Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #414--November 28, 2007

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY DATA NEWS: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research HRS announced on Nov. 28, 2007: "HRS 2006 Post-Exit (Final, Version 1.0)."

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/news/sho_news.php?hfyle=news241&xtyp=1

Data access:

https://ssl.isr.umich.edu/hrs/

Restricted data access:

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/rda/

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2. UK DATA ARCHIVE (ESSEX UNIVERSITY, COLCHESTER, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following dataset, which may be of interest to researchers in aging. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/

SN 5745 -Attitudes to Pensions Survey, 2006

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5745

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II. Reports and articles:

3. US CENSUS BUREAU REPORT: "The Geographic Distribution and Characteristics of Older Workers in Hawaii: 2004," by Cynthia Taeuber and Matthew R. Graham (LED-OW2007-HI, November 2007, .pdf format, 12p.).

http://www.census.gov/prod/2007pubs/ledow07hi.pdf

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4. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NEWS RELEASES:

A. "More Accurate Method of Estimating Breast Cancer Risk in African American Women Developed" (Nov. 27, 2007).

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/nov2007/nci-27.htm

B. "Depression Linked to Bone-Thinning in Premenopausal Women" (Nov. 26, 2007).

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/nov2007/nimh-26.htm

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5. US CENTER FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID PRESS RELEASE: "CMS Publishes National List Of Poor-Performing Nursing Homes, Key Tool For Families Seeking Quality Care" (Nov. 29, 2007).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/apps/media/press/release.asp?Counter=2672

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6. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Social Security Reform: Issues for Disability and Dependent Benefits" (GAO-08-26, October 2007, .pdf format, 65p.).

http://www.gao.gov/docsearch/abstract.php?rptno=GAO-08-26

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7. UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND COUNTRY TECHNICAL SERVICE TEAM BANGKOK
[THAILAND] REPORT: "Migration and Intergenerational Solidarity:
Evidence from Rural Thailand," by John Knodel, Jiraporn Kespichayawattana, Suvinee Wiwatwanich, and Chanpen Saengtienchai (Papers in Population Aging No. 2, November 2007, .pdf format, 108p.).

http://cst.bangkok.unfpa.org/396_3368.asp

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8. CANADIAN INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH INFORMATION/INSTITUT CANADIEN D'INFORMATION SUR LA SANTE REPORT: "HSMR (hospital standardized mortality ratio): A New Approach for Measuring Hospital Mortality Trends in Canada" (November 2007, .pdf format, 100p.). Note: the report comes up in a pop-up window. If your browser blocks pop-up windows, you will need to disable that function for this site.

http://secure.cihi.ca/cihiweb/dispPage.jsp?cw_page=AR_1789_E&cw_topic=1789

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9. STATISTICS CANADA/STATISTIQUE CANADA REPORT: "Residential Care Facilities, 2005/2006" (November 2007, .pdf format, 125p.).

http://www.statcan.ca/english/freepub/83-237-XIE/83-237-XIE2008001.htm

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10. STATISTICS NETHERLANDS WEB MAGAZINE ARTICLE: "Increase purchasing power at 65" (Nov. 20, 2007).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/inkomen-bestedingen/publicaties/artikelen/archief/2007/2007-90091-wk.htm

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11. POLAND CENTRAL STATISTICAL OFFICE REPORT: "Life Expectancy in Poland" (November 2007, Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.stat.gov.pl/gus/45_894_ENG_HTML.htm

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12. AARP, VARIOUS:

A. "Valuing the Invaluable: A New Look at State Estimates of the Economic Value of Family Caregiving (Data Update)," by Ari N. Houser and Mary Jo Gibson (issue brief: Data Digest--State Estimates Update, November 2007, .pdf format, 8p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/housing-mobility/caregiving/dd158_caregiving.html

B. "Flu and Pneumonia Survey," by Teresa A. Keenan (research report, November 2007, .pdf format, 19p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/health/prevention/flu_pneumonia.html

C. "Keeping the Faith: Spirituality and Religion among Hispanics Age 40+," by Xenia Montenegro (research report, November 2007, .pdf format, 141p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/reference/minorities/hispanic_spirituality.html

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13. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION REPORT: "Long-Term Service and Supports: The Future Role and Challenges for Medicaid," by Judith Kasper, Barbara Lyons, and Molly O'Malley (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, September 2007, .pdf format, 24p.).

http://www.kff.org/medicaid/7671.cfm

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14. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH ISSUE BRIEF: "Do Financial Literacy and Mistrust Affect 401(k) Participation?" by Julie R. Agnew, Stephen P. Utkus, and Jean A. Young (IB#7-17, November 2007, .pdf format, 5p.). Links to an introduction and full text are available at:

http://crr.bc.edu/preview/do_financial_literacy_and_mistrust_affect_401_k_participation_.html

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15. EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY AND RESEARCH POLICY BRIEF: "Transition from Work to Retirement in the Czech Republic and Slovakia," by Rastislav Bednarik and Jan Skorpík (November 2007, .pdf format, 20p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.euro.centre.org/detail.php?xml_id=1073

More information on ECSWPR:

http://www.euro.centre.org/Organisation_ec.php

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16. INTERNATIONAL LONGEVITY CENTRE UK POLICY BRIEF: "Successful Ageing and Social Interaction--A Policy Brief," by Emily Grundy Astrid Fletcher Sarah Smith Donna Lamping (November 2007, .pdf format, 8p.).

http://www.ilcuk.org.uk/record.jsp?type=publication&ID=23

Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.

More information about ILC-UK:

http://www.ilcuk.org.uk/record.jsp?type=requiredPage&ID=2

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17. FRASER INSTITUTE REPORT: "Cost Burden of Prescription Drug Spending in Canada and the United States," by Brett J. Skinner and Mark Rovere (Fraser Alert, November 2007, .pdf format, 5p.).

http://www.fraserinstitute.org/COMMERCE.WEB/publication_details.aspx?pubID=5073

Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.

More information on FI:

http://www.fraserinstitute.org/aboutus/whoweare/

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18. SCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Hold Your Horses: Impulsivity, Deep Brain Stimulation, and Medication in Parkinsonism," by Michael J. Frank, Johan Samanta, Ahmed A. Moustafa, and Scott J. Sherman (Vol. 318, No. 5854, Nov. 23, 2007, p. 1309 -1312).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/318/5854/1309

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19. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, VARIOUS:

A. "High-Trauma Fractures and Low Bone Mineral Density in Older Women and Men," by Dawn C. Mackey, Li-Yung Lui, Peggy M. Cawthon, Douglas C. Bauer, Michael C. Nevitt, Jane A. Cauley, Teresa A. Hillier, Cora E. Lewis, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, and Steven R. Cummings (article abstract, Vol. 298, No. 20, Nov. 28, 2007, p. 2381-2388).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/298/20/2381

B. "Factors Associated With 5-Year Risk of Hip Fracture in Postmenopausal Women," by John Robbins, Aaron K. Aragaki, Charles Kooperberg, Nelson Watts, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Rebecca D. Jackson, Meryl S. LeBoff, Cora E. Lewis, Zhao Chen, Marcia L. Stefanick, and Jane Cauley (article abstract, Vol. 298, No. 20, Nov. 28, 2007, p. 2389-2398).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/298/20/2389

C. "Dementia Screening in Primary Care: Is It Time?" by Carol Brayne, Chris Fox, and Malaz Boustani (commentary extract, Vol. 298, No. 20, Nov. 28, 2007, p. 2409-2411).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/extract/298/20/2409

D. "High-Trauma Fractures and Bone Mineral Density," by Sundeep Khosla (editorial extract, Vol. 298, No. 20, Nov. 28, 2007, p. 2418-2419).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/extract/298/20/2418

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20. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, VARIOUS:

A. "Rosuvastatin in Older Patients with Systolic Heart Failure," by John Kjekshus, Eduard Apetrei,Vivencio Barrios, Michael Bohm, John G.F. Cleland, Jan H. Cornel, Peter Dunselman,Cândida Fonseca, Assen Goudev, Peer Grande, Lars Gullestad, Ake Hjalmarson, Jaromir Hradec, Andras Janosi, Gabriel Kamensky, Michel Komajda, Jerzy Korewicki,Timo Kuusi, François Mach, Vyacheslav Mareev, John J.V. McMurray, Naresh Ranjith,Maria Schaufelberger, Johan Vanhaecke, Dirk J. van Veldhuisen, Finn Waagstein, Hans Wedel, and John Wikstrand (article abstract, Vol. 357, No. 22, Nov. 29, 2007, p. 2248-2261).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/357/22/2248

B. "Patent Foramen Ovale and Cryptogenic Stroke in Older Patients," by Michael Handke, Andreas Harloff, Manfred Olschewski, Andreas Hetzel, and Annette Geibel (article abstract, Vol. 357, No. 22, Nov. 29, 2007, p. 2262-2268).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/357/22/2262

C. "Late-Life Depression," by Jurgen Unutzer (Clinical Practice Extract, Vol. 357, No. 22, Nov. 29, 2007, p. 2269-2276).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/extract/357/22/2269

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21. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL NEWS EXTRACTS:

A. "Swiss hospitals admit to allowing assisted suicide on their wards," by Annette Tuffs (Vol. 335, No. 7629, Nov. 24, 2007, p. 1064-1065).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/short/335/7629/1064-b?etoc

B. "(UK) Government agrees that human rights laws should cover elderly in private care homes," by Susan Mayor (Vol. 335, No. 7629, Nov. 24, 2007, p. 1068-1069).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/short/335/7629/1068-a?etoc

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22. TIME ARTICLE: "The $102,000 Debate," by Karen Tumulty (Vol. 170, No. 23, Dec. 2, 2007).

http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1686812,00.html

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23. ECONOMIST ARTICLES: "Human embryonic stem cells: Me too, too" (Nov. 24, 2007).

http://www.economist.com/science/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10170972

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III. Working Papers:

24. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN POPULATION STUDIES CENTER: "Health, Economic Resources and the Work Decisions of Older Men," by John Bound, Todd R. Stinebrickner, and Timothy A. Waidmann (WP 07-630, November 2007, .pdf format, 67p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/abs.html?ID=4898

Click on the PDF icon for link to full text.

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25. RAND CORPORATION LABOR AND POPULATION PROGRAM: "Labor Market Status and Transitions during the Pre-Retirement Years: Learning from International Differences," by Arie Kapteyn, James P. Smith, Arthur van Soest, amd James Banks (WR-536, November 2007, .pdf format, 47p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR536/

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26. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH:

A. "Mortality, Mass-Layoffs, and Career Outcomes: An Analysis using Administrative Data," by Daniel Sullivan and Till von Wachter (w13626, November 2007, .pdf format, 73p.).

Abstract:

This paper uses administrative data on quarterly employment and earnings matched to death records to estimate the effects of job displacement on mortality. We find that job displacement leads to a 15-20% increase in death rates during the following 20 years. If such increases were sustained beyond this period, they would imply a loss in life expectancy of about 1.5 years for a worker displaced at age 40. These results are robust to extensive controls for sorting and selection, and are consistent with estimates of the effects of job loss on mortality pooling displaced workers and stayers that are not affected by selective job displacement. To examine the channels through which mass layoffs raise mortality, we exploit the panel nature of our data -- covering over 15 years of earnings -- to analyze the correlation of long-run career outcomes, such as the mean and standard deviation of earnings, with mortality at the individual and group level, something not possible with typical data sets. Our findings suggest that factors correlated with a decrease in mean earnings and a rise in standard deviation of earnings have the potential to explain an important fraction of the effect of a job displacement on mortality.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w13626

B. "Mind the Gap! Consumer Perceptions and Choices of Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Plans," by Florian Heiss, Daniel McFadden, and Joachim Winter (w13627, November 2007, .pdf format, 87p.).

Abstract:

Medicare Part D provides prescription drug coverage through Medicare approved plans offered by private insurance companies and HMOs. In this paper, we study the role of current prescription drug use and health risks, related expectations, and subjective factors in the demand for prescription drug insurance. To characterize rational behavior in the complex Part D environment, we develop an intertemporal optimization model of enrollment decisions. We generally find that seniors' choices respond to the incentives provided by their own health status and the market environment as predicted by the optimization model. The proportion of individuals who do not attain the optimal choice is small, but the margin for error is also small since enrollment is transparently optimal for most eligible seniors. Further, there is also evidence that seniors over-react to some salient features of the choice situation, do not take full account of the future benefit and cost consequences of their decisions, or the expected net benefits and risk properties of alternative plans.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w13627

C. "A Theory of Retirement," by David E. Bloom, David Canning, and Michael Moore (w13630, November 2007, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

We construct a life-cycle model in which retirement occurs at the end of life as a result of declining health. We show that improvements in life expectancy, coupled with a delay in the onset of disability, increases both the optimal consumption level and the proportion of life spent in leisure. The retirement age increases proportionally less than the increase in life expectancy.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w13630

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27. US SOCIAL SECURITY OFFICE OF POLICY: "Social Security as a Retirement Resource for Near-Retirees, by Race and Ethnicity, Nativity, Benefit Type, and Disability Status," by Benjamin Bridges and Sharmila Choudhury (WP 109, October 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 69p.).

HTML (an abstract is available at the site:

http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/workingpapers/wp109.html

.pdf (an abstract is in the paper):

http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/workingpapers/wp109.pdf

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28. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DIMENSIONS OF AN AGING POPULATION (SEDAP) [MCMASTER UNIVERSITY, HAMILTON ONTARIO]: "Assessing Alternative Financing Methods for the Canadian Health Care System in View of Population Aging," by Doug Andrews (WP 224, November 2007, .pdf format, 46p.).

Abstract:

The cost of the Canadian health care system is approximately 10% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Survey-evidence suggests that Canadians do not wish to have additional funds spent on health care but believe that the system should be able to deliver better quality care. Due to low fertility rates and increasing life expectancy, the Canadian population is aging. Over the next 25 years, the dependency ratio will increase, primarily due to the aging of the "baby boom generation"

This will place twofold cost pressures on governments responsible for maintaining the health care system:

* As a consequence of increased life expectancy, on average, Canadians will have a longer period of health care consumption. Although age-specific cost may not increase, with an aging population aggregate annual health care expenditures are expected to increase.

* The dependency ratio is a proxy for the ability of the population to support itself. The increasing dependency rate may result in a slowdown in GDP growth, given constant technology.

In Section I, this paper attempts to quantify these factors. A single measure combining cost and quality is developed to demonstrate the magnitude of the challenge.

In Section II, this paper examines a number of different approaches to health care financing including user fees and alternative compensation methods for physicians. The paper highlights documented information from Canada and international experience on the implementation issues involved. The paper evaluates the desirability of implementing these approaches in Canada.

http://socserv.socsci.mcmaster.ca/sedap/p/sedap224.pdf

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29. INSTITUTE FOR FISCAL STUDIES [LONDON, UK]: "Tax reform and retirement saving incentives: evidence from the introduction of stakeholder pensions in the UK," by Richard Disney, Carl Emmerson and Matthew Wakefield (WP 07/19, November 2007, .pdf format, 34p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.ifs.org.uk/publications.php?publication_id=4093

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30. NEW ZEALAND TREASURY/KAITOHUTOHU KAUPAPA RAWA: "Housing in the Household Portfolio and Implications for Retirement Saving: Some Initial Finding from SOFIE (Panel Survey), by Grant Scobie, Trinh Le and John Gibson (WP 07/04, March 2007, .pdf format, 24p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at the site.

http://www.treasury.govt.nz/publications/research-policy/wp/2007/07-04/

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

31. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 166, No. 12, Dec. 15, 2007).

http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/vol166/issue12/index.dtl?etoc

32. American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 97, No. 4, December 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.ajph.org/content/vol97/issue12/?etoc

33. Medical Care Research and Review (Vol. 64, No. 6, December 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://mcr.sagepub.com/content/vol64/issue6/?etoc

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34. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Nov. 28, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Nov. 28, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Nov. 28, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Nov. 28, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Nov. 28, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Nov. 28, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Books:

35. RUSSELL SAGE FOUNDATION:

A. Market Friendly or Family Friendly? The State and Gender Inequality in Old Age, by Madonna Harrington Meyer and Pamela Herd (August 2007, 248p., ISBN: 978-0-87154-598-5). For more information see:

http://www.russellsage.org/publications/books/070724.763398

B. Pension Puzzles: Social Security and the Great Debate, by Melissa Hardy and Lawrence Hazelrigg (July 2007, 320p., ISBN: 978-0-87154-333-2). For more information see:

http://www.russellsage.org/publications/books/070725.240109

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36. SPRINGER PUBLISHING: Evidence-Based Geriatric Nursing Protocols for Best Practice: Third Edition, edited by Elizabeth Capezuti, DeAnne Zwicker, Mathy Mezey, Terry Fulmer, Deanna Gray-Miceli, and Malvina Kluger (2007, 736p., ISBN: 0826111033). For more information see:

http://www.springerpub.com/prod.aspx?prod_id=11033

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VI. Funding Opportunities:

37. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH: "Promoting Careers In Aging and Health Disparities Research (K01)" (PAR-08-033, Nov. 27, 2007, National Institute on Aging). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-08-033.html

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VII. Conferences:

38. LANCET COMMENT: Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing content. "Dementia--call for papers," by Richard Turner and Helen Frankish (Vol. 370, No. 9601, Nov. 24, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1748). This article is available free of charge.

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140673607617334/fulltext

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VIII. Legislation Information Updates:

39. US JOINT ECONOMIC COMMITTEE HEARING PUBLICATION: "Are the Explosive Costs of Elder Care Hurting Family Finances and Business Competition?" (Senate Hearing 110-163, ASCII text and .pdf format, 46p.).

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/chearings/search.html

Search 110th Congress Senate Hearings for "110-163" (with the quotes).

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IX. Websites of Interest:

40. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES FOR HEALTH: NIH SeniorHealth Toolkit for Trainers (November 2007, .pdf format). This site is "a resource developed by the National Institute on Aging. Use these free, easy-to-use training materials to help older adults find reliable, up-to-date online health information on their own. The training features two websites from the National Institutes of Health -- NIHSeniorHealth.gov and MedlinePlus.gov. Trainers can use the toolkit with beginning and intermediate students of the Web." For more information see:

http://nihseniorhealth.gov/toolkit/toolkit.html

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41. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATIION STATEHEALTHFACTS.ORG UPDATE: Statehealthfacts.org has updated tables for November 2007.

http://www.statehealthfacts.org/whatsnew.jsp

--
Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu
http: //www.disc.wisc.edu/
http: //www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/cssrindex.html
http: //www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/pubs/caar/back_iss.html