Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #313--November 17, 2005

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CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cdha/caar.html

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I. Data:

1. WISCONSIN LONGITUDINAL STUDY: The University of Wisconsin Center for Demography of Health and Aging has announced "the public release of the 2004 WLS graduate data version 11.0. This is a preliminary release of the data gathered from the telephone and mail interviews of our original graduate respondents. The telephone interview was in the field from July of 2003 through June 2005. The mail survey is still in the field, but will soon be complete. The current release includes 7,265 telephone participants and 6,279 mail participants in the current round of surveys.... Data files are downloadable in the following formats: STATA, SAS, and SPSS."

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/

See under "Data Updates"

Past rounds have also been updated. For details see:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/data/updates/change_notice/chnt_023.htm

Data access:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/data/
http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/documentation/
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2. PANEL STUDY OF INCOME DYNAMICS: The University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research PSID has announced: "The Public Release I of the 2003 Family file Release 3". For more information see:

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/Guide/DataNewsDet.aspx?ID=347

Data access:

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/Data/

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II. Reports and articles:

3. MEDICARE.GOV REGISTRATION SITE: "Prescription Drug Coverage: Enrollment Center" (Nov. 15, 2005).

http://www.medicare.gov/pdp-enrollment.asp
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4. U.S. CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE REPORT: "Background Paper: Quantifying Uncertainty in the Analysis of Long-Term Social Security Projections"(November 2005, .pdf format, 40p.).

http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=6873&sequence=0&from=7

Click on "PDF" for link to full text.
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5. U.S. GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Medicare: Little Progress Made in Targeting Outpatient Therapy Payments to Beneficiaries' Needs (GAO-06-59, November 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d0659.pdf

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gaoreports/index.html
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6. US NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS HEALTH E-STATS: "Older patients with caregivers and assistance for activities of daily living: 1998 and 2000," by Lisa L. Dwyer (November 2005).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/pubd/hestats/homhltpatients.htm
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7. _MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT_ ARTICLE, QUICKSTATS:

A. "Lower Extremity Disease Among Persons Aged >40 Years With and Without Diabetes --- United States, 1999--2002" (US Centers for Disease Control, _MMWR_ Vol. 54, No. 45, Nov. 18, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1158-1160).

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5445a4.htm

B. "QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged >50 Years Told by a Health-Care Professional That They Had Diabetes, by Age Group --- United States and Canada, 2002--2003" (US Centers for Disease Control, _MMWR_ Vol. 54, No. 45, Nov. 18, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1162).

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5445a8.htm

.pdf versions of both articles:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5445.pdf
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8. _MONTHLY LABOR REVIEW_ ARTICLES:

A. "Injuries, illnesses, and fatalities among older workers," by Elizabeth Rogers and William J. Wiatrowski (Vol. 128, No. 10, November 2005, .pdf format, p. 24-30).

Abstract:

Americans are living longer than ever before and many are staying in the workforce past age 55; although older workers experience similar events leading to injury, they sustain more severe injuries than their younger counterparts and require more days away from work to recover.

http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2005/10/art3abs.htm

B. "Fatal occupational injuries to older workers in farming, 1995-2002," by Samuel Meyer (Vol. 128, No. 10, November 2005, .pdf format, p. 38-48).

Abstract:

Agricultural workers aged 55 years and older are at a higher risk of fatal occupational injury than their younger counterparts; leading causes of fatalities are transportation incidents, contact with objects or equipment, and assaults, including assaults by animals.

http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2005/10/art5abs.htm
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9. AUSTRALIAN BUREAU OF STATISTICS RESEARCH PAPER: "Comparison of Methods for Measuring the Age of Withdrawal from the Labour Force," by Terry Rawnsley and Joanne Baker (November 2005, .pdf format, 52p.).

Abstract:

Over one-third of the Australian population is currently aged 45-84 years and this proportion is expected to rise over time. This has created concern about the age at which people are withdrawing from the labour force and starting their retirement. Despite the importance of this issue, there is a lack of consensus in the literature about which method should be used to measure the age of withdrawal from the labour force. This paper explores the use of three summary methods for calculating the age of withdrawal from the labour force. Two of these methods estimate the 'expected' age of withdrawal, while the third method estimates the 'average' age of withdrawal. Each method has it's own advantages and disadvantages which need to be considered in the context of the specific research question and available data sources.

http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/1B262EEC9C707C9CCA2570B4007767DF

Click on "Download Now" for link to full text.
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10. AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND WELFARE REPORT: "Obesity and Workplace Absenteeism Among Older Australians" (AIHW Bulletin No. 31, November 2005, .pdf format, 15p.).

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10200
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11. STATISTICS NORWAY NEWS RELEASE: "Continued increase for pension funds" (Nov. 11, 2005). The news release links (on the left side of the page, to selected relevant tables on the topic).

http://www.ssb.no/pensjonsfond_en/
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12. NATIONAL STATISTICS U.K. REPORT: "Life expectancy at birth by health and local authorities in the United Kingdom 1991-1993 to 2002-2004" (November 2005, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format). "Life expectancy at birth results for health and local authorities in the United Kingdom are now available for 2002-2004. These figures have been added to existing trend data from 1991-1993 to 2001-2003 which have not been revised. Results are rolling averages, produced by aggregating deaths and population estimates for each three year period. Notes on the interpretation of life expectancy at birth and its calculation are contained within the report. Results for each area can be found via the links to Excel workbooks.

http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/Product.asp?vlnk=8841
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13. _DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH_ ARTICLES: Note: _DR_ is "a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences" published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [Rostock, Germany]."

A."Tempo and its Tribulations," by Kenneth W. Wachter (Vol. 13, Article 9, November 2005, .pdf format, p. 201-222).

Abstract:

Bongaarts and Feeney offer alternatives to period life expectancy with a set of demographic measures equivalent to each other under a Proportionality Assumption. Under this assumption, we show that the measures are given by exponentially weighted moving averages of earlier values of period life expectancy. They are indices of mortality conditions in the recent past. The period life expectancy is an index of current mortality conditions. The difference is a difference between past and present, not a ``tempo distortion'' in the present. In contrast, the Bongaarts-Feeney tempo-adjusted Total Fertility Rate is a measure of current fertility conditions, which can be understood in terms of a process of birth-age standardization.

B. _DR_ has released a special collection "Human Mortality over Age, Time, Sex, and Place: The 1st HMD Symposium," which describes the Human Mortality Database project and briefly summarizes the Special Collection articles.

Articles are all in .pdf format and are numbered Vol. 13- Articles 10-20.

Introduction to the Special Collection "Human Mortality over Age, Time, Sex, and Place: The 1st HMD Symposium," by Vladimir Shkolnikov, John R. Wilmoth, and Dana A. Glei. (13-10)

On the relationship between period and cohort mortality, by John R. Wilmoth (13-11)

Unconventional approaches to mortality estimation, by Kenneth Hill, Yoonjoung Choi, and Ian Timaeus (13-12)

Population observatories as sources of information on mortality in developing countries, by Gilles Pison (13-13)

Official population statistics and the Human Mortality Database estimates of populations aged 80+ in Germany and nine other European countries, by Dmitri A. Jdanov, Rembrandt D. Scholz, and Vladimir Shkolnikov (13-14)

The effects of war losses on mortality estimates for Italy A first attempt, by Dana A. Glei, Silvia Bruzzone, and Graziella Caselli (13-15)

Estimates of mortality and population changes in England and Wales over the two World Wars, by Dmitri A. Jdanov, Evgueni Andreev, Domantas Jasilionis, and Vladimir Shkolnikov (13-16)

Trends in gender differences in accidents mortality Relationships to changing gender roles and other societal trends, by Ingrid Waldron, Christopher McCloskey, and Inga Earle (13-17)

Forecasting sex differences in mortality in high income nations The contribution of smoking, by Fred Pampel (13-18)

Cause-specific contributions to sex differences in adult mortality among whites and African Americans between 1960 and 1995, by Irma T. Elo and Greg L. Drevenstedt (13-19)

Decomposition analysis of Spanish life expectancy at birth Evolution and changes in the components by sex and age, by Rosa Gomez-Redondo and Carl Boe (13-20)

http://www.demographic-research.org/

Click on "Enter".
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14. AARP REPORT, DATA DIGEST, PRIME TIME RADIO

A. "The New Medicare Prescription Drug Coverage: What You Need to Know" (2005, .pdf format, 24p.).

http://www.aarp.org/health/medicare/drug_coverage/medicarepdf1.html

B. "Sources of Income for Older Persons in 2003," by Ke Bin Wu (_Data Digest_, November 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.aarp.org/research/family/lifestyles/dd125_income.html

C. The following AARP _Prime Time Radio_ shows, for Nov. 1, 2005 are now available (RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required, audio transcripts run between 24 and 30 minutes).

AARP Bulletin's November Roundtable

http://www.aarp.org/fun/radio/pt_radio/aarp_bulletin_november_roundtable.html

I'm Too Young to Be Seventy

http://www.aarp.org/fun/radio/pt_radio/im_too_young_to_be_seventy.html
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15. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION REPORTS, ISSUE BRIEF:

A. "Long-Term Care: Understanding Medicaid's Role for the Elderly and Disabled," by Ellen O'Brien (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, November 2005, .pdf format, 37p.).

http://www.kff.org/medicaid/7428.cfm

B. "Strategies to Keep Consumers Needing Long-Term Care in the Community and Out of Nursing Facilities," by Laura Summer (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, October 2005, .pdf format, 35p.).

http://www.kff.org/medicaid/7402.cfm

C. "Asset Transfer and Nursing Home Use" (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured Issue Brief, November 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.kff.org/medicaid/7436.cfm
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16. URBAN INSTITUTE REPORT: "Raising the Medicare Eligibility Age with a Buy-In Option: Can One Stone Kill Three Birds?" by Richard W. Johnson (November 2005, .pdf format, 30p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=411253

Click on "PDF" for link to full text.
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17. LEVY ECONOMICS INSTITUTE (BARD COLLEGE) [ANNANDALE-ON-HUDSON, NEW YORK] POLICY NOTE: "Social Security's 70th Anniversary: Surviving 20 Years of Reform," by L. Randall Wray (Policy Note 2005/6, September 2005, .pdf format, 6p.). "Social Security turned 70 on August 14, although no national celebration marked the occasion. Rather, our top policymakers in Washington continue to suggest that the system is 'unsustainable.' While our nation's most successful social program, and among its longest lived, has allowed generations of Americans to live with dignity in retirement, many think it is time to retire Social Security itself. They claim it is necessary to shift more responsibility to individuals and to scale back the promises made to the coming waves of retiring baby boomers."

http://www.levy.org/default.asp?view=publications_view&pubID=1069ce48d77

More information on LEI:

http://www.levy.org/default.asp?view=aboutlevy_info
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18. _PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES_ COMMENTARY EXTRACT, ARTICLE ABSTRACT:

A. "Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2: A new player with a familiar theme for Parkinson's disease pathogenesis," by Chenjian Li and M. Flint Beal (commentary extract, Vol. 102, No. 46, Nov. 15, 2005, p. 16535-16536).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/extract/102/46/16535?etoc

B. "Parkinson's disease-associated mutations in leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 augment kinase activity," by Andrew B. West,, Darren J. Moore, Saskia Biskup, Artem Bugayenko, Wanli W. Smith, Christopher A. Ross, Valina L. Dawson, and Ted M. Dawson (article abstract, No. 46, Nov. 15, 2005, p. 16842-16847).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/102/46/16842?etoc

C. "The amyloid stretch hypothesis: Recruiting proteins toward the dark side," by Alexandra Esteras-Chopo, Luis Serrano and Manuela Lopez de la Paz (article abstract, Vol. 102, No. 46, Nov. 15, 2005, p. 16672-16677).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/102/46/16672?etoc

D. "Age-related changes of nuclear architecture in _Caenorhabditis elegans_," by Erin Haithcock, Yaron Dayani, Ester Neufeld, Adam J. Zahand, Naomi Feinstein, Anna Mattout, Yosef Gruenbaum, and Jun Liu (article abstract, Vol. 102, No. 46, Nov. 15, 2005, p. 16690-16695).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/102/46/16690?etoc

E. "An IL-7-dependent rebound in thymic T cell output contributes to the bone loss induced by estrogen deficiency," by Michaela Robbie Ryan , Rebecca Shepherd, Jennifer K. Leavey, Yuhao Gao, Francesco Grassi, Frederick J. Schnell, Wei-Ping Qian, Gilbert J. Kersh, M. Neale Weitzmann, and Roberto Pacifici (article abstract, Vol. 102, No. 46, Nov. 15, 2005, p. 16735-16740 ).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/102/46/16735
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19. _British Medical Journal_ Article Abstract: "Transitional care facility for elderly people in hospital awaiting a long term care bed: randomised controlled trial," by Maria Crotty, Craig H. Whitehead, Rachel Wundke, Lynne C. Giles, David Ben-Tovim, and Paddy A. Phillips (Vol. 331, No. 7525, Nov. 12, 2005, 5p.).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/331/7525/1110
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20. _JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION_ "THE WORLD IN MEDICINE" EXTRACT: "Reducing Alzheimer Risk," by Joan Stephenson (Vol. 294, No. 19, Nov. 16, 2005, p. 2423).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/extract/294/19/2423-c
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21. _NEWSWEEK_ WEB EXCLUSIVE: "Making Sense of Part D: A guide to the new Medicare prescription drug program--and how to pick the best plan," by Temma Ehrenfeld (_Newsweek_ Web Exclusive, Nov. 15, 2005).

