Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #381--April 5, 2007

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

You can now search for items in back issues of the CAAR report by going to our new search page: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/pubs/caar/searchcaar.html

The search engine is also available on the Back Issues page at:
http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/pubs/caar/back_iss.html

We hope that you will enjoy this new feature.

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I. Data:

1. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY DATA UPDATE: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research HRS has announced the following update:

A. "2005 HRS Consumption and Activities Mail Survey -- CAMS (Final Release, Version 1.0): Recode two variables for three cases to missing."

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/meta/alerts/sho_alerts.php?hfyle=cams2005001&xtyp=3

B. "2004 HRS Core (Final Release, Version 1.0): Primary identifiers (PN) are missing from the file H04PR_SB," (April 2, 2007).

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/meta/alerts/sho_alerts.php?hfyle=jpub007&xtyp=3

Data access:

https://ssl.isr.umich.edu/hrs/

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2. LUXEMBOURG INCOME STUDY DATA RELEASE: "The Second round of Wave V, Release 2 data is online," (March 30, 2007). Data files include: "Austria 2000, Finland 2000, Greece 2000, Ireland 2000, Norway 2000, Poland 1999, Russia 2000, Slovenia 1999, Spain 2000."

http://www.lisproject.org/whatsnew.htm

Data documentation:

http://www.lisproject.org/techdoc.htm

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II. Reports and articles:

3. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, OFFICE OF POLICY REPORTS:

A. "OASDI (Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance) Monthly Statistics, February 2007," (March 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/oasdi_monthly/2007-02/index.html

B. "SSI (Supplemental Security Income) Monthly Statistics, February 2007," (March 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_monthly/2007-02/index.html

C. "International Update, March 2007," (March 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 4p.).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/intl_update/2007-03/index.html

D. "Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Asia and the Pacific, 2006," (March 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 222p.).

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/ssptw/2006-2007/asia/index.html

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4. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "Medical Equipment Suppliers: Compliance With Medicare Enrollment Requirements (OEI-04-05-00380, March 2007, .pdf format, 17p.).

Summary:

Durable medical equipment, prosthetics, orthotics, and supply (DMEPOS) suppliers undergo site inspections from the National Supplier Clearinghouse (NSC) on a 3-year cycle at the time of enrollment and reenrollment into the Medicare program. For this study, we conducted site visits that were out-of-cycle with the NSC schedule of 169 DMEPOS suppliers. We determined if the suppliers physically existed at their listed addresses, and we attempted to gain access to the suppliers to determine if they were open to conduct business. Through our out-of-cycle site visits, we found that 10 of the 169 DMEPOS suppliers did not physically exist.

The 10 absent suppliers should have been located in 6 of the 27 counties where we conducted our site visits, and represented 13 percent (1 of 8) to 40 percent (2 of 5) of the total number of suppliers that we visited in each of those counties. Because these suppliers were not randomly selected, our results are not representative of the entire six counties where the absent suppliers should have been located. The 10 absent DMEPOS suppliers billed Medicare almost $393,000 in the 2 months after we had determined that they were absent. Of the nearly $393,000 in submitted claims, the suppliers received almost $197,000 in reimbursements as of December 31, 2005. We also found that 6 of the 169 DMEPOS suppliers physically existed, but were closed during their posted hours of operation at the time of our single site visits. These six suppliers collectively billed Medicare almost $102,000 in the 2 months after we discovered that they were closed, and received almost $52,000 in reimbursements as of December 31, 2005.

While this study did not uncover supplier noncompliance with Medicare requirements in all areas visited, our findings suggest that out-of-cycle site visits of targeted DMEPOS suppliers may be warranted in other areas of the country. By helping to ensure the legitimacy of DMEPOS suppliers, out-of-cycle site visits may help to prevent fraud, waste, and abuse in the Medicare program. CMS may want to consider the findings of our study as they determine how and to what extent out-of-cycle site visits of DMEPOS suppliers will occur. CMS concurred with the basic findings of this report. CMS agreed that out-of-cycle site visits can identify suppliers who are no longer in business or do not meet basic supplier standards.

http://oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-04-05-00380.pdf

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5. CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE REPORT: "Legal Issues in Terminations of Single Employer Pension Plans: Beck v. PACE International Union," by Jennifer Staman and Erika Lunder (RS22635, March 2007, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://opencrs.cdt.org/document/RS22635

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6. US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, ECONOMIC RESEARCH SERVICE ARTICLE: "Population Dynamics Are Changing the Profile of Rural Areas," by Carol A. Jones, William Kandel, and Timothy Parker (Amber Waves, April 2007, .pdf and HTML format, p. 30-35).

HTML:
http://www.ers.usda.gov/AmberWaves/April07/Features/Population.htm

PDF:
http://www.ers.usda.gov/AmberWaves/April07/PDF/Population.pdf

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7. CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES PRESS RELEASE: "Medicare Announces Competitive Acquisition Program for Certain Durable Medical Equipment, Prosthetics, Orthotics, and Supplies," (April 2, 2007). Note: A link to the final Federal Register rule can be found at the end of the release.

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/apps/media/press/release.asp?Counter=2097

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8. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH PRESS RELEASE: "Researchers Discover a Common Variation in a Gene Segment that Increases the Risk for Prostate Cancer," (April 1, 2007).

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/apr2007/nci-01b.htm

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9. AUSTRALIAN TREASURY REPORT: "Intergenerational Report, 2007," (April 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 122p.).

http://www.treasury.gov.au/contentitem.asp?NavId=035&ContentID=1239

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10. UK DEPARTMENT OF WORK AND PENSION/NATIONAL STATISTICS REPORT, BRIEF:

A. "The Pensioners' Incomes Series, 2005/6," edited by Sam Mold and Jo Semmence (April 2004, .pdf format, 99p.).

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd6/PI_series_0506.pdf

B. "Pension Credit Estimates of Take-Up in 2005-06," (March 29, 2007, .pdf format, 5p.).

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/income_analysis/PC_NSPR0506.pdf

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11. CANADIAN INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH INFORMATION REPORT: "Government home care spending reaches $3.4 billion in 2003-2004," (March 2007, .pdf format, 45p.).

http://secure.cihi.ca/cihiweb/dispPage.jsp?cw_page=PG_730_E&cw_topic=730&cw_rel=AR_1648_E

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12. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC MODELLING (NATSEM) [UNIVERSITY OF CANBERRA] REPORT: "Baby Boomers - doing it for themselves," by Simon Kelly and Ann Harding (AMP.NATSEM Income and Wealth Report 16, March 2007, .pdf format, 25p.).

http://www.amp.com.au/group/3column/0,2449,CH5273%255FNI74070%255FSI3,00.html

Use .pdf icon for full-text report.

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13. EUROSTAT PERIODICAL: "Long-term population projections at regional level," by Giampaolo Lanzieri (Statistics in Focus, 28/2007, March 2007, .pdf format, 11p.).

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_OFFPUB/KS-SF-07-028/EN/KS-SF-07-028-EN.PDF

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14. STATISTICS NETHERLANDS WEB MAGAZINE ARTICLE: "Increasing number of women and older people hold a driving licence," (March 29, 2007).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/verkeer-vervoer/publicaties/artikelen/archief/2007/2007-90014-wk.htm

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15. STATISTICS ICELAND NEWS RELEASE: "Mortality and life expectancy 2006," (40/2007, Mar. 28, 2007).

http://www.statice.is/?PageID=444&NewsID=2225

At the bottom of the news release, there is a link to relevant statistics.

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16. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE ISSUE BRIEF: "Medicaid and Long-Term Care: How Will Rising Costs Affect Services for an Aging Population?" by Howard Gleckman (IB No. 7-4, April 2007, .pdf format, 8p.).

http://www.bc.edu/centers/crr/ib_2007-4.shtml

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17. AARP REPORT: "Disease Management in Fee-for-Service Medicaid Programs," by Lynda Flowers (March 2007, .pdf format, 13p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/assistance/medicaid/ib81_medicaid.html

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18. CENTER ON BUDGET AND POLICY PRIORITIES REPORT: "Low-Income and Minority Beneficiaries Do Not Rely Disproportionately on Medicare Advantage Plans: Industry Campaign to Protect Billions in Overpayments Rests on Distortions," by Edwin Park and Robert Greenstein (April 2007, .pdf and HMTL format, 11p.).

http://www.cbpp.org/4-3-07health.htm

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19. CALIFORNIA BUDGET PROJECT REPORT: "More Californians are Working Later in Life," (April 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.cbp.org/pdfs/2007/0704_pp_olderworkers.pdf

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20. GENWORTH FINANCIAL REPORT: "Genworth Financial 2007 Cost of Care Survey," (March 2007, .pdf format, 31p.). Note: Includes an interactive map with data for each state.

http://longtermcare.genworth.com/overview/cost_of_care.jsp

Scroll to end of page for links to the full-text report.

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21. NATURE LETTER ABSTRACT: "Nuclear cytokine-activated IKK controls prostate cancer metastasis by repressing Maspin," by Jun-Li Luo, Wei Tan, Jill M. Ricono, Olexandr Korchynskyi, Ming Zhang, Steven L. Gonias, David A. Cheresh and Michael Karin (Vol. 446, No. 7136, April 5, 2007, p. 690-694).

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v446/n7136/abs/nature05656.html

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22. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ARTICLE ABSTRACT:

A. "Exercise reverses preamyloid oligomer and prolongs survival in {alpha}B-crystallin-based desmin-related cardiomyopathy," by Alina Maloyan, James Gulick, Charles G. Glabe, Rakez Kayed, and Jeffrey Robbins (Vol. 104, No. 14, April 3, 2007, p. 5995-6000).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/104/14/5995

B. "Timing of estrogen therapy after ovariectomy dictates the efficacy of its neuroprotective and antiinflammatory actions," by Shotaro Suzuki, Candice M. Brown, Christopher D. Dela Cruz, Enhua Yang, David A. Bridwell, and Phyllis M. Wise (Vol. 104, No. 14, April 3, 2007, p. 6013-6018).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/104/14/6013

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23. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease by Age and Years Since Menopause," by Jacques E. Rossouw, Ross L. Prentice, JoAnn E. Manson, LieLing Wu, David Barad, Vanessa M. Barnabei, Marcia Ko, Andrea Z. LaCroix, Karen L. Margolis, and Marcia L. Stefanick (Vol. 297, No. 13, April 4, 2007, p. 1465-1477).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/297/13/1465

Related NIA Press Release:

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/apr2007/nhlbi-03.htm

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24. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles. "Improving Vision to Prevent Falls in Frail Older People: A Randomized Trial," by Robert G. Cumming, Rebecca Ivers, Lindy Clemson, John Cullen, Maggie F. Hayes, Michael Tanzer, and Paul Mitchell (Journal of the American Geriatrics Society open access article, Vol. 55, No. 2, 2007, p. 175-181).

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/553364

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III. Working Papers:

25. RAND LABOR AND POPULATION PROGRAM:

A. "Time-Use in the Older Population : Variation by Socio-economic Status and Health," by Michael Hurd and Susann Rohwedder (WR-463, 2007, .pdf format, 33p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR463/

B. "How did the Elimination of the Earnings Test above the Normal Retirement Age affect Retirement Expectations?" by Pierre-Carl Michaud and Arthur van Soest (WR-478, 2007, .pdf format, 42p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR478/

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26. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "Is the US Population Behaving Healthier?" by David M. Cutler, Edward L. Glaeser, and Allison B. Rosen (w13013, April 2007, .pdf format, 22p.).

Abstract:

In the past few decades, some measures of population risk have improved, while others have deteriorated. Understanding the health of the population requires integrating these different trends. We compare the risk factor profile of the population in the early 1970s with that of the population in the early 2000s and consider the impact of a continuation of recent trends. Despite substantial increases in obesity in the past three decades, the overall population risk profile is healthier now than it was formerly. For the population aged 25-74, the 10 year probability of death fell from 9.8 percent in 1971-75 to 8.4 percent in 1999-2002. Among the population aged 55-74, the 10 year risk of death fell from 25.7 percent to 21.7 percent. The largest contributors to these changes were the reduction in smoking and better control of blood pressure. Increased obesity increased risk, but not by as large a quantitative amount. In the future, however, increased obesity may play a larger role than continued reductions in smoking. We estimate that a continuation of trends over the past three decades to the next three decades might offset about a third of the behavioral improvements witnessed in recent years.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W13013

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27. URBAN INSTITUTE:

A. "How Economic Security Changes During Retirement," by Barbara Butrica (Discussion Paper No. 07-02, March 2007, .pdf format, 34p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found:

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311434

B. "Effects on Wages, Benefits, and Other Job Attributes," by Richard W. Johnson and Janette Kawachi (Discussion Paper No. 07-03, March 2007, .pdf format, 32p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found:

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311435

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28. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Recruitment and Job Applications of Older Jobseekers from the Establishments' Perspective," by Lutz Bellmann and Martin Brussig (Discussion Paper No. 2721, April 2007, .pdf format, 22p.).

Abstract:

In the demographic change, a prolongation of individual employment and thus of beginning a new employment in later stages of the work life is of growing importance. On the base of microeconomic data (establishment panel of the IAB), this paper analyses firms' characteristics correlating with their recruitment behaviour towards the elderly (age 50 and more). Special consideration is given to the labour supply, which is here observed as the existence of an application from job seekers of age 50 and more, and which is a condition for recruiting of older employees. The results show that about 75% of the firms did not have an application of older job seekers. Of the remaining firms, which reported to have applications from older job seekers, about half of the firms recruited older job seekers, and the other half did not so. However, there are remarkable differences between firms which received applications from older job seekers and firms which are willing to recruit older job candidates. Possible explanations point to the search behaviour of job seekers as well as to the signalling of firms on the labour market towards the elderly.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2721.pdf

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29. VIENNA INSTITUTE OF DEMOGRAPHY: "On the Age Dynamics of Learned Societies: Taking the Example of the Austrian Academy of Sciences," by Gustav Feichtinger, Maria Winkler-Dworak, Inga Freund, and Alexia Prskawetz (VID Working Paper 02/2007, April 2007, .pdf format, 29p.).

Abstract:

In a hierarchical organisation of stable size the annual intake is strictly determined by the number of deaths and a statutory retirement age (if there is one). In this paper we reconstruct the population of the Austrian Academy of Sciences from 1847 to 2005. For the Austrian Academy of Sciences we observe a shift of its age distribution towards older ages, which is due to rising life expectancy, i.e. a rising age at death, on the one hand as well as an increased age at entry on the other hand. Therefore the number of new entrants has been fluctuating considerably-especially reflecting some statutory changes-and the length of tenure before reaching the statutory retirement age has declined during the second half of the last century. Based on alternative scenarios of the age distribution of incoming members - including a young, an old, the 'current' and a mixed-age model - we then project the population of the Austrian Academy and its ageing forward in time. Our results indicate that the 'optimum policy' would be to elect either young or old aged new members.

http://www.oeaw.ac.at/vid/download/WP2007_02.pdf

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

30. Journal of Aging Studies (Vol. 21, No. 2, April 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issues.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/08904065

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31. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of April 4, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of April 4, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of April 4, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of April 4, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of April 4, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of April 4, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Books:

32. NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS: Cancer in Elderly People: Workshop Proceedings (2007, ISBN-10: 0-309-10476-9, ISBN-13: 978-0-309-10476-0, OpenBook format, 106p.).

http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11869

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VI. Funding Opportunities:

33. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH:

A. "Innovations in Biomedical Computational Science and Technology (R01)," (PAR-07-344, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, March 29, 2007).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-07-344.html

B. "Notice of Extension for Request for Information (RFI): Tools and Resources for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research in the Nervous System (Neuroscience Blueprint)," (NOT-DC-07-002, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, March 30, 2007)

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-DC-07-002.html

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34. POPULATION COUNCIL: "Fred H. Bixby Fellowship Program, 2007-08 : Population Aging," deadline for application is May 15, 2007. "The Population Reference Bureau invites applications for its Fred H. Bixby Fellowship Program for the year 2007-08. This year, the Bixby Fellowship program will support a mid-career individual with innovative ideas and the capacity to help shape policy and public debate on the broad range of issues related to global population aging. Individuals who address the pressing issues of global population aging through innovative research, policy analysis, or program design and implementation are invited to apply. The fellowship is for individuals with a graduate degree (preferably a Ph.D.) and at least five years' professional experience. This fellowship is for U.S. citizens or permanent residents.

The Fellow will spend approximately 60 percent of his/her time working on a research project of individual interest, ideally one that is relevant to current aging-related policy issues. The remaining time will be spent giving lectures or seminars, writing articles for PRB's website, and collaborating with PRB staff in the development of new PRB (or joint) aging-related projects and proposals. Fellowships are for full-time work and are awarded for six months or longer. PRB will pay a stipend to cover partial living costs for the Washington DC area, but neither benefits nor paid leave are included. The fellow should continue to receive benefits and a partial salary from his/her full time employer.

Interested individuals should submit an electronic copy of a letter of intent (describing the applicant's background and benefits of being at PRB), a CV, and a one-page project description via email to William Butz at wbutz@prb.org. Please include "Bixby Aging Fellowship" in the subject line of your email.

The fellowship start date is flexible and could begin as early as July, 2007."

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35. ENTERPRISE COMMUNITY PARTNERS: "MetLife Foundation Awards for Excellence in Affordable Housing," deadline for application is May 4, 2007.

http://www.enterprisecommunity.org/programs/awards/metlife_foundation_awards/default.asp

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VII. Legislation Information Updates:

36. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: "Preserving 'SeniorCare': Affordable Drug Coverage That Works for Wisconsin," a hearing held March 28, 2007.

Hearing testimony (.pdf and RealPlayer format):

http://aging.senate.gov/hearing_detail.cfm?id=271448&

Thanks,

Charlie

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 3329 Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400
Email: fiss@ssc.wisc.edu

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