Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #400--August 23, 2007

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research HRS has announced: "HRS 2006 Core (Early, Version 2.0)" (Aug. 19, 2007).

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/news/sho_news.php?hfyle=news236&xtyp=1

Data access:

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/data/index.html

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II. Reports and articles:

2. US CENSUS BUREAU REPORT: "Population Aging in Sub-Saharan Africa: Demographic Dimensions 2006," by Victoria A. Velkoff and Paul R. Kowal (International Population Reports P95/07-1, June 2007, .pdf format, 38p.).

http://www.census.gov/prod/2007pubs/p95-07-1.pdf

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3. US NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING MEETING SUMMARY: "Notice of a Report from the National Institute on Aging Meetings on New Interventions for Menopausal Symptoms" (NOT-AG-08-009, Aug. 14, 2007, .pdf format, 29p.).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-AG-08-009.html

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4. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH PRESS RELEASE: "New Vitamin D Evidence Report Reveals Gaps in Knowledge and Serves as Basis for Upcoming NIH Conference on Vitamin D and Bone Health," (Aug. 17, 2007).

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/aug2007/od-17.htm

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5. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, OFFICE OF POLICY REPORTS:

A. "Earnings and Employment Data for Workers Covered Under Social Security and Medicare, by State and County, 2004" (August 2007, HTML, .pdf, and Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/eedata_sc/2004/index.html

B. "International Update, July 2007," (July 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/intl_update/2007-07/index.html

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6. US NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS REPORT: "Deaths: Final Data for 2004," by Arialdi M. Minino, Melonie P. Heron, Sherry L. Murphy, and Kenneth D. Kochanek (National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 55, No. 19, August 2007, .pdf format, 119p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr55/nvsr55_19.pdf

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7. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES REPORT: "2008 Medicare Advantage ratebook and Prescription Drug rate information," (August 2007, .zip compressed Microsoft Excel format, with an announcement in .pdf format, 5p.).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/MedicareAdvtgSpecRateStats/RSD/itemdetail.asp?filterType=none&filterByDID=0&sortByDID=1&sortOrder=ascending&itemID=CMS1198057&inNumPerPage=10

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8. NORTH DAKOTA STATE DATA CENTER PRESENTATION: "Shifting Elderly Demographics and Its Implications for North Dakota," by Richard Rathge (August 2007, Microsoft PowerPoint format, 43 slides).

http://www.ndsu.nodak.edu/sdc/presentations/081407.pps

or

http://www.ndsu.nodak.edu/sdc/presentations/downloadppt/081407.ppt

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9. PENNSYLVANIA DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH REPORT: "Older Pennsylvanians - Pennsylvania's 65+ Community" (August 2007, .pdf format, 51p.).

http://www.dsf.health.state.pa.us/health/cwp/view.asp?a=175&Q=248426

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10. UNITED NATIONS POPULATION DIVISION REPORT: "World Population Ageing: 2007" (August 2007, .pdf format, 69p.).

http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/WPA2007/wpp2007.htm

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11. AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND WELFARE REPORT: "Older Australians in hospital," (AIHW bulletin no. 53, August 2007, .pdf format, 36p.).

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10418

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12. AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING NEWS RELEASES:

A. "Funding to help patients manage their medication" (ABB104/07, Aug. 20, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/mr-yr07-ta-abb104.htm

B. "Dementia initiative supported into the future" (PYN93/07, Aug. 22, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/mr-yr07-cp-pyn093.htm

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13. AUDIT SCOTLAND REPORT: "Managing long-term conditions" (August 2007, .pdf format and rich text format [.rtf] 36p.).

http://www.audit-scotland.gov.uk/publications/pubs2007.htm

Scroll to Aug. 16, 2007 item.

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14. DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH ARTICLE: "Differential mortality by lifetime earnings in Germany," by Hans-Martin von Gaudecker and Rembrandt D. Scholz (Vol. 17, Article 4, .pdf format, p. 83-108). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol17/4/

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15. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION ARTICLE, REPORT:

A. "Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit Progress Report: Findings from a 2006 National Survey of Seniors," by Patricia Neuman, Michelle Kitchman Strollo, Stuart Guterman, William H. Rogers, Angela Li, Angie Mae C. Rodday, and Dana Gelb Safran (Health Affairs, August 2007, .pdf format, 14p.). Note: This article is available free of charge.

http://www.kff.org/medicare/med082107pkg.cfm

B. "Learning From History: Deinstitutionalization of People with Mental Illness As Precursor to Long-Term Care Reform," by Chris Koyanagi (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, August 2007, .pdf format, 22p.).

http://www.kff.org/medicaid/7684.cfm

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16. URBAN INSTITUTE REPORTS:

A. "Options for Improving Medicare Payment for Skilled Nursing Facilities," by Korbin Liu, Bowen Garrett, Douglas A. Wissoker, Stephanie Maxwell, Andrew Kramer, Theresa Eilertsen, Anne Epstein, Yu-Chu Shen, Sung-Joon Min, Sharon K. Long, Robert Schlenker, Brant Fries, and Joan Buchanan (2007, .pdf format, 302p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=411526

B. "Stabilizing Future Fiscal Policy: It's Time to Pull the Trigger," by Rudolph G. Penner and C. Eugene Steuerle (August 2007, .pdf format, 32p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=411524

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17. POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU ARTICLE: "Disability and Aging," by D'Vera Cohn, Mark Mather, and Marlene Lee (August 2007).

http://www.prb.org/Articles/2007/DisabilityandAging.aspx

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18. ILCUSA REPORT: "ILC Policy Report" (International Longevity Center, USA, August 2007, .pdf format, 6p.). The ILC Policy Report is "a monthly compilation of longevity news and trends in the U.S. and abroad."

http://www.ilcusa.org/_lib/pdf/august%2007.pdf

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19. SCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Rapid Erasure of Long-Term Memory Associations in the Cortex by an Inhibitor of PKM{zeta}," by Reut Shema, Todd Charlton Sacktor, and Yadin Dudai (Vol. 317, No. 5840, Aug. 17, 2007, p.951-953).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/317/5840/951

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20. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION PERSPECTIVES ABSTRACT: "Palliative Care for Prison Inmates," by John F. Linder (Perspectives on Care at the Close of Life, Vol. 298, No. 8, Aug. 22/29, 2007, p. 894-901).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/298/8/894

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21. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE VARIOUS:

A. "A Study of Sexuality and Health among Older Adults in the United States," by Stacy Tessler Lindau, L. Philip Schumm, Edward O. Laumann, Wendy Levinson, Colm A. O'Muircheartaigh, and Linda J. Waite (Article abstract, Vol. 357, No. 8, Aug. 23, 2007, p. 762-774).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/357/8/762

Related US National Institutes of Health News Release: "Study Sheds New Light on Intimate Lives of Older Americans: Older Adults Are Active Despite Increased Sexual Problems with Age" (Aug. 22, 2007).

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/aug2007/nia-22.htm

B. "Sex and Aging," by John H.J. Bancroft (Editorial extract, Vol. 357, No. 8, Aug. 23, 2007, p. 820-822).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/extract/357/8/820

C. "Isolated Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly," by Aram V. Chobanian (Clinical Practice extract, Vol. 357, No. 8, Aug. 23, 2007, p. 789-796).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/extract/357/8/789

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22. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL NEWS EXTRACTS:

A. "High Court upholds NICE (National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence) decision to limit treatments for Alzheimer's disease," by Owen Dyer (Vol. 335, No. 7615, Aug. 18, 2007, p. 319).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/335/7615/319

B. "NICE (National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence) delays decision on drugs for macular degeneration," by Caroline White (Vol. 335, No. 7615, Aug. 18, 2007, p. 319).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/335/7615/319-a

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23. NEWSWEEK ARTICLE: "A Last Labor of Love: Nursing my dying husband at home was unimaginably difficult, but I treasured the moments of lucidity and conversation we shared," by Susan Pierce (Aug. 17, 2007).

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/20322357/site/newsweek/

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24. AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: The following Prime Time Radio show (RealPlayer format, running times, between 23 and 30 minutes) has been added to the PTR site:

Guided Care (Aug. 21, 2007).

Why Wills Won't Work (Aug. 21, 2007)

http://radioprimetime.org/

Note: this is a temporary address. When new PTR shows are released, these will be available at:

http://radioprimetime.org/radioprograms.htm

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III. Working Papers:

25. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "The Value of Life Near its End and Terminal Care," by Gary Becker, Kevin Murphy, and Tomas Philipson (w13333, August 2007, .pdf format, 21p).

Abstract:

Medical care at the end of life, which is often is estimated to contribute up to a quarter of US health care spending, often encounters skepticism from payers and policy makers who question its high cost and often minimal health benefits. It seems generally agreed upon that medical resources are being wasted on excessive care for end-of-life treatments that often only prolong minimally an already frail life. However, though many observers have claimed that such spending is often irrational and wasteful, little explicit and systematic analysis exists on the incentives that determine end of life health care spending. There exists no positive theory that attempts to explain the high degree of end-of life spending and why differences across individuals, populations, or time occur in such spending. This paper attempts to provide the first rational and systematic analysis of the incentives behind end of life care. The main argument we make is that existing estimates of the value of a life year do not apply to the valuation of life at the end of life. We stress the low opportunity cost of medical spending near ones death, the importance of keeping hope alive in a terminal care setting, the larger social value of a life than estimated in private demand settings, as well as the insignificance in quality of life in lowering its value. We derive how an ex-ante perspective in terms of insurance and R&D alters some of these conclusions.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W13333

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26. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]:

A. "Retirement and Consumption in a Life Cycle Model," by David M. Blau (Discussion Paper No. 2986, August 2007, .pdf format, 38p.).

Abstract:

Consumption expenditure declines sharply at the time of retirement for many households, but the majority maintain a smooth consumption path. A simple life cycle model with uncertainty about the time of retirement can account for this pattern. A richer version of the model is calibrated to data from the Health and Retirement Study. The median change in consumption expenditure at retirement generated by the model is zero, while the mean is negative, matching the HRS data. However, the magnitude of the drop in consumption among households that experience a decline is too small in the model compared to the data.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2986.pdf

B. "What Explains Trends in Labor Force Participation of Older Men in the United States?" by David M. Blau and Ryan Goodstein (Discussion Paper 2991, August 2007, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

After nearly a full century of decline, the Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) of older men in the United States leveled off in the 1980s, and began to increase in the late 1990s. We use a time series of cross sections from 1962 to 2005 to model the LFPR of men aged 55-69, with the aim of explaining these trends. We investigate the effects of changes in Social Security rules, lifetime earnings, pension coverage, wages, health, health insurance, and the educational composition of the labor force. Our results indicate that the decline in the LFPR from the 1960s through the 1980s cannot be explained by any of these factors. The recent increase in the LFPR of older men can be explained by changes in the composition of the older male population away from high school dropouts and toward college attendees and graduates. Changes in Social Security may have contributed to the recent increase as well, but the results for Social Security are sensitive to specification.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2991.pdf

C. "Labor Market Rigidities and the Employment Behavior of Older Workers," by David M. Blau and Tetyana Shvydko (Discussion Paper 2996, August 2007, .pdf format, 36p.).

Abstract:

The labor market is often asserted to be characterized by rigidities that make it difficult for older workers to carry out their desired trajectory from work to retirement. An important source of rigidity is restrictions on hours of work imposed by firms that use team production or face high fixed costs of employment. Such rigidities are difficult to measure directly. We develop a model of the labor market in which technological rigidity affects the age structure of a firm's work force in equilibrium. Firms using relatively flexible technology care only about total hours of labor input, but not hours of work per worker. Older workers with a desire for short or flexible hours of work are attracted to such firms. Firms using a more rigid technology involving team production impose a minimum hours constraint, and as a result tend to have a younger age structure. A testable hypothesis of the model is that the hazard of separation of older workers is lower in firms with an older age structure. We use matched worker-firm data to test this hypothesis, and find support for it. Specification tests and alternative proxies for labor market rigidity support our interpretation of the effect of firm age structure on the separation propensity. These results provide indirect but suggestive evidence of the importance of labor market rigidities.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2996.pdf

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27. INSTITUTE FOR SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RESEARCH (ISER) [UNIVERSITY OF ESSEX, COLCHESTER, UK]: "State Dependence, Duration Dependence and Unobserved Heterogeneity in the Employment Transitions of the over-50s," by Lorenzo Cappellari, Richard Dorsett, and Getinet Haile (Working Paper No. 2007-16, July 2007,.pdf format, 41p.).

Abstract:

This paper examines employment transitions among men and women in the UK aged between 50 and the state pension age. We begin by examining the issue of duration dependence, using standard duration models. We then use a fourth order Markov model to estimate quarterly transitions while allowing for potential endogeneity of initial conditions. The results reject exogeneity of initial conditions and show the importance of both duration dependence and state dependence. This implies there is the potential for any individual to become trapped in non-employment and, ideally, policy should intervene as soon as an individual begins a period of non-employment.

http://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/pubs/workpaps/pdf/2007-16.pdf

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

28. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias (Vol. 22, No. 4, August/September 2007).

http://aja.sagepub.com/content/vol22/issue4/

29. American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 97, No. 9, September 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

http://www.ajph.org/content/vol97/issue9/?etoc

30. International Journal of Aging and Human Development (Vol. 65, No. 2, 2007).

http://baywood.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=journal&issn=0091-4150

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31. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Aug. 22, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Aug. 22, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Aug. 22, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Aug. 22, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Aug. 22, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology Research: Literature for the week of Aug. 22, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Books:

32. NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL MONOGRAPH: Social Security Administration Electronic Service Provision: A Strategic Assessment, edited by Leon J. Osterweil, Lynette I. Millett, and Joan D. Winston (National Academies Press, 2007, OpenBook and .pdf format, 158p.). Ordering information for a print copy is available at the site. Note: NAP requires free registration before providing the .pdf copy.

http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11920

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VI. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

33. GERONTOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA AGEWORK.COM: Agework.com has added opportunities from Aug. 16-23, 2008 to its employment opportunities page.

http://agework.geron.org/c/search_results.cfm?site_id=312

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VII. Conferences:

34. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN-MADISON INSTITUTE ON AGING: "19th Annual Colloquium on Aging," to be held in Madison, Wisconsin, Oct. 18, 2007). For more information see:

http://www.aging.wisc.edu/

and click on title.

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35. AARP INTERNATIONAL: "US-Germany Dialogue on Long-Term Care," to be held October 29-31, 2007 in Washington, DC). For more information see:

http://www.aarp.org/research/international/calendar/oct29_07_germanydialogue.html

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36. UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA SYMPOSIUM/CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION COURSE: "The Art of Medicine At The End Of Life," to be held Nov. 2, 2007 in New York, New York. For more information see:

http://www.cme.hsc.usf.edu/artofmedicine/

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VIII. Websites of Interest:

37. AARP WEBISTE UPDATE: AARP'S Global Aging Program Has Recently Updated its "Portfolio on Long-term Care." AARP Portfolios are meta-pages linking to "resources on specific global aging issues."

http://www.aarp.org/research/international/portfolio/ltc.html

AARP Portfolios:

http://www.aarp.org/research/international/portfolio/

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IX. Bibliography Updates:

38. PANEL STUDY OF INCOME DYNAMICS BIBLIOGRAPHY UPDATE: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research PSID has recently added the following item to its bibliography. The entire bibliography can be searched or browsed in various ways at:

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/Publications/Bibliography/default.aspx

Haider, Steven J. and Stephens, Jr., Melvin. Is There a Retirement-Consumption Puzzle? Evidence Using Subjective Retirement Expectations. Review of Economics and Statistics. 2007; 89(2):247-264.

--
Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu
http: //www.disc.wisc.edu/
http: //www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/cssrindex.html
http: //www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/pubs/caar/back_iss.html