Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #331--March 30, 2006

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CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. WISCONSIN LONGITUDINAL STUDY UPDATE: "The WLS 11.10 data set is now available. This dataset includes new data from the current round of interviews, as well as updates to the 1957-1994 data." For more information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/data/updates/change_notice/chnt_023.htm

Data and documentation access:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/
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2. MEDICAL EXPENDITURE PANEL SURVEY: "MEPS Panel 7 Longitudinal Weight File" (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, MEPS HC-080, March 2006, data in .zip and self decompressing [.exe] ASCII and SAS transport format, documentation in HTML and .pdf format, with SAS and SPSS programming statements in ASCII format, and an ASP codebook file).

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/Puf/PufDetail.asp?ID=195

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II. Reports and articles:

3. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES NEWS RELEASE: "More Than 27 Million Medicare Beneficiaries are Enrolled in Prescription Drug Coverage: Medicare beneficiaries signing up at a rate of 380,000 per week" (Mar. 27, 2006). Note: at the bottom of the news release there is a link to "County Enrollment in Medicare Prescription Drug Plans Nov. 15 2005-Mar. 18, 2006" (.zip compressed Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2006pres/20060323.html
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4. US NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS COMPENDIUM UPDATE: _HEALTH, UNITED STATES, 2005_ (March 2006, .pdf format). Several trend tables from _Health, United States, 2005_ (discussed in CAAR 316, Dec. 8, 2005--http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar/caar316-dec-8-2005.htm, Item 7B), have been updated.

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/pubd/hus/updatedtables.htm
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5. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Medicare Payment: CMS Methodology Adequate to Estimate National Error Rate" (GAO-06-300, March 2006, .pdf format, 42p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d06300.pdf

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gaoreports/index.html
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6. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORTS:

A. "Consultations in Medicare: Coding and Reimbursement" (OEI-09-02-00030, March 2006, .pdf format, 21p.).

Abstract:

This report found that in 2001, Medicare allowed $1.1 billion in improper payments for services billed as consultations. Medicare allowed approximately $191 million more than should have been allowed for services that were billed as consultations, but did not meet Medicare's definition of a consultation. Medicare and its beneficiaries overpaid an additional $613 million for consultations that were billed as the incorrect type or level of complexity and $260 million for undocumented consultations. Consultations billed at the highest billing level (the most complex services, which generate the highest reimbursements under the Medicare physician fee schedule) and follow-up inpatient consultations were particularly problematic; approximately 95 percent of each were miscoded or undocumented. To reduce the incidence of improperly billed consultations, we recommended in our draft report that, through its Medicare carriers, CMS educate physicians and other health care professionals about the criteria and proper billing for all types and levels of consultations with emphasis on the highest billing levels and follow-up inpatient consultations. In addition, we have forwarded information on the miscoded and undocumented consultations identified in our sample to CMS for appropriate action. CMS agreed with our recommendations in its comments on our draft report and outlined a plan to publish a Special Edition article regarding consultations on its Web site. CMS also noted that codes for billing inpatient and confirmatory consultations have been eliminated from the Current Procedural Terminology effective January 1, 2006, which should reduce coding errors.

http://www.oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-09-02-00030.pdf

B. "Early Implementation of MMA: Status Report of the State Health Insurance Assistance Programs" (OEI-05-05-00190, March 2006, .pdf format, 9p.).

Abstract:

This memorandum contains information regarding the Centers for Medicare& Medicaid Services' (CMS) ability to assess the State Health Insurance Assistance Program (SHIP) as SHIPs begin to assist beneficiaries interested in enrolling in the new Medicare drug benefit. This early implementation review provides a description of the current status of CMS's oversight efforts regarding this program and contains implications for the future, as well as some suggestions for further improvements. This work also lays a baseline for future Office of Inspector General work in the area.

http://www.oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-05-05-00190.pdf
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7. ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN REPORT: "Shaping the Future of Social Protection: Access, Financing and Solidarity" (31st Session of ECLAC, Montevideo, Uruguay, Mar. 20-24 2006, .pdf format, 180p.). The report is linked to from an ECLAC press release: " Four of every ten people in Latin America and the Caribbean live in poverty, according to ECLAC in its study, "Shaping the Future of Social Protection: Access, Financing and Solidarity" (Mar. 23, 2006). Note: chapter IV of the report is titled: "Pension System" (p. 107-138) and can be downloaded separately.

http://www.eclac.org/cgi-bin/getProd.asp?xml=/prensa/noticias/comunicados/9/24169/P24169.xml&xsl=/prensa/tpl-i/p6f.xsl&base=/tpl-i/top-bottom.xsl

Click on "Shaping the Future of Social Protection: Access, Financing and Solidarity" and then the down arrows next to "Download document" for link to full text.
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8. AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH AND WELFARE REPORT: "Mortality over the twentieth century in Australia" (Mortality Surveillance Series No. 4, March 2006). Note: this report is available in print only. Purchasing information is available at the site.

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10154
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9. STATISTICS LATVIA PRESS RELEASE: "On the Number of Pension Recipients and the Average Size of Pension," by Karlis Smudzis (Mar. 22, 2006).

http://www.csb.lv/ateksts.cfm?tem_kods=pensi&datums=%7Bts%20%272006%2D03%2D22%2012%3A55%3A00%27%7D
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10. NETHERLANDS BUREAU FOR ECONOMIC POLICY ANALYSIS: "Ageing and the Sustainability of Dutch Public Finances," by Casper van Ewijk, Nick Draper, Harry ter Rele, and Ed Westerhout (Special Publication 61, March 2006, .pdf format, 133p.).

http://www.cpb.nl/eng/pub/cpbreeksen/bijzonder/61/

Click on "PDF-file" for link to full text.
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11. NEW ZEALAND MINISTRY OF HEALTH REPORT: "Health of Older People Information Strategic Plan - Directions to 2010 and beyond" (February 2006, .pdf format, 26p.).

http://www.moh.govt.nz/moh.nsf/by+unid/ED99F229975F51DCCC257136007AA64D?Open

Link to full text is at the bottom of the Introduction.
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12. SCOTTISH EXECUTIVE REPORT: "Free Personal and Nursing Care Scotland 2002-2005," (March 2006, HTML and .pdf format, 28p.).

http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2006/03/27130345/0
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13. UK HEALTHCARE COMMISSION REPORT: "Living well in later life: a review of progress against the National Service Framework for Older People," (March 2006, .pdf format, 103p.). The report is linked to from a HC press release: "Public services failing to consider older people, says new report" (Mar. 27, 2006).

http://www.healthcarecommission.org.uk/NewsAndEvents/PressReleases/PressReleaseDetail/fs/en?CONTENT_ID=4024502&chk=%2Btyxwc

Click on "Living Well" at the bottom of the press release under "Related links".
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14. UK DEPARTMENT FOR WORK AND PENSIONS REPORT: "Employers' Pension Provision Survey 2005" by Stephen McKay (Research Report 329, .pdf format, 161p.).

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd5/rports2005-2006/rrep329.pdf
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15. UK PENSION POLICY INSTITUTE/NUFFIELD FOUNDATION REPORT: "Shaping a stable pensions solution: How pension experts would reform UK pensions,"(March 2006, .pdf format,77p.).

http://www.pensionspolicyinstitute.org.uk/uploadeddocuments/Nuffield/PPI_Shaping_a_stable_pensions_solution_final_report_Mar06.pdf

Press release (.pdf format, 4p.):

http://www.pensionspolicyinstitute.org.uk/uploadeddocuments/Nuffield/PPI_Bold_on_state_pensions_Media_Release_29Mar06.pdf

More information on PPI:

http://www.pensionspolicyinstitute.org.uk/

More information about the Nuffield Foundation:

http://www.nuffieldfoundation.org/go/aboutus/page_139.html
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16. KING'S FUND [LONDON, UK] REPORT: "Securing Good Care for Older People: Taking a Long-Term View," by Derek Wanless (March 2006, .pdf format, 344p.). The report is linked to from a Kings Fund Press Release: "Wanless review calls for extra money and a new funding system" (Mar. 30, 2006).

http://www.kingsfund.org.uk/news/press_releases/wanless_review.html

Click on "Securing Good Care..." under Related publications on the right side of the page.

More information on Kings Fund:

http://www.kingsfund.org.uk/about_us/index.html
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17. _DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH_ ARTICLE: "Survival differences among the oldest old in Sardinia: who, what, where, and why?" by Graziella Caselli and Rosa Maria Lipsi (Vol. 14, Article 13, March 2006, .pdf format, p. 267-294). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol14/13/default.htm
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18. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH ISSUE BRIEF: "Why Are Healthy Employers Freezing Their Pensions?" by Alicia H. Munnell, Francesca Golub-Sass, Mauricio Soto, and Francis Vitagliano (IB #44, March 2006, .pdf format, 12p.).

http://www.bc.edu/centers/crr/ib_44.shtml
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19. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION ISSUE BRIEF: "An Update on the Clawback: Revised Health Spending Data Change State Financial Obligations for the New Medicare Drug Benefit" (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, March 2006, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.kff.org/medicaid/7481.cfm
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20. URBAN INSTITUTE REPORT: "Making Maximum Use of Tax-Deferred Retirement Accounts," by Janette Kawachi, Karen E. Smith, and Eric Toder (March 2006, .pdf format, 33p.). Links to an introduction and full text are available at:

http://www.urban.org/publications/411293.html
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21. AARP PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE FACT SHEET: "Home and Community-Based Long-Term Services and Supports for Older People," by Enid Kassner (March 2006, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/longtermcare/programfunding/fs90r_hcbltc.html
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22. _PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT, ARTICLE: A. "A{beta}-induced meningoencephalitis is IFN-{gamma}-dependent and is associated with T cell-dependent clearance of A{beta} in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease," by Alon Monsonego, Jaime Imitola, Sanja Petrovic, Victor Zota, Anna Nemirovsky, Rona Baron, Yair Fisher, Trevor Owens, and Howard L. Weiner (Vol. 103, No. 13, Mar. 28, 2006, p. 5048-5053).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/103/13/5048?etoc

B. "Early-onset behavioral and synaptic deficits in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease," by J. Steven Jacobsen, Chi-Cheng Wu, Jeffrey M. Redwine, Thomas A. Comery, Robert Arias, Mark Bowlby, Robert Martone, John H. Morrison, Menelas N. Pangalos, Peter H. Reinhart, and Floyd E. Bloom (Vol. 103, No. 13, Mar. 28, 2006, HTML and .pdf format, p. 5161-5166). Note: this article is freely available to the public.

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/103/13/5161
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23. _NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE_ PERSPECTIVE ARTICLE, ARTICLE ABSTRACT:

A. "Part "D" for "Defective" -- The Medicare Drug-Benefit Chaos," by Jerry Avorn (Perspectives, Vol. 354, No. 13, Mar. 30, 2006, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1339-1341). Note: this article is freely available to the public.

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/354/13/1339

B. "Outpatient Gatifloxacin Therapy and Dysglycemia in Older Adults," by Laura Y. Park-Wyllie, David N. Juurlink, Alexander Kopp, Baiju R. Shah, Therese A. Stukel, Carmine Stumpo, Linda Dresser, Donald E. Low, and Muhammad M. Mamdani (article abstract, Vol. 354, No. 13, Mar. 30, 2006, p. 1352-1361).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/354/13/1352
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24. _BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL_ EDITORIAL EXTRACT, NEWS EXTRACTS, NEWS EXTRA EXTRACT, ARTICLE:

A. "Improving the management of dementia" (Editorial extract, Vol. 332, No. 7543, Mar. 25, 2006, p. 681-682).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/extract/332/7543/681

B. "Researchers funded by NIH are failing to make data available," by Janice Hopkins Tanne (News extract, Vol. 332, No. 7543, Mar. 25, 2006, p. 684).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/extract/332/7543/684-b

C. "Project retrains prostitutes as care workers for elderly people," by Katy Duke (News extract, Vol. 332, No. 7543, Mar. 25, 2006, p. 685).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/extract/332/7543/685-a

D. "Extending life brings conceptual as well as technological challenges," by Lisa Hitchen (News Extra extract, Vol. 332, No. 7543, Mar. 25, 2006, p. 688).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/extract/332/7543/688-f

E. "Effectiveness of educational interventions in improving detection and management of dementia in primary care: cluster randomised controlled study," by Murna Downs, Stephen Turner, Michelle Bryans, Jane Wilcock, John Keady, Enid Levin, Ronan O'Carroll, Kate Howie, and Steve Iliffe (Article, Vol. 332, No. 7543, Mar. 25, 2006, p. 692-696). Note: this article is freely available to the public.

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/332/7543/692
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25. MEDSCAPE INTERVIEW: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles. "Targeted Agents in the Treatment of Elderly Patients With Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: An Expert Interview With Dr. Thomas Lynch" (Mar. 24, 2006).

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/528445
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26. _TIME_ ARTICLE: "Boomers and Direct Deposit--Not," by Andrea Sachs (_Time_ Bonus Section: Generations, Apr. 3, 2006).

http://www.time.com/time/generations/article/0,9171,1177017,00.html
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27. _US NEWS & WORLD REPORT_ ARTICLE: "Going Your Own Way: Baby boomers are rewriting the rules of retirement again. This time they're tapping their nest eggs as entrepreneurs," by Emily Brandon and James M. Pethokoukis (Apr. 3, 2006).

http://www.usnews.com/usnews/biztech/articles/060403/3primetime.htm

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III. Working Papers:

28. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "The Effects of Retirement on Physical and Mental Health Outcomes," by Dhaval Dave, Inas Rashad, and Jasmina Spasojevic (w12123, March 2006, .pdf format, 46p.).

Abstract:

While numerous studies have examined how health affects retirement behavior, few have analyzed the impact of retirement on subsequent health outcomes. This study estimates the effects of retirement on health status as measured by indicators of physical and functional limitations, illness conditions, and depression. The empirics are based on six longitudinal waves of the Health and Retirement Study, spanning 1992 through 2003. To account for biases due to unobserved selection and endogeneity, panel data methodologies are used. These are augmented by counterfactual and specification checks to gauge the robustness and plausibility of the estimates. Results indicate that complete retirement leads to a 23-29 percent increase in difficulties associated with mobility and daily activities, an eight percent increase in illness conditions, and an 11 percent decline in mental health. With an aging population choosing to retire at earlier ages, both Social Security and Medicare face considerable shortfalls. Eliminating the embedded incentives in Social Security and many private pension plans, which discourage work beyond some point, and enacting policies that prolong the retirement age may be desirable, ceteris paribus. Retiring at a later age may lessen or postpone poor health outcomes for older adults, raise well-being, and reduce the utilization of health care services, particularly acute care.

http://www.nber.org/papers/W12123
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29. CBP NETHERLANDS BUREAU FOR ECONOMIC POLICY ANALYSIS: "Ageing and the sustainability of Dutch public finances," by Casper van Ewijk, Nick Draper, Harry ter Rele, and Ed Westerhout (WP 61, March 2006, .pdf format, 133p.).

