Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #34--May 18, 2000

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar/caar-index.htm

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I. Data:

1. CENSUS BUREAU IDB UPDATE: The Census Bureau's International Data Base has been updated as of May 10, 2000. This release includes revised estimates and projections for Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Barbados, Bermuda, Canada, Gibraltar, Grenada, Hong Kong S.A.R., Liechtenstein, Isle of Man, Mongolia, Montserrat, Singapore, United Kingdom, and British Virgin Islands. The IDB "is a computerized data bank containing statistical tables of demographic, and socio-economic data for 227 countries and areas of the world." IDB can be accessed interactively or downloaded as a program that works on the PC.

http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idbnew.html
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2. SSA COMPENDIUM DATA: The Social Security Administration has provided more statistical tables from the forthcoming _Annual Statistical Supplement 2000_ (discussed in CAAR #30, April 21, 2000

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar/caar30-april-21-2000.htm

item #4).

Tables are available in HTML and .pdf formats. Interested users should bookmark the site and return periodically. The following tables have been added as of May 8, 2000: 5.B1-5.B9 (Retired Workers); 5.D1-5.D6 (Disabled Workers); 5.F1-5.F13 (Dependents and Survivors); and 6.D1-6.D9 (Dependents and Survivors). 1998 and 1999 _Annual Statistical Supplements_ are also available at the site.

http://www.ssa.gov/statistics/Supplement/2000/
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3. NCHS: The US National Center for Health Statistics has released the National Survey of Ambulatory Surgery (NSAS), 1994-1996. Data and documentation are available from the NCHS website:

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/hdasd/nhds.htm

Scroll to "Public-Use Data Files (micro-data)" and "Downloadable documentation via ftp".
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4. HRS/AHEAD DATA DESCRIPTIONS: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Health and Retirement Survey/Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old website has added a direct link to the data descriptions for the three waves of HRS and two waves of AHEAD The link can be accessed from the Data Center page.

http://www.umich.edu/~hrswww/center/center.html

Click on "Data Descriptions."

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II. Reports and articles:

5. _FINANCIAL TIMES_ INDUSTRY BRIEFS SURVEY: "Pension Fund Investment" (_Financial Times_, May 12, 2000). "The _Financial Times_ publishes about 200 surveys each year. The surveys provide analysis of developments and detailed information on particular industries, services, regions and countries. They are editorially independent and are written to the same standard as the newspaper." This Survey contains 20 topical and regional stories. Note: _FT_ requires free registration before providing articles.

http://www.ft.com/ftsurveys/industry/pensionfundinvh.htm
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6. THE _LANCET_ COMMENTARY AND ARTICLE ABSTRACTS (Note: The _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing abstracts. Subscribers to the print edition and Institutional subscribers have access to electronic full text. Check your organization's library.

A. "Which influences cognitive function: living alone or being alone?" by Lisa F Berkman, (The _Lancet_, Vol. 355, No. 9212, Apr. 15, 2000, p. 1291-1292).

http://www.thelancet.com/newlancet/reg/issues/vol355no9212/body.commentary1291.html

B."Influence of social network on occurrence of dementia: a community-based longitudinal study," by Laura Fratiglioni, Hui-Xin Wang, Kjerstin Ericsson, Margaret Maytan, and Bengt Winblad (The _Lancet_, Vol. 355, No. 9212, Apr. 15, 2000, p. 1315-1319).

http://www.thelancet.com/newlancet/reg/issues/vol355no9212/body.article1315.html

C. "Longitudinal decline of the neuronal marker N-acetyl aspartate in Alzheimer's disease," by E. Adalsteinsson, E.V. Sullivan, N. Kleinhans, D.M. Spielman, and A. Pfefferbaum (The _Lancet_, Vol. 355, No. 9216, May 13, 2000, p. 1696-1697).

http://www.thelancet.com/newlancet/reg/issues/vol355no9216/body.research1696.html
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7. _PNAS_ ABSTRACT: "Cerebral metabolic and cognitive decline in persons at genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease," by Gary W. Small, Linda M. Ercoli, Daniel H.S. Silverman, S.-C. Huang, Scott Komo, Susan Y. Bookheimer, Helen Lavretsky, Karen Miller, Prabha Siddarth, Natalie L. Rasgon, John C. Mazziotta, Sanjaya Saxena, H.M. Wu, Michael S. Mega, Jeffrey L. Cummings, Ann M. Saunders, Margaret A. Pericak-Vance, Allen D. Roses, Jorge R. Barrio, and Michael E. Phelps (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_ Vol. 97, No. 11, May 23, 2000, p. 6037-6042). Note: Your organization may have access to electronic full text of this article. Check your organization's library.

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/090106797
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8. _MLR_ ARTICLE: "Health and retirement benefits: data from two BLS [Bureau of Labor Statistics] surveys," by Diane E. Herz, Joseph R. Meisenheimer II, and Harriet G. Weinstein (_Monthly Labor Review_, Vol. 123, No. 3, March 2000, p. 3-20, .pdf format).

>From the Abstract:

Both the household-based Current Population Survey and the establishment-based Employee Benefits Survey have strengths and limitations with respect to collecting information on health and retirement benefits: demographic information is best obtained from household surveys; details of benefit plans are best collected from establishments. This article compares information that the CPS and EBS provide on two of the most important categories of benefits: health and retirement plans.

http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2000/03/art1full.pdf
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9. MEDLINE ABSTRACTS VIA MEDSCAPE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles. Medscape Women's Health, (May/June 2000, Vol. 5, No. 3).

A. "Nutrition and Older Women." Included are 20 abstracts of recent literature.

http://womenshealth.medscape.com/Medscape/WomensHealth/journal/2000/v05.n03/ca-wh0512.01/ca-wh0512.01.html

B. "Nutrition and Bone." Note: Slightly less than half of the 22 abstracts pertain to aging.

http://womenshealth.medscape.com/Medscape/WomensHealth/journal/2000/v05.n03/ca-wh0512.04/ca-wh0512.04.html
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10. _HEALTH AFFAIRS_ (VIA MEDSCAPE) ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles. "Long-Term Care In The United States: An Overview," by Judith Feder, Harriet L. Komisar, and Marlene Niefeld (_Health Affairs_, Vol. 19, No. 3, May/June 2000, p. 40-56, HTML format).

http://www.medscape.com/21368.rhtml

or

http://www.medscape.com/ProjHope/HA/2000/v19.n03/ha1903.01.fede/ha1903.01.fede-01.html
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11. NCHS REPORT: "National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 1998 Emergency Department Summary," by Linda F. McCraig (Advance Data 313.24, PHS 2000-1250, May 2000, .pdf format, 24p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ad313.pdf
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12. 1999 AARP ANNUAL REPORT: AARP has released its 1999 Annual Report. Of particular interest may be AARP's complete financial statements for 1999 (.pdf format, 30p.).

Annual Report:

http://www.aarp.org/ar99/

Complete Financial Statements:

http://www.aarp.org/ar99/graphics/ar99financial.pdf
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13. OIG HHS REPORT: The Office of the Inspector General of the US Department of Health and Human Services has released the "Year 2000 Red Book" (.pdf format, 97p.). "The Red Book is a compendium of significant Office of Inspector General cost-saving recommendations that have not been fully implemented."

http://www.hhs.gov/oig/redbk/00rdbk.pdf
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14. _NATURE_ ABSTRACT: "Neurotoxicity induces cleavage of p35 to p25 by calpain," by Ming-Sum Lee, Young T. Kwon, Mingwei Lee, Junmin Peng, Robert M. Friedlander, and Li-Huei Tsai (_Nature_, Vol. 405, No. 6784, May 18, 2000, P. 360-364). Note: Full electronic text is available only to print subscribers at this time.

http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage.taf?file=/nature/journal/v405/n6784/abs/405360a0_fs.html
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15. _NEWSWEEK_ ARTICLE: "How's Your 401(k) Today?" by Jane Bryant Quinn (_Newsweek_, May 22, 2000).

http://www.newsweek.com/nw-srv/printed/us/bz/a19782-2000may14.htm
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16. _US NEWS AND WORLD REPORT_ ARTICLE: "Old and in the way: Criminal charges hit the elder-care industry," by Dan McGraw (_US News and World Report_, May 22, 2000).

http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/000522/oklahoma.htm
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17. _FORBES_ ARTICLES:

A. "Prescription For Trouble," by Michael Fumento (_Forbes_, May 29, 2000).

http://www.forbes.com/forbes/00/0529/6513066a.htm

Note: This article discusses a Families USA Report "Still Rising: Drug Price Increases for Seniors, 1999-2000" that was discussed in CAAR #31, Apr. 27, 2000.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar/caar31-april-27-2000.htm

See item # 7.

B. "No Grave Undertaking," by Lynn Cook (_Forbes_, May 29, 2000).

http://www.forbes.com/forbes/00/0529/6513168a.htm

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III. Working Papers:

18. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN CENTER FOR DEMOGRAPHY AND ECOLOGY: "Leaving Parents Behind: Migration and Elderly Living Arrangements in Mexico," by Shawn M. Kanaiaupuni (WP 99-16, April 2000, .pdf format, 49p.).

>From the Abstract:

Unlike industrialized countries, where parents expect to spend some portion of mid- to later-life without children at home, traditional patterns of living arrangements in Mexico reflect high levels of family caregiving for the elderly and a high degree of continuity of parent-child coresidence over the lifecourse. Living alone is uncommon due both to structural constraints, fed by economic instability and limited services or institutional coverage for the poor and the elderly, and to social norms that emphasize the importance of the family. But, because U.S. migration is an age-specific phenomenon of growing prevalence in many parts of Mexico, I argue that it may disrupt such traditional arrangements and increase the likelihood that the elderly live alone. This analysis discusses the complicated processes through which U.S. migration might influence elderly living arrangements, and the exploratory results provide evidence suggesting that the migration of adult children, especially married children, may raise the chances of living alone by nearly twofold in 52 origin villages.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/99-16.pdf
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19. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH, BOSTON COLLEGE: "Portfolio Choice, Trading, and Returns in a Large 401(k) Plan," by Julie Agnew, Pierluigi Balduzzi, and Annika Sunden (WP 2000-06, May 2000, .pdf format, 38p.).

>From the Abstract:

This paper examines portfolio choice, trading behavior, and realized rates of return of more than seven thousand 401(k) retirement accounts during the April 1994-August 1998 time period. The evidence on equity allocations is indicative of prudent behavior: on average our investors hold 40% of their 401(k) portfolios in stocks. In addition, patterns of stock allocations by marital status, age, and earnings are broadly consistent with the implications of normative models: stock allocations are higher for married investors, for younger investors, and for investors with higher earnings. The evidence on trading activity indicates very limited portfolio reshuffling, which stands in sharp contrast to existing evidence from discount brokerage accounts: 70% of the plan participants do not rebalance their portfolio more than once, average rebalancing frequency is one trade every 33 months, and average monthly turnover is in the order of 2%. This evidence is consistent with the implications of models of optimal portfolio choice with realistic transaction costs.

http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/csom/executive/crr/wp/Abstracts/ab00-06.htm

Click on "For full paper in PDF format, click here" for full text.
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20. NBER (NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH) WORKING PAPERS IN AGING: "Merit Motives and Government Intervention: Public Finance in Reverse," by Casey B. Mulligan and Tomas J. Philipson (W7698, May 2000, .pdf format, 55p.).

>From the Abstract:

A common view in public finance is that there is an efficiency-redistribution tradeoff in which distortions are tolerated in order to redistribute income. However, the fact that so much public- and private redistributive activity involves in-kind transfers rather than cash may be indicative of merit motives on the part of the payers rather than a preference for the well-being of the recipients. Efficiency-enhancing public policy in a merit good economy has the primary purpose of creating distortions and may only redistribute income from rich to poor in order to create those distortions the reverse of the conventional efficiency-redistribution tradeoff. We discuss why the largest programs on the federal and local level in the US including Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid, and Public Schooling seem consistent with the reverse tradeoff rather than the classic one. Transfers are not lump sum in a merit good economy, and explicitly accounting for this when calculating tax incidence reduces the estimated progressivity of government policy. As one example, we calibrate the conventional life-cycle model to show how the amount of over-saving induced on the poor by Social Security hurts them at least as much as the progressive' benefits help them. When the distortions outweigh fiscal transfers in this manner, the classic efficiency-redistribution tradeoff cannot justify the program and the program is far less progressive than conventional analysis suggests.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W7698

Click on "PDF" at the bottom of the abstract for full text.
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21. NBER (NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH) WORKING PAPERS: "Estate Taxes and Charitable Bequests by the Wealthy," by David Joulfaian (W7663, April 2000, .pdf format, 38p.).

>From the Abstract:

Charitable bequests are an important source of philanthropic support. Unlike bequests to children which can be taxed at a maximum statutory rate of 0.55, such transfers are exempt from estate taxation. Thus, by lowering the price of charitable giving, the estate tax may influence the disposition of terminal wealth. In this paper, I examine the effects of estate taxation on charitable bequests using data from estate tax returns of decedents in 1992. The results suggest that the estate tax deduction is budget' efficient. The overall effects of the estate tax, however, are likely to be modest as charitable bequests are wealth elastic.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W7663

Click on "PDF" at the bottom of the abstract for full text.
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22. CENTER FOR POLICY RESEARCH, MAXWELL SCHOOL OF CITIZENSHIP AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS, SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY: "Microdata Panel Data and Public Policy: National and Cross-National Perspectives," by Richard V. Burkhauser and Timothy M. Smeeding (Working Paper Series No. 23, April 2000, .pdf format, 45p.).

>From the Abstract:

This paper focuses on the movement of data-based social policy analysis from a single country cross-sectional frame to a multicountry panel frame. It provides examples of policy insights this movement to panel data has permitted, both with respect to economic well-being and behavior-using data from the PSID (Panel Study of Income Dynamics), the BHPS (British Household Panel Study), the GSOEP (German Socio-Economic Panel), and the HRS (Health and Retirement Study). It also suggests fruitful areas for future panel data-based policy research.

http://www-cpr.maxwell.syr.edu/cprwps/wps23abs.htm

Click on "Click here for the Adobe Acrobat version of CPR Working Paper 23" for full text.

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

23. The Gerontologist (Vol. 40, No. 3, June 2000). Note: This journal is available in electronic full text in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.geron.org/journals/tgcontents.htm
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24. Journal of Gerontology (A): Biological Sciences (Vol. 55A, No. 6, June 2000). Note: This journal is available in electronic full text in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.geron.org/journals/biocontents.html
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25. Journal of Gerontology (A): Medical Sciences (Vol. 55A, No. 6, June 2000). Note: This journal is available in electronic full text in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.geron.org/journals/medcontents.html
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26. Reviews in Clinical Gerontology (Vol. 9, No. 4, November 1999).

http://www.journals.cup.org/owa_dba/owa/issues?sjid=RCG&svid=9&siid=4

Click on titles for abstracts. Note: Your organization may have access to electronic full text (click on "Article Text" at the bottom of the abstract). If your organization has a license agreement, full text will appear.
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27. CARL Uncover Journal Tables of Contents. Follow the instructions below to access tables of contents. CARL Uncover provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://uncweb.carl.org:80/

B. click on "Search Uncover"
C. click on "Search Uncover Now"
D. Type the Journal Name in the search box and click the radio button "Journal Title Browse"
E. click on the journal name
F. click on "journal issues"
G. click on the issues identified below

Journal of Aging and Identity (Vol. 5, No. 1, March 2000).

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (Vol. 48, No. 5, Vol. 48, No. 5 Supplement, May 2000).

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V. Books:

28. _Old Age in English History: Past Experiences, Present Issues_," by Pat Thane (Oxford University Press_, 548 p., figures and tables, ISBN 0-19-820382-9, May 2000, 25.00 Pounds). The book can be ordered online. Note: OUP provides an online sample from the Introduction, Chapter One, and the Conclusion that totals 49 pages (.pdf format) at the site.

http://www.oup.co.uk/isbn/0-19-820382-9

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VI. Conferences:

29. NIH REGIONAL SEMINAR ON PROGRAM FUNDING AND GRANTS ADMINISTRATION: The US National Institutes of Health has announced this seminar to be held July 13-14, 2000 in Ithaca New York. For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-00-034.html

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VII. Legislation Information Updates:

30. HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH: The Administration's Prescription Drug Proposal, a hearing held May 11, 2000.

Hearing Testimony:

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/health/106cong/hl-14wit.htm
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31. AOA OLDER AMERICANS APPROPRIATIONS ACT INFORMATION UPDATE: The Administration on Aging has updated its OOAA web page to subcommittee markup figures for FY 2001 through May 10, 2000.

http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/Oaa/oaaapp.html

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VIII. Websites of Interest:

32. NCHS 21st Century Vision for Health Statistics. This US National Center for Health Statistics website contains documents on "future health and health care trends, information and communications technology, and public policies."

http://www.ncvhs.hhs.gov/hsvision/

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu