:

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/apps/media/press/release.asp?Counter=3060

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Data and Information Services Center
Rm. 3329 Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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