Abstract:

The ageing of the population jeopardises the sustainability of public finances in the Netherlands. The doubling of the ratio between the number of retirees and the number of workers destroys the balance between future public expenditure and tax revenues. Indeed, the increase in expenditure on public pensions and health and long-term care will outweigh the increase in tax revenues. Budgetary reforms are therefore necessary in order to avoid that future generations will have to raise taxes or economize on public expenditure. Reforms in the field of social security of the last few years are a step in the right direction, but are insufficient. In particular, the decline of interest rates and the reduced wealth of pension funds have worsened the sustainability of public finances. The effects of reforms on the intergenerational balance are important for the question which further reforms are most attractive.

http://www.cpb.nl/eng/pub/cpbreeksen/bijzonder/61/bijz61.pdf
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30. INSTITUTE FOR FISCAL STUDIES [LONDON, UK]: "Understanding pensions: cognitive function, numerical ability and retirement saving," by James Banks and Zoe Oldfield (W06/05, March 2006, .pdf format, 30p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.ifs.org.uk/publications.php?publication_id=3586

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

31. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics (Vol. 42 No. 3, May-June 2006).

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01674943

32. Journals of Gerontology (A) Biological and Medical Sciences (Vols. 61, Nos. 3, March 2006). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

http://biomed.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol61/issue3/?etoc

33. Medical Care (Vol. 44, No. 4, April 2006).

http://www.lww-medicalcare.com/pt/re/medcare/issuelist.htm
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34. INGENTACONNECT: INGENTACONNECT provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Educational Gerontology (Vol. 32, No. 5, May 2006). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of Women and Aging (Vol. 17, No. 4, 2005).
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35. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Mar. 29, 2006:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Mar. 29, 2006:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Mar. 29, 2006:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Mar. 29, 2006:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Mar. 29, 2006:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Mar. 29, 2006:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Books:

36. STATISTICS CANADA/STATISTIQUE CANADA: _New Frontiers of Research on Retirement_ (March 2006, print and .pdf format). Note 1: this is a fee based item. Pricing information is available at the site. Note 2: all StatCan electronic publications will become free of charge as of Apr. 24, 2006. Note 3: purchasing information about the book is linked to from a StatCan _The Daily_ article: "New Frontiers of Research on Retirement"(Mar. 27, 2006).

http://www.statcan.ca/Daily/English/060327/d060327b.htm

Click on any of the "75-" links at the bottom of the page for links to ordering information for .pdf or print versions."XIE" versions are electronic, "XPE" versions are print.

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VI. Funding Opportunities:

37. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH:

A. "Stem Cells and Cancer (R21)" (PA-06-282, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with the National Cancer Institute, Mar. 28, 2006, reissue of PA-05-086). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-06-282.html

B. "Grants for Alzheimer's Disease Drug Discovery (R21)" (PAS-06-261, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, Mar. 24, 2006, reissue of PAS-05-022). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAS-06-261.html

C. "Neurotechnology Research, Development, and Enhancement (R21)" (PA-06-278, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies. Mar. 24, 2006, reissue of PA-04-006). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-06-278.html

D. "Neurotechnology Research, Development, And Enhancement (R01)" (PA-06-279. National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, Mar. 24, 2006, reissue of PA-04-006). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-06-279.html

E. "Genetics and Pathobiology of Vascular Cognitive Impairment (R21) (PAS-06-265, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, Mar. 24, 2006, reissue of PAS-04-149). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAS-06-265.html

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VII. Legislation Information Updates:

38. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: "Not Born Yesterday: How Seniors Can Stop Investment Fraud," a hearing held Mar. 29, 2006 (.pdf format).

http://aging.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?Fuseaction=Hearings.Detail&HearingID=166

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VIII. Websites of Interest:

39. MEDLINE PLUS HEALTH TOPICS: "End of Life Issues". This US National Institutes of Health/National Library of Medicine meta-site links to relevant news, articles, directories, organizations, and statistics, among other features, related to the topic.

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/endoflifeissues.html

--
Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu