Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #372--February 1, 2007

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY DATA UPDATES: Note: HRS requires free registration before providing public use data. The Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan HRS announced the following updates on Jan. 31, and Feb. 1, 2007).

A. "Cross-Wave Master ID File (Final, Version 1.0)" (Feb. 1, 2007).

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/news/sho_news.php?hfyle=news227&xtyp=1

B. "HRS Respondent Pension Data Tracker Files (Final, Version 1.0)" (Jan. 31, 2007).

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/news/sho_news.php?hfyle=news225&xtyp=1

C. "HRS Tracker 2004 (Final, Version 1.0)" (Jan. 31, 2007).

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/news/sho_news.php?hfyle=news226&xtyp=1

Data availability:

http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/data/index.html

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2. HUMAN MORTALITY DATABASE UPDATE: Note: HMR requires free registration before providing data. Denmark data have been updated through 2005.

http://www.mortality.org/
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3. WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION REGIONAL OFFICE FOR EUROPE: WHO-ROE has announced the January 2007 update to its European health for all database (HFA-DB) and its Mortality by 67 causes of death, age and sex (HFA-MDB). Data is available via an online extractor or a downloadable offline version.

http://www.euro.who.int/hfadb

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4. US MEDICAL EXPENDITURE PANEL SURVEY UPDATE: "MEPS HC-089: 2004 Full Year Consolidated Data File." For more information see:

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/mepsweb/data_stats/download_data/pufs/h89/h89_udnote.shtml

Data Access:

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/mepsweb/data_stats/download_data_files.jsp

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II. Reports and articles:

5. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICE, OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PLANNING AND EVALUATION REPORT: "Continuation of Drug Risk Adjustment," (December 2006, .pdf format, 77p.).

http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/reports/06/drugcontinuation/index.htm
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6. US DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT: "A Synthesis of Findings from the Study of Affordable Housing plus Services for Low- and Modest-Income Older Adults," by Mary F. Harahan, Alisha Sanders, and Robyn Stone (August 2006, .pdf format, 19p.).

http://www.huduser.org/publications/affhsg/synthesis.html

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7. US NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE EDUCATION AND REFERRAL CENTER NEWSLETTER: Connections (Vol. 14, No. 3-4, 2006, HTML and .pdf format, 16p.).

http://www.nia.nih.gov/Alzheimers/ResearchInformation/Newsletter/

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8. US LIBRARY OF CONGRESS "TRACER BULLETS" ONLINE: "Alzheimer's Disease" (July 2006). This LC series "contains research guides that help you locate information on science and technology subjects. With brief introductions to the topics, lists of resources and strategies for finding more, they help you to stay 'on target.'

http://www.loc.gov/rr/scitech/tracer-bullets/alzheimertb.html

Note: Catalog numbers and availability in this report refers to LC. They may or may not be available in your library.

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9. NORTH DAKOTA STATE DATA CENTER REPORT: "The Economic Impact of the Senior Population on a State's Economy: The Case of North Dakota," by Richard Rathge (January 2007, .pdf format, 38p.).

http://www.ndsu.nodak.edu/sdc/publications/reports/2007EconImpactSeniorPop.pdf

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10. EUROPEAN COMMISSION REPORT: "Healthy Aging: A Challenge for Europe" (January 2007, .pdf format, 227p.).

http://ec.europa.eu/health/ph_projects/2003/action1/action1_2003_26_en.htm

Scroll to "Final report" for link to full text.

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11. AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND WELFARE REPORT: "Dementia in Australia: national data analysis and development" (January 2007, .pdf format, 315p.).

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10368

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12. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING NEWS RELEASE: "More transition care after hospital for older Tasmanians" (SS07/07, Jan. 30, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/ministers/publishing.nsf/Content/mr-yr07-ss-san007.htm

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13. AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE FOR FAMILY STUDIES REPORT: "The consequences of divorce for financial living standards in later life," by David de Vaus, Matthew Gray, Lixia Qu and David Stanton (Research Paper No. 38, February 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 27p.).

http://www.aifs.gov.au/institte/pubs/rp38/rp38.html

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14. L'INSTITUTE NATIONAL D'ETUDES DEMOGRAPHIQUES (INED) [PARIS, FRANCE] PERIODICAL ARTICLE: "End of life in Europe: an overview of medical practices," by Johan Bilsen, Joachim Cohen, and Luc Deliens (in Population and Societies, No. 430, January 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.ined.fr/en/resources_documentation/publications/pop_soc/bdd/publication/1223/

Click on "Printable version [PDF]" under "Download[s] on the right side of the page for link to full text.

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15. AARP REPORT: "Using AgeLine in the Classroom," by Donna Konradi (January 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/ageline/ageline_classroom.html

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16. URBAN INSTITUTE OLDER AMERICANS' ECONOMIC SECURITY BRIEFS:

A. "Racial Differences in Baby Boomers' Retirement Expectations," by Dan Murphy, Richard W. Johnson, and Gordon Mermin (January 2007, .pdf format, 2p.). This report links to three others: "How Long Do Boomers Plan To Work?," by Gordon Mermin, Richard W. Johnson, and Dan Murphy (January 2007, .pdf format, 2p.); "Minimum Benefits in Social Security: Design Details Matter," by Melissa Favreault, Gordon Mermin, and C. Eugene Steuerle (January 2007, .pdf format, 2p.); and "Mimimum Benefits in Social Security Could Reduce Aged Poverty," by Melissa Favreault, Gordon Mermin, C. Eugene Steuerle, and Dan Murphy (January 2007, .pdf format, 2p.). Together they are Older Americans' Economic Security Briefs 10-13.

http://www.urban.org/publications/311414.html

Links to the other briefs are at the bottom of the page

B. "Would Raising the Social Security Retirement Age Harm Low-Income Groups?" by Gordon Mermin and C. Eugene Steuerle (Research Retirement Policy Project Brief No. 19, January 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 5p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311413

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17. SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY MAXWELL SCHOOL, CENTER FOR POLICY RESEARCH POLICY BRIEF: "Is It Time to Redesign Hospice? End-of-Life Care at the User Interface," by David J. Casarett (Syracuse Seminar on Aging, Policy Brief 35/2007 February 2007, .pdf format, 24p.).

http://www-cpr.maxwell.syr.edu/pbriefs/pb35.pdf

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18. ACCESS TO BENEFITS COALITION/NATIONAL COALITION ON AGING REPORT: "The Next Steps: Strategies to Improve the Medicare Part D Low Income Subsidy" (January 2007, .pdf format, 42p.). The report is linked to from a NCOA press release: "Access to Benefits Coalition and NCOA Say Collective Action Needed to Find and Enroll Remaining Beneficiaries in Medicare Extra Help" (Jan. 31, 2007).

http://www.ncoa.org/content.cfm?sectionID=61&detail=1827

Click on title for link to full text.

More information on NCOA:

http://www.ncoa.org/content.cfm?sectionID=46

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19. METLIFE MATURE MARKET INSTITUTE REPORT: "Medications and the Older Adult" (2007, .pdf format, 16p.).

http://www.metlife.com/WPSAssets/17148011041168445895V1FMedications.pdf

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20. WISCONSIN POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE REPORT: "The Mounting Cost of Deferred Responsibility in Government: The Future Impact in Wisconsin," by George Lightbourn (Vol. 20, No. 2, January 2007, .pdf format, 19p.).

http://www.wpri.org/Reports/Volume%2020/Vol20no2.pdf

More information about WPRI:

http://www.wpri.org/pages/about.html

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21. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Stimulation of endogenous neurogenesis by anti-EFRH immunization in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease," by Maria Becker, Vered Lavie, and Beka Solomon (Vol. 104, No. 5, Jan. 30, 2007, p. 1691-1696).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/104/5/1691?etoc

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22. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL NEWS EXTRACT: "Former _BMJ_ artist demonstrates the effect of cataract," by Lynn Eaton (Vol. 334, No. 7586, Jan. 27, 2007, p. 177).

http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/334/7586/177-a

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23. LANCET SPECIAL ISSUE ON STROKE: Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing content. Vol. 369, No. 9558, Jan. 27, 2007 issue is devoted to the topic of stroke. Subscribers have access to full text, others to items ranging from article titles to abstracts and extracts.

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/issue?volume=369&issue=9558

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24. NEWSWEEK ARTICLE: "Don't Forget to Fix Social Security," by Allan Sloan (Feb. 5, 2007).

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/16840013/site/newsweek/

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III. Working Papers:

25. MICHIGAN RETIREMENT RESEARCH CENTER: "Enhancing the Quality of Data on the Measurement of Income and Wealth," by Thomas Juster, Honggao Cao, Mick Couper, Daniel H. Hill, Michael Hurd, Joseph P Lupton, Michael Perry and James P. Smith (WP 2007-151, January 2007, .pdf format, 115p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.mrrc.isr.umich.edu/publications/index_abstract.cfm?ptid=1&pid=471

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26. PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL, WHARTON SCHOOL, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA: Note: PRC requires free registration before providing working papers. "CEO Pensions: Disclosure, Rent Extraction, and Incentive Contracting," by Joseph Gerakos (WP 2007-5, .pdf format, 52p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.pensionresearchcouncil.org/publications/document.php?file=297

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27. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH:

A. "Integrated Insurance Design in the Presence of Multiple Medical Technologies," by Dana Goldman and Tomas Philipson (w12870, January 2007, .pdf format, 12p.).

Abstract:

The classic theory of moral hazard concerns the insurance of a single good and predicts that co-insurance is larger when the elasticity of demand is higher and when small risks are insured. We extend this analysis to the insurance of multiple goods; for example, the simultaneous insurance of medical services and prescription drugs. We show that when multiple goods are either complements or substitutes--so that a change in co-insurance for one service affects the demand of others--the classic moral hazard results do not hold. For example, the single good model would predict high co-payments for prescription drugs since drug demand is elastic and of modest financial risk. However, a model of multi-good insurance suggests such drug coverage may optimally involve zero or even negative co-insurance when it is a substitute to other services insured such as hospital care or physician services. We summarize some of the empirical evidence in support of markets adopting optimal integrated pricing structures rather than individually optimal pricing structures.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W12870

B. "Has Social Security Influenced Family Formation and Fertility in OECD Countries? An Economic and Econometric Analysis," by Isaac Ehrlich and Jinyoung Kim (w12869, January 2007, .pdf format, 30p.).

Abstract:

There is growing concern about a decline in the total fertility rate worldwide, but nowhere is the concern greater than in OECD countries, some of which already face the prospect of population decline as well. While the trend is largely the result of structural economic and social changes, our paper indicates that it is partly influenced by the scale of the defined-benefits, pay-as-you-go (PAYG) social security systems operating in most countries. Through a dynamic, overlapping-generations model where the generations are linked by parental altruism, we show analytically that social security tax and benefit rates generate incentives for individuals to reduce not just the fertility rate within families, but also the incentive to form families, which we capture empirically by the fraction of adults married. We conduct calibrated simulations as well as regression analyses that measure the quantitative importance of social security tax rates in lowering both net marriage and total fertility rates. Our results show that the impact of social security on these variables has been non-trivial. Our calibrated simulations also enable us to study the effects of changes in the structure of social security on family formation and fertility.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W12869

C. "The Excess Burden of Government Indecision," by Francisco J. Gomes, Laurence J. Kotlikoff, and Luis M. Viceira (w12859, January 2007, .pdf format, 44p.).

Abstract:

Governments are known for procrastinating when it comes to resolving painful policy problems. Whatever the political motives for waiting to decide, procrastination distorts economic decisions relative to what would arise with early policy resolution. In so doing, it engenders excess burden. This paper posits, calibrates, and simulates a life cycle model with earnings, lifespan, investment return, and future policy uncertainty. It then measures the excess burden from delayed resolution of policy uncertainty. The first uncertain policy we consider concerns the level of future Social Security benefits. Specifically, we examine how an agent would respond to learning in advance whether she will experience a major Social Security benefit cut starting at age 65. We show that having to wait to learn materially affects consumption, saving, and portfolio decisions. It also reduces welfare. Indeed, we show that the excess burden of government indecision can, in this instance, range as high as 0.6 percent of the agent's economic resources. This is a significant distortion in of itself. It's also significant when compared to other distortions measured in the literature. The second uncertain policy we consider concerns marginal tax rates. We obtain similar results once we adjust for the impact of tax rates on income.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w12859

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28. US FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD: "A Primer on the Macroeconomic Implications of Population Aging," by Louise Sheiner, Daniel Sichel, and Lawrence Slifman (2007-1, January 2007, .pdf format, 40p.). Note: Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.federalreserve.gov/Pubs/feds/2007/200701/200701abs.html

Link to full text is at the bottom of the abstract.

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29. INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND: "Mortality and Lifetime Income: Evidence from U.S. Social Security Records," by James E. Duggan, Robert Gillingham, and John S. Greenlees (Working Paper No. 07/15, January 2007, .pdf format, 20p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/cat/longres.cfm?sk=20205.0

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30. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "The Vanishing Bequest Tax: The Comparative Evolution of Bequest Taxation in Historical Perspective," by Graziella Bertocchi (Discussion Paper No. 2578, January 2007, .pdf format, 29p.).

Abstract:

Several countries have recently abolished or significantly reduced their taxes on bequests. Bequest taxes, on the other hand, were among the first to be introduced when modern systems of taxation were developed at the end of the nineteenth century. We propose an explanation for these facts which is based on a dynamic political economy model where redistribution is determined not only by wealth inequality but also by sectoral reallocation from agriculture to manufacturing. The model shows that the dynamics of capital accumulation induce a reduction of wealth inequality, which is further accelerated by the redistributive impact of the bequest tax. Through a standard politico-economic mechanism, wealth equalization pushes toward a reduced role of the bequest tax. At the same time, however, a second mechanism is at work, with structural reallocation from agriculture to manufacturing shifting the tax base from hard-to-avoid taxes on land toward easy-to-avoid taxes on capital. The differential treatment of land and capital introduces a source of asymmetry in the tax system which interferes with the determination of the dynamic political equilibrium of the model. Its effect is to compress bequest taxation but also to delay its gradual reduction due to declining wealth inequality. A number of extensions to the basic model allow to match our theory with the long-term evolution of bequest taxation in modern democracies and with the drastic discrepancies currently observed between tax systems in developed and underdeveloped countries.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2578.pdf

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

31. Age and Ageing (Vol. 36, No. 1, January 2007).

http://ageing.oxfordjournals.org/content/vol36/issue1/index.dtl?etoc

32. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (Vol. 15, No. 2, February 2007).

http://ajgponline.org/content/vol15/issue2/?etoc

33. European Journal of Palliative Care (Vol. 14, No. 1, 2007).

http://www.ejpc.eu.com/ejpc/ejpcIssue.asp?Z=866024&IssueID=76

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34. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Jan. 31, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Jan. 31, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Jan. 31, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Jan. 31, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Jan. 31, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology Research: Literature for the week of Jan. 31, 2007:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Books:

35. US INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE MONOGRAPH: Rewarding Provider Performance: Aligning Incentives in Medicare (Pathways to Quality Health Care Series) (National Academies Press, Committee on Redesigning Health Insurance Performance Measures, Payment, and Performance Improvement Programs, 2006, OpenBook format, 248p.). Pricing information on print or .pdf format copy is available at the site.

http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11723.html

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36. ORGANISATION OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CO-OPERATION MONOGRAPH: Pensions Panorama: Retirement-Income Systems in 53 Countries, by Edward Whitehouse (2007, 204p., ISBN 9789264032118). The monograph is available in .pdf and print format, for a fee. For more information see:

http://www.oecdbookshop.org/oecd/display.asp?lang=EN&sf1=identifiers&st1=9264032118

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VI. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

37. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH: "Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Centers (OAICs) and Coordinating Center (P30)" (RFA-AG-07-008, Jan. 29, 2007, National Institute on Aging). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-AG-07-008.html

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38. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY: "The Social Security Administration's Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics (ORES) anticipates the availability of two research positions for up to a 1-year period under the Intergovernmental Personnel Act (IPA). ORES is interested in research concerning retirement behavior; wealth accumulation, including pension accounts and savings behavior; and macroeconomic issues related to Social Security. A focus on either international or U.S. issues is welcome. Final project details are open to negotiation. With appropriate clearances, a researcher in ORES typically has access to SSA administrative records, including earnings and benefit records. ORES maintains extracts of these records that can be matched to Census Bureau surveys, such as the Current Population Survey and the Survey of Income and Program Participation, as well as research files for SSA tabulations, such as the Continuous Work History Sample. The positions would be located at the Washington, D.C., ORES site and would begin at a mutually agreeable date. To be eligible for the IPA program, a researcher must be employed for at least 90 days in a career position at a state or local government agency, nonprofit organization, or university. SSA would negotiate an agreement with the individual's employer for salary and fringe benefits. Housing expenses may also be available. To find out more about the IPA program, please see

http://www.opm.gov/programs/ipa

Interested researchers are encouraged to send a cover letter describing research interests,a resume, and a recent research paper to:

Ms. Monique Fisher
Office of Policy Jobs Coordinator
Social Security Administration
500 E Street S.W., Eighth Floor
Washington D.C. 20254
by (1) e-mail (preferred): OP.Jobs@ssa.gov
(2) fax: 202-358-6079,
or
(3) mail.

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39. US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY: Request for Applications: Smart Growth Implementation Assistance. "Opportunities for Technical Assistance for Communities Interested in Building Healthy Communities for Active Aging" (applications due Mar. 8, 2007). For more information see:

http://www.epa.gov/aging/grants/grant-list/2007_0308_grant_1.htm

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VII. Conferences:

40. ALZHEIMER'S FOUNDATION OF AMERICA: "Alzheimer's Foundation of America's 3rd Concepts in Care Conference," to be held in Cincinnati, Ohio on May 5, 2007. "An educational conference about Alzheimer's disease for family caregivers and healthcare professionals. Offering top experts, feature presentations, hands-on care demonstrations, exhibit hall and free respite care for individuals with dementia." For more information see:

http://www.alzfdn.org/events.shtml

or contact:

Carol Steinberg
(866) 232-8484
afapr@aol.com

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41. US NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING: "Director's Regional Meeting on Aging Research," to be held Mar. 8, 2007 in Lexington, Kentucky (NIA/National Center on Complementary & Alternative Medicine). For more information see:

http://www.nia.nih.gov/NewsAndEvents/UKregionalmeeting.htm

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VIII. Websites of Interest:

42. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION STATEHEALTHFACTS.ORG UPDATE: KFF has recently added several new items to its collection. Of possible interest to researchers in aging is: "Enrollees Subject to Medicare Part B Income-Related Monthly Adjustment Amounts (IRMAA), 2007." (January 2007).

http://statehealthfacts.org/cgi-bin/healthfacts.cgi?action=compare&category=Medicare&subcategory=Part+B+Income%2dRelated+Premiums&topic=Enrollees+Subject+to+Increased+Premiums

For all new and updated items and from Dec. 15 - Jan. 29, see:

http://statehealthfacts.org/cgi-bin/healthfacts.cgi?action=whatsnew

And browse the first two pages.

--
Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu