Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #398--August 9, 2007

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. Wisconsin Longitudinal Study Change Notice: "Change Notice #26 - 07/07 Updated WLS Data from WLS 1957 - 2004" (July 2007).

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/data/updates/change_notice/chnt_026.htm

Data Access:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/data/

Documentation by research interest:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/documentation/browse/

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II. Reports and articles:

2. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION OFFICE OF POLICY REPORT: "OASDI (Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance) Beneficiaries by State and County, 2006" (August 2007, HTML, .pdf, and Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/oasdi_sc/2006/index.html

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3. US NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE EDUCATION AND REFERRAL CENTER NEWSLETTER: Connections (Vol. 15, No. 1-2, August 2007).

http://www.nia.nih.gov/Alzheimers/ResearchInformation/Newsletter/CurrentIssue.htm

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4. US BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS PERIODICAL ARTICLE: "How do older Americans spend their time?" by Rachel Krantz-Kent and Jay Stewart (Monthly Labor Review, Vol. 130, No. 5, May 2007, .pdf format, p. 8-26).

http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2007/05/art2full.pdf

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5. MAINE STATE PLANNING OFFICE REPORT: "Maine's Aging Population - A Survey of Potential Economic Implications," by Crystal Callahan (July 2007, .pdf format, 27p.).

http://www.maine.gov/spo/economics/pubs/Maine's%20Aging%20Population%20-%20Final.pdf

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6. WISCONSIN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND FAMILY SERVICES POPULATION UPDATE: Wisconsin population estimates for counties, region, and the state, by sex and age group, have been updated through 2006.

http://dhfs.wisconsin.gov/population/index.htm

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7. EUROPEAN COMMISSION EUROSTAT REPORT: "The transition of women and men from work to retirement," by Fabrice Romans (Statistics in Focus, No. 97, August 2007, .pdf format, 7p.).

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page?_pageid=1073,46587259&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&p_product_code=KS-SF-07-097

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8. EUROPEAN COMMISSION OBSERVATORY ON HEALTH SYSTEMS AND POLICIES NEWSLETTER: Euro Observer (Vol. 9, No. 2, Summer 2007, .pdf format, 8p.). Note: The title of this issue is "Quality measurement and assurance of long-term care for older people," by Corinna Sorenson.

http://www.euro.who.int/document/OBS/EuroObserver_Summer_2007_final.pdf

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9. IRELAND CENTRAL STATISTICS OFFICE REPORT: "Ageing in Ireland, 2007" (August 2007, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 43p.).

http://www.cso.ie/releasespublications/ageinginireland2007.htm

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10. AARP PERIODICAL, DATA DIGEST:

A. AARP Bulletin (July-August 2007). Selected articles from the latest _Bulletin_ are available at the site.

http://www.aarp.org/bulletin/toc/tableofcontents.html

B. "Social Security: Basic Data," by Alison Shelton (Data Digest, June, 2007, .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/socialsecurity/general/dd159_ss.html

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11. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION FACT SHEET UPDATE, ISSUE BRIEF:

A. "Low-Income Assistance Under the Medicare Drug Benefit" (Fact Sheet Update, July 2007, .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.kff.org/medicare/7327.cfm

B. "The Role of State Pharmaceutical Assistance Programs in Serving Low-Income Medicare Beneficiaries Following the Implementation of Medicare Part D" (Issue Brief, July 2007, .pdf format, 15p.).

http://www.kff.org/medicare/7676.cfm

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12. BROOKINGS INSTITUTION REPORT: "Achieving Universal Coverage Through Medicare Part E(veryone)," by Gerard F. Anderson and Hugh R. Waters (July 2007, .pdf format, 34p.).

http://www.brookings.edu/views/papers/200707anderson_waters.htm

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13. COMMONWEALTH FUND CHARTBOOK: "The Commonwealth Fund/National Opinion Research Center Survey of Retiree Health Benefits, 2005: A Chartbook," by Heidi Whitmore, Jeremy Pickreign, and Jon R. Gabel (July 2007, .pdf and Microsoft PowerPoint format, 37p.).

http://www.commonwealthfund.org/publications/publications_show.htm?doc_id=510598

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14. NATIONAL CENTER FOR POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: "How Much Do Americans Depend on Social Security?" by Laurence J. Kotlikoff, Ben Marx, and Pietro Rizza (NCPA Policy Report No. 301, August 2007, .pdf format, 18p.). The report is linked to from a NCPS press release: "Social Security Important For Retirement Of Poor And Rich" (Aug. 7, 2007).

http://www.ncpa.org/sub/dpd/index.php?Article_ID=14862

Link to full text is at the bottom of the press release.

More information about NCPA:

http://www.ncpa.org/abo/

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15. NATIONAL ACADEMY FOR AN AGING SOCIETY NEWSLETTER: "Civic Engagement in an Older America E-Newsletter" (August 2007).

http://www.agingsociety.org/agingsociety/Civic%20Engagement/Aug_2007_e_newsletter.htm

More information about NAAS:

http://www.agingsociety.org/agingsociety/about/index.html

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16. SCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACTS:

A. "Augmented Wnt Signaling in a Mammalian Model of Accelerated Aging," by Hongjun Liu, Maria M. Fergusson, Rogerio M. Castilho, Jie Liu, Liu Cao, Jichun Chen, Daniela Malide, Ilsa I. Rovira, Daniel Schimel, Calvin J. Kuo, J. Silvio Gutkind, Paul M. Hwang, and Toren Finkel (Vol. 317, No. 5839, Aug. 10, 2007, p. 803- 806).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/317/5839/803

B. "Increased Wnt Signaling During Aging Alters Muscle Stem Cell Fate and Increases Fibrosis," by Andrew S. Brack, Michael J. Conboy, Sudeep Roy, Mark Lee, Calvin J. Kuo, Charles Keller, and Thomas A. Rando (Vol. 317, No. 5839, Aug. 10, 2007, p. 807- 810).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/317/5839/807

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17. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Cost-effectiveness of Bone Densitometry Followed by Treatment of Osteoporosis in Older Men," by John T. Schousboe, Brent C. Taylor, Howard A. Fink, Robert L. Kane, Steven R. Cummings, Eric S. Orwoll, L. Joseph Melton III, Douglas C. Bauer, and Kristine E. Ensrud (Vol. 298, No. 6, Aug. 8, 2007, p. 629-637).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/298/6/629

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18. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Complement C3 Variant and the Risk of Age-Related Macular Degeneration," by John R.W. Yates, Tiina Sepp, Baljinder K. Matharu, Jane C. Khan, Deborah A. Thurlby, Humma Shahid, David G. Clayton, Caroline Hayward, Joanne Morgan, Alan F. Wright, Ana Maria Armbrecht, Baljean Dhillon, Ian J. Deary, Elizabeth Redmond, Alan C. Bird, and Anthony T. Moore (Vol. 357, No. 6, Aug. 9, 2007, p. 553-561).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/357/6/553

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19. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL, VARIOUS:

A. "Donepezil helps patients with severe Alzheimer's disease," by Janice Hopkins Tanne (News extract, Vol. 335, No. 7613, Aug. 4, 2007, p. 226).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/335/7613/226-a

B. "Main morbidities recorded in the women's international study of long duration oestrogen after menopause (WISDOM): a randomised controlled trial of hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women," by Madge R. Vickers, Alastair H. MacLennan, Beverley Lawton, Deborah Ford, Jeannett Martin, Sarah K. Meredith, Bianca L. DeStavola, Sally Rose, Anthony Dowell, Helen C. Wilkes, Janet H. Darbyshire, and Tom W. Meade (Vol. 335, No. 7613, Aug. 4, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 239-250). This article is available free of charge.

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/335/7613/239

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20. US NEWS AND WORLD REPORT ARTICLE: "Sex Ed for Seniors: You Still Need Those Condoms: Sexually transmitted diseases stalk older singles, too," by Deborah Kotz (Aug. 5, 2007).

http://health.usnews.com/usnews/health/articles/070805/13senior.htm

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III. Working Papers:

21. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH:

A. "Age, Socioeconomic Status and Obesity Growth," by Charles L. Baum II and Christopher J. Ruhm (w13289, August 2007, .pdf format, 49p.).

Abstract:

The rapid growth in obesity represents a major public concern. Although body weight tends to increase with age, the evolution of obesity over the lifecycle is not well understood. We use longitudinal data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to examine how body weight changes with age for a cohort moving through early adulthood. We further investigate how the age-obesity gradient differs with socioeconomic status (SES) and begin to examine channels for these SES disparities. Our analysis uncovers three main findings. First, weight rises with age but is inversely related to SES at given ages. Second, the SES-obesity gradient widens over the lifecycle, a result consistent with research examining other health outcomes such as overall status or specific medical conditions. Third, a substantial portion of the SES "effect" is transmitted through race/ethnicity and the translation of advantaged family backgrounds during childhood into high levels of subsequent education. Conversely, little of the SES difference appears to be propagated through family income, marital status, number of children, or the set of health behaviors we control for. However, approximately half of the SES-weight correlation persists after the inclusion of controls, illustrating the need for further study of mechanisms for the gradient.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/w13289

B. "Returns to Local-Area Health Care Spending: Using Health Shocks to Patients Far From Home," by Joseph J. Doyle, Jr. (w13301, August 2007, .pdf format, 51p.).

Abstract:

Health care spending varies widely across markets, yet there is little evidence that higher spending translates into better health outcomes, possibly due to endogeneity bias. The main innovation in this paper compares outcomes of patients who are exposed to different health care systems that were not designed for them: patients who are far from home when a health emergency strikes. The universe of emergencies in Florida from 1996-2003 is considered, and visitors who become ill in high-spending areas have significantly lower mortality rates compared to similar visitors in lower-spending areas. The results are robust across different types of patients and within groups of destinations that appear to be close demand substitutes.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w13301

C. "Clinical Pathways to Disability," by Mary Beth Landrum, Kate A. Stewart, and David M. Cutler (w13304, August 2007, .pdf format, 51p.).

Abstract:

This paper examines the pathways by which individuals transition from healthy to disabled. Because of the high prevalence and costs associated with disability, understanding these pathways is critical to developing interventions to prevent or minimize disability. We compare two estimates of disabling conditions: those observed in medical claims and conditions indicated by the disabled individual. A small number of conditions explain about half of incident disability: arthritis, infectious disease, dementia, heart failure, diabetes, and stroke. These conditions show up in medical claims and self reports. A large number of elderly also attribute disability to old age and various symptoms. Because so many of the most disabling conditions do not have clear medical treatments, the outlook for major reductions in disability might be limited.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w13304

D. "Social Identity and Preferences," by Daniel J. Benjamin, James J. Choi and A. Joshua Strickland (w13309, August 2007, .pdf format, 52p.).

Abstract,

In two laboratory experiments, we examine whether norms associated with one's social identity affect time and risk preferences. When we make ethnic identity salient to Asian-American subjects, they make more patient choices. When we make race salient to black subjects, non-immigrant blacks (but not immigrant blacks) make more risk-averse choices. Making gender identity salient causes choices to conform to gender norms the subject believes are relatively more common. Our results provide evidence that identity effects play a role in shaping U.S. demographic patterns in economic behaviors and outcomes.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w13309

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22. MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH [ROSTOCK, GERMANY]:

"Senescence can play an essential role in modelling and estimation of vector based epidemiological indicators: demographical approach," by Vassili N. Novoseltsev, Anatoli I. Michalski, Janna A. Novoseltsev, Anatoli I. Yashin, James R. Carey, and Thomas W. Scott (WP-2007-027, August 2007, .pdf format, 16p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/cgi-bin/publications/paper.plx?debug=0&listtype=4&personalid=&pubid=2684&field1=&field2=&field3=&logic1=&logic2=

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23. INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND: "Global Aging Pressures: Impact of Fiscal Adjustment, Policy Cooperation, and Structural Reforms," by Dennis P. J. Botman and Manmohan S. Kumar (Working Paper No. 07/196, August 2007, .pdf format, 58p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/cat/longres.cfm?sk=21230.0

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24. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Pension Plan Characteristics and Framing Effects in Employee Savings Behavior," by David Card and Michael R. Ransom (Discussion Paper 2939, July 2007, .pdf format, 31p.).

Abstract:

In this paper we document the importance of framing effects in the retirement savings decisions of college professors. Pensions in many post-secondary institutions are funded by a combination of an employer contribution and a mandatory employee contribution. Employees can also make tax-deferred contributions to a supplemental savings account. A standard lifecycle savings model predicts a "dollar-for-dollar" tradeoff between supplemental savings and the combined regular pension contributions made on behalf of an employee. Contrary to this prediction, we estimate that each additional dollar of employee contributions leads to a 70 cent reduction in supplemental savings, whereas each dollar of employer contributions generates only a 30 cent reduction. The asymmetry--which is consistent with different "mental accounts" for employer and employee contributions--provides further evidence of the sensitivity of individual savings decisions to the precise details of their pension plan.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2939.pdf

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25. CENTER FOR ECONOMIC STUDIES/IFO INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH (CESIFO) [MUNICH, BAVARIA, GERMANY]: "Pension Reform and Labor Market Incentives," by Walter H. Fisher and Christian Keuschnigg (WP 2057, July 2007, .pdf format, 40p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/ifoHome/b-publ/b3publwp/_wp_abstract?p_file_id=14418

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

26. American Journal of Epidemiology ( Vol. 166, No. 5, Sep. 1, 2007).

http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/vol166/issue5/index.dtl?etoc

27. Dementia (Vol. 6, No. 2, May 2007).

http://dem.sagepub.com/content/vol6/issue2/

28. Journal of Aging and Health (Vol. 19, No. 4, August 2007). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library . Check your library for availability of this database and issue.

http://jah.sagepub.com/content/vol19/issue4/?etoc

29. Journal of Applied Gerontology (Vol. 26, No. 4, August 2007). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for availability of these databases and this issue.

http://jag.sagepub.com/content/vol26/issue4/?etoc

30. Journal of Social Work (Vol. 7, No. 2, August 2007).

http://jsw.sagepub.com/content/vol7/issue2/

31. Medical Care Research and Review (Vol. 64, No. 4, August 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://mcr.sagepub.com/content/vol64/issue4/?etoc

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32. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Aug. 8, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Aug. 8, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Aug. 8, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Aug. 8, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Aug. 8, 2007

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology Research: Literature for the week of Aug. 8, 2007

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Books:

33. NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL MONOGRAPH: Social Security Administration Electronic Service Provision: A Strategic Assessment, edited by Leon J. Osterweil, Lynette I. Millett, and Joan D. Winston (National Academies Press, 2007, OpenBook and .pdf format, 158p.). Note: NAP requires free registration before providing the .pdf version. Ordering information for a print copy is available at the site.

http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11920

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VI. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

34. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH: "Sharing Data and Tools: Federation using the the BIRN and caBIG Infrastructures (R01) (PAR-07-426, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, Aug. 3, 2007). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-07-426.html

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35. TIAA-CREF INSTITUTE: "TIAA-CREF Paul A. Samuelson Award." The TIAA-CREF Paul A. Samuelson Award recognizes outstanding scholarly writing on issues related to lifelong financial security. Named in honor of the Nobel Laureate and former CREF trustee, this award is given each year in recognition of an outstanding research publication containing ideas that the public and private sectors can use to maintain and improve Americans' financial well being. The author(s) of the winning publication will receive an award of $10,000. One runner-up publication will be selected and recognized with a Certificate of Excellence and a $1,000 prize." For more information see:

http://www.tiaa-crefinstitute.org/awards/samuelson/index.html

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36. GERONTOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: GSA has updated its employment pages with listings from Aug. 5 to Aug. 9, 2007.

http://agework.geron.org/c/search_results.cfm?site_id=312

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VII. Conferences:

37. US AGENCY FOR HEALTHCARE RESEARCH AND QUALITY: "MEPS+HCUP (Medical Expenditure Panel Survey+Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project) Data Users' Workshop Two-Day Computer Hands-On," to be held in Rockville, Maryland, September 19-20, 2007.) For more information see (.pdf format, 8p).

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/mepsweb/about_meps/workshop_details/meps_hcup_workshop_sept_2007.pdf

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38. CONFERENCEALERTS.COM: Conferencealerts.com has recently updated its gerontology conferences page.

http://www.conferencealerts.com/aging.htm

Newly added conference listings are available for Aug. 2007-Jul. 2009

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VIII. Websites of Interest:

39. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION STATEHEALTHFACTS.ORG UPDATE: "Kaiser's statehealthfacts.org has added and updated tables dated from May 24, 2007 to Aug. 9, 2007 that may be of interest researchers in aging. See particularly under "Medicaid" and "Medicare."

http://statehealthfacts.org/cgi-bin/healthfacts.cgi?action=whatsnew

--
Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu
http: //www.disc.wisc.edu/
http: //www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/cssrindex.html
http: //www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/pubs/caar/back_iss.html