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/10039259/site/newsweek/
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22. _NATION_ WEB ARTICLE: "New Medicare Benefit Helps Only Drug Companies," by Marc Siegel (Nov. 15, 2005).

http://www.thenation.com/doc/20051114/sigel

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III. Working Papers:

23. PRINCETON UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF POPULATION RESEARCH: "Measuring subjective social status: A case study of older Taiwanese," by Noreen Goldman, Jennifer C. Cornman, and Ming-Cheng Chang (2005, .pdf format, 42p.).

Abstract:

Despite widespread use of measures of social status and increasing interest in the relationship between social status and health, variables used to denote social status are often inappropriate for older populations. This paper examines responses to a recently developed measure of subjective social position, known as the MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status. The instrument asks respondents to use 10 rungs of a ladder to position themselves socioeconomically relative to other people in their country and, separately, in their community. These questions were incorporated in a recent national survey of middle-aged and older adults in Taiwan. The objective of the analysis is to gain a better understanding of how such subjective assessments are formed -- i.e., to explore the contribution of social, economic, and cultural factors in the determination of position within a social hierarchy -- and to assess the potential utility of the ladder instrument in social science and health research. Results from Taiwan are compared with those derived from subjective measures of social status in Western populations. The findings support use of this instrument as a measure of subjective social status for an older population and suggest that it may provide further insights into the social gradient in health.

http://opr.princeton.edu/papers/opr0502.pdf
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24. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN RETIREMENT RESEARCH CENTER:

A. "Retirement, Saving, Benefit Claiming and Solvency Under A Partial System of Voluntary Personal Accounts," by Alan L. Gustman and Thomas L. Steinmeier (WP 2005-105, October 2005, .pdf format, 27p.).

Abstract:

This paper is based on a structural model of retirement and saving, estimated with data for a sample of married men in the Health and Retirement Study. The model simulates how various features of a system of personal Social Security accounts jointly affects retirement, saving, the choice of whether benefits are taken as an annuity or lump sum, taxes paid and the course of benefits with age. Among our findings: Under a system of partial personal accounts, the fraction of 62 year olds at full time work would decline by about 22 percent compared to retirements under the current benefit formula. If the current system were replaced completely by personal accounts, the fraction at full time work would decline by about a third. If all benefits from personal accounts could be taken as a lump sum, the fraction not retired at age 62 would fall by about 5 percentage points compared to a system where there is mandatory annuitization of benefits. Unless annuitization is mandatory, there would be substantial diversion of benefits to age 62, reducing benefits received in one's 70s and 80s by 20 percent or more.

http://www.mrrc.isr.umich.edu/publications/index_abstract.cfm?ptid=1&pid=367

Click on "Full Paper" at the bottom of the abstract for link to full text.

B. "Does Social Security Privatization Produce Efficiency Gains?," by Shinichi Nishiyama and Kent Smetters (WP 2005-106, October 2005, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

While privatizing Social Security can improve labor supply incentives, it can also reduce risk sharing when households face uninsurable risks. We simulate a stylized 50-percent privatization using an overlapping-generations model where heterogeneous agents with elastic labor supply face idiosyncratic earnings shocks and longevity uncertainty. When wage shocks are insurable, privatization produces about $21,900 of new resources for each future household (growth adjusted over time) after all households have been fully compensated for their possible transitional losses. However, when wages are not insurable, privatization reduces efficiency by about $5,600 per future household despite improved labor supply incentives. We check the robustness of these results to different model specifications and arrive at several surprising conclusions. First, privatization actually performs relatively better in a closed economy, where interest rates decline with capital accumulation, than in an open economy where capital can be accumulated without reducing interest rates. Second, privatization also performs relatively better when an actuarially-fair private annuity market does not exist than when it does exist. Third, introducing progressivity into the privatized system to restore risk sharing must be done carefully. In particular, having the government match private contributions on a progressive basis is not very effective at restoring risk sharing--too much matching actually harms efficiency. However, increasing the progressivity of the remaining traditional system is very effective at restoring risk sharing, thereby allowing partial privatization to produce efficiency gains of $2,700 per future household.

http://www.mrrc.isr.umich.edu/publications/index_abstract.cfm?ptid=1&pid=368

Click on "Full Paper" at the bottom of the abstract for link to full text.
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25. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "To Leave or Not To Leave: The Distribution of Bequest Motives," by Wojciech Kopczuk and Joseph P. Lupton (Working Paper No. 11767, November 2005, .pdf format, 47p.).

Abstract:

In this paper, we examine the effect of observed and unobserved heterogeneity in the desire to die with positive net worth. Using a structural life-cycle model nested in a switching regression with unknown sample separation, we find that roughly three-fourths of the elderly single population has a bequest motive that may or may not have an appreciable effect on spending depending on the level of resources. Both the presence and the magnitude of the bequest motive are statistically and economically significant. On average, households with a bequest motive spend about 25 percent less on consumption expenditures. We conclude that, among the elderly single households in our sample, about four-fifths of their net wealth will be bequeathed and approximately half of this is due to a bequest motive.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11767
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26. PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL, WHARTON SCHOOL [UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA]: "Dimensions of 401(k) Plan Design," by Olivia S. Mitchell, Stephen P. Utkus, and Tongxuan (Stella) Yang (PRC WP 2005-5, revised November 2005, .pdf format, 29p.).

Abstract:

This paper explores why plan sponsors design their 401(k) plans the way they do. Employing a unique, rich dataset of over five hundred 401(k) plans, we find that these plans are principally a form of tax-motivated compensation under the restriction of federal non-discrimination rules. In other words, to appeal to better-paid workers, employers offer more generous monetary and non-monetary plan design features. At the same time, complex federal tax rules restrict pay discrimination in favor of the highly-paid employees.

http://rider.wharton.upenn.edu/~prc/PRC/WP/Dimensions%20of%20401_k_%20Mitchell%20et%20al%2011-11-05.pdf
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27. INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND: "Macroeconomic Effects of Social Security and Tax Reform in the United States," by Tamim A. Bayoumi, Dennis P.J. Botman, and Manmohan S. Kumar (WP 05/208, November 2005, .pdf format, 20p.).

Abstract:

We use the IMF's Global Fiscal Model to evaluate recent proposals to reform social security and the tax system in the United States. Introducing personal retirement accounts is unlikely to yield significant macroeconomic benefits unless it spurs additional fiscal consolidation to prevent a large increase in government debt. Similar benefits are obtained if the social security surplus is placed in a lockbox while maintaining the same debt target. Lowering the taxation of investment income is beneficial, but only if the reform is revenue neutral. Debt neutral social security and tax reform in the United States has large positive effects on the rest of the world.

http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/cat/longres.cfm?sk=18651.0
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28. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DIMENSIONS OF AN AGING POPULATION (SEDAP), MCMASTER UNIVERSITY [HAMILTON, ONTARIO, CANADA]:

A. "Where Have All The Home Care Workers Gone?," by Margaret Denton, Isik Uria Zeytinoglu, Sharon Davies, and Danielle Hunter (SEDAP Research Paper No. 128, September 2005, .pdf format, 42p.).

Abstract:

Because of the on-going need to co-ordinate care and ensure its continuity, issues of retention and recruitment are of major concern to home care agencies. The purpose of this study was to examine the factors affecting turnover decisions among visiting home care workers. In 1996, 620 visiting nurses and personal support workers from three non-profit agencies in a mid-sized Ontario city participated in a survey on their work and health. By the fall of 2001, 320 of these respondents had left the agencies. Analysis of the turnover data showed a temporal association between the implementation of managed competition and turnover. We mailed a self-completion questionnaire asking about their reasons for leaving the agency and about their subsequent work experience. One hundred and sixty nine (53%) responded to this survey. Respondents indicated dissatisfaction with the implementation of managed competition, with pay, hours of work, lack of organizational support and work load as well as health reasons, including work-related stress, as reasons for leaving. Less than one-third remained employed in the home care field, one-third worked in other health care workplaces and one-third were no longer working in health care. Their responses to our 1996 survey were used to predict turnover. Results show that nurses were more likely to leave if they had unpredictable hours of work, if they worked shifts or weekends and had higher levels of education. They were more likely to stay with the agency if they reported working with difficult clients, had predictable hours, good benefits, had children under 12 years of age in the home, and were younger. Personal support workers were more likely to leave if they reported higher symptoms of stress, and had difficult clients.

http://socserv.socsci.mcmaster.ca/sedap/p/sedap128.pdf

B. "Does One Size Fit All? The CPI and Canadian Seniors," by Matthew Brzozowski (SEDAP Research Paper No. 130, September 2005, .pdf format, 41p.).

Abstract:

This paper examines the effectiveness of the CPI as a measure of inflation faced by Canadian seniors. I construct a democratic price index and show that the average inflation rate (average when measured by the CPI) is often a very poor measure of inflation rates relevant to individual households. The proportion of individual, household specific price indexes falling more then one percentage point above or more then one percentage point below the CPI often remains high regardless of how closely the mean democratic index approximates the CPI. Further, I demonstrate that the CPI has considerably overstated the inflation faced by Canadian seniors during 1970s and 1980s while more or less accurately capturing inflation during the 1990s. I show that the limitations of the CPI apply to both the senior and the non-senior Canadians in a nearly equal manner. The proportion of individual inflation rates falling significantly above or below the CPI is similar for both segments of the society and so is the time pattern of overstating the average inflation rate.

http://socserv.socsci.mcmaster.ca/sedap/p/sedap130.pdf

C. "Grandparents Raising Grandchildren in Canada: A Profile of Skipped Generation Families," by Esme Fuller-Thomson (SEDAP Research Paper No. 132, October 2005, .pdf format, 48p.).

Abstract:

Only recently has the topic of Canadian grandparents raising grandchildren begun to receive attention from the media, politicians and researchers. Between 1991 and 2001 there was a 20% increase in the number of Canadian children under 18 who were living with grandparents with no parent present in the home. Using custom tabulation data from the 1996 Canadian Census, this paper presents a profile of grandparents raising grandchildren in skipped generation households (households which only include grandparents and grandchildren) and their household characteristics. There were almost 27,000 Canadian grandparents raising grandchildren in skipped generation families in 1996. These grandparents were disproportionately female (59%), of First Nations Heritage (17%) and out of the labour force (57%). One in three households of grandparent caregivers included a grandparent with a disability and a similar proportion had a household income less than $15,000 per annum. Marked differences were apparent when grandmothers and grandfathers in skipped generation households were compared. Grandmother caregivers were poorer, less likely to be married, more likely to be out of the labour force and more than twice as likely to provide 60 or more hours per week of unpaid childcare than were grandfathers. Implications for further research, policy and practice are discussed.

http://socserv.socsci.mcmaster.ca/sedap/p/sedap132.pdf

D. "The Effect of Health Changes and Long-term Health on the Work Activity of Older Canadians," by Doreen Wing Han Au, Thomas F. Crossley, and Martin Schellhorn (SEDAP Research Paper No. 134, October 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).

Abstract:

Using longitudinal data from the Canadian National Population Health Survey (NPHS), we study the relationship between health and employment among older Canadians. We focus on two issues: (1) the possible problems with self-reported health, including endogeneity and measurement error, and (2) the relative importance of health changes and long-term health in the decision to work. We contrast estimates of the impact of health on employment using self- assessed health, an objective health index contained in the NPHS - the HUI3, and a "purged" health stock measure. Our results suggest that health has an economically significant effect on employment probabilities for Canadian men and women aged 50 to 64, and that this effect is underestimated by simple estimates based on self- assessed health. We also corroborate recent U.S. and U.K. findings that changes in health are important in the work decision.

http://socserv.socsci.mcmaster.ca/sedap/p/sedap134.pdf

E. "Population Aging and the Macroeconomy: Explorations in the Use of Immigration as an Instrument of Control," by Frank T. Denton and Byron G. Spencer (SEDAP Research Paper No. 135, October 2005, .pdf format, 50p.).

Abstract:

Simulation methods are employed to explore the effects of immigration as a control instrument to offset the economic and demographic consequences of low fertility rates and aging population distribution. A neoclassical economic growth model is coupled with a demographic projection model. The combined model is calibrated and used in a series of experiments. The experiments are designed to generate the time paths of a hypothetical but realistic economic-demographic system under alternative assumptions about immigration policy. The government seeks to optimize policy results in the model, according to a specified criterion function. The model is calibrated with Canadian data but some experiments are carried out using initial populations and fertility rates of other countries.

http://socserv.socsci.mcmaster.ca/sedap/p/sedap135.pdf

F. "Socioeconomic Influences on the Health of Older Canadians: Estimates Based on Two Longitudinal Surveys," by Neil J Buckley, Frank T Denton, A Leslie Robb, and Byron G Spencer (SEDAP Research Paper No. 139, October 2005, .pdf format, 42p.).

Abstract:

It is well established that there is a positive statistical relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and health but identifying the direction of causation is difficult. This study exploits the longitudinal nature of two Canadian surveys, the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics and the National Population Health Survey, to study the link from SES to health (as distinguished from the health-to-SES link). For people aged 50 and older who are initially in good health we examine whether changes in health status over the next two to four years are related to prior SES, as represented by income and education. Although the two surveys were designed for different purposes and had different questions for income and health, the evidence they yield with respect to the probability of remaining in good health is similar. Both suggest that SES does play a role and that the differences across SES groups are quantitatively significant, increase with age, and are much the same for men and women.

http://socserv.socsci.mcmaster.ca/sedap/p/sedap139.pdf
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29. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Why Are More Redistributive Social Security Systems Smaller? A Median Voter Approach," by Marko Kothenburger, Panu Poutvaara, and Paola Profeta (Discussion Paper DP 1831, November 2005, .pdf format, 15p.).

Abstract:

We suggest a political economy explanation for the stylized fact that intragenerationally more redistributive social security systems are smaller. We relate the stylized fact to an "efficiency redistribution" trade-off to be resolved by political process. The inefficiency of social security financing is due to endogenous labor supply. Using data on eight European countries, we find that the stylized fact and a considerable degree of cross-country variation in contribution rates can be explained by the median voter model.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1831.pdf

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IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

30. Journals of Gerontology (A): Biological and Medical Sciences (Vols. 60, Nos. 10, October 2005). Note: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

http://biomed.gerontologyjournals.org/content/vol60/issue10/?etoc

31. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (Vol. 53, No. 11, November 2005).

http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/toc/jgs/53/11
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32. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Aging and Physical Activity (Vol. 13, No. 4, 2005).
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33. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Nov. 16, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ost.htm

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Nov. 16, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/ad.htm

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Nov. 16, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/pd.htm

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Nov. 16, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/prc.htm

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Nov. 16, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/stc.htm

F. Ophthalmology Research: Literature for the week of Nov. 16, 2005:

http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/eye.htm

AMEDEO Literature Guide:

http://www.amedeo.com/index.htm

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V. Books:

34. NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS: _When I'm 64_, edited by Laura L. Carstensen and Christine R. Hartel (Committee on Aging Frontiers in Social Psychology, Personality, and Adult Developmental Psychology, US National Research Council, 2006, OpenBook format 286p. (approx.)). Note: Ordering information for a print or .pdf format copy is available at the site.

http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11474.html

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VI. Funding Opportunities:

35. U.S. NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH:

A. "Social Neuroscience" (RFA-DA-06-004, Nov. 10, 2005, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-DA-06-004.html

B. "Training in Translational Research in Neurobiology of Disease (T32)" (RFA-DA-06-008, Nov. 9, 2005, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-DA-06-008.html

C. "Course Development in the Neurobiology of Disease (R25)" (RFA-MH-06-006, Nov. 10, 2005, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-MH-06-006.html
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36, DUKE UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF AGING AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH TRAINING PROGRAM IN AGING: "The Duke University Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development offers postdoctoral research training. The program is funded by the National Institute on Aging, and supports individuals with research career interests in the biomedical, behavioral, and social science aspects of aging. Applicants typically apply for two years of training, as the program is designed to be a two-year program." For more information see:

http://www.geri.duke.edu/educate/rtp.html

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VII. Conferences:

37. POPULATION ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA: The 2006 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America will be held March 30-April 1, 2006 at the Westin Bonaventure in Los Angeles, California.

For more information:

http://www.popassoc.org/meetings.html

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VIII. Legislation Information Updates:

38. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH HEARING TESTIMONY: "Medicare Physician Payment: How to Build a More Efficient Payment System," a hearing held Nov. 17, 2005.

http://energycommerce.house.gov/108/Hearings/11172005hearing1718/hearing.htm

Click on names and then "Testimony" (.pdf format) for links to full text.

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu