Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #385--May 3, 2007

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research HRS has announced: "RAND HRS Data (Version G)," (May 02, 2007).

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/news/sho_news.php?hfyle=news232&xtyp=1

Data access is via RAND (free registration is required). See the link in the announcement for access.

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2. EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY AND RESEARCH [VIENNA, AUSTRIA]: "Indicators to Monitor Implementation". "Under the provisions of the Memorandum of Understanding between the UNECE and the Government of Austria, the European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research is setting up indicators of achievement, developing and collecting data on these indicators related to the commitments in the Regional Implementation Strategy (RIS) of the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing (MIPAA)." The first set of indicators is now available online at:

http://www.monitoringris.org/skel.php?id=211

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II. Reports and articles:

3. GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT:

A. "Employer-Sponsored Health and Retirement Benefits: Efforts to Control Employer Costs and the Implications for Workers," (GAO-07-355, March 2007, .pdf format, 49p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d07355.pdf

B. "Medicare: Focus on Physician Practice Patterns Can Lead to Greater Program Efficiency," (GAO-07-307, April 2007, .pdf format, 47p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d07307.pdf

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gaoreports/index.html

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4. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, OFFICE OF POLICY REPORTS:

A. "OASDI (Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance) Monthly Statistics, March 2007," (April 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/oasdi_monthly/2007-03/index.html

B. "SSI (Supplemental Security Income) Monthly Statistics, March 2007," (April 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_monthly/2007-03/index.html

C. "International Update, April 2007," (April 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 4p.).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/intl_update/2007-04/index.html

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5. CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE REPORT: "The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation and the Federal Budget," (April 2007, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://opencrs.cdt.org/document/RS22650

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6. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT:

A. "Medicare Payments for 2003 Part B Mental Health Services: Medical Necessity, Documentation, and Coding," (OEI-09-04-00220, April 2007, .pdf format, 28p.).

Summary:

This report determines the extent to which Medicare Part B mental health services met Medicare's coverage criteria and were coded correctly in 2003. OIG found that 47 percent of the mental health services allowed by Medicare in 2003 did not meet program requirements, resulting in approximately $718 million in improper payments. Miscoded and undocumented services accounted for 26 and 19 percent of all mental health services in 2003, respectively. Medically unnecessary services and services that violated the incident to rule each accounted for 4 percent of all mental health services in 2003.

To address these issues, OIG recommends that CMS revise, expand, and reissue its 2003 Program Memorandum on Part B mental health services with an increased emphasis on proper documentation and coding. In addition, the memorandum should emphasize the requirements for mental health services billed incident to.

http://www.oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-09-04-00220.pdf

B. "Intravenous Immune Globulin: Medicare Payment and Availability," (OEI-03-05-00404, April 2007, .pdf format, 24p.).

Summary:

This inspection found that during the third quarter of 2006, 56 percent of IVIG sales to hospitals and 59 percent of IVIG sales to physicians by the three largest distributors occurred at prices below the Medicare payment amounts. This represents a dramatic shift from the previous three quarters, when the percentage of IVIG sold at prices below the Medicare payment amounts was as low as 23 percent for hospitals and 4 percent for physicians. In addition, most physicians and distributors reported problems with IVIG availability in 2005 and 2006. These physicians and distributors stated that problems with availability are typically related to Medicare payment. In comments to the draft report, CMS stated that this report provides initial information on the availability and pricing of IVIG and sets the stage for further review of key issues (e.g., off-label use, payment lags, and distributor markups) that can bring greater understanding of how the marketplace operates for this unique product.

http://www.oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-03-05-00404.pdf

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7. NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PRESS RELEASE: "Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Type 2 Diabetes Similar at Molecular Level," (Press Release 07-048, April 30, 2007).

http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=108872&org=NSF&from=news

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8. STATE DATA CENTER OF IOWA REPORT: "Older Iowans: 2007," (April 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.iowadatacenter.org/Publications/older2007

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9. STATISTICS CANADA REPORT: "Demographic Changes in Canada from 1971 to 2001 Across an Urban-to-Rural Gradient," by Eric Caron Malenfant, Anne Milan, Mathieu Charron and Alain Belanger (April 2007, .pdf format, 29p.).

http://www.statcan.ca/english/research/91F0015MIE/91F0015MIE2007008.pdf

Related article:

http://www.statcan.ca/Daily/English/070426/d070426a.htm

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10. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING PRESS RELEASE: "Aged care complaints to get a better hearing," (May 1, 2007, .pdf and HTML format).

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/mr-yr07-cp-pyn039.htm

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11. STATISTICS NETHERLANDS PRESS RELEASE: "Company savings schemes less popular," (April 27, 2007).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/financiele-zakelijke-diensten/publicaties/persberichten/archief/2007/2007-032-pb.htm

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12. PUBLIC SERVICE ASSOCIATION OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA REPORT: "Survival Skills The Public Sector Retention and Attraction Challenge," by John Spoehr and Steven Barrett (April 2007, .pdf format, 83p.).

http://www.cpsu.asn.au/webnews/PSASubmission_StateBudget0708.pdf

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13. AARP REPORT, PRIME TIME RADIO:

A. "Protections in Medicaid Estate Recovery: Findings, Promising Practices, and Model Notices," by Erica F. Wood and Ellen M. Klem (May 2007, .pdf format, 75p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/assistance/medicaid/2007_07_medicaid.html

B. "Women and Long-Term Care," by Ari N. Houser (April 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 2p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/longtermcare/trends/fs77r_ltc.html

C. The following Prime Time Radio show (RealPlayer format, running times, between 23 and 30 minutes) has been added to the PTR site:

Out and Aging (May 1, 2007).

http://radioprimetime.org/

Note: this is a temporary address. When new PTR shows are released, these will be available at:

http://radioprimetime.org/radioprograms.htm

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14. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Targeted delivery of proteins across the blood-brain barrier," by Brian J. Spencer and Inder M. Verma (Vol. 104, No. 18, May 1, 2007, .pdf and HTML format, p. 7594-7599). Note: _PNAS_ is providing open access to this article.

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/104/18/7594

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15. SCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Reducing Endogenous Tau Ameliorates Amyloid {beta}-Induced Deficits in an Alzheimer's Disease Mouse Model," by Erik D. Roberson, Kimberly Scearce-Levie, Jorge J. Palop, Fengrong Yan, Irene H. Cheng, Tiffany Wu, Hilary Gerstein, Gui-Qiu Yu, and Lennart Mucke (Vol. 316, No. 5825, May 4, 2007, p. 750-754).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/316/5825/750

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16. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE ARTICLE ABSTRACT:

A. "Once-Yearly Zoledronic Acid for Treatment of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis," by Dennis M. Black, Pierre D. Delmas, Richard Eastell, Ian R. Reid, Steven Boonen, Jane A. Cauley, Felicia Cosman, Peter Lakatos, Ping Chung Leung, Zulema Man, Carlos Mautalen, Peter Mesenbrink, Huilin Hu, John Caminis, Karen Tong, Theresa Rosario-Jansen, Joel Krasnow, Trisha F. Hue, Deborah Sellmeyer, Erik Fink Eriksen, and Steven R. Cummings, for the HORIZON Pivotal Fracture Trial (Vol. 356, No. 18, May 3, 2007, p. 1809-1822).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/356/18/1809

B. "Use of Physicians' Services under Medicare's Resource-Based Payments," by Stephanie Maxwell, Stephen Zuckerman, and Robert A. Berenson (Vol. 356, No. 18, May 3, 2007, p. 1853-1861).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/356/18/1853

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17. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL EDITORIAL ABSTRACT: "Postmenopausal hormone therapy," by Deborah Grady and Elizabeth Barrett-Connor (Vol. 334, No. 7599, April 28, 2007, p. 860-861).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/334/7599/860

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18. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACT:

A. "Levosimendan vs Dobutamine for Patients With Acute Decompensated Heart Failure: The SURVIVE Randomized Trial," by Alexandre Mebazaa, Markku S. Nieminen, Milton Packer, Alain Cohen-Solal, Franz X. Kleber, Stuart J. Pocock, Roopal Thakkar, Robert J. Padley, Pentti Poder, and Matti Kivikko (Vol. 297, No. 17, May 2, 2007, p. 1883-1891).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/297/17/1883

B. "Decline in Rates of Death and Heart Failure in Acute Coronary Syndromes, 1999-2006," by Keith A. A. Fox, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Kim A. Eagle, Shaun G. Goodman, Frederick A. Anderson Jr., Christopher B. Granger, Marcus D. Flather, Andrzej Budaj, Ann Quill, and Joel M. Gore (Vol. 297, No. 17, May 2, 2007, p. 1892-1900).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/297/17/1892

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19. _MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT_ ARTICLE: "Projected State-Specific Increases in Self-Reported Doctor-Diagnosed Arthritis and Arthritis-Attributable Activity Limitations --- United States, 2005--2030," (Vol. 56, No. 17, May 4, 2007, .pdf and HTML format, p. 423-425).

HTML:
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5617a3.htm

PDF:
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5617.pdf

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III. Working Papers:

20. UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA POPULATION AGING RESEARCH CENTER (PARC): "Time Preference and Its Relationship with Age, Health, and Longevity Expectations," by Li-wei Chao, Helena Szrek, Nuno Sousa Pereira, and Mark V. Pauly (WPS 07-05, April 2007, .pdf format, 28p.).

Abstract:

Although theories in both evolutionary biology and economics predict that an individual's health should be associated with the individual's time preference, no prior study has been done to empirically support or refute such predictions. By collecting detailed measures of health, time preference, and expected longevity on a sample of individuals in townships around Durban, South Africa, this study breaks new ground by being the first to analyze in detail the relationship between time preference and health, in an area of the world with high mortality and morbidity. Interestingly, we find that both physical health and expectations of longevity have a U-shaped relationship with the person's subjective discount rate. This suggests that those in very poor health have high discount rates, but those in very good health also have high discount rates. Similarly those with longevity expectations on the extremes have high discount rates. The research question addressed by this pilot project is policy relevant, as the study tries to determine the importance of health in economic development, not from the commonly asserted productivity-gain argument, but from a much broader investment-for-the-future argument.

http://www.pop.upenn.edu/rc/parc/aging_center/2007/PARCwps07-05.pdf

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21. PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL (WHARTON SCHOOL, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA): Note: PRC requires free registration before providing working papers.

A. "Efficient Annuitization: Optimal Strategies for Hedging Mortality Risk," by Jason S. Scott, John G. Watson, and Wei-Yin Hu (WP2007-09, May 2007, .pdf format, 61p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found:

http://www.pensionresearchcouncil.org/publications/document.php?file=305

B. "Behavioral Obstacles to the Annuity Market," by Wei-Yin Hu and Jason S. Scott (WP2007-10, 2007, .pdf format, 33p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found:

http://www.pensionresearchcouncil.org/publications/document.php?file=306

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22. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "Changing Progressivity as a Means of Risk Protection in Investment-Based Social Security," by Andrew A. Samwick (w13059, April 2007, .pdf format, 45p.).

Abstract:

This paper analyzes changes in the progressivity of the Social Security benefit formula as a means of lessening the risk inherent in investment-based Social Security reform. Focusing on a single cohort of workers, it simulates the distribution of benefits subject to both earnings and financial risks in a reformed system in which solvency has been restored and traditional benefits have been augmented by personal retirement accounts (PRAs). The simulations show that some investment in equities is desirable in all cases. However, switching from the current benefit formula to the maximally progressive formula -- a flat benefit independent of earnings -- improves the welfare of the the bottom 30 percent of the earnings distribution even if they reduce their PRA investments in equity to zero. An additional 30 percent of earners can lessen their equity investments without loss of welfare under the maximally progressive formula. Intermediate approaches in which traditional benefit replacement rates for lower earnings are reduced by less than those for higher earnings allow about half of the equity risk to be eliminated for the lowest earnings decile. Sensitivity tests show that these patterns are robust to different assumptions about risk aversion, the equity premium, and the size of the personal retirement accounts established by the reform.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W13059

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23. URBAN INSTITUTE: "Meeting the Long-Term Care Needs of the Baby Boomers : How Changing Families Will Affect Paid Helpers and Institutions," by Richard W. Johnson, Desmond Toohey, and Joshua M. Wiener (Discussion Paper 07-04, May 2007, .pdf format, 51p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found:

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311451

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

24. Age and Ageing (Vol. 36, No. 3, May 2007).

http://ageing.oxfordjournals.org/content/vol36/issue3/index.dtl?etoc

25. Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association (Vol. 3, No. 2, April 2007).

http://www.alzheimersanddementia.org/current

26. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics (Vol. 45, No. 1, July-August 2007).

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01674943

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27. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Aging and Social Policy (Vol. 19, No. 2, 2007).

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28. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of April 30, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of April 30, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of April 30, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of April 30, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of April 30, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of April 30, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Funding Opportunities:

29. NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH: "Exploratory Cancer Prevention Studies Involving Molecular Targets for Bioactive Food Components (R21)," (PA-07-362, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, April 23, 2007).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-07-362.html

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VI. Conferences:

30. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY: "HRS Workshop - ISR/SRC Summer Institute, June 2007," (June 18th - 22nd) of the Survey Research Center's Summer Institute.

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/news/sho_news.php?hfyle=news231&xtyp=1

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31. US ADMINISTRATION ON AGING CONFERENCES. AOA's Events Calendar has recently added several events. See under date and place for the following new listings:

http://www.aoa.gov/press/events/events.asp

May 30 Carson City, Nevada

July 24-27 Washington, DC

August 1-3 Minneapolis Minnesota

August 13-16 Atlanta, Georgia

November 1-2 Iselin, New Jersey

November 16-20 San Francisco, California

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VII. Legislation Information Updates:

32. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE HEARING, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH HEARING TESTIMONY: "Hearing on Medicare Programs for Low-Income Beneficiaries," a hearing held May 03, 2007.

Hearing testimony (HTML format):

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/hearings.asp?formmode=detail&hearing=555

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32. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE HEARING, SUBCOMMITTEE ON SOCIAL SECURITY HEARING TESTIMONY: "Hearing on the Hiring of Administrative Law Judges at the Social Security Administration," a hearing held May 01, 2007.

Hearing testimony (HTML format):

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/hearings.asp?formmode=detail&hearing=553

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33. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON FINANCE HEARING TESTIMONY: "The Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit: Monitoring Early Experiences," a hearing to be held May 2, 2007.

Hearing Testimony (HTML format):

http://finance.senate.gov/sitepages/hearing050207.htm

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34. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: "The Nursing Home Reform Act Turns Twenty: What Has Been Accomplished, and What Challenges Remain," a hearing held May 2, 2007.

Hearing testimony (.pdf format):

http://aging.senate.gov/hearing_detail.cfm?id=273465&

 

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 3329 Